The Energy Security Forum1 (ESF), under the auspices of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), recently submitted the findings of its Study on Emerging Energy Security Risks and Risk Mitigation in a Global Context to the Government of the Russian Federation in preparation for the G8 Summit in St. Petersburg.
The report was prepared in response to the request of the Special Envoy of President Vladimir Putin on International Energy Cooperation during the 2005 annual meeting of the Energy Security Forum. The ESF was requested to provide conclusions and recommendations on global energy security issues as a contribution to the discussions in the framework of the Russian Federation’s leadership of the 2006 G-8 Summit Meeting.
The report concludes that global energy security risks have increased sharply because of steeply rising oil import demand in developing countries; the narrowing margin between oil supply and demand that has driven up prices; the volatility of oil prices arising from international tensions, terrorism and the potential for supply disruptions; the concentration of known hydrocarbon reserves and resources in a limited number of the world’s subregions; and the restricted access to oil and gas companies to the development of hydrocarbon reserves in some countries.
It recommends that governments in producing and consuming countries can mitigate these risks significantly by promoting investment in the energy sector in order to meet future demand by providing the legal frameworks, regulatory environments, tax incentives together with fair and transparent processes to foster the public-private partnerships needed to promote and protect investments in new oil and natural gas supplies and enhance the secondary recovery of hydrocarbons.
As a first step in this process, the Energy Security Forum recommends that G-8 governments launch a new multilateral producer-consumer dialogue. It should be based on the interdependent interests of energy producing and consuming nations and the need for reciprocal relations between them within the framework of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe. The dialogue should be between representatives of governments, energy industries, the financial community and relevant international organizations in the following areas: a) data and information sharing and increased transparency, b) infrastructure investment and financing, c) legal, regulatory and policy framework, d) harmonization of standards and practices, e) research, development and deployment of new technologies and f) investment/transit safeguards and burden sharing.
For further information about the Energy Security Forum please consult the UNECE website http://www.unece.org/ie or contact:
Mr. Alexandre Chachine
Sustainable Energy Division
United Nations Economic Commission
for Europe (UNECE)
Palais des Nations
CH - 1211 Geneva 10, Switzerland
Telephone: +41(0)22 917 24 51
Telefax: +41(0)22 917 00 38
1The Energy Security Forum comprises members of the energy industries and financial sector under the auspices of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe.
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
Palais des Nations,
CH-1211 Geneva 10, Switzerland
Tel.: +41 (0) 22 917 44 44
Fax: +41 (0) 22 917 05 05
Reproduction is permitted provided that the source is acknowledged.