The UN Centre for Trade Facilitation and Electronic Business (UN/CEFACT) approves a new Recommendation on Public-Private Partnerships in Trade Facilitation
Published: 23 February 2017
The port of Aqaba, Jordan’s only sea port, was reformed in 2004 through a public-private partnership (PPP), which helped to reduce average port stays from 8 days to a few hours. Port productivity has more than tripled and the cost to export per 20-foot container dropped from USD 720 in 2004 to USD 680 in 2007. The Senegalese Single Window – ORBUS – was established under a PPP in 2004. As a result, the time required to complete preclearance formalities for an import or export operation has been reduced by 70%, from 4 days to half a day. Furthermore, the amount of Customs’ revenue collection went up from USD 625 million in 2005 to more than USD 1 billion in 2008.
Examples like these could blossom in coming years thanks to the development of a Recommendation (N.41), describing the key components and best practices for PPPs in Trade Facilitation, by the UN Centre for Trade Facilitation and Electronic Business (UN/CEFACT). Based on success stories and lessons learned from traditional PPP projects, the Recommendation provides detailed guidance on specific aspects, such as the governance, supporting information technology and infrastructure, and potential risks to consider in project implementation. It also shows potential benefits of PPPs in Trade Facilitation, in terms of enhancing open and transparent markets, bringing cost-effective processes through more effective service delivery, increasing competition and even attracting foreign investment.
Freely available to government authorities and businesses worldwide, the Recommendation will help them implement state of the art Trade Facilitation projects such as Single Window systems, creation of National Trade Facilitation Bodies, infrastructure support for port communities, trade and transit corridors, and coordinated border management.
Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) are a possible solution for financing and delivering critical public services. In 2015, the total investment in transport projects with private participation in emerging countries was estimated by the World Bank at US$69.9 billion, up 53 percent from the average of the previous five years.
The Recommendation has been approved by the UN/CEFACT Heads of Delegations and will be submitted to the 23rd UN/CEFACT Plenary (3-4 April 2017).
The recommendation is available at: http://www.unece.org/index.php?id=45379
Note to editors
Selected examples of PPPs in Trade Facilitation
• Private sector investments in seaports have led to increased throughput and frequency of transport services, resulting in lower freight rates and improved connectivity. New private sector investments in ports have also improved the connections to the global liner shipping network, including in Djibouti (after investment from Dubai-based port operator DP World), Lebanon (benefiting from port reforms since 2006) and Morocco (with a new international transhipment facility in Tangier).
• PPPs are largely successful in achieving their development outcomes. According to the development outcome rating of project evaluations, more than two-thirds of PPPs are successful. The 176 PPPs supported by International Finance Corporation (IFC) show very high development outcome ratings, with 83 percent rated satisfactory or better.
• The use of PPPs has increased in the last two decades. PPPs are now used in more than 134 developing countries, contributing about 15–20 percent of total infrastructure investment.
TRADE - The digital handover - 03/02/2017
Could blockchain technology turn accepted supply chain practice on its head? Felicity Landon reports
The ports industry is looking for greater transparency, a faster flow of data, faster flow of cargo, streamlined operations and more efficiency. It needs all parties to share and entrust each other with more information. Those involved want to be confident that documents and certificates are legitimate and haven’t been tampered with.
Consumers want to know that the clothes they buy are genuine and not made by child labour. They want to know if they are eating beef or horse. They might even like to know where and when the fish was caught that is now in the fish pie in the supermarket freezer.
The great ‘positive’ being promoted about blockchain is that once information has been recorded, you can’t go backwards and change it, giving real transparency for all parties involved.
However, there are still security concerns, says Virginia Cram-Martos, economic cooperation and trade division director at the UN Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE).
“You can’t change a blockchain transaction without that being detected; but at the same time, if someone hacks the application that creates the transaction, masquerading as a valid user, and that gets into the blockchain, there is no way to get rid of it. Most of the applications so far have no way to correct mistakes, so it would just sit there. There are also some issues about software – some of it isn’t mature enough, so it is possible to hack software to create transactions that people will think are verified when they are not.”
Ms Cram-Martos believes blockchain’s most immediate use could be in the area of certificates and licences, and their validation. “For example, a phytosanitary certificate, which is only of use to the particular shipper; falsifying the documents would only create benefits for that one person or entity. I think this area has a greater possibility of being put earlier into a blockchain because there is less of an incentive to hack. Most companies are not going to hire a highly skilled hacker to change a phytosanitary certificate – they don’t have the time or the money.
