The Executive Body is the meeting of the representatives of the Parties to the Convention. It is responsible for taking action to implement the fundamental principles of the Convention, reviewing the implementation of the Convention and setting up subsidiary bodies to carry out the work on implementation and development.

For this the Executive Body adopts protocols with specific obligations for Parties, takes decisions related to its work (including issues of non-compliance of Parties with protocol obligations), agrees an annual work-plan and approves financial issues related to work-plan activities.

The Executive Body is keen to foster collaboration with relevant international organizations and with international agreements on air pollution in other regions.