- Rational and Efficient Use of Energy and Water Resources in Central Asia (SPECA Project) [Speca Homepage]
- Energy Efficiency and Energy and Energy Security in CIS
- Energy Efficiency Investment Project Development for Climate Change Mitigation Participating countries: Belarus, Bulgaria, Kazakhstan, Russian Federation and Ukraine
- Development of Interconnection of Electric Power Systems of Southeast European countries ( under SECI Project)
The purpose of the Regional Advisory Programme on Energy is to provide advice and technical assistance, of an operational nature, to countries with economies in transition and, most notably, to the most disadvantaged of these. It also complements and re-enforces the regular and extrabudgetary programmes in energy.
The forms and methods of operational activities undertaken vary according to the needs of the recipient countries and the sub-regions, but invariably involve a combination of the following: the preparation and implementation of specific programmes, both issue-oriented and sub-regional in nature; the preparation of project proposals for funding by international organizations and donor countries; the development and preparation of substantive studies with participating countries relating to policy issues and energy strategies; participation in the development and implementation of programmes for capacity and institutional building and training; the organization of workshops, seminars and other group meetings; consultative and advisory missions; and study tours.
The programme on energy has one Regional Advisor dedicated to it.
Since January 1994, the ECE Regional Adviser on Sustainable Energy Development has participated in the elaboration, co-ordination and implementation of a number of energy projects in Bulgaria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Hungary, the Republic of Belarus, Georgia, Ukraine, Romania, the Russian Federation, Central Asia and CIS as a whole. Since 1994 he has provided assistance to national experts for the preparation of plans and projects to facilitate the implementation of their energy strategies, capacity and institution building, and training. Special attention has been given to energy efficiency and conservation problems of economies in transition: creation of Energy Efficiency Demonstration Zones and development of financial mechanisms for attracting foreign investors for energy efficiency projects in these countries.
In addition to funding from the Regional Advisory Services budget (section 21), activities are supported by extrabudgetary resources, notably from the Energy Efficiency 21 Project, UNFIP, the World Bank, UNDP, GEF, donor countries and countries with transitional economies. Because of limited staff resources, activities continue to have to be focussed on a limited number of countries taking into account priority areas for development, government support as well as the availability of extrabudgetary financing.
- The Regional Adviser provides advisory assistance in the following areas:
- Development of national energy strategies and programmes for economic reforms to be implemented in the energy sector of economies in transition;
- Formulation of policy guidelines for the economic restructuring of energy sector and development of market institutions for this sector;
- Elaboration of energy efficiency and conservation measures to reduce energy intensity of the economies in transition and creation of Energy Efficiency Demonstration Zones in these countries;
- Development of financial mechanisms for attracting foreign investors for energy efficiency projects in economies in transition;
- Technical co-operation in technology transfer with particular emphasis on environmentally clean energy technologies;
- Development of multi country project proposals and sub-regional activities; and
- Project formulation, development and implementation.
Key Projects Serviced by the Regional Adviser
(i) The Rational and Efficient Use of Energy and Water Resources in Central Asia (SPECA)
This project on ‘The Rational and Efficient Use of Energy and Water Resources in Central Asia’ is carried out under the auspices of the Special Programme for Economies of Central Asia. The objective of the project is to foster cooperation on energy and water resources among the countries in central Asia - Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. A more rational and effective use of energy and water resources would significantly ease energy and water supply problems and reduce environmental problems in the region.
The project’s main objectives are to:
(a) develop regional solutions to common priority problems related to energy and water resources; (b) promote region-wide economic and technical cooperation among the participating countries and their integration into the world economy; (c) strengthen the institutional capacity with respect to energy and water management of States and their public administrations; and (d) electronically link energy and water agencies in the region to enhance information transfers regarding policy reforms, financing and energy and water management issues. The project is also aimed at assisting the participating States to meet their international environmental and energy treaty obligations under UNECE, UNFCCC and the Energy Charter.
The project is coordinated by a Working Group of officials from the central Asian Republics, responsible for energy and water matters. The programme of work is carried out by Groups of Experts from the region, with the help of consultants. The Regional Advisors for Energy and for the Environment have responsibility, within the ECE, for its implementation and for monitoring its progress.
Activities under this project are funded by the UN Development Fund that has allocated US $ 1.75 million to the project with the approval of the UN General Assembly. The ECE is the executing agency for the project and manages and disburses the funds. ESCAP participates as an associated agency. The project will be completed in December 2003.
The project is being implemented since the 1st June 2000. During its implementation the following results have been achieved:
Study “State of the Art and Outlook of Rational and Effective Use of Fuel and Energy Resources in the countries of Central Asia until year 2020" has been prepared and approved by participating countries.
Diagnostic report for preparation of a regional strategy on rational and efficient use of water resources in Central Asia has been prepared and approved by participating countries.
A final version of a concept of the regional strategy on rational and efficient use of water resources in Central Asia has been prepared with an assistance of the international consultants and national experts.
Three editions of the Strategy on rational and efficient use of energy and water resources in Central Asia have been prepared and the fourth is currently being prepared.
Two Energy and Water Efficiency Demonstration Zones in the cities of Almaty and Bishkek have been set up. Both of them are currently under development.
The concept of a regional information network (Intranet) between national energy and water institutions, which is to be linked to international electronic libraries through Internet, has been elaborated.
Regional information network that will electronically link energy and water agencies in the region to enhance information transfers regarding policy reforms, financing and energy and water management issues is now being developed.
Training programme on project development, financial engineering and business planning that includes three training sessions has been implemented. Twenty one business plans of energy and water efficiency projects have been elaborated.
30 different events (seminars, workshops, training courses and study tours) have been prepared and conducted for national experts and country officials.