“This could also solve problems in cross-border trade in terms of official documents and varying legislation about electronic signatures. There are a number of transactions where it is very important to have confidence in the document itself – testing certificates, for example. With blockchain time stamping, if a certificate received by the import country matches the copy issued by the authorities in the export country, the importer can be assured that no changes have been made.
“Blockchain is not useful for co-ordinating or generating information – it is useful for ensuring the validity of information. In certification and licensing, it could eliminate a great deal of fraud.”
Nigeria to ease export trade procedures - 03/02/2017
Nigeria will collaborate with the United Nations Center for Trade Facilitation and Electronic Business (UN/CEFACT) to streamline processes and procedures for export trade, an official said Thursday.
The collaboration followed recent successes recorded in the country's quest to ease time spent on doing businesses, Olusegun Awolowo, Executive Director of the Nigerian Export Promotion Council (NEPC) told reporters in Abuja, the nation's capital.
Awolowo said this was part of the efforts by NEPC to create better enabling business environment by simplifying the national and international business transaction.
"We are more interested in exports and we are looking at finally getting together and implementing the single window facilities," he added.
The official told reporters that UN/CEFACT' s mission is to improve the ability of business, trade and administrative organizations, from developed, developing and transitional economies, to exchange products and relevant services effectively.
He said the country became the 107th member of the World Trade Organization (WTO) to ratify the Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA) in Davos.
He said a recent report by the World Bank showed Nigeria's marginal improvement from 160th* to 149th out of the 190 countries surveyed globally.
According to him, the gains from UN/CEFACT's role will be considerably beneficial to small businesses because the costs of compliance with various trade-related procedures and processes are high.
Earlier, Lance Thompson, the Chairman, UN/CEFACT, said some of the problems obstructing international trade transaction were faulty interpretations of data and excessive use of paper document.
Thompson said others were numerous data exchange protocols and containerization of goods.
He said the single window initiative would bring about faster services at the border for both imports and exports, as well as ensure correct revenue collection.
Thompson said it would also guarantee less labor, less tasks and would minimize corruption.
He said the single window option would create room for transparency in governance, better public service and modernization through e-legislation.
* Erratum corrected by the Nigerian delegation: Presently Nigeria ranks 169 on the World Bank Ease of Doing Business Index, but the Presidential Council on Ease of Doing Business Reforms is committed to moving the country 20 spaces in the next five years.
Source: UNESCAP Trade Facilitation Newsletter, July-September 2016
The 28th UN/CEFACT Forum took place at the United Nations Conference Centre in Bangkok from 26-30 September 2016. Over 130 experts from across the globe attended the Forum, which was co-organized by UNECE, ESCAP and Thailand's Electronic Transactions Development Agency (ETDA).
Significant progress was made in advancing current UN/CEFACT project and domain activities. In particular, the full draft of a UN/CEFACT Recommendation on Trade and Transport Facilitation Monitoring Mechanism (TTFMM) was finalized, incorporating much of ESCAP and UNNExT inputs. The Recommendation is expected to undergo public review in the coming weeks, following UN/CEFACT establishing an open development process for international standards.
The Forum provided an opportunity to discuss further collaboration and strengthening information exchanges between UN/CEFACT, UNNExT and other relevant regional networks and expert communities. The Forum also included mini-conferences on topics such as Electronic Certification, Sustainable Fishery Management and Women in Trade Facilitation and Core Principles of the Operation of Single Windows. There was also progress on developing the UN/CEFACT Programme of Work 2017–2018.
More information on the UN/CEFACT Forum available at: http://www.unece.org/index.php?id=42230
A Single Window can be an important 'building block' for trade facilitation, explains Felicity Landon
Security, simplification, transparency, efficiency, cutting costs, reducing delays, pinning down or increasing customs revenue … speakers at the African Alliance for e-Commerce (AACE) fifth International Single Window conference left their audience in no doubt as to the benefits for governments and trade of introducing an electronic ‘Single Window’.
But perhaps the simplest illustration came in the form of a story about sardines. Virginia Cram-Martos, director of the economic co-operation and trade division at the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), described how some friends bought a tin of Moroccan sardines while they were travelling in another African country – and found that the product had been imported not from Morocco but from the UK.
