Protocols

Protocols to the Convention

The Convention has been extended by eight protocols:

The 1999 Protocol to Abate Acidification, Eutrophication and Ground-level Ozone and its 2012 amended version; Status of Ratification. Entered into force on 17 May 2005. 

The 1998 Protocol on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) and its 2009 amended version; Status of Ratification. Entered into force on 23 October 2003.

The 1998 Protocol on Heavy Metals and its 2012 amended version; Status of Ratification. Entered into force on 29 December 2003.

The 1994 Protocol on Further Reduction of Sulphur Emissions; Status of Ratification. Entered into force 5 August 1998.

The 1991 Protocol concerning the Control of Emissions of Volatile Organic Compounds or their Transboundary Fluxes; Status of Ratification. Entered into force 29 September 1997.

The 1988 Protocol concerning the Control of Nitrogen Oxides or their Transboundary Fluxes; Status of Ratification. Entered into force 14 February 1991.

The 1985 Protocol on the Reduction of Sulphur Emissions or their Transboundary Fluxes by at least 30 per cent; Status of Ratification. Entered into force 2 September 1987.

The 1984 Protocol on Long-term Financing of the Cooperative Programme for Monitoring and Evaluation of the Long-range Transmission of Air Pollutants in Europe (EMEP); Status of Ratification. Entered into force 28 January 1988.

Emission data tables 

Twice a year the secretariat, in cooperation with the Centre on Emission Inventories and Projections (CEIP), compiles overview tables of the emission data by pollutant in relation to the respective emission reduction obligations set for each Party under the different protocols: