2nd EPR of Kazakhstan
This is the second EPR of Kazakhstan published by UNECE. The report takes stock of the progress made by Kazakhstan in the management of its environment since the country was first reviewed in 2000. It assesses the implementation of the recommendations in the first review (Annex I). It also covers nine issues of importance to Kazakhstan concerning policymaking, planning and implementation, the financing of environmental policies and projects, and the integration of environmental concerns into economic sectors, in particular energy, mineral resources and water management. The report places particular emphasis on the promotion of sustainable development, as the country gives a high priority to this issue.
The Environmental Performance Review Programme is considered an important instrument for countries with economies in transition. The second round, while taking stock of the progress made since the first cycle of reviews, puts particular emphasis on implementation, integration, financing and the socio-economic interface with the environment. Through the peer review process, EPRs also promote dialogue among UNECE member countries and harmonization of environmental conditions and policies throughout the region. As it is a voluntary exercise, an EPR is undertaken only at the request of the country concerned.
The main outcome of the EPR is the recommendations, which were elaborated by the Expert Group, peer reviewed, discussed with a high-level delegation from Kazakhstan and adopted by the UNECE Committee on Environmental Policy on 21 April 2008.
The report in the three languages (English, Russian and Kazakh) was launched at a round table organized by the Committee on agrarian issues and Environmental Protection at the Senate, in the presence of high level officials of which several ministers, on 22 October 2008. Two other launch events with the international Community in Astana and with NGOs and the private sector in Almaty took place respectively on 23 and 24 October 2008.
Sales No. E.08.II.E.11