“It was cheaper and easier to export the sardines to the UK and import them back to Africa than go country to country in Africa,” she said. “This is true across Africa and a lot of Asia and Latin America too. It is extremely expensive for developing countries to trade with one another, as opposed to trading with developed countries – even though you might be talking about going just across the border to a country that probably shares the same language. That’s because procedures and costs are higher on both sides of the border.
She added: “This is where there could be particularly good benefits from a Single Window system, which would make it easier to export or import neighbour to neighbour – with the added benefit that neighbouring countries are more likely to have the same expectations in terms of products.”
The UN Centre for Trade Facilitation and Electronic Business (UN/CEFACT) Recommendation 33 defines a Single Window as ‘a facility that allows parties involved in trade and transport to lodge standardised information and documents with a single entry point to fulfil all import, export and transit-related regulatory requirements’. If the information is electronic, then individual data elements should only be submitted once. A Single Window constitutes an important building block in the area of trade facilitation, says the recommendation.
The World Trade Organization Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA) requires all countries to implement a Single Window and places an obligation on developed countries to assist developing countries in this. However, it is not always the developing countries that are behind, Ms Cram-Martos emphasised, and the case studies presented by numerous African countries served to illustrate the fact.
“There are many reasons for the move towards the Single Window model, including resource limitations,” she said. “We see longer term trends towards lower classical growth, global warming, more awareness of climate change, and a more circular economy (recycling). We see energy infrastructure and financial shortages, and increasing competition. All of these mean that waste is no longer an option. We can no longer under-use infrastructure, over-pay financially through corruption, lose competitiveness through non-productivity, or lose time and money. All of these are issues that a Single Window helps to address.”
Portnet has brought together operators, exporters and importers, said Rachid Tahri, chairman of the Association of Freight Forwarders of Morocco. “Before, we had a culture of ‘the other’. Now we work together. The fact that an importer knows exactly where his goods are and when they are going to be delivered makes trade much easier.
“And then there are [potential] investors. If an investor wants to come to a country and wants to be able to send goods, they need to know how long clearance takes, because that is the most important link in the chain for trading. This is not only because importers and exporters need to know when products are doing to be delivered but also because there might be added value on both sides.”
Conclusions from International Single Window Conference in Marrakech
Facilitating and simplifying foreign trade requires political will and commitment from all partners, Abdelaziz Rabbah, Morocco’s Minister of Equipment, Transport and Logistics, told delegates at the International Single Window Conference held in Marrakech.
Delegates from more than 55 countries attended the conference, organised by the African Alliance for e-Commerce (AACE) in partnership with PORTNET, Morocco’s National Single Window for Foreign Trade. The World Trade Organization’s Trade Facilitation Agreement requires member states to establish a Single Window for the electronic exchange of administrative and operational information and regulatory documents such as Customs declarations, applications for import/export permits, certificates of origin and trading invoices.
Richard Morton, Secretary General of the International Port Community Systems Association, described the electronic exchange of information as vital to smooth, efficient trade flows, and other speakers described how the introduction of a Port Community System or Single Window system in their countries had reduced container clearance times from weeks to a matter of days or even hours. “We need to share our experiences and best practice,” said Mr Morton. “The speakers emphasised key themes for success: collaboration, transparency, engagement, technology, change management, inclusivity. “In 2013, members of the WTO concluded that trade facilitation is critical. We need to get trade moving better across borders. The TFA signed in Bali will come into force when two-thirds of members have completed their ratification. The agreement sets out measures for effective cooperation between Customs and other authorities, and is linked to Single Windows.”
Virginia Cram-Martos, Director of the Economic Cooperation and Trade Division at UNECE, said: “There are many reasons for the move towards the Single Window model, including resource limitations. We see longer-term trends towards lower classical growth, global warming, more awareness of climate change, a more circular economy (recycling). We see energy infrastructure and financial shortages, and increasing competition.
“All of these mean that waste is no longer an option. We can no longer under-use infrastructure, over-pay financially through corruption, lose competitiveness through non-productivity, lose time and money. All of these are issues that a Single Window helps to address.”
