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Analytical studies

In accordance with decisions IV/2, V/3 and VI/3 of the Meeting of the Parties on promoting effective access to justice adopted by the Meeting of the Parties, the Task Force on Access to Justice was mandated to systematically collect information relating to the implementation of article 9 of the Convention and prepare, studies, where appropriate, with the objective of identifying gaps and promoting good practices in access to justice in environmental matters.  

Geographical scopeTitleYearENGFRERUS
Handbook on Access to Justice under the Aarhus Convention2003ENG
Access to Justice: Remedies2011ENG
Paper on Costs in Environmental Procedure2011ENG
Approaches to Access2011ENG
EECCAAccess to Justice in Environmental Matters: Available Remedies, Timeliness and Costs in the EECCA countries
Completed questionnaires and previous drafts are available here.
EUSynthesis Report of the Study on the Implementation of Article 9, paras. 3 and 4, of the Aarhus Convention in Seventeen of the Member States of the European Union2013ENG
EUReport on possible initiatives on access to justice in environmental matters and their socio-economic implications (courtesy of the European Commission)2013


EUStudy on environmental complaint-handling and mediation mechanisms at national level (courtesy of the European Commission)2012ENG
EECCAStudy on standing for individuals, groups and non-governmental organizations before courts in environmental cases in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Republic of Moldova and Tajikistan.2014ENGRUS

Study on access to justice in environmental matters in South-Eastern Europe

SpainStudy on access to justice in environmental matters in Spain2013ENG
Bosnia and HerzegovinaAnalysis of Court Decisions in the Area of Environmental Protection in Bosnia and Herzegovina in 2012 (courtesy of the OSCE Mission to Bosnia and Herzegovina)2015ENG
France, Italy, the Netherlands and Portugal

Study on the possibilities for environmental NGOs to claim damages in relation to the environment
Previous drafts and comments are available here.

EUThe legal debate on access to justice for environmental NGOs: summary (courtesy of the German Environment Agency; read full study in German here)2017ENG
Bosnia and Herzegovina, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and MontenegroStudy on access to justice in environmental matters particularly in respect to the scope of review (courtesy of REC)2017ENG