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Cooperation projects

The cooperation with countries in transition remained intensive throughout the nineties, resulting in a constantly increasing number of projects. While the second report on the implementation of Resolution H3 reported 249 projects at the end of 1995, the current dataset has information on more then 650 cooperative projects. The key tool for monitoring the projects is an Access database.

Cooperation projects were implemented through different means, especially larger ones consisting of several elements. Most of them aimed at dissemination of knowledge, experience and information. Education and training was reported in 165 projects, workshops and seminars in 101, study tours in 104. Know-how transfer was a recognized element in 121 projects. 163 projects had a research element, and capacity building was found in 79 projects; 66 projects aimed at policy/strategy development, while technical development was a focus in 63 projects. Technical assistance was reported in 19 projects; financial assistance in 5 projects.

The overwhelming majority of the projects were implemented through bilateral cooperation, while multilateral projects represent about one fourth of all projects reported.

Future cooperation is expected to focus on the following issues identified by recent work of the Team of Specialists and national correspondents: economically viable, multifunctional sustainable forest management and its enabling legal and financial environment, the conservation and sustainable development of forest resources, the development of the institutional framework of the public and private forestry as well as the forestry administration, the increasing of public awareness of forest issues, involvement of the public in forestry matters and recognition of the cross-sectoral nature of most forestry issues.

There is a need to take into consideration the heterogenity of the CITs needs arising from the development of the last decade and make better use of experiences gained so far through intra-regional cooperation.