Towards the establishment of a Single Window in Albania
Original language: English
A workshop was held under this project in Tirana from 13 to 17 June 2016, where officers from the Albanian Customs Administration, State agencies, and the private sector were trained by experts from the United Nations Centre for Trade Facilitation and Electronic Business (UN/CEFACT), UNECE, and UNCTAD on the development of a Single Window in the country. The workshop focused on international best practice and standards, and emphasized the importance of stakeholder involvement. Key outcomes of the workshop were:
• Increased knowledge of relevant international recommendations, standards and tools (e.g. UNECE recommendations related to Single Window, United Nations Trade Facilitation Implementation Guide, Business Process Analysis, ASYCUDA system, etc.);
• Improved understanding of existing customs procedures through a technical visit to a port;
• Draft outline of a National Trade Facilitation Roadmap in relation to Single Window establishment; and
• Draft terms of reference for a working group for the establishment of a Single Window.
Common Standard for Electronic Bill to Aapp
Original language: Spanish
2018 European companies will have a common standard for electronic billing different public administrations in the European Union. Until that date a long way in which works a standardization body which is part BEINGS, pioneer and specialist in secure electronic exchange of documents. Since January last year, in Spain the suppliers of the AAPP are required to electronically bill a measure that has had a positive effect in controlling public accounts and cost savings and improved payment terms providers. However, the entry into force of the new standard billing could force general government and Spanish companies to make new investments to adapt the European model of electronic invoicing. As for the syntax, there are 4 currently being taken into account UBL 2.1, UN / CEFACT XML, UN / EDIFACT and ISO 20022 Financial invoice. While all do not comply strictly with the requirements demanded, there is no clear consensus to remove or put one or the other. What is clear is that the more you have, the more effort required from general government to accept that syntax in your project.
Moscow: Current state of the "single window" mechanism in the member
states of the Eurasian Economic Union
Original language: Russian
On May 25 in Moscow, on the site of the Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation, Deputy Director of the Department of Customs legislation and practice of the Eurasian Economic Commission Sergent Duisebayev spoke about the current state of development of the "single window" mechanism in the member states of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEC), the representatives of interested ministries and agencies of the participating countries of the Black Sea economic cooperation, reports BNews.kz.
Thailand: Problem of illegal fishing
Original language: Thai
There are proposes to develop a program to use. May make the process to fix the delays and obstacles more, because the system of government in Thailand is also a way people do not have the same standards and cannot be linked to the government of Thailand to tackle. FLUX, which can be taken on the EU's cooperation with the UN / CEFACT standards for electronic data exchange via Web services and which began publishing public relations encourage agencies and countries. FLUX recognized standards and an action plan prepared by the FLUX completed in 2018 offers the ideal solution would be proposed to the Government and relevant agencies.
New standard devised to boost fisheries management
Original language: Spanish
The United Nations Centre for Trade Facilitation and Electronic Business (UN/CEFACT) has developed an open and global standard that allows the electronic exchange of fishery data designed to improve the timely acquisition and exchange of information on fishing locations, gear used, species and quantity caught, among other facts.
It is a tool called Fisheries Language for Universal Exchange (FLUX), which provides a harmonized message standard that allows Fishery Management Organizations (FMOs) to automatically access the electronic data from fishing vessels, such as vessel and trip identification, fishing operations (daily catch or haul-by-haul) or fishing data (catch area, species and quantity, date and time, and gear used).
With this standard, FMOs around the world have for the first time a communication tool to automate the collection and dissemination of the fishery catch data needed for sustainable fishery management and for detecting and combatting illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing.
In addition, the development of a reliable and up-to-date database on fish catch will improve research on science-based fishery management, informed UNECE (United Nations Economic Commission for Europe). The FLUX Standard was presented at the 27th UN/CEFACT Forum in Geneva, where experts from government, regional and international organizations, regional FMOs, industry, research, and control and enforcement authorities agreed on its importance as a standardized tool to exchange fisheries information in an effective, transparent and efficient manner.
A FLUX User Community was also set up to exchange best practices and lessons learned. UN/CEFACT recognizes that world fish stocks are being depleted by overfishing and illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing, which threatens not only the fish, but also the coastal communities that rely on fisheries for economic survival and a dependable food source.
