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Population and Development

In 1994, delegates from 179 countries met in Cairo for the United Nations International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD). The Conference adopted a 20-year Programme of Action (PoA), which included a bold new vision of the relationships between population, development and individual well-being. It recognized that population was not about numbers, but about people, and that social, economic and political equality, including sexual and reproductive health and rights, was the basis for individual well-being and sustainable development.

ICPD webpage: www.unfpa.org/public/home/sitemap/icpd/International-Conference-on-Population-and-Development

In 2012-2013, mandated by the United Nations General Assembly resolution A/65/234 (2010), the global operational review of the implementation of the Programme of Action (PoA) of ICPD was carried out by UNFPA in cooperation with regional commissions and other United Nations agencies. A special report from the United Nations Secretary-General with recommendations for action based on the global review findings was presented to the United Nations Commission on Population and Development in April 2014. Subsequently, the special session by the United Nations General Assembly was held on 22 September 2014 to renew political support for the Cairo mandate.

ICPD beyond 2014 webpage: icpdbeyond2014.org

At the regional level, UNECE concluded the review of the implementation of the Programme of Action of ICPD with the launch of the report "ICPD Beyond 2014: the UNECE Region's Perspective" and the High-level Regional Conference held in Geneva on 1-2 July 2013. The report was based on survey results from 45 UNECE member States complemented by relevant existing studies and data provided in country implementation profiles.