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Country Profiles on Urban Development, Housing and Land Management

Country Profiles on urban development, housing and land management series is a flagship product of the UNECE Committee on Urban Development, Housing and Land Management. The Country Profiles is an important tool to analyse countries’ urban development, housing and land management policies, strategies, institutional and financial frameworks and to compare the progress made internationally. 

The study is conducted on the request of UNECE member States, coordinated by the secretariat and drafted by independent international experts. UNECE’s involvement does not end with the launch of the study.

The Committee on Urban Development, Housing and Land Management monitors and supports the implementation of country profile recommendations, for instance through technical model projects.

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The Committee initiated the Country Profiles project in 1994 (Pilot project proposal, September 1994). This project represents a tool for Governments to analyse their housing policies, strategies, institutional and financial frameworks for the housing sector and to compare the progress made internationally. The project is a high priority for the Committee.

At its 62nd session the Committee reviewed the implementation of the recommendations of the Country Profiles, discussed the usefulness of the study and possible future follow-up activities (Report on the 62nd Session, ECE/HBP/122 para IV B).

Process

The country profile is a process-oriented exercise. At its core is an analytical study on the housing sector, drafted by independent international experts. Recommendations for improving policies and practices are an essential part of the programme. It also aims to provide information to potential investors.

The Profiles constitute a strategic analysis of a country's entire housing sector. The study covers five major areas: 

  • the framework for the housing sector transition;
  • the existing housing stock and new housing construction;
  • the institutional framework;
  • the legal framework; and
  • the financial framework.

As a voluntary exercise, the Country Profile study is undertaken only at the request of the country itself. The Committee or its Bureau then selects a country from the list of applicants. The project starts with a compilation of relevant data on the housing sector of the country to be reviewed. An international team of experts from all over Europe, including countries in transition, is then formed.

The conduct of the country profile exercise is enabled by an extra budgetary fund, to which a number of UNECE member countries contribute. Some member countries have also provided experts as a contribution in kind to the project.

The project involves a preparatory mission and a research mission of the team of international experts to the country under review. In the host country, the team also interviews officials, experts, NGOs, international organizations and their project personnel, and visits development sites.
The study is published in English and translated to the national languages for distribution to interested parties.

Procedural guidelines

Guidelines for the preparation of ECE country profiles on housing and land management (ECE/HBP/2017/5)     ENG     FRE     RUS

Country Profiles programme evaluation

Report of the evaluation          Management response to the report's recommendations

Guidelines for the preparation of UNECE Country Profiles on Urban Development, Housing and Land Management

Available in English and Russian. Click here to download

Country Profiles

(click on the country to view reports)

Albania (2002)

Country Profiles on the Housing Sector: Albania (2002)

Contents

Preface

Chapter IFramework for the housing sector transition
Chapter IIExisting housing stock and new construction
Chapter IIIInstitutional framework
Chapter IVLegal framework
Chapter VFinancial framework
Bibliography
Conclusions and recommendations
Full report ECE/HBP/130 (English)

Armenia (2004, 2017)

Country Profiles on Housing and Land Management: Armenia (2017)

 

Country Profiles on the Housing Sector: Armenia (2004)

Contents

Preface

Chapter IFramework for the housing sector transition
Chapter IIExisting housing stock and new construction
Chapter IIIInstitutional framework
Chapter IVLegal framework
Chapter VFinancial framework
Conclusions and recommendations
Bibliography
Full report ECE/HBP/132 (English)

Azerbaijan (2010)

Country Profiles on the Housing Sector: Azerbaijan (2010)

Contents
Executive summary
Chapter ISocio-economic conditions and housing policy framework
Chapter IISpatial planning and land administration
Chapter IIIExisting housing stock, new construction and utilities
Chapter IVFinancial framework for the housing and land sectors
Chapter VRecommendations
Bibliography
Full report ECE/HBP/156 (English) PDF
Full report ECE/HBP/156 (Russian) PDF

