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Project Results

Outputs

The project had several deliverables. Some of the project results are:

  • A Operational Steering Committee and six Working Groups to manage the different reform programmes were established
  • Substantive reform of Customs procedures initiated, support to the automation of the customs procedures (ICISNet rollout) and implementation of an automated risk assessment system
  • Authorized economic operator scheme rolled out
  • More than 15 workshops and capacity building events organised
  • Business Processes Analysis and simplification undertaken using UNNEXT Business Process Analysis Method
  • Authorized Traders Scheme established with over 40 exporters registered (accounting for 40% of the total exporting activity in fresh fruits and vegetables)
  • Proposal for a competitive agriculture export strategy (Greek Smarter Food) developed pilot project for the implementation of a Single Window launched

Impact

Even if it is too soon to determine the long term impact of the trade facilitation reforms undertaken in Greece, once is sure: in a very short time Greece has made important progress in the implementation of trade facilitation. And this has already had an impact in Greece trade performance. For instance, in less than two years, Greece has significantly improved its international ranking in trade facilitation and trade competitiveness.

The actions already implemented by the Greek administrations as well as the private sector stakeholders bring tangible benefits to the Greek traders and businesses, as evidenced by international studies and reports that were published in the first quarter of 2014.

  • Since 2012, Greece has improved its ranking in the World Bank Doing Business study by 28 positions from position100 to 72*.
  • The competitive position of Greece in the Logistic Performance Index has improved by 25 positions. The concrete results for Customs are overwhelming with an improvement by 52 positions, from 94 to 42.
  • The time to export and import has been reduced by 20% and 40% respectively.
  • The cost to export and import has gone down by approximately 10%.

*  International Ranking

The following tables show the positive results over the past years in the rankings of the Doing Business and the Logistics Performance Index (LPI) of the World Bank:

Doing Business

2012

2013

2014

Doing business*

100

78

72

Trading across borders*

84

62

52

Time to export (days)

20

19

16

Cost to export
(US$ per container)

1153

1115

1040

Time to import (days)

25

15

15

Cost to import
(US$ per container)

1265

1135

1135

Source: UNECE with data from World Bank Doing Business Report
www.doingbusiness.org

WB Logistics Performance Indicators (LPI)

2012

2014

LPI*

69

44

Customs*

94

42

Logistics*

73

40

Source: UNECE with data from World Bank Logistics Performance Index
www.//lpi.worldbank.org/


© United Nations Economic Commissions for Europe – 2013