Transport affects social, economic and environmental sustainability. Transport links markets and individuals, making regions more competitive and promoting individuals’ social and economic development.
The transport system provides the individual with access to basic social services, such as health, food, education, employment and recreational activities. This requires the transport system to be safe to ensure that human health is not at risk. Environmental sustainability is affected negatively by transport through the consumption of non‐renewable energy, the emissions of harmful pollutants and greenhouse gases, through the generation of waste and by a reduction of natural habitat.
Table of contents :
What is sustainable development?
General trends in the ece region: economic growth and demand for transport
Accessibility: access to social services and international markets
Affordability: making mobility affordable for the individual and the society
Transport safety: entering the decade of action for road safety
Transport security: protection against terror and criminal activities
Environmental sustainability through, regulations, technology and behaviour!
Current modal split is an overarching sustainability concern
Transport for sustainable development: the current situation and the way forward
Notes and definitions