Central Asian countries decide to extend cooperation on dam safety within UNECE framework
Geneva, 4 March 2011 --
Officials and experts of the five Central Asian countries meeting in Almaty on 2 and 3 March agreed to continue cooperation to ensure the safety of their ageing dams, which present a looming threat owing to the double burden of growing populations in settlements downstream and extreme weather conditions sparked by climate change, such as floods and droughts.
The meeting is one of the concluding meetings held in the framework of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) project “Capacity-building for cooperation on dam safety in Central Asia”, which will conclude in June 2011.
At the meeting, the urgent need for continued work in this area was stressed by all country delegations, and country representatives requested UNECE to support the development of further work on the national as well as subregional levels. It was concluded that important directions for future work included development and implementation of national legislation and training of experts, as well as finalization and signing of a cooperation agreement. An important emerging area identified was the establishment of bilateral cooperation to ensure the safety of individual dams or dam systems on transboundary rivers.
Meeting participants also highlighted the considerable progress achieved since the start of the UNECE project, and that the basis for long-term cooperation, in the form of a draft subregional agreement, was now on the table. Other major achievements included the development of relevant national legislation or its further enhancement in Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan; the drafting of model technical regulations adapted to all the countries in the subregion; the initiation of inter-State cooperation to increase safety on individual dams; improved cooperation at the national level between agencies with responsibilities for dam safety; and an increased capacity to deal with and awareness about dam safety issues among the relevant actors in the subregion owing to a number of UNECE-organized trainings. Moreover, it was noted that other international organizations and donors had increased their efforts to ensure dam safety in Central Asia.
In Central Asia, ageing dams and lack of funding for their adequate maintenance represent a very real threat to the lives, health, property and environment of the subregion. Just a year ago, the failure of the Kyzyl-Agash Dam in Kazakhstan caused the flooding of the nearby village, killing at least 43 and leaving some 300 people injured.
Moreover, the safe exploitation of the ageing water infrastructure in Central Asia, in particular the hundreds of dams and reservoirs built 40 to 50 years ago, is crucial for the future of these countries. Dams and reservoirs are of major importance for the economy and future development of the subregion — they ensure drinking water supply by contributing to seasonal and long-term regulation of river flows; and they provide a reliable source of water for irrigation, industrial water uses, and hydropower.
The dam safety project funded by Finland, a component of the UNECE Water Convention work programme, is implemented in cooperation with the International Fund for Saving the Aral Sea. The project assists Central Asian countries in establishing effective national legislation and technical regulatory frameworks, as well as in strengthening subregional cooperation on dam safety. The project is part of the Environment and Security Initiative.
For further information please visit: http://www.unece.org/env/water/damsafety.htm or contact:
Mr. Bo Libert
UNECE Regional Adviser on Environment
Phone: +41 (0)22 917 2396
Note to Editors:
The project “Capacity-building for cooperation on dam safety in Central Asia” was initiated in 2006 with a major financial contribution from Finland. Additional financial support is provided by the Russian Federation. The project aims to help Central Asian countries to set up or revise national dam safety regulatory frameworks, to achieve
their harmonization and to promote subregional cooperation for information exchange
and notification in case of accidents or emergency situations related to hydro-technical infrastructure. An overview of dam safety issues in Central Asia has been prepared in
the framework of the project (see UNECE publication “Dam Safety in Central Asia: Capacity-building and Regional Cooperation” http://www.unece.org/env/documents/2010/wat/Publication/MPWAT%2026%20_E.pdf)
The Environment and Security (ENVSEC) Initiative was established in 2003 and includes the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, the Regional Environmental Centre for Central and Eastern Europe, the United Nations Development Programme, UNECE and the United Nations Environment Programme. The ENVSEC Initiative works to assess and address environmental problems, which threaten or are perceived to threaten security, societal stability and peace, human health and/or sustainable livelihoods, within and across national borders in conflict prone regions.