UNUnited Nations Economic Commission for Europe



Studies and Research Reports

National Mechanisms for Gender Equality in South-East and Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia: Regional Study

This study provides an analytical overview of the development of national mechanisms for gender equality and the empowerment of women in countries in South-East and Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia since the Fourth World Conference on Women in 1995.



National Mechanisms for Gender Equality in EU Member States and Candidate Countries and other Developed Economies of the UNECE Region: Regional Study

This study provides a comprehensive picture of the diversity, mandates, rules and functions of national mechanisms for gender equality in the European Union, Candidate countries and other Developed Economies, capturing the main trends in their development since the Fourth World Conference on Women in 1995.



Gender Gap and Economic Policy: Trends and Good Practices from the UNECE Region

This publication takes stock of the longer-term progress in mainstreaming gender into economic policies and presents good practices in areas such as employment, budgetary and fiscal policies, social protection, pensions and gender statistics. It identifies major gaps and challenges in these policies and suggests actions to move forward.



Mainstreaming Gender into Economic Policies: Trends and Challenges for Central Asian and Caucasian Countries

This paper presents gender disparities and related challenges constraining economic development and growth within Central Asian and Caucasian countries. It highlights that gender needs to be mainstreamed into the macroeconomic framework of countries’ structural policies to overcome persistent gaps and avoid adverse effects on men and women.



Measuring Gender Equality in the Economy

This report explores the possibility of establishing a more comprehensive set of indicators for measuring gender equality in the economy. It is designed to provoke further interest and discussion on the possibility of obtaining additional MDG-related indicators.



Mainstreaming Gender into Economic Policies to Reach the Millennium Development Goals. Stocktaking Study

The study presents trends and concerns related to economic aspects of gender equality in four Central Asian countries (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan) and analyses policy responses as reflected by National Development Strategies and activities of international organizations.



Достижения и перспективы развития женского предпринимательства в Республике Узбекистан

Этот доклад содержит оценку деловой среды для женщин-предпринимателей в Узбекистане. В нем освещаются трудности, с которыми женщины сталкиваются в организации их бизнеса. Это препятствия в доступе к финансам и профессиональной подготовке, консультационным услугам и технической помощи. Проблемы доступа особенно заметны в сельской местности и отдаленных деревнях.

The report is available in Russian only.



Discussion Papers

Gender-sensitive Economic Policies in the UNECE Region in the Context of the Economic and Financial Crisis

This paper presents the interplay between macro-economics and gender equality highlighting mechanisms through which they influence each other, both under a structural - or long-term - perspective and in the context of the current economic crisis.  The concluding recommendations are primarily directed to national decision-makers but also to international organizations, particularly financial institutions which influence national decision-making in the economic field.  





Gender Equality and the Corporate Sector

The paper focuses on how the commitment of businesses to promote gender equality within their organisations can be strengthened. It reviews examples both of encouragement of corporate social responsibility for gender equality and of legislative reforms to enforce change, and concludes that employers cannot solve persisting gender inequalities in the corporate sector on their own. A mix of encouraging, enabling, and obliging measures is needed to advance gender equality in the corporate sector.



Entrepreneurship and SMEs Series

Access to Finance and ICT for Women Entrepreneurs in the UNECE Region

This report looks at women’s access to financing and ICT in UNECE member States, reviewing trends, progress and perspectives from selected countries, innovative schemes and partnerships in financing, opportunities and challenges of ICT. It includes papers presented at the Second UNECE Forum on Women Entrepreneurs which was held in Geneva in March 2003.



Женское предпринимательство: доступ к финансированию и ИКТ

В данном отчете рассматривается доступ женщин к финансированию и ИКТ в государствах членах ЕЭК ООН, рассмотрена тенденции, достижения и перспективы отдельных стран, инновационные схемы и партнерство в области финансирования, возможности и задачи в области ИКТ. Он включает в себя документы, представленные на втором Форуме ЕЭК ООН по предпринимательской деятельности женщин, которая состоялась в Женеве в марте 2003 года.



Women’s Entrepreneurship in Eastern Europe and CIS Countries

This publication presents a regional overview of the situation and problems faced by women entrepreneurs, drawing on country experiences and discussing the importance of networks and the benefits of connecting women-run enterprises to the global digital economy. It is the first volume of the UNECE Entrepreneurship and SMEs Series, which aims at presenting trends, problems and policy issues related to the development of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in transition countries. The present volume includes selected papers prepared for the First Forum of Women Entrepreneurs, which was held in Geneva in October 2001.