Article 15 of the Protocol on Water and Health on review of compliance, requires the Meeting of the Parties to establish arrangements for reviewing compliance with the Protocol. The objective of the compliance procedure is to facilitate, promote and aim to secure compliance with the obligations under the Protocol, with a view to preventing disputes. Following this obligation, at their first meeting, (17-19 January 2007, Geneva, Switzerland), the Parties adopted the decision 1/2 on review of compliance (END FRE RUS) and elected the first Compliance Committee (press release).
The Compliance Committee approved its rules of procedure, in accordance with decision I/2 of the Meeting of the Parties. The rules of procedure are based on the outcome of the first three meetings of the Committee. On the basis of practice and experience gained, the Committee might elaborate/revise the document further.
The Committee shall:
- Consider any submission, referral or communication relating to specific issues of compliance made in accordance with the decision 1/2;
- Prepare, at the request of the Meeting of the Parties, a report on compliance with or implementation of specific provisions of the Protocol; and
- Monitor, assess and facilitate the implementation of and compliance with the reporting requirements under article 7, paragraph 5, of the Protocol.
The Committee may examine compliance issues and make recommendations or take measures if and as appropriate.
The rules of procedure, adopted by the Compliance Committee, are revised/updated by the Committee as need arises.
The first reporting exercise under the Protocol was conducted during autumn 2009/spring 2010. It showed that a number of Parties were facing difficulties in implementating the Protocol, in particular with its core obligation to set targets and target dates. To respond to this situation, the Compliance Committee decided at its fifth meeting in June 2010 to enhance its facilitation and assistance functions, and agreed to enter into consultations with a number of Parties. At its sixth meeting in March 2011, the Compliance Committee outlined the main features for a new consultation process geared to help Parties implement their obligations under the Protocol. To help Parties in implementing the provisions of the Protocol, the Committee will, under the auspices of the new consultation process :
- Assist Parties in developing an accurate analysis of their situation (enabling them to set targets under the Protocol),
- Provide recommendations to the Parties on how to improve their situation
- Assist Parties in seeking support from donors, specialized agencies and other competent bodies
Consultations do not have an inquisitive nature, and will be initiated by a request from a Party. Sessions can be held in confidence, if so requested. More information is available at the Terms of Reference of the consultation process adopted by the Committee at its 6th session.
Another document, elaborated by the Compliance Committee and prepared with a purpose of serving both the Committee and the general public, is “guidelines on communications from the public” (Russian version).
At its first session on 17-19 January 2007, the Meeting of the Parties of the Protocol on Water and Health elected nine members of the committee. The terms of office of four of the members expired at the second session of the Meeting of the Parties (decision I/2, annex, paragraph 7). At their second meeting, the Parties therefore elected four members to the Compliance Committee for a full term of office Currently, the following persons serve on the Committee in a personal capacity:
Mr. Veit Koester (Denmark) - Chair
Ms. Diana Iskreva-Idigo (Bulgaria)
Ms. Ilona Drulite (Lithuania)
Mr. Ilya Trombitsky (Republic of Moldova)
Mr. Oddvar Georg Lindholm (Norway)
Mr. Pierre Chantrel (France)
Mr. Serhiy Vykhryst (Ukraine)
Mr. Vadim Ni (Kazakhstan)
Ms. Zsuzsanna Kocsis-Kupper (Hungary)
Tenth meeting (24 November 2014, Geneva, Switzerland)
Ninth meeting (1-2 July 2013, Geneva, Switzerland)
Eighth meeting (10 October 2012, Geneva, Switzerland)
Seventh meeting (2 November 2011, Geneva, Switzerland)
Sixth meeting (1-2 March 2011, Geneva, Switzerland)
Fifth meeting (22-23 June 2010, Geneva, Switzerland)
Fourth meeting (26-27 January 2010, Geneva, Switzerland)
Third meeting (25-26 February 2009, Geneva, Switzerland)
Second meeting (24-25 September 2008, Geneva, Switzerland)
First meeting (12 March 2008, Geneva, Switzerland)