International Maritime Organisation Participates in Ship Safety and Security Regulations Conference
Original language: English
IMO is participating in a United Nations Centre for Trade Facilitation and Electronic Business UN/CEFACT conference dealing with electronic exchange of information related to ship safety and security regulations, at the Palais des Nations, Geneva, Switzerland. Officials from regulatory agencies and affected transport and logistics sectors heard Julian Abril, Head of Facilitation, share the decisions adopted by IMO?s Facilitation Committee (FAL 40), which recently adopted the mandatory electronic data exchange for international shipping under the revised Facilitation Convention.
UN/CEFACT develops trade facilitation standards and recommendations to help industry provide information required by regulatory and border control authorities. In the IMO context, these include UN layout aligned paper forms and UN/EDIFACT electronic message structures in respect of the Organizations Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) and FAL Conventions.
Original language: Chinese
EDI standardization work is to achieve interoperability and interconnection of the premise and foundation. EDI standards including EDI network
Standard letter, EDI Processing Standards, EDI and EDI standard contact semantic grammar standards.
EDI network communication standard to resolve EDI communications network should be based on what kind of communication networks, in order to ensure that all types of Internet EDI user's system. Currently the main use of MHX (X.400) as EDI communication networks, in order to resolve EDI supporting environment. (…)
To promote the development of EDI, the world in sparing no effort to promote international EDI standards, in order to maximize the role of EDI. At present, the EDI standard, the world's most famous is the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN / ECE) under the Working Group IV (WP4) enacted in 1986 "for administration, commerce and transport of electronic data interchange" standard ─EDIFACT (Electronic Data Interchange For Administration, Commerce and Trans-Port) standard. EDIFACT has been received for the International Organization for Standardization ISO international standard, numbered ISO9735. As well as widely used in North America, by the (ANSI) X.12 appraisal committee American National Standards Institute (AXCS.12) established in 1985, ANSI X.12 standard. Figure 1.4 shows the global EDI standards development.
The Growing Call for Single Window, Trade Facilitation in West African Sub-Region
Original language: English
With bureaucratic bottlenecks and opposition to the implementation of single-window clearing concept, which has already taken off in Ghana and other developed countries, trade experts are urging Nigerian authorities to exercise the political will to introduce the scheme in the country, writes Francis Ugwoke.
As a concept being championed by the WTO and WCO, including the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), Centre for Trade Facilitation and Electronic Business (UN/CEFACT), the United Nations Network of Experts for Paperless Trade and Transport in Asia and the Pacific (UNNExT), single window is currently in operation in many countries.
Many advanced countries and African countries as members of WTO and WCO are implementing the scheme. The countries include the United
States of America, Singapore, Malaysia, Switzerland, Senegal and Ghana. Nigeria in an attempt to introduce single window set up a nine-man Presidential Committee in 2010, which report has remained in the cooler.
Spain: The port of Valencia hosts a meeting of port community systems
Original language: Spanish
Source: Diario Maritimas
The Port Authority of Valencia hosts until today an international meeting of port community systems in which experiences and knowledge about the standardization of digital messaging and important issues such as the weight of the containers are exchanged. About 70 people are involved from day 9 in this meeting, among which are representatives of the ports of Valencia, Bilbao, Barcelona, Tarragona and Algeciras and PORTEL.
On the first day, on March 9, issues such as the weight of containers, electronic bill of lading, manifest and ship electronic integration with customs and ports were discussed. This first day was for the Annual Assembly of the UN / CEFACT , working group UN standardization of transport messages.
The second day was scheduled for joint work between said group UN / CEFACT and Protect project that were discussed again issues the weight of the containers and sending them by e - mail or the single window. The third day was assigned to the International Association of Port Community Systems (IPCSA) in which issues such as the exchange of data in the tracking were treated, how to solve the issue of the weight of the containers and make the process of data exchange is equal in all ports. Jaime Lopez, marketing director of valenciaportpcs website, noted that the issue of the weights of the containers is very important and must be taken into account in the same enters a new actor, the shippers. Lopez said there "to do the weights reach and can not be on paper. In the port of Valencia it is considering offering a service weighing containers connected to all systems. "
Nigeria: Imperatives of Single Window Concept for trade facilitation
Original language: English
About 60 years ago, the business community in Sweden saw the need to reduce distances to markets and observed that while physical distances to markets remained constant, economic distances to markets could be reduced.
The means to reduce economic distance to markets gave rise to trade facilitation in Sweden where the concept was first employed, and even today the global business community keeps thinking of innovative ways to cut cost and optimise time.
