Accountability Systems for Sustainable Forest Management in the Caucasus and Central Asia

United Nations Development Account (UNDA) project 2016-2019


Armenia. Photograph: Theresa Loeffler, UNECE/FAO Forestry and Timber Section.

This capacity building project has been accepted for funding by the United Nations Development Account (UNDA), under the 10th tranche. The timeframe of the project is 2016-2019. The first regional inception workshop was held in Yerevan, Armenia from 15 to 18 November 2016 and the first national coaching workshop “Criteria and Indicators for Sustainable Forest Management in Kyrgyzstan” took place 15-17 March 2017.

The upcoming national coaching workshop "Criteria and Indicators for Sustainable Forest Management for Kazakhstan" will be held in Astana 28-30 June 2017.

The objective of this project is to strengthen the national capacity of five target countries (Armenia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan) to develop national criteria and indicators (C&I) and reporting, or accountability systems, for sustainable forest management (SFM).

The project is expected to enable the target countries actively participate in international processes related to forests, and contribute to the sustainable development of the sector towards a green economy. National criteria and indicators for SFM will serve as a tool to communicate the relevance of forests as they relate to the environment as well as socioeconomic situation at national, regional and international levels.

National Focal Points

To see the list of the project focal points in each country, please click here.

Target groups

The key recipients are forest related ministries, national forest agencies, research institutes, and NGOs. The project will be carried out with key partners including other international organizations or initiatives already operating in the countries (e.g. FAO, German development cooperation GIZ, United Nations Environment Programme UNEP, Global Environment Facility GEF). The implementation of the project will be led by experts from the UNECE/FAO Forestry and Timber Section.


Armenia. Photograph: Theresa Loeffler, UNECE/FAO Forestry and Timber Section.

Most of the countries in the target region struggle with degradation of the limited natural resources due to extensive grazing, illegal logging and deforestation. These countries do not have the capacity to regularly monitor the status of forests. In addition, they are not able to monitor and assess of the socio-economic aspects of forests. Due to these limitations the importance of the forest sector is continuously neglected in policy development.

With the exception of Georgia, the target countries are not part of any international processes on criteria and indicators for SFM. Therefore, they cannot benefit directly from the knowledge and tools developed by these processes. The project will support evidence-based policy making by providing knowledge, capacity-building, training materials and advisory services for defining the scope and relevance of information needed for implementing SFM at national level. The project will support beneficiary countries in developing national criteria and indicators for SFM, in identifying key indicators and setting threshold values for monitoring. The criteria and indicators can be used for monitoring the status and trends in the forest sector, and eventually monitoring the progress towards Sustainable Development Goals (SDG).

Training and Information Material

The table below provides an overview of useful material and information about Criteria and Indicators for Sustainable Forest Management in English and Russian. This material can be used as a source of information and inspiration to develop national Criteria and Indicators for Sustainable Forest Management. The table is not exhaustive. If you are aware of relevant material that is not yet listed kindly inform the project manager.


General information
Общая информация

Guidelines for the Development of a Criteria and Indicator Set for Sustainable Forest Managment 
Методические Рекомендации по Разработке Набора Критериев и Индикаторов Устойчивого Лесопользования
RUS pdf


Sustainable Forest Management definition
Устойчивое лесопользование определение
Criteria and Indicator definitions
Критерии и индикаторы определения
Useful links
Полезные ссылки

Guidelines for Developing, Testing and Selecting Criteria and Indicators for Sustainable Forest Management

Руководство по разработке, тестированию и выбору критериев и индикаторов для устойчивого лесопользования

Examples for C&I
Примеры КиИ
Criteria and Indicators for SFM in Austria
Критерии и индикаторы для УЛП в Австрии
Criteria and Indicators for Low Forest Cover Countries
Критерии и индикаторы для малолесистых стран
Forest Europe Process
Процесс Леса Европы
Pan-European Indicators for SFM
Паневропейские индикаторы для УЛП
State of Europe’s Forests report
Отчет о состоянии лесов Европы
Pan-European Questionnaire
Панъевропейский вопросник
More information here
Дополнительная информация здесь

ENG Excel

RUS Excel

Relevant Terms and Definitions for Pan-European Indicators ENG



Montreal Process
Монреальский процесс
Montreal Process Criteria and Indicators
Монреальский процесс критерии и индикаторы
Фактологический бюллетень

Montreal process: criteria and indicators for conservation and SFM of the temperate and boreal zones 2008
Монреальский процесс: критерии и индикаторы сохранения и УУЛ умеренной и бореальной зон 2008 

Other publications
Прочие публикации 
Forests in the ECE region 2015
Леса региона ЕЭК 2015

ENG pdf

RUS pdf

Global Forest Resource Assessment, Synthesis Document
Глобальная оценка лесных ресурсов, обобщающий документ
More information here
Дополнительная информация здесь

ENG pdf

RUS pdf

Global Forest Resource Assessment, Summary tables for quantitative variables
Глобальная оценка лесных ресурсов, Сводные таблицы для количественных переменных

ENG pdf

RUS pdf

Global Forest Resource Assessment, Terms and Definitions
Глобальная оценка лесных ресурсов, Термины и определения
Global Forest Resource Assessment, Questionnaire
Глобальная оценка лесных ресурсов, Вопросник

Documents and Results

Read the full project proposal here.

The first Regional Inception Workshop “Criteria and Indicators for Sustainable Forest Management in the Caucasus and Central Asia” was held in Yerevan, Armenia from 15 to 18 November 2016, find the report here.

Media coverage

The below table provides a selection of news and articles in relation to this project. If you have published a related article or are aware of media reaction which is not listed here, kindly contact the project manager.

UNECE news release

Kyrgyzstan moving closer to monitor and assess progress on sustainable forest management 23 March 2017

IISD Knowledge HUB

FAO, UNECE Launch SFM Criteria and Indicators Project in the Caucasus and Central Asia

01 December 2016

UNECE news release

Caucasian and Central Asian countries join forces for sustainable forestr

21 November 2016


Ms. Theresa Loeffler
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
UNECE/FAO Forestry and Timber Section
Geneva, Switzerland

Outcome Documents