QuickSearch:   Number of matching entries: 0.

Search Settings

    Author(s)TitleYearPublicationType of referenceLanguageWebsite link(s)Keywords
    Aassve, A., Arpino, B. & Goisis, A. Grand-parenting and mothers’ labour force participation: A comparative analysis using the Generations and Gender Survey 2011 Dondena Working Papers
    Vol. 36(36), pp. 22 
    article English URL 
    Abstract: Using data from seven countries drawn from the Generations and Gender Survey, we study the relationship between informal childcare provided by grandparents and mothers’ employment. The extent of formal childcare varies substantially across European countries and so does the role of grandparents in helping out rearing children. The extent of grand-parenting also depends on their attitudes, which in turn relates to social norms and availability of public childcare, and hence the country context where individuals reside matters considerably. Within families, attitudes toward childcare are associated with attitudes towards women’s working decisions. The fact that we do not observe these attitudes may bias the estimates. By using instrumental variable techniques we find that only in some countries mothers’ employment is positively and significantly associated with grandparents providing childcare. In other countries, once we control for unobserved attitudes we do not find this effect.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Aassve2011,
      author = {Aassve, A and Arpino, B and Goisis, A},
      title = {Grand-parenting and mothers’ labour force participation: A comparative analysis using the Generations and Gender Survey},
      journal = {Dondena Working Papers},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {36},
      number = {36},
      pages = {22},
      url = {http://ideas.repec.org/p/don/donwpa/036.html}
    }
    
    Aassve, A., Arpino, B. & Goisis, A. Grandparenting and mothers' employment: a comparative perspective 2010 European Population Conference 2010  conference English URL  mothers’ employment, childcare, grandparents
    Abstract: By using data of seven countries drawn from the Gender and Generation Survey, we study the relationship between mothers’ employment and informal childcare provided by grandparents. Whereas intergenerational support encompasses several dimensions, childcare provided by grandparents is of particular interest. In general, we find that mothers’ employment is positively associated with grandparents providing childcare. However, grandparents differ in their preferences for performing childcare. The extent to which grandparent provide childcare depends on their age, health, activity status as well as the residential proximity to their children. But their provision of childcare also depends on their preferences and the interactions taking place between generations, all of which are unobserved in survey data. Those with a strong positive preference obviously provide more childcare, but they also have more traditional attitudes, which are reflected in a negative impact on mothers’ employment. Preferences for performing childcare are generally unobserved, and making the appropriate corrections in the empirical analysis shows that the effect of grand-parenting on mothers’ employment is understated when using standard regression techniques.
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Aassve2010a,
      author = {Aassve, A. and Arpino, B. and Goisis, A.},
      title = {Grandparenting and mothers' employment: a comparative perspective},
      booktitle = {European Population Conference 2010},
      publisher = {European Association for Population Studies},
      year = {2010},
      url = {http://epc2010.princeton.edu/abstractViewer.aspx?submissionId=100970}
    }
    
    Aassve, A., Billari, F. & Spéder, Z. Societal transition, policy changes and family formation: evidence from Hungary 2006 European Journal of Population
    Vol. 22(2), pp. 127-152 
    article English DOI URL  Hungary - transition - family formation - family policy - event history analysis
    Abstract: The paper uses the Hungarian Generations and Gender Survey ‘Turning Points in the Life-course’ (HGGS) to describe recent changes in union formation, onset of childbearing, leaving home and cohabitation. By estimating survivor functions and semi-parametric hazard regression models with time-varying covariates for the timing of first union and first birth, we find a long delay among the youngest cohorts, but also remarkably strong period effects. Reduced employment, increased educational enrolment, and a higher level of uncertainty are important drivers behind these changes. Moreover, our evidence suggests that certain policy changes during the transition have exacerbated this effect, having an asymmetric impact on family formation – depending on the social status of individuals.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Aassve2006a,
      author = {Aassve, A. and Billari, F. and Spéder, Z.},
      title = {Societal transition, policy changes and family formation: evidence from Hungary},
      journal = {European Journal of Population},
      year = {2006},
      volume = {22},
      number = {2},
      pages = {127-152},
      note = {Hungary},
      url = {http://www.springerlink.com/content/d9185q3866433277},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10680-005-7434-2}
    }
    
    Abramowska-Kmon, A. & Kotowska, I.E. Quality of Intergenerational relationships and care for the elderly 2013 Demography Unit, Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics  techreport URL 
    Abstract: This paper will focus on care provided by adult children to elderly parents only. We presume that the quality of relationships between parents in need and their adult children may be a good predictor of received/ provided care. The main aim of the paper is to study effects of the quality of relationships between parents and adult children on the likelihood of care transfers. What is more, we would like to take into account attitudes towards responsibilities of care for the elderly and their influence on a probability of care provision.
    BibTeX:
    @techreport{Abramowska-Kmon,
      author = {Abramowska-Kmon, Anita and Kotowska, Irena E.},
      title = {Quality of Intergenerational relationships and care for the elderly},
      journal = {Demography Unit, Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics},
      year = {2013},
      url = {http://www.iussp.org/sites/default/files/event_call_for_papers/Abramowska-Kmon%20Kotowska.pdf}
    }
    
    Abuladze, L., Rijken, A. & van Wissen, L. Comparing the fertility patterns of first and second generation immigrant Russians in Estonia and the native populations of Estonia and Russia 2011 First User Conference of the Generations and Gender Programme  conference URL 
    Abstract: Foreign-origin population fertility has usually been analysed by comparing first generation immigrants to the native population of the host country. The current study looks at the timing of first and second births, comparing four groups: first and second generation immigrant Russians in Estonia, the Estonian native population, and the Russian population in Russia – thus also incorporating second generation immigrants and the origin country population. Estonia provides an interesting case where immigration processes occurred slightly earlier than in other Western European countries, and the country has a relatively large immigrant population (with approximately 35% of the total population). The aim is to test effects of migration on fertility and to observe possible demographic convergence of immigrants’ fertility to the native population’s behaviour. One of the tested hypotheses will be socialisation hypothesis which predicts that convergence of fertility levels will be seen in the second generation in comparison to the host country population. Adaptation hypothesis predicts convergence also in the first generation. The Gender and Generation Survey data used in the current study provides an opportunity to analyse all four groups with comparable data from two countries. This also adds to the current research on the topic by using data which includes life history approach. Cox regressions models of first and second birth will be conducted, including male and female respondents from each of the four groups, born between 1924 and 1983. We take into account background characteristics such as sex, cohort, timing of migration, education and urban/rural settlement. Ethnicity of the partner is included in a separate analysis for only first and second generation immigrants.
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Abuladze2011,
      author = {Abuladze, L. and Rijken, A. and van Wissen, L.},
      title = {Comparing the fertility patterns of first and second generation immigrant Russians in Estonia and the native populations of Estonia and Russia},
      booktitle = {First User Conference of the Generations and Gender Programme},
      year = {2011},
      url = {http://www.demografia.hu/letoltes/ggp/B2_1.pdf}
    }
    
    Agadjanian, V. & Zotova, N. Sampling and surveying hard-to-reach populations for demographic research. A study of female labor migrants in Moskow, Russia 2012 Demographic Research
    Vol. 26, pp. 131-150 
    article URL 
    Abstract: Because household-based survey designs are notoriously ineffective in studying hard-to-reach groups such as irregular migrants, these groups, however numerically large they may be, are rarely represented in demographic analyses. In this article, we report on the application of a workplace-based stratified probability sampling design (a variant of the time-location sampling approach), response rate, and item-specific refusals in a study of irregular female migrants from Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan working in bazaars, eateries, and small retail outlets in Moscow, Russia. We argue that the workplace-based survey approach, while not flawless, provides a uniquely feasible and cost-effective tool for studying irregular migrants and similar hard-to-reach populations in metropolitan settings.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Agadjanian2012,
      author = {Agadjanian, V. and Zotova, N.},
      title = {Sampling and surveying hard-to-reach populations for demographic research. A study of female labor migrants in Moskow, Russia},
      journal = {Demographic Research},
      year = {2012},
      volume = {26},
      pages = {131-150},
      url = {http://www.demographic-research.org/Volumes/Vol26/5/26-5.pdf}
    }
    