According to the World Trade Organisation (WTO), trade facilitation anchored on building and implementing the Single Window platforms for all players in the international trade chain can help the global economy to save up to $1 trillion annually.
Trade facilitation means the simplification, standardisation and harmonisation of trade procedures and associated information flow required to move goods from seller to buyer and to make payment for the goods.
The managing director of Trade Development and Facilitation Consulting (TDAF) at the World Trade Centre II, Geneva, Switzerland, Mr Tom Butterly, anchoring his argument on the position of a recent WTO report, said that trade transaction costs can be up to 15 per cent of value of goods traded where one day delay at the border reduces trade by 1 per cent.
Butterly buttressed that for developing countries, such as Nigeria and Ghana, trade transaction cost can actually be more than 15 per cent, indicating a bigger need for West African countries to embrace the Single Window reform.
At a media Single Window training event organised by WestBlue Consulting, a Single Window resource firm operating in Nigeria and Ghana, held in Ghana at the weekend, Butterly said that many countries are now focusing on implementing deep trade facilitation reforms with the Single Window becoming a game changer.
The Single Window concept was developed by the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) in 2005, as an effort to simplify, harmonise and standardise international trade procedures and associated information flows between trade and government and within government itself. In fact, the UNECE, through its United Nations (UN) Centre for Trade Facilitation and Electronic Business (UN/CEFACT), defined Single Window as “a facility that allows parties involved in trade and transport to lodge standardised information and documents with a single entry point to fulfil all import, export, and transit-related regulatory requirements.”
The body recommends that “if information is electronic then individual data elements should only be submitted once.”
For a typical West African country, such as Nigeria or Ghana, there are about 200 pieces of information to be provided by an importer/exporter to about 14 government agencies, banks, and insurance companies, and some of these may require a return visit where mistakes occur. Butterly said that the Single Window reduces time of doing business by 50 per cent and can bring down cost of doing business by 25 per cent.
He said, “The Single Window reform is now helping to create a fundamental change of the mindset. Countries, even in Africa, that have embraced and are implementing the Single Window have been able to reduce the cost of doing business significantly and are doing so well. They include Coasta Rica and Rwanda, and Ghana is also able to save about $200 million in 2015. Ghana is also forecast to move up from the current global position of 171 to 121 out of 189 countries and the sub-saharan Africa rank of 36 to 16 out of 47 countries in ‘World Bank Trading Across Borders’ (Ease of Doing Business) survey by 2020.”
Nigeria started the Single Window reform since 2013, but the project is being hampered by the absence of political will, according to competent sources. The World Bank report has Nigeria on the 182 position out of 189, with Ghana which started much later taking a better position. The WTO Agreement Article 10.4 discusses the Single Window while Article 4.1 states that members shall endeavour to establish or maintain a Single Window single entry point where all trade information can be accessed by government agencies and the private sector. There are now 70 countries implementing the Single Window concept for international facilitation.
“By 2020, about 100 economies and some regions would have implemented the Single Window reform, enjoying the benefits of pre-clearance formalities down from four days to 0.5 days and customs clearance from 18 to 9 days. The Single Window reduces export time from 22 to 11 days. But most importantly, Single Window is about people more than technology,” Butterly said.
Implementing the WTO trade facilitation agreement in Sudan: understanding international standards and recommendations for trade facilitation
Original language: English
This will be the second event in Sudan organized within the framework of the UK-funded project to assist in the implementation of the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement. Jointly organized with the World Customs Organization (WCO) and Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs (HMRC), the event will address Sudan National Trade Facilitation Committee members. The objectives are to: - Deliver Module 1 of UNCTAD's Empowerment Program for the Members of the Sudanese National Trade Facilitation Committee (NTFC); - Increase Sudan NTFC members' understanding on trade facilitation benefits and impact on development as well as its implications for global supply chain management; - Improve Sudan NTFC members' knowledge on trade facilitation international standards and legal framework, including UN/CEFACT Recommendations and other UNECE tools, WCO Revised Kyoto Convention, and World Trade Organization (WTO) Trade Facilitation Agreement.
France : La dématérialisation des factures gagne du terrain
Original language: French
Alors que les entreprises travaillant avec le secteur public devront envoyer et recevoir des factures dématérialisées à compter de 2017 pour les grandes et de 2019 pour les PME, cette obligation pourrait être étendue au secteur privé. Le gouvernement y voit un moyen de fluidifier les échanges interentreprises et de diminuer les délais de paiement.
