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International Regulatory Tools


This page presents a selection of existing legislation or standards at the regional or international level that can support governments in framing their approach to managing radioactive scrap metal.

>> International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

Code of Conduct on the Safety and Security of Radioactive Sources (2003) - and its related guidance on import and export in 2004

Serves as guidance to States for the development and harmonization of policies, laws and regulations on the safety and security of radioactive sources. Outlines basic recommendations for States to ensure that they have appropriate measures to deal with radioactive waste.

Joint Convention on Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management (1997)

This is the first legal instrument to directly address issues of radioactive waste management at a global scale. The Joint Convention applies to spent fuel and radioactive waste resulting from civilian nuclear reactors and applications and to spent fuel and radioactive waste from military or defence programmes if and when such materials are transferred permanently to and managed within exclusively civilian programmes, or when declared as spent fuel or radioactive waste for the purpose of the Convention by the Contracting Party. The Convention also applies to planned and controlled releases into the environment of liquid or gaseous radioactive materials from regulated nuclear facilities.

Code of Practice on the International Transboundary Movement of Radioactive Waste (1990)

This Code applies to the international transboundary movement of radioactive waste. It relies on international standards for the safe transport of radioactive material and the physical protection of nuclear material, as well as the standards for basic nuclear safety and radiation protection and radioactive waste management. This Code, which is advisory, does not affect in any way existing and future arrangements among States which relate to matters covered by it and are compatible with its objectives.

Governmental Infrastructure for Nuclear, Radiation, Radioactive Waste and Transport Safety (2000)

This publication establishes the basic requirements for legal and governmental infrastructures for nuclear, radiation, radioactive waste and transport safety.

>> European Union (EU)

EU Council Resolution: 2002/C 119/05

Resolution on the establishment of national systems of surveillance and control of the presence of radioactive materials in the recycling of metallic materials in the Member States. (Also, Council resolution 94/C 379/01 REAFFIRMS that shipments of radioactive waste between Member States and into and out of the Community must continue to be subject to appropriate controls)

Council Directive 96/29/Euratom of 13 May 1996

Lays down basic safety standards for the protection of the health of workers and the general public against the dangers arising from ionizing radiation.

Council Directive 2003/122/Euratom of 22 December 2003 on the control of high-activity sealed radioactive sources and orphan sources

The purpose of this Directive is to prevent exposure of workers and the public to ionising radiation arising from inadequate control of high-activity sealed radioactive sources and orphan sources and to harmonise controls in place in the Member States by defining specific requirements ensuring that each such source is kept under control.