    Ajzen, I. & Klobas, J. Fertility intentions: An approach based on the theory of planned behavior 2013 Demographic Research
    Vol. 29(8), pp. 203-232 
    article DOI URL 
    Abstract: OBJECTIVE
    To discuss issues and concerns in the application of the theory of planned behavior (TPB) to the decision to have a child.
    METHOD
    We review the basic structure of the TPB, its principles, and its assumptions as they apply to fertility decisions. Among other issues we consider attitudes, subjective norms, and perceptions of control as antecedents to the decision to have a child; the expectancy-value model for understanding the formation of these antecedents; and the role of background factors, such as institutional policies, societal values, and personal characteristics. We illustrate key elements of the TPB using results from a multinational research project and end by considering a number of open questions for TPB-guided fertility research.
    CONCLUSIONS
    We conclude that the TPB can usefully be employed to further our understanding of fertility decisions. By examining behavioral, normative, and control beliefs about having a child we can identify important considerations that influence this decision. The information obtained can also guide adoption of policies or interventions designed to encourage (or discourage) couples to have more children.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Ajzen2013,
      author = {Ajzen, I. and Klobas, J.},
      title = {Fertility intentions: An approach based on the theory of planned behavior},
      journal = {Demographic Research},
      year = {2013},
      volume = {29},
      number = {8},
      pages = {203-232},
      url = {http://www.demographic-research.org/volumes/vol29/8/},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.4054/DemRes.2013.29.8}
    }
    
    Albertini, M. & Mencarini, L. Childlessness and Support Networks in Later Life: New Pressures on Familistic Welfare States? 2012 Journal of Family Issues.  article DOI URL  childless, social support, long-term care, ageing, Italy
    Abstract: Childlessness is an increasingly common condition in many European societies. The consequences that this demographic phenomenon might have on welfare systems—and long-term care policies in particular—are widespread. This is particularly the case for the familistic welfare states of Southern Europe. Using data from the 2003 Italian GGS, the article explores the relation between the absence of children and support received in later life. Overall, the results support the idea that in Italy elderly nonparents, compared with those who have children, do not face significantly large support deficits in terms of the likelihood of receiving support. However, it is shown that they are likely to miss those forms of support that are most needed in the case of bad health. Next, the childless are more likely to be helped by nonrelatives and not-for-profit organizations and to a lesser extent by the welfare system.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Albertini2012,
      author = {Albertini, M. and Mencarini, L.},
      title = {Childlessness and Support Networks in Later Life: New Pressures on Familistic Welfare States?},
      journal = {Journal of Family Issues.},
      year = {2012},
      url = {http://jfi.sagepub.com/content/early/2012/10/29/0192513X12462537.full.pdf+html},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0192513X12462537}
    }
    
    Alich, D. Fatherhood in Russia - Evaluation of biological and fanthropological assumptions with demographic data 2006 European Population Conference 2006  conference English URL 
    Abstract: The aim of this paper is to study the male aspect of fertility behavior. By applying event-history analysis to the data of the recently conducted Russian Generation and Gender Survey (GGS) from 2004, we investigate if common male-fertility approaches are applicable also to Russian men. We focus on the examination of the following hypotheses, which are rather biological and anthropological founded, then based on demographic studies: 1. Due to biological characteristics, men have a longer reproductive age span than women. 2. Men usually start their family building career 2 to 3 years later than females. 3. In terms of biological parenthood, men have a greater diversity concerning their number of children born. 4. Men more often stay childless. 5. In surveys, they tend to underreport their fertility. A further issue is to what extent the sex differences in fertility has been influenced by the political, social and economic changes in Russia in the 1990s? Our empirical findings suggest that only one of these hypotheses seems to be relevant in our dataset. Thus, we found no evidence that Russian men really use their comparatively longer reproductive life span, even if they have the physical capacity. Further, our results did not support that male Russians stay more often childless or having a small number of children in comparison to females, whereas other men having a larger progeny size. Neither, the examination shows a remarkable underreporting pattern of men, concerning their biological children. We would like to point out that these findings differ noteworthy from what is known so far about the very basics of male fertility.
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Alich2006a,
      author = {Alich, D.},
      title = {Fatherhood in Russia - Evaluation of biological and fanthropological assumptions with demographic data},
      booktitle = {European Population Conference 2006},
      publisher = {European Association for Population Studies},
      year = {2006},
      url = {http://epc2006.princeton.edu/abstracts/60480}
    }
    
    Alich, D. Fatherhood in Russia – The transition to the first, second and third child 2005 Workshop on Generations and Gender Survey: a source for novel analyses of demographic behavior  conference English  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Alich2005a,
      author = {Alich, D.},
      title = {Fatherhood in Russia – The transition to the first, second and third child},
      booktitle = {Workshop on Generations and Gender Survey: a source for novel analyses of demographic behavior},
      year = {2005}
    }
    
    Allegra, S.F., Arcaleni, E., Donati, E., Fraboni, R., Meli, E., Valdoni, L., De Vitiis, C. & Scavalli, E. La vita di coppia 2006 Informazioni
    Vol. 23 
    book Italian URL 
    BibTeX:
    @book{Fraboni(ed.)2006d,
      author = {Allegra, Salvatore Filadelfo and Arcaleni, Emilia and Donati, Elena and Fraboni, Romina and Meli, Eleonora and Valdoni, Letizia and De Vitiis, Claudia and Scavalli, Emanuela},
      title = {La vita di coppia},
      journal = {Informazioni},
      publisher = {Centro stampa e riproduzione s.r.l., Roma},
      year = {2006},
      volume = {23},
      url = {http://www.istat.it/dati/catalogo/20060821_00/}
    }
    
    Allegra, S.F., Arcaleni, E., Donati, E., Fraboni, R., Meli, E., Valdoni, L., De Vitiis, C. & Scavalli, E. Strutture familiari e opinioni su famiglia e figli 2006 Informazioni
    Vol. 18 
    book Italian URL 
    BibTeX:
    @book{Fraboni2006b,
      author = {Allegra, Salvatore Filadelfo and Arcaleni, Emilia and Donati, Elena and Fraboni, Romina and Meli, Eleonora and Valdoni, Letizia and De Vitiis, Claudia and Scavalli, Emanuela},
      title = {Strutture familiari e opinioni su famiglia e figli},
      journal = {Informazioni},
      publisher = {Centro stampa e riproduzione s.r.l., Roma},
      year = {2006},
      volume = {18},
      url = {http://www.istat.it/salastampa/comunicati/non_calendario/20060621_02/}
    }
    
    Altmets, K., Puur, A., Uusküla, A., Saava, A., Sakkeus, L. & Katus, K. Self-reported activity limitations among the population aged 20-79 in Estonia: a cross-sectional study 2011 European Journal of Public Health
    Vol. 21(1), pp. 49-55 
    article DOI URL  activity limitations, chronic conditions, disability, Eastern Europe, Estonia, social variation
    Abstract: Background: Along with population ageing, limitations in activities of daily living constitute a rising health-related burden in demographically advanced countries. The present study aims to assess the prevalence of self-re¬ported activity limitations derived from chronic conditions and social variation of limitations in the subgroups of the population aged 20–79 years in Estonia. Methods: A cross-sectional study employs data from the second round of the Estonian Family and Fertility Survey, a national project in the framework of Gender and Generation Programme. The target population covers age groups of 20–79 years. A nationally representative probability sample was drawn from the 2000 population census. Face-to-face interviews (n = 7855) were conducted in 2004–05. Results: The estimated prevalence of activity limitations with chronic conditions is 18.5% (95% CI 17.6–19.4) and the prevalence of severe limitations is 10.6% (95% CI 9.9–11.3) among the population. The logistic regression model shows signifi¬cant differences in activity limitations associated with age, educational attainment and marital status. Conclusions: Judging from our results and the EU structural indicators on health, the prevalence of activity limitations derived from chronic conditions is comparatively high in Estonia. The measures to prevent activity limitations and disability should receive a higher priority in Estonia.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Altmets2011,
      author = {Altmets, K. and Puur, A. and Uusküla, A. and Saava, A. and Sakkeus, L. and Katus, K.},
      title = {Self-reported activity limitations among the population aged 20-79 in Estonia: a cross-sectional study},
      journal = {European Journal of Public Health},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {21},
      number = {1},
      pages = {49-55},
      url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3106285/},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckp239}
    }
    