Belarus (2008)

Country Profiles on the Housing Sector: Belarus (2008)

Contents
Executive Summary
Chapter ISocio-economic trends and housing policies
Chapter IIExisting housing stock and new construction
Chapter IIIHousing finance
Chapter IVLand administration and spatial planning
Chapter VRecommendations
Annex
Bibliography
Back cover
Full Report ECE/HBP/150 (English) PDF
Full Report ECE/HBP/150 (Russian) PDF

Bulgaria (1996)

Country Profiles on the Housing Sector: Bulgaria (1996)

Contents

Preface

Introduction
Country Profile graph
Chapter IThe role of housing in societies undergoing transition
Chapter IIPopulation
Chapter IIIHousing quality and construction of new dwellings
Chapter IVHousing economics and affordability
Chapter VThe legal framework
Chapter VIInstitutional framework and decision-making processes
Annexes
Full report ECE/HBP/101 (English)

Georgia (2007)

Country Profiles on the Housing Sector: Georgia (2007)

Contents
Executive Summary
Chapter ISocio-economic conditions and housing policy framework
Chapter IIInstitutional framework
Chapter IIIExisting housing situation, new construction, urban planning and utilities
Chapter IVAffordable housing for vulnerable households
Chapter VFinancial framework
Chapter VIRecommendations
Bibliography
Full Report ECE/HBP/143 (English) PDF
Full Report ECE/HBP/143 (Russian) PDF

Kazakhstan (2018)

Kyrgyzstan (2010)

Country Profiles on the Housing Sector: Kyrgyzstan (2010)

Contents
Executive summary
Chapter ISocio-economic conditions and housing policy framework
Chapter IIInstitutional framework
Chapter IIILand administration and land management
Chapter IVHousing conditions and new housing construction
Chapter VFinancial framework
Chapter VIRecommendations
Bibliography
Full report ECE/HBP/157 (English) PDF

Lithuania (2000)

Country Profiles on the Housing Sector: Lithuania (2000)

Contents

Preface

Conclusions and recommendations
Country Profile graph
Chapter IFramework for the housing sector
Chapter IIExisting housing stock and new housing construction
Chapter IIIFinancial framework
Chapter IVLegal framework
Chapter VInstitutional framework
Annexes
Full report ECE/HBP/117 (English)

Poland (1998)

Country Profiles on the Housing Sector: Poland (1998)

Contents

Preface

Introduction
Conclusions and recommendations
Country Profile graph
Chapter IFramework for the housing sector transition
Chapter IIExisting housing stock and housing development
Chapter IIIHousing economics and affordability
Chapter IVLegal framework
Chapter VInstitutional framework
Annex
Full report ECE/HBP/107 (English)

Republic of Moldova (2002, 2015)

Country Profiles on Housing and Land Management: Republic of Moldova (2015)

Contents
Executive summary
Introduction
PART I  LEGAL AND INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORKS FOR HOUSING, URBAN DEVELOPMENT, AND LAND ADMINISTRATION AND MANAGEMENT
PART IIHOUSING SECTOR
Chapter IExisting housing stock, condition, maintenance and management
Chapter IIPolicy and financial framework for housing
PART IIISPATIAL PLANNING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT
PART IVLAND ADMINISTRATION AND MANAGEMENT; REAL ESTATE MARKETS
Chapter ILand administration and management
Chapter IIReal estate markets
RECOMMENDATIONS
ANNEXES
REFERENCES
Full report ECE/HBP/181 English              
Full report ECE/HBP/181 Russian

Country Profiles on the Housing Sector: Republic of Moldova (2002)

Contents

Preface

Conclusions and recommendations
Chapter IFramework for the housing sector
Chapter IIExisting housing stock and new housing construction
Chapter IIIInstitutional framework
Chapter IVLegal framework
Chapter VFinancial framework
Bibliography
Full report ECE/HBP/125 English

