Accountability Systems for Sustainable Forest Management in the Caucasus and Central Asia

United Nations Development Account (UNDA) project 2016-2019


Group exercise at the workshop, Armenia. Photograph Theresa Loeffler, UNECE/FAO Forestry and Timber Section.

This capacity building project has been accepted for funding by the United Nations Development Account (UNDA), under the 10th tranche. The timeframe of the project is 2016-2019.

The objective of this project is to strengthen the national capacity of five target countries (Armenia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan) to develop national criteria and indicators (C&I) and reporting, or accountability systems, for sustainable forest management (SFM).

The project is expected to enable the target countries actively participate in international processes related to forests, and contribute to the sustainable development of the sector towards a green economy. National criteria and indicators for SFM will serve as a tool to communicate the relevance of forests as they relate to the environment as well as socioeconomic situation at national, regional and international levels.

Upcoming meetings

8-10 August 2018UzbekistanNational Workshop2nd national Workshop - Criteria and Indicators for Sustainable Forest Management for Uzbekistan
26-28 September 2018KazakhstanNational Workshop
28-30 November 2018GeorgiaNational Workshop2nd national Workshop - Criteria and Indicators for Sustainable Forest Management for Georgia
13-15 February 2019ArmeniaNational Workshop

National Focal Points

To see the list of the project focal points in each country, please click here.

Target groups

Workshop in Uzbekistan. Photograph Theresa Loeffler, UNECE/FAO Forestry and Timber Section.

The key recipients are forest related ministries, national forest agencies, research institutes, and NGOs. The project will be carried out with key partners including other international organizations or initiatives already operating in the countries (e.g. FAO, German development cooperation GIZ, United Nations Environment Programme UNEP, Global Environment Facility GEF). The implementation of the project will be led by experts from the UNECE/FAO Forestry and Timber Section.


Most of the countries in the target region struggle with degradation of the limited natural resources due to extensive grazing, illegal logging and deforestation. These countries do not have the capacity to regularly monitor the status of forests. In addition, they are not able to monitor and assess of the socio-economic aspects of forests. Due to these limitations the importance of the forest sector is continuously neglected in policy development.

With the exception of Georgia, the target countries are not part of any international processes on criteria and indicators for SFM. Therefore, they cannot benefit directly from the knowledge and tools developed by these processes. The project will support evidence-based policy making by providing knowledge, capacity-building, training materials and advisory services for defining the scope and relevance of information needed for implementing SFM at national level. The project will support beneficiary countries in developing national criteria and indicators for SFM, in identifying key indicators and setting threshold values for monitoring. The criteria and indicators can be used for monitoring the status and trends in the forest sector, and eventually monitoring the progress towards Sustainable Development Goals (SDG).

Training and Information Material

Group exercise at the Armenia workshop. Photograph Theresa Loeffler, UNECE/FAO Forestry and Timber Section.

The table below provides an overview of useful material and information about Criteria and Indicators for Sustainable Forest Management in English and Russian. This material can be used as a source of information and inspiration to develop national Criteria and Indicators for Sustainable Forest Management. The table is not exhaustive. If you are aware of relevant material that is not yet listed kindly inform the project manager.


General information
Общая информация
ECE/FAO Guidelines for the Development of a Criteria and Indicator Set for Sustainable Forest Management 
Методические Рекомендации по Разработке критериев и показателей ведения лесного хозяйства
RUS pdf
The System for the Evaluation of the Management
of Forests (SEMAFOR) Система оценки управления лесами (СЕМАФОР)
RUS pdf


Sustainable Forest Management definition
Определение устойчивого лесопользования
Criteria and Indicator definitions
Определение критериев и показателей
Useful links
Полезные ссылки
FAO Voluntary Guidelines on National Forest MonitoringENGpdf
CIFOR Guidelines for Developing, Testing and Selecting Criteria and Indicators for Sustainable Forest Management
Руководство по разработке, тестированию и выбору критериев и индикаторов для устойчивого лесопользования
Examples for C&I
Примеры КиИ
Criteria and Indicators for SFM in Austria
Критерии и индикаторы для УУЛ в Австрии
Criteria and Indicators for Low Forest Cover Countries
Критерии и индикаторы для слаболесистых стран
Forest Europe Process
Процесс Леса Европы
Pan-European Indicators for SFM
Общеевропейские индикаторы для УУЛ
State of Europe’s Forests report
Отчет о состоянии лесов Европы
Pan-European Questionnaire
Общеевропейский вопросник
More information here
Дополнительная информация здесь


RUS Excel


Relevant Terms and Definitions for Pan-European Indicators
Соответствующие термины и определения для Общеевропейских индикаторов 




Montreal Process
Монреальский процесс
Montreal Process Criteria and Indicators
Критерии и индикаторы для Монреальского процесса
Фактологический бюллетень
Montreal process: criteria and indicators for conservation and SFM of the temperate and boreal zones 2008
Монреальский процесс: критерии и индикаторы сохранения и УУЛ умеренной и бореальной зон 2008
Other publications
Прочие публикации 
Forests in the ECE region 2015
Леса региона ЕЭК 2015
RUS pdf


Global Forest Resource Assessment, Synthesis Document
Глобальная оценка лесных ресурсов, обобщающий документ
More information here
Дополнительная информация здесь


RUS pdf


Global Forest Resource Assessment, Summary tables for quantitative variables
Глобальная оценка лесных ресурсов, Сводные таблицы для количественных переменных


RUS pdf


Global Forest Resource Assessment, Terms and Definitions
Глобальная оценка лесных ресурсов, Термины и определения
Global Forest Resource Assessment, Questionnaire
Глобальная оценка лесных ресурсов, Вопросник

Documents and Results

Media coverage

The below table provides a selection of news and articles in relation to this project. If you have published a related article or are aware of media reaction which is not listed here, kindly contact the project manager.

FAO news release (rus and eng) Региональное отделение ФАО для Европы и Центральной Азии
Kyrgyzstan advances forest monitoring in support of the Sustainable Development Goals
03 May 2018
UNECE news release Kyrgyzstan advances forest monitoring in support of the Sustainable Development Goals 26 April 2018
UNECE news release UNECE and FAO advance reporting of sustainable forest management in the Caucasus and Central Asia 21 February 2018
FAO news release Sustainable forest management in focus of regional meeting in Tbilisi 21 February 2018
UNECE news release Georgia gets one step closer towards sustainable forest management 29 November 2017
UNECE news release Armenia advances monitoring for SFM 13 September 2017
FAO news release Armenia advances monitoring for sustainable forest management


13 September 2017
News release in Armenian link


List of sustainable forest management criteria and indicators in Armenia being developed
13 September 2017
UNECE news release Visible progress in sustainable forest management and monitoring in Uzbekistan 9 August 2017
Press release of the State Committee of Forestry of the Republic of Uzbekistan Sustainable forest management and monitoring will be discussed in Tashkent 2 August 2017
UNECE news release Kazakhstan is making considerable steps towards Sustainable Forest Management  12 July 2017
Press release of The Forestry and Wildlife Committee of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Kazakhstan Казахстан значительно продвигается в направлении устойчивого управления лесами 23 June  2017
UNECE news release Kyrgyzstan moving closer to monitor and assess progress on sustainable forest management 23 March 2017
IISD Knowledge HUB FAO, UNECE Launch SFM Criteria and Indicators Project in the Caucasus and Central Asia 01 December 2016 


UNECE news release Caucasian and Central Asian countries join forces for sustainable forestr 21 November 2016


Ms. Theresa Loeffler
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
UNECE/FAO Forestry and Timber Section
Geneva, Switzerland