    Arpino, B., Pronzato, C.D. & Tavares, L.P. Mothers’ Labour Market Participation: Do Grandparents Make It Easier? 2012 (7065)  techreport URL  female labour market participation. grandparental childcare, intergenerational transfers, instrumental variables, unobserved preferences
    Abstract: Childcare arrangements are key in women's ability to juggle motherhood and working outside the home. As such, the study of the access to childcare and its use is of great policy relevance. We focus on a particular kind of informal childcare, the one provided by grandparents. Empirically, assessing the effect of grandparental childcare is not an easy task due to unobserved preferences. In light of the potential outcome framework, we interpret the biases resulting from unobserved preferences as arising from the non-Compliance of mothers to the availability of grandparents and from preferences of grandparents for activities other than childcare. Using an Instrumental Variable approach on Italian data, we find that the effect of grandparental childcare on mothers’ labour supply is positive, statistically significant and economically relevant. The effect is stronger f or lower educated mothers, with young children and living in the North and Centre.
    BibTeX:
    @techreport{Arpino2012,
      author = {Bruno Arpino and Chiara D. Pronzato and Lara P. Tavares},
      title = {Mothers’ Labour Market Participation: Do Grandparents Make It Easier?},
      year = {2012},
      number = {7065},
      url = {http://ftp.iza.org/dp7065.pdf}
    }
    
    Austria, S. Generations and gender survey 2009 Familienentwicklung in Österreich  book URL 
    BibTeX:
    @book{Austria2009,
      author = {Austria, S.},
      title = {Generations and gender survey},
      journal = {Familienentwicklung in Österreich},
      publisher = {Vienna Institute of Demography and Österreichisches Institut},
      year = {2009},
      url = {http://www.eltern-bildung.at/uploads/media/GGP_familienentwicklung_Dez_2009.pdf}
    }
    
    Avdeev, A., Delarre, S. & Hintermeyer, P. Crise de la vie et sentiment de mal-être 2007 Séminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 3 2007  conference French  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Avdeev2007a,
      author = {Avdeev, A. and Delarre, S. and Hintermeyer, P.},
      title = {Crise de la vie et sentiment de mal-être},
      booktitle = {Séminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 3 2007},
      year = {2007}
    }
    
    Avdeev, A., Eremenko, T., Festy, P., Gaymu, J., Le Bouteillec, N. & Springer, S. Population and demographic trends of European countries, 1980-2010 2011 Population
    Vol. 66, pp. 9-129 
    article URL 
    Abstract: European population growth has slowed over the last thirty years, with a steadily decreasing excess of births over deaths. Net migration is now a major contributor and in some countries plays a decisive role in maintaining positive population growth. This general trend is common to most European countries, reflecting the combined effects of fertility decline, higher life expectancy, and positive and increasing net migration. At a more detailed level of analysis, the countries of Europe exhibit similar trends in family transformation, with fewer marriages and more informal unions, and in the major causes of death, with decreases in cardiovascular and cancer mortality. However, rather than a convergence of these trends across Europe, we are witnessing a repetition of similar changes at intervals of several years, with the gaps between countries or sub-regions remaining largely unchanged. The future of the European population will depend largely on fertility in coming years, with growth if fertility is high, decline if it is low, and relative stability if it remains at moderate levels. Whatever the level of fertility in the next forty years, European population ageing will be inevitable, even if immigration remains at current levels, and substantial differences across Europe will persist.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Avdeev2011,
      author = {Avdeev, A. and Eremenko, T. and Festy, P. and Gaymu, J. and Le Bouteillec, N. and Springer, S.},
      title = {Population and demographic trends of European countries, 1980-2010},
      journal = {Population},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {66},
      pages = {9-129},
      url = {http://econpapers.repec.org/article/caipoeine/pope_5f1101_5f0009.htm}
    }
    
    Badurashvili, I. Children-parent relations at various stages of a life cycle in Georgia (using the Generations and Gender Survey) 2008 European Population Conference 2008  conference English  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Badurashvili2008g,
      author = {Badurashvili, I.},
      title = {Children-parent relations at various stages of a life cycle in Georgia (using the Generations and Gender Survey)},
      booktitle = {European Population Conference 2008},
      publisher = {European Association for Population Studies},
      year = {2008}
    }
    
    Badurashvili, I., Cheishvili, R., Kapanadze, E., Tsiklauri, S. & Sirbiladze, M. Gender relations in modern Georgian society 2008   book English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @book{Badurashvili2008f,
      author = {Badurashvili, I. and Cheishvili, R. and Kapanadze, E. and Tsiklauri, S. and Sirbiladze, M.},
      title = {Gender relations in modern Georgian society},
      publisher = {United Nations Population Fund, Georgian Centre of Population Research},
      year = {2008},
      note = {Georgia},
      url = {http://gcpr.ge/uploads/files/bc9e4485-e400-4e3c-bf19-05a85015478aGENDER%20ENG.pdf}
    }
    
    Badurashvili, I., Cosio, M. & Sebille, P. Gender roles and gender asymmetry in Georgia and France 2008 UNECE Conference How Generations and Gender Shape Demographic Change. Towards policies based on better knowledge 2008  conference English  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Badurashvili2008e,
      author = {Badurashvili, I. and Cosio, M. and Sebille, P.},
      title = {Gender roles and gender asymmetry in Georgia and France},
      booktitle = {UNECE Conference How Generations and Gender Shape Demographic Change. Towards policies based on better knowledge 2008},
      year = {2008}
    }
    
    Badurashvili, I., Cosio-Zavala, M., Sebille, P. & Candelas, J.-A. Genre, dynamiques matrimoniales et fécondité en France et en Géorgie. Une comparaison à partir des enquêtes GGS 2009 XXVIe congrès international d’étude de la population de l’UIESP  conference French  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Badurashvili2009a,
      author = {Badurashvili, I. and Cosio-Zavala, M. and Sebille, P. and Candelas, J.-A.},
      title = {Genre, dynamiques matrimoniales et fécondité en France et en Géorgie. Une comparaison à partir des enquêtes GGS},
      booktitle = {XXVIe congrès international d’étude de la population de l’UIESP},
      year = {2009}
    }
    
    Badurashvili, I., Kapanadze, E. & Tsiklauri, S. Generations & Gender Survey in Georgia. II Wave Report 2010   book English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @book{Badurashvili2010,
      author = {Badurashvili, I. and Kapanadze, E. and Tsiklauri, S.},
      title = {Generations & Gender Survey in Georgia. II Wave Report},
      publisher = {United Nations Population Fund, Georgian Centre of Population Research},
      year = {2010},
      note = {Georgia},
      url = {http://gcpr.ge/uploads/files/9eac661a-81f1-4d07-9620-c3c1d5934f32.pdf}
    }
    