Romania (2001)

Country Profiles on the Housing Sector: Romania (2001)

Contents

Preface

Chapter IFramework for the housing sector
Chapter IIHousing stock and construction
Chapter IIIInstitutional framework
Chapter IVLegal framework
Chapter VFinancial framework
Summary and recommendations
Annex
Full report ECE/HBP/124 (English)

In October 2002 a roundtable discussion to follow-up the country profile was initiated by the Government of Romania. The roundtable brought together once again all the parties which were involved in the country profile. The aim of the round table discussion was to assess the developments in the Romanian housing sector since the international expert team visited Romania in 2000, to evaluate the implementation of the recommendations given by the experts, to discuss future strategies for the Romanian housing sector and to assess the significance of the country profile for Romania’s housing policy.

The main findings of the roundtable discussion are summarized in the report of the Bucharest roundtable.

Russian Federation (2004)

Country Profiles on the Housing Sector: Russian Federation (2004)

Contents
Foreword
Preface
Conclusions and Recommendations
Part IFRAMEWORK FOR THE HOUSING SECTOR DEVELOPMENT
Chapter IThe Socio-economic framework
Chapter IIHousing Reform
Chapter IIIThe Housing Stock
Chapter IVInstitutional framework
Chapter VLegal framework
Chapter VIFinancial Framework
Part II CURRENT SITUATION, GOALS AND CHALLENGES IN PARTICULAR AREAS OF THE HOUSING SECTOR REFORM
Chapter VII

Management and operation of the existing housing stock

Chapter VIIIUtility services
Chapter IXSocial housing
Chapter XNew construction and urban planning
Chapter XILand management and real property market development
Bibliography
Full Report ECE/HBP/131 (English) PDF
Full Report ECE/HBP/131 (Russian) PDF

Serbia and Montenegro (2006)

Country Profiles on the Housing Sector: Serbia and Montenegro (2006)

Contents
Chapter IThe socio-economic framework for the development of the housing sector
Chapter IIExisting housing stock and new construction
Chapter IIIInstitutional framework
Chapter IVLegal framework for housing
Chapter VFinancial framework
Chapter VISocial housing
Chapter VIILand administration and housing market development
Chapter VIIIConclusions and recommendations
Bibliography
Full Report ECE/HBP/139 English

Slovakia (1999)

Country Profiles on the Housing Sector: Slovakia (1999)

Contents

Preface

Conclusions and recommendations
Country Profile graphs
Chapter IFramework for the housing sector
Chapter IIExisting housing stock and new housing construction
Chapter IIIFinancial framework
Chapter IVLegal framework
Chapter VInstitutional framework
Annex
Full report ECE/HBP/111 (English)

Tajikistan (2011)

Country Profiles on the Housing Sector: Tajikistan (2011)

Contents
Executive summary
Chapter ISocio-economic conditions and housing policy framework
Chapter IIHousing conditions, housing construction and public utilities
Chapter IIIHousing financial and legal framework
Chapter IVUrban planning and development
Chapter VLand administration
Chapter VIRecommendations
Bibliography
Full report ECE/HBP/163 (English)
Full report ECE/HBP/163 (Russian)

Ukraine (2013)

Country Profiles on Housing and Land Management: Ukraine (2013)

Contents
Executive summary
PART I  HOUSING SECTOR
Chapter ILegal, Institutional and Policy Framework for Housing
Chapter IIHousing conditions
Chapter IIIHousing allocation, needs, demand and supply
PART II  SPATIAL PLANNING AND LAND MANAGEMENT
Chapter IVSpatial planning and urban development
Chapter VLand management and registration system
PART III  FINANCIAL FRAMEWORK FOR THE HOUSING AND LAND SECTORS
RECOMMENDATIONS

Bibliography

Full report ECE/HBP/176 (English)
Full report ECE/HBP/176 (Russian)

Uzbekistan (2015)