Finis les échanges de factures papiers entre les entreprises ? Alors que les sociétés commencent à se mettre en ordre de marche pour respecter les échéances réglementaires liées à la dématérialisation des factures vers le secteur public (voir encadré), le processus pourrait rapidement s'élargir au privé. «Certes, les entreprises et organisations ont aujourd'hui encore le droit de ne pas accepter de recevoir une facture au format électronique, précise Thierry Amadieu, directeur du cabinet de conseil TACD. Cette situation ne devrait cependant pas durer. L'article 222 de la loi Macron précise en effet que le gouvernement se laisse neuf mois de réflexion, soit jusqu'au 6 mai prochain, pour décider de généraliser progressivement l'obligation d'accepter les factures électroniques.»
Selon les termes de la loi, le fournisseur pourrait alors légalement imposer une facture électronique à son client entreprise, y compris dans le cas de contrats en cours.
L'échange de factures dématérialisées avec les services de l'Etat implique pour les entreprises de pouvoir envoyer et recevoir ce type de documents.
A cet effet, l'Agence pour l'informatique financière de l'Etat (AIFE) a proposé le 8 avril 2015, après une concertation avec les représentants des entreprises, des établissements publics et des collectivités, une solution technique mutualisée et gratuite pour l'ensemble de ces acteurs. «Cette solution, Chorus Portail 2017 (CPP 2017), permettra la transmission, le dépôt et la réception par les personnes publiques des factures électroniques ainsi que le suivi du paiement, signale Thierry Amadieu. La
facture sera archivée et restera accessible aux fournisseurs. Ce portail est appelé à remplacer le portail Chorus Facture.»
Ce dernier, opérationnel depuis le 1er janvier 2012, permet déjà aux fournisseurs de l'Etat de transmettre leurs factures par voie électronique, sans recours au papier. Chorus Portail Pro 2017, comme Chorus Factures aujourd'hui, proposera gratuitement trois modes de transmission : le dépôt des factures en PDF (signés ou non) sur le portail, la saisie des factures sur ce même portail, la transmission de factures sous format EDI - prioritairement selon deux normes XML : UBL invoice (ou UBL Peppol) et UN/Cefact CII, et accessoirement Edifact.
Single window system
Original language: Turkish
"On behalf of our country to perform import and export operations are approximately 330 different types of documents that must be included in the customs declaration. Among them, only 21 documents from the customs authorities, while the remaining 309 documents are available from various institutions and organizations. Therefore remain liable of having to apply it to different institutions and organizations in order to be able to provide document is a procedure which led to both costly serious time losses, "said Fair Özsoğuk, Single Window System required traders to, both the customs authorities and as well as that of the import and export permit He says that institutions provide many benefits.
1-Single Window System (Single Window) What is it?
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Single Window System for import, export and legal arrangements framework for the transit procedures, documents and information necessary for goods which are subject to international trade and transport by about the trade and carriers of a standard format which is internationally recognized, one is defined as a reference point can be presented. World Customs Organization in above-made cookies to appropriately Single Window System for import, export and transit procedures to issue the relevant legislation of trade and standardized those who side transport information and documents he described as the fulfillment by entering a single data entry point.
2-Single Window System were needed cause?
In order to carry the process of import and export customs declarations to be introduced into our country there are about 330 different types of documents. Among them, only 21 documents from the customs authorities, while the remaining 309 documents are available from various institutions and organizations. Therefore, in order to keep the obligation to make available documents that refer to different institutions it is a costly procedure that led to both significant time loss. This type of international trade poses similar challenges for all countries in the world. United in the United Nations within Nations Conference on Trade Facilitation and Electronic Commerce Center (UN / CEFACT) such necessary information and documents to those engaged in international trade and to transportation Based on the identified "Single Window" called to offer a single point and the result is still getting from one point to and thus enabling operation has recommended the establishment of a system due to
the length of the process to prevent the loss of time in customs (UN Trade Facilitation and Electronic Commerce Centre Resolution No. 33). Simplifying and use of the single window system adopted on the basis of speeding United Nations recommendation as well as the World Customs Organisation of the foreign trade by the European Union (WCO) and the World Trade Organization (WTO) by is also supported.