    Balbo, N. & Mills, M. The effects of social capital and social pressure on the intention to have a second or third child in France, Germany, and Bulgaria, 2004–05 2011 Population Studies
    Vol. 65(3), pp. 1-17 
    article English DOI URL  fertility intentions, second birth, third birth, personal network, social capital, social pressure, cross-national analysis
    Abstract: This study investigates the importance of the effect of an individual's web of informal relationships with family and peers on the intention to have a second or third child. Drawing on sociological theories of social capital (help with childcare, emotional support) and social pressure, the study extends existing research by evaluating cross-national differences (between France, Germany, and Bulgaria) in the impact of personal network and institutional circumstances. It tests a non-linear relationship between social capital and fertility intentions. Social pressure and social capital are highly institutionally filtered, with the impact of personal network stronger where institutions are less family-supportive.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Balbo2011,
      author = {Balbo, N. and Mills, M.},
      title = {The effects of social capital and social pressure on the intention to have a second or third child in France, Germany, and Bulgaria, 2004–05},
      journal = {Population Studies},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {65},
      number = {3},
      pages = {1-17},
      note = {Published online},
      url = {http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00324728.2011.579148},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00324728.2011.579148}
    }
    
    Barstad, A. Utenfor allfarvei: Begeistring - bare for de unge? [Off the beaten track: enthusiasm – only for the young?] 2009 Samfunnsspeilet
    Vol. 23(1), pp. 110 
    article Norwegian URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Barstad2009,
      author = {Barstad, A.},
      title = {Utenfor allfarvei: Begeistring - bare for de unge? [Off the beaten track: enthusiasm – only for the young?]},
      journal = {Samfunnsspeilet},
      publisher = {Statistics Norway},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {23},
      number = {1},
      pages = {110},
      url = {http://www.ssb.no/ssp/utg/200901/ssp.pdf}
    }
    
    Barstad, A. Vennskap: Gode venner- sjeldne fugler? [Friendship: Good friends – rare birds?] 2009 Samfunnsspeilet
    Vol. 23(1), pp. 69-73 
    article Norwegian URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Barstad2009a,
      author = {Barstad, A.},
      title = {Vennskap: Gode venner- sjeldne fugler? [Friendship: Good friends – rare birds?]},
      journal = {Samfunnsspeilet},
      publisher = {Statistics Norway},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {23},
      number = {1},
      pages = {69-73},
      url = {http://www.ssb.no/ssp/utg/200901/ssp.pdf}
    }
    
    Bartus, T., Murinkó, L., Szalma, I. & Szél, B. The effect of education on second births in Hungary: A test of the time-squeeze, self-selection, and partner-effect hypotheses 2013 DEMOGRAPHIC RESEARCH,
    Vol. 28 (1), pp. 1-32 
    article DOI URL 
    Abstract: BACKGROUND In recent years, several studies have reported a positive effect of women’s education on the transition to second births. This finding contradicts the economic theory of fertility. Three explanations were proposed: the selection, the time-squeeze, and the partner effect hypotheses.
    OBJECTIVE We propose a modification of the economic theory to account for the positive educational gradient with regard to second births. We empirically examine the effect of women’s education on the timing of second births.
    METHODS We use a sample of women born between 1946 and 1983 from all three waves of the Hungarian Generations and Gender Survey (GGS) data. We estimate lognormal survival models of the timing of second births.
    RESULTS We find that female education reduces the waiting time to second conception in Hungary. The results remain robust after controlling for sample selection and cannot be explained away in terms of time-squeeze and the partner’s education.
    CONCLUSIONS We conclude that the relationship between women’s education and spacing behavior might be a causal one.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Bartus2013,
      author = {Bartus, T. and Murinkó, L. and Szalma, I. and Szél, B.},
      title = {The effect of education on second births in Hungary: A test of the time-squeeze, self-selection, and partner-effect hypotheses},
      journal = {DEMOGRAPHIC RESEARCH,},
      year = {2013},
      volume = {28 (1)},
      pages = {1-32},
      url = {http://www.demographic-research.org/volumes/vol28/1/28-1.pdf},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.4054}
    }
    
    Baublyte, M., Myslaukaite, A., Stankuniene, V. & Tretjakova, V. Sociodemographic differences in partnership behaviour strategies: the forerunners of cohabitation in Lithuania 2008 European Population Conference 2008  conference English URL 
    Abstract: Since the beginning of the 1990s, like in other countries of Central and Eastern Europe, rapid family transformations started in Lithuania: decrease of marriage rates, postponement and “ageing” of marriage, spread of cohabitation, postponement of fertility, transition to very low fertility, increase of extra marital births, etc. They might lead to a conclusion that second demographic transition, which had started in the North and West European countries about four decades ago, followed by the South European countries some time later, has, since the 1990s, turned towards the Central and Eastern Europe. Regardless of the centrality of the emerging new forms of partnership formation in the family transformation process, up till recently there were no sufficient data for the deeper analysis of this phenomenon in Lithuania. The paper will be essentially based on the Lithuanian Gender and Generation Survey and on the Population Census 2001 data. The research aims to explore the changes in family formation strategies and patterns, with specific focus on cohabitation, in the life course perspective. By employing event history analysis the individual decision to form a certain type of partnership is controlled by the intergenerational (parental divorce, family background, parental family household structure) and the individual (educational attainment, urban-rural, social class, values, and gender attitudes) factors. Preliminary results indicate that the family transformation process in Lithuania is more complex than in North and West Europe, contradictory and has a paradoxical nature. It was found that the individuals most eager to adopt new patterns of partnership formation form very selective groups, distinguishable by their social, economical and cultural characteristics. On the other hand, individuals lacking certain qualities become marginalized and are pushed out of the “partnership” market.
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Baublyte2008,
      author = {Baublyte, M. and Myslaukaite, A. and Stankuniene, V. and Tretjakova, V.},
      title = {Sociodemographic differences in partnership behaviour strategies: the forerunners of cohabitation in Lithuania},
      booktitle = {European Population Conference 2008},
      publisher = {European Association for Population Studies},
      year = {2008},
      url = {http://epc2008.princeton.edu/abstracts/80449}
    }
    
    Baublyte, M. & Stankuniene, V. Tevai ir vaikai, vyrai ir moterys šeimoje ir visuomeneje. Kartu ir lyciu tyrimo standartines lenteles 2008   book Lithuanian  
    Abstract: http://www.demografija.lt/users/www/uploaded/mografijos/tekstai/lent_angl.pdf
    BibTeX:
    @book{Baublyte2007-2008,
      author = {Baublyte, M. and Stankuniene, V.},
      title = {Tevai ir vaikai, vyrai ir moterys šeimoje ir visuomeneje. Kartu ir lyciu tyrimo standartines lenteles},
      publisher = {Vilnius: Institute for Social Research},
      year = {2008}
    }
    
    Baublyte, M. & Stankuniene, V. Parents and Children, Men and Women in Family and Society. Standard Tabulations of Generations and Gender Survey 2008   book English  
    BibTeX:
    @book{Baublyte2007-2008a,
      author = {Baublyte, M. and Stankuniene, V.},
      title = {Parents and Children, Men and Women in Family and Society. Standard Tabulations of Generations and Gender Survey},
      publisher = {Vilnius: Institute for Social Research},
      year = {2008}
    }
    
    Bauer, D. L'organisation des tâches domestiques et parentales dans le couple 2009 Portraits de familles. L’Étude des relations familiales et intergénérationnelles, pp. 219-239  incollection French  
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Bauer2009a,
      author = {Bauer, D.},
      title = {L'organisation des tâches domestiques et parentales dans le couple},
      booktitle = {Portraits de familles. L’Étude des relations familiales et intergénérationnelles},
      publisher = {Ined, Paris},
      year = {2009},
      pages = {219-239}
    }
    
    Bauer, D. Les temps sociaux 2008
    Vol. Femmes et Hommes. Regards sur la paritéFemmes et Hommes. Regards sur la parité, pp. 182-183 
    incollection French  
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Bauer2008a,
      author = {Bauer, D.},
      title = {Les temps sociaux},
      booktitle = {Femmes et Hommes. Regards sur la parité},
      publisher = {INSEE},
      year = {2008},
      volume = {Femmes et Hommes. Regards sur la parité},
      pages = {182-183}
    }
    
