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The Implementation Committee was established by the Executive Body in 1997 to review compliance by Parties with their obligations under the protocols to the Convention.

The Committee's work focuses on three main areas:

(i) it reviews periodically compliance with Parties' reporting obligations

The review of compliance with the obligations to report on emission data is based on the emission data submitted to EMEP and available in the emission database WEBDAB.

The review of compliance with the obligations to report on strategies and policies is based on Parties' responses to the Questionnaire on Strategies and Policies (to view the responses log in as "guest", no password is required)

For several countries, the responses to the 2010 questionnaire are available in separate documents which were, at the time of posting, not yet included as part of the database. The documents containing these responses are available here.

(ii) considers any submission or referral of possible non-compliance by an individual Party with any of its obligations under a given protocol

(iii) carries out in-depth reviews of specified obligations in an individual protocol at the request of the Executive Body

The Implementation Committee is not a decision-making body. It meets twice a year and reports annually to the Executive Body which makes decisions upon recommendations by the Committee.

The Committee consists of nine Parties to the Convention, each elected for a term of two years.

Executive Body Decision 2012/25 on Improving the functioning of the Implementation Committee contains the Committee's Terms of Reference "Implementation Committee, its structure and functions and procedures for review of compliance." It supersedes the Committee's previous Terms of References contained in Executive Body Decision 2006/2.

© United Nations Economic Commissions for Europe – 2013