    Bauer, D. Concilier vie familiale et vie professionnelle : Question de santé ou de bien-être pour les femmes ? 2009
    Vol. La santé des femmes 
    inbook French  
    BibTeX:
    @inbook{Bauer2009,
      author = {Bauer, D.},
      title = {Concilier vie familiale et vie professionnelle : Question de santé ou de bien-être pour les femmes ?},
      publisher = {Documentation Française},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {La santé des femmes}
    }
    
    Bauer, D. Articuler emploi et famille 2008 Femmes et Hommes. Regards sur la parité, Coll. Insee références, pp. 174-175  incollection French  
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Bauer2008b,
      author = {Bauer, D.},
      title = {Articuler emploi et famille},
      booktitle = {Femmes et Hommes. Regards sur la parité, Coll. Insee références},
      publisher = {INSEE},
      year = {2008},
      pages = {174-175}
    }
    
    Bauer, D. Entre maison, enfant(s) et travail : les diverses formes d'arrangement dans les couples 2007 Études et résultats
    Vol. 570, pp. 1-8 
    article French URL 
    Abstract: Cette étude, réalisée à partir de l’enquête Étude des relations familiales et intergénérationnelles (ERFI), traite des modes de répartition des tâches domestiques et parentales au sein des couples avec enfant(s). Dans plus d’un cas sur deux, les tâches sont principalement assumées par les femmes, avec ou sans mobilisation de services extérieurs. Mais d’autres configurations, moins fréquentes, peuvent être mises en évidence : elles se caractérisent par un partage plus équilibré entre les conjoints ou par une implication importante de l’homme, qui dans certains cas relaie totalement sa compagne.

    La répartition des tâches n’est pas sans rapport avec l’investissement professionnel de chacun. Ainsi, lorsque l’un des deux conjoints est au foyer, il assume totalement les charges domestiques et familiales. En revanche, lorsque les deux membres du couple travaillent, qu’ils appartiennent aux mêmes catégories socioprofessionnelles et qu’ils ont des revenus identiques, la répartition est plus équilibrée.

    Enfin, si les mères qui font tout ou presque se déclarent les moins satisfaites, c’est également le cas des pères n’assumant aucune tâche relative aux enfants. Les conjoints les plus satisfaits sont ceux qui partagent les tâches.

    BibTeX:
    @article{Bauer2007a,
      author = {Bauer, D.},
      title = {Entre maison, enfant(s) et travail : les diverses formes d'arrangement dans les couples},
      journal = {Études et résultats},
      year = {2007},
      volume = {570},
      pages = {1-8},
      url = {http://www.drees.sante.gouv.fr/entre-maison-enfant-s-et-travail-les-diverses-formes-d-arrangement-dans-les-couples,4383.html}
    }
    
    Baykara-Krumme, H. & Fuß, D. Heiratsmigration nach Deutschland: Determinanten der transnationalen Partnerwahl türkeistämmiger Migranten 2009 Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungswissenschaft
    Vol. 34(1-2), pp. 135–164 
    article German DOI URL  Heiratsmigration, Partnerwahl, Türkei, Generations and Gender Survey, Bildung, Wertorientierungen // marriage migration, mate selection, Turkey, Generations and Gender Survey, education, attitudes
    BibTeX:
    @article{Baykara-Krumme2009a,
      author = {Baykara-Krumme, H. and Fuß, D.},
      title = {Heiratsmigration nach Deutschland: Determinanten der transnationalen Partnerwahl türkeistämmiger Migranten},
      journal = {Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungswissenschaft},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {34},
      number = {1-2},
      pages = {135–164},
      url = {http://www.springerlink.com/content/p85874232t7n8761/},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12523-010-0036-z}
    }
    
    Baykara-Krumme, H., Motel-Klingebiel, A. & Schimany, P. Viele Welten des Alterns 2012   book URL 
    Abstract: In der Alternsforschung wurden Menschen mit Migrationshintergrund bisher weitgehend ausgeblendet und in der Migrationsforschung fanden ältere Menschen kaum Beachtung. Angesichts des zunehmenden Anteils Älterer in der Migrantenbevölkerung wird eine Verknüpfung der beiden Forschungszweige aber immer wichtiger. Das vorliegende Buch widmet sich der Auseinandersetzung mit dem Altern unter Migrationsbedingungen und der Lebensqualität älterer Migrantinnen und Migranten. Auf der Basis theoretischer Reflexionen, empirischer Befunde und politischer Überlegungen bietet der vorliegende Band erstmals einen fundierten Überblick über den aktuellen Kenntnis- und Diskussionsstand im Schnittfeld der beiden Forschungsgebiete
    BibTeX:
    @book{Baykara-Krumme2012,
      author = {Baykara-Krumme, Helen and Motel-Klingebiel, Andreas and Schimany, Peter},
      title = {Viele Welten des Alterns},
      publisher = {Springer VS},
      year = {2012},
      url = {http://www.springer-vs.de/Buch/978-3-531-18318-3/Viele-Welten-des-Alterns.html}
    }
    
    Beaujouan, E. Second-Union Fertility in France: Partners’ Age and Other Factors 2011 Population English edition
    Vol. 66(2), pp. 239-273 
    article URL 
    Abstract: In France, as in the rest of Europe, family trajectories have become increasingly diversified. How does childbearing fit into these more complex conjugal patterns? More specifically, what is the impact of repartnering on men’s and women’s fertility? This article attempts to answer these questions, drawing on data yielded by the French version of the Generations and Gender Survey (Étude des relations familiales et intergénérationnelles, ERFI, INED-INSEE), conducted in 2005. Although births in reconstituted families have been extensively studied in Europe, scant attention has been paid to differences in the constraints encountered by men and women when they form a second union. We found that the woman’s age at repartnering accounts for the difference in the crude ratios of previously childless men to fathers, and previously childless women to mothers, who have a child in their second union. After controlling for woman’s age, we also noted that a couple is least likely to have a child after repartnering if both partners are already parents. If only one of them is a parent, the probability of having a child does not differ significantly from that of a childless couple.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Beaujouan2011a,
      author = {Beaujouan, E.},
      title = {Second-Union Fertility in France: Partners’ Age and Other Factors},
      journal = {Population English edition},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {66(2)},
      pages = {239-273},
      url = {http://www.cairn.info/resume.php?ID_ARTICLE=POPE_1102_0239}
    }
    
    Beaujouan, E. La fécondité des deuxièmes unions en France: ages des conjoints et autres facteurs 2011 Population
    Vol. 66 (2), pp. 275-312 
    article URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Beaujouan2011b,
      author = {Beaujouan, E.},
      title = {La fécondité des deuxièmes unions en France: ages des conjoints et autres facteurs},
      journal = {Population},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {66 (2)},
      pages = {275-312},
      url = {http://www.cairn.info/resume.php?ID_ARTICLE=POPU_1102_0275}
    }
    
    Beaujouan, E. Séparations, nouvelles unions: quelles influences sur la fécondité? 2010 Population et Sociétés
    Vol. 464(464), pp. 4 
    article French URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Beaujouan2010c,
      author = {Beaujouan, E.},
      title = {Séparations, nouvelles unions: quelles influences sur la fécondité?},
      journal = {Population et Sociétés},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {464},
      number = {464},
      pages = {4},
      url = {http://www.ined.fr/fichier/t_publication/1500/publi_pdf1_464.pdf}
    }
    
    Beaujouan, E. Trajectoires conjugales et fécondes des hommes te des femmes après une rupture en France 2009 School: Université Paris I – Panthéon-Sorbonne  phdthesis French URL 
    BibTeX:
    @phdthesis{Beaujouan2009k,
      author = {Beaujouan, E.},
      title = {Trajectoires conjugales et fécondes des hommes te des femmes après une rupture en France},
      school = {Université Paris I – Panthéon-Sorbonne},
      year = {2009},
      url = {http://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/docs/00/43/04/64/PDF/these_ebeaujouan.pdf}
    }
    
    Beaujouan, E. Les séparations au fil des unions: répétition ou apprentissage? 2009 Portraits de Familles, L’Enquête Etude des Relations Familiales et Intergénérationnelles, pp. 113-141  incollection French URL 
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Beaujouan2009l,
      author = {Beaujouan, E.},
      title = {Les séparations au fil des unions: répétition ou apprentissage?},
      booktitle = {Portraits de Familles, L’Enquête Etude des Relations Familiales et Intergénérationnelles},
      publisher = {Ined, Paris},
      year = {2009},
      pages = {113-141},
      url = {http://ddata.over-blog.com/xxxyyy/2/02/07/90/Portraitsdefamilles-resume-sommaire.pdf}
    }
    
    Beaujouan, E. La rupture d’union: simple interruption ou tournant de la vie conjugale et féconde? 2009 Les Lundis de l’INED 2009  conference French URL 
    Abstract: En France, du fait du fort taux de séparation d'unions cohabitantes, un nombre croissant de personnes vivent les conséquences sociales, familiales et économiques de la rupture. Nous nous pencherons dans un premier temps sur la diversité des comportements d'après-rupture. Quelle est la longueur de la période de célibat qui suit une séparation ? Une analyse descriptive ainsi qu'un modèle de durée à partir des données de l'enquête « Etude des relations intergénérationnelles » (Erfi, Insee-Ined, 2005) montrent que des facteurs tels la présence d'enfant et un âge avancé la rallongent nettement. Une fois une union reformée, les caractéristiques conjointes des deux membres du couple influencent fortement sa fécondité, mais les femmes sont plus souvent contraintes que les hommes par l'horloge biologique.

    En travaillant sur des individus âgés de 45 ans ou plus dans l'enquête « Etude de l'histoire familiale », nous détaillerons ensuite leur fécondité atteinte selon leur histoire conjugale, afin de mieux estimer les conséquences sur la fécondité en général du développement des ruptures d'unions. Nous remarquons notamment que la fécondité totale des hommes qui ont vécu une première union féconde et se sont remis en couple dépasse de loin celle de ceux qui ont vécu une seule union ininterrompue avant 45 ans.

    BibTeX:
    @conference{Beaujouan2009m,
      author = {Beaujouan, E.},
      title = {La rupture d’union: simple interruption ou tournant de la vie conjugale et féconde?},
      booktitle = {Les Lundis de l’INED 2009},
      year = {2009},
      url = {http://www.ined.fr/fr/rendez_vous/lundis_ined/bdd/rendez_vous/328/}
    }
    
    Beaujouan, E. Fertility and household dynamics in Italy and France: estimating transition rates for the European project MicMac 2007 Research Group Young Demography Meeting  conference English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Beaujouan2007c,
      author = {Beaujouan, E.},
      title = {Fertility and household dynamics in Italy and France: estimating transition rates for the European project MicMac},
      booktitle = {Research Group Young Demography Meeting},
      year = {2007},
      url = {https://agenda.unibocconi.it/eventi/attach/abstract20110620094710.pdf}
    }
    
    Beaujouan, E. Dissolution of second and higher order unions in France. A comparison with first unions 2007 Fifth meeting of European Network for the Sociological and Demographic Study of Divorce 2007  conference English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Beaujouan2007d,
      author = {Beaujouan, E.},
      title = {Dissolution of second and higher order unions in France. A comparison with first unions},
      booktitle = {Fifth meeting of European Network for the Sociological and Demographic Study of Divorce 2007},
      year = {2007},
      url = {http://www.eui.eu/Personal/Dronkers/Divorce/Divorceconference2007/Beaujouan.pdf}
    }
    
    Beaujouan, E. Comparison of dissolution risk by union order in France. The sensitivity to unobserved heterogeneity hypotheses 2007 Research Group Young Demography Meeting 2007  conference English  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Beaujouan2007e,
      author = {Beaujouan, E.},
      title = {Comparison of dissolution risk by union order in France. The sensitivity to unobserved heterogeneity hypotheses},
      booktitle = {Research Group Young Demography Meeting 2007},
      year = {2007}
    }
    
    Beaujouan, E. & Impicciatore, R. MicMac: Fertility and household dynamics in Italy and France 2008 Instituto di metodi quantitativi seminar 2008  conference English  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Beaujouan2008e,
      author = {Beaujouan, E. and Impicciatore, R.},
      title = {MicMac: Fertility and household dynamics in Italy and France},
      booktitle = {Instituto di metodi quantitativi seminar 2008},
      year = {2008}
    }
    
    Beaujouan, E. & Prioux, F. Se remettre en couple après la rupture : rôle de l’âge et des enfants dans les différences entre les hommes et les femmes 2009 XXVIe congrès international d’étude de la population de l’UIESP  conference French  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Beaujouan2009j,
      author = {Beaujouan, E. and Prioux, F.},
      title = {Se remettre en couple après la rupture : rôle de l’âge et des enfants dans les différences entre les hommes et les femmes},
      booktitle = {XXVIe congrès international d’étude de la population de l’UIESP},
      year = {2009}
    }
    
    Beaujouan, E., Régnier-Loilier, A. & Villeneuve-Gokalp, C. Ni seuls, ni en couple. Étude des relations amoureuses stables non cohabitantes [Neither single, nor in a couple. A study of living apart together in France] 2009 Portraits de Familles : L’enquête Étude des Relations Familiales et Intergénérationnelles., pp. 87-112  incollection French  
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Beaujouan2009i,
      author = {Beaujouan, E. and Régnier-Loilier, A. and Villeneuve-Gokalp, C.},
      title = {Ni seuls, ni en couple. Étude des relations amoureuses stables non cohabitantes [Neither single, nor in a couple. A study of living apart together in France]},
      booktitle = {Portraits de Familles : L’enquête Étude des Relations Familiales et Intergénérationnelles.},
      publisher = {INED},
      year = {2009},
      pages = {87-112}
    }
    
    Beaujouan, E. & Solaz, A. L’enfant de la dernière chance : le rôle de l’horloge biologique sur le calendrier des naissances en Allemagne, France et Italie 2009 XXVIe congrès international d’étude de la population de l’UIESP  conference French  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Beaujouan2009,
      author = {Beaujouan, E. and Solaz, A.},
      title = {L’enfant de la dernière chance : le rôle de l’horloge biologique sur le calendrier des naissances en Allemagne, France et Italie},
      booktitle = {XXVIe congrès international d’étude de la population de l’UIESP},
      year = {2009}
    }
    
    Beaujouan, E. & Solaz, A. The child of last chance: the role of biological clock in fertility timing in France, Germany and Italy 2009 XXVI IUSSP International Population Conference 2009  conference English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Beaujouan2009h,
      author = {Beaujouan, E. and Solaz, A.},
      title = {The child of last chance: the role of biological clock in fertility timing in France, Germany and Italy},
      booktitle = {XXVI IUSSP International Population Conference 2009},
      year = {2009},
      url = {http://iussp2009.princeton.edu/download.aspx?submissionId=92309}
    }
    
    Beaujouan, E. & Solaz, A. “The child of last chance”: the role of biological clock in fertility timing in France, Germany and Italy 2009 IUSSP Conference 2009  conference English URL  France
    Abstract: Fertility behaviours vary widely within Europe. France, Germany and Italy represent three tendencies concerning childbearing: in France a high fertility level although a postponement of first conception, with a two-children ideal family size; in Germany a very low fertility level linked to a polarization of fertility behaviours (zero or two children); in Italy a low fertility level due to the very late entry into adulthood, and frequent one-child families. The delay of fertility timing may constrain the childbearing strategies since unfecundability sharply increase in female age. In France, women in second unions accelerate childbearing in order to have children before they become sterile. Do we observe the same phenomenon for all the people who form a first union late? Do people accelerate their childbearing as soon as they reach later ages? We expect country specific impact of sterility given their different first birth timing and social norms.
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Beaujouan2010b,
      author = {Beaujouan, E. and Solaz, A.},
      title = {“The child of last chance”: the role of biological clock in fertility timing in France, Germany and Italy},
      booktitle = {IUSSP Conference 2009},
      publisher = {International Union for the Scientific Study of Population},
      year = {2009},
      url = {http://iussp2009.princeton.edu/download.aspx?submissionId=92309}
    }
    
    Beaujouan, E. & Solaz, A. Childbearing After Separation : Do Second Unions Make up for Earlier Missing Births? Evidence from France 2008 Annual Meeting of Population Association of America 2008  conference English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Beaujouan2008c,
      author = {Beaujouan, E. and Solaz, A.},
      title = {Childbearing After Separation : Do Second Unions Make up for Earlier Missing Births? Evidence from France},
      booktitle = {Annual Meeting of Population Association of America 2008},
      year = {2008},
      url = {http://paa2008.princeton.edu/download.aspx?submissionId=80545}
    }
    
    Beaujouan, E. & Solaz, A. Childbearing after separation: do second unions make up for earlier missing births? Evidence from France 2008 European Population Conference 2008  conference English  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Beaujouan2008d,
      author = {Beaujouan, E. and Solaz, A.},
      title = {Childbearing after separation: do second unions make up for earlier missing births? Evidence from France},
      booktitle = {European Population Conference 2008},
      publisher = {European Association for Population Studies},
      year = {2008}
    }
    
    Bergasma, A., Poot, G. & Liefbroer, A. Happiness in the Garden on Epicurus 2008 Journal of Happyness Studies
    Vol. 9, pp. 297-423 
    article URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Bergasma2008,
      author = {Bergasma, A. and Poot, G. and Liefbroer, A.},
      title = {Happiness in the Garden on Epicurus},
      journal = {Journal of Happyness Studies},
      year = {2008},
      volume = {9},
      pages = {297-423},
      url = {http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10902-006-9036-z?LI=true#page-1}
    }
    
    Berghammer, C. Family life-trajectories and religiosity in Austria 2010 European Population Conference 2010  conference English URL  fertility, cohabitation, childbearing
    Abstract: A growing body of research documents the persistent relevance of religiosity for partnership and reproductive behaviour in Europe. This study expands the current knowledge by analysing whole union and fertility trajectories – i.e. entering cohabitation versus direct marriage, non-marital childbearing, number of children, divorce – instead of focusing on single events as previous research did. It is based on data from the first wave of the Austrian Generations and Gender Survey (2008/09) and includes 1,249 women and men aged 40-45. Using sequence analysis, respondents are first clustered around several template family life paths. Afterwards, the role of religiosity in following one rather than another path is ascertained with the help of multinomial logit regression. Four aspects – affiliation, mass attendance, self-assessed religiosity and religious socialisation – are considered. Compared to their less religious peers, religious people are more likely to choose direct marriage rather than prior cohabitation. Yet they prefer the latter option over more ‘adverse’ life paths involving non-marital childbearing, sequential cohabitation and divorce. Permanent singlehood without children is equally widespread among both groups. Differences in religiosity play a minor role in explaining why people have two or three children, once they have decided to enter premarital cohabitation or to marry directly.
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Berghammer2010b,
      author = {Berghammer, C.},
      title = {Family life-trajectories and religiosity in Austria},
      booktitle = {European Population Conference 2010},
      publisher = {European Association for Population Studies},
      year = {2010},
      url = {http://epc2010.princeton.edu/download.aspx?submissionId=100195}
    }
    
    Berghammer, C. Family Life Trajectories and Religiosity in Austria 2010 European Sociological Review
    Vol. online 
    article English DOI URL 
    Abstract: A growing body of research documents the persistent relevance of religiosity for partnership and reproductive behaviour in Europe. This study expands the current knowledge by analysing whole union and fertility trajectories—i.e. entering cohabitation versus direct marriage, non-marital childbearing, number of children, divorce—instead of focusing on single events as previous research did. It is based on data from the first wave of the Austrian Generations and Gender Survey (2008–2009) and includes 1,249 women and men aged 40–45 years. Using sequence analysis, respondents are first clustered around several template family life paths. Afterwards, the role of religiosity in following one rather than another path is ascertained with the help of multinomial logit regression. Four aspects—affiliation, mass attendance, self-assessed religiosity, and religious socialization—are considered. Compared to their less religious peers, religious people are more likely to choose direct marriage rather than prior cohabitation. Yet they prefer the latter option over more ‘adverse’ life paths involving non-marital childbearing, sequential cohabitation, and divorce. Permanent singlehood without children is equally widespread among both groups. Differences in religiosity play a minor role in explaining why people have two or three children, once they have decided to enter premarital cohabitation or to marry directly.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Berghammer2010c,
      author = {Berghammer, Caroline},
      title = {Family Life Trajectories and Religiosity in Austria},
      journal = {European Sociological Review},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {online},
      note = {First published online},
      url = {http://esr.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2010/10/15/esr.jcq052.abstract},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/esr/jcq052}
    }
    
    Berghammer, C. Religious socialisation and fertility: transition to third birth in the Netherlands 2009 European Journal of Population  article  
    Abstract: Although previous studies have demonstrated that religious people in Europe have larger families, the role played by religious socialisation in the context of contemporary fertility behaviour has not yet been analysed in detail. This contribution specifically looks at the interrelation between religious socialisation and current religiosity and their impact on the transition to the third child for Dutch women. It is based on data of the first wave of the Netherlands Kinship Panel Study (2002–2004) and uses event history analysis. The transitions to first, second and third birth are modelled jointly with a control for unobserved heterogeneity. The findings provide evidence for an impact of women’s current church attendance as well as religious socialisation measured by their fathers’ religious affiliation, when they were teenagers. A religious family background remains influential even when a woman has stopped attending church. The effects of religious indicators strengthen over cohorts. Moreover, the combined religious make-up of the respondent’s parents also significantly determines the progression to the third child.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Berghammer2009,
      author = {Berghammer, C.},
      title = {Religious socialisation and fertility: transition to third birth in the Netherlands},
      journal = {European Journal of Population},
      year = {2009}
    }
    
    Bergland, A., Thorsen, K. & Loland, N.W. The relationship between coping, self-esteem and health on outdoor walking ability among older adults in Norway 2010 Ageing and Society
    Vol. 30, pp. 949-963 
    article English URL  outdoor walking, coping, self-esteem, health, Norway
    BibTeX:
    @article{Bergland2010,
      author = {Bergland, A. and Thorsen, K. and Loland, N. W.},
      title = {The relationship between coping, self-esteem and health on outdoor walking ability among older adults in Norway},
      journal = {Ageing and Society},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {30},
      pages = {949-963},
      url = {http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayFulltext?type=1&fid=7828873&jid=ASO&volumeId=30&issueId=06&aid=7828871}
    }
    
    Bergman, M.L. Overvekt og fedme blant eldre: Hva betyr helse-og friluftsverdier, personlig kontroll og fysisk aktivitet? 2013 School: Universitetet i Oslo  mastersthesis URL 
    Abstract: Bakgrunn: Overvekt og fedme blant eldre øker i Norge og det er uttrykt bekymring for dette, særlig tilknyttet økningen av eldre i befolkningen. Denne oppgaven undersøker betydningen av psykologiske faktorer og fysisk aktivitet på eldres kroppsmasseindeks. Studien er basert på datamateriale fra LOGG (Life cOurse, Gender and Generation - Livsløp, generasjon og kjønn), utarbeidet av NOVA (Norsk institutt for forskning om oppvekst, velferd og aldring). Metode: Med utgangspunkt i datamateriale fra LOGG i 2007/2008, ble det undersøkt om verdier til helse og natur- og friluftsliv, personlig kontroll og ulike former for fysisk aktivitet, predikerte kroppsmasseindeks, og fedme blant eldre mellom 60 og 78 år. Det ble først undersøkt om det var kjønnsforskjeller i nivå og former for fysisk aktivitet blant de eldre, samt i hvilken grad verdier og personlig kontroll predikerte de ulike formene for fysisk aktivitet. Resultater: De overordnede resultatene viste at eldre går mest på tur eller trener utendørs. Verdien om natur- og friluftsliv predikerte mer aktivitet på alle formene av fysisk aktivitet, samt at personlig kontroll predikerte mer aktivitet for kvinner. Til sist viste resultatene at turer og trening utendørs og vektlegging av natur og friluftsliv, predikerte eldres kroppsmasseindeks, og sannsynligheten for å ha fedme. Konklusjon: Kunnskap om betydningen av turer og trening utendørs og vektlegging av natur- og friluftsliv for eldres kroppsmasseindeks, og sannsynligheten for fedme, er viktig i et forebyggende perspektiv. Intervensjoner bør tilrettelegge for lavterskel tilbud som vektlegger lettere hverdagslig fysisk aktivitet, fremfor anstrengt mosjonering, for å forebygge fedme. Videre forskning bør inkludere spørsmål om matinntak og spisevaner og mer objektive mål på fysisk aktivitet. Nøkkelord: Overvekt, fedme, eldrebølge, verdier, personlig kontroll og fysisk aktivitet.
    BibTeX:
    @mastersthesis{Bergman2013,
      author = {Bergman, Marie Lofterød},
      title = {Overvekt og fedme blant eldre: Hva betyr helse-og friluftsverdier, personlig kontroll og fysisk aktivitet?},
      school = {Universitetet i Oslo},
      year = {2013},
      url = {https://www.duo.uio.no//handle/10852/35192}
    }
    
    Bernhardt, E. & Aarskaug Wiik, K. Who has Greatest Expectations?
    Expected Consequences of Union Formation across Europe
    2013 XXVII IUSSP International Population Conference  conference URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Bernhardt2013,
      author = {Bernhardt, Eva and Aarskaug Wiik, Kenneth},
      title = {Who has Greatest Expectations?
    Expected Consequences of Union Formation across Europe}, booktitle = {XXVII IUSSP International Population Conference}, year = {2013}, url = {http://www.iussp.org/sites/default/files/event_call_for_papers/Wiik_Bernhardt_0.pdf} }
    Berninger, I., Weiß, B. & Wagner, M. On the links between employment, partnership quality, and the desire to have a first child. The case of West Germany 2011 Demographic Research
    Vol. 24(24), pp. 579 - 610 
    article English DOI URL  employment, fertility, partnerships
    Abstract: We examine the impact of precarious work (low income and job security satisfaction) on the intention to have a first child. We consider a direct and an indirect effect; the latter is mediated by partners’ conflict behaviour, conflict level, and partnership quality. We assume that a satisfactory partnership is positively associated with the intention to have a first child. The analyses are based on a subsample of the German Generations and Gender Survey. For men we found a direct effect of income and an indirect effect of job security satisfaction on childbearing intentions, whereas for women no direct and only a weak indirect impact of precarious work could be observed.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Berninger2011,
      author = {Berninger, I. and Weiß, B. and Wagner, M.},
      title = {On the links between employment, partnership quality, and the desire to have a first child. The case of West Germany},
      journal = {Demographic Research},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {24},
      number = {24},
      pages = {579 - 610},
      url = {http://www.demographic-research.org/volumes/vol24/24/24-24.pdf},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.4054/DemRes.2011.24.24}
    }
    
    Berulava, G. A Collective Model of Female Labor Supply: Evidence from Georgia 2012 J. Ekonomisti
    Vol. 4(3), pp. 5-17 
    article URL 
    Abstract: This paper aims to shed light on the determinants of the female labor supply decisions in Georgia by applying collective labor supply model. In particular, the behavior of females in Georgian households is estimated on the basis of the discrete choice collective labor supply model. The study is performed with the use of Generations and Gender Survey (GGS) dataset. The findings of the study allows us to conclude that restrictions of the collective model are valid for describing female labor supply in Georgia and that the sharing rule is important predictor of female labor supply.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Berulava2012,
      author = {Berulava, G.},
      title = {A Collective Model of Female Labor Supply: Evidence from Georgia},
      journal = {J. Ekonomisti},
      year = {2012},
      volume = {4},
      number = {3},
      pages = {5-17},
      url = {http://www.pgie.tsu.ge/contentimage/sxvadasxva/jurnali_ekonomisti/3-2012_jurnali.pdf#page=8}
    }
    
    Berulava, G. The Determinants of the Household Labour Supply: Evidence from Georgia 2010 Ekonomisti(5), pp. 45-56  article English URL 
    Abstract: This article aims to shed light on the determinants of household labor supply decisions in Georgia by applying collective labour supply model. In this study we: perform household-level analysis of labour supply in Georgia; explore the efficiency of the collective labour supply model in transition economy context; estimate the sensitivity of household member’s supply for the own and partner’s wages, as well as for non-labour income; evaluate the impact of various socio-demographic variables on household’s labor supply decisions; provide theoretical support for elaboration of the relevant labour market and public policies.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Berulava2010,
      author = {Berulava, G.},
      title = {The Determinants of the Household Labour Supply: Evidence from Georgia},
      journal = {Ekonomisti},
      year = {2010},
      number = {5},
      pages = {45-56},
      url = {http://www.pgie.tsu.ge/contentimage/5_2010.pdf}
    }
    
    Berulava, G. & Chikava, G. The determinants of the household labour supply: a comparative study 2011 Economic Education and Research Consortium Working Waper
    Vol. 11/13 E, pp. 33 
    article URL 
    Abstract: This paper aims to shed light on the determinants of household labor supply in Georgia by conducting comparative study and by applying the collective labor supply model. On the basis of data from Generations and Gender Survey (GGS) the authors tested parametric restrictions imposed by two alternative (unitary and collective) household labor supply models on Georgian, French and Romanian data sets.

    The comparison of household labor supply behavior and patterns reveals some similarities, but also several differences across countries. First, the study results suggest that own and partners wages, and distribution factors are important determinants of household labor supply in all countries in this study.

    Second, the authors found some similarities in the preference structures and in the impact of personal and demographic characteristics on the household behavioral patterns across countries.

    Third, the study results show that the labor supply patterns of households across countries differ substantially. Fourth, they find only partial support of the research hypothesis that restrictions of the collective model are valid for describing household labor supply in different labor market regimes.

    For France and Romania, the evidence supports appropriateness of the collective household labor supply model, while Georgian household labor behavior cannot be adequately described by either unitary or collective model.

    BibTeX:
    @article{Berulavab,
      author = {Berulava, G. and Chikava, G.},
      title = {The determinants of the household labour supply: a comparative study},
      journal = {Economic Education and Research Consortium Working Waper},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {11/13 E},
      pages = {33},
      url = {http://cloud2.gdnet.org/~research_papers/The%20determinants%20of%20household%20labor%20supply}
    }
    
    Beyreuther, L. & Lück, D. Oma und Nene als Tagesmutter? – Welchen Beitrag leisten Großelternbetreuung und die kulturelle Wertschätzung von Kindern zur Erklärung der Fertilitätsunterschiede zwischen Deutschen und Türken in Deutschland? 2012 Bevölkerungsforschung Aktuell 33
    Vol. 4, pp. 2-10 
    article URL 
    Abstract: Als Ursachen für das anhaltend niedrige Fertilitätsniveau in Deutschland werden in der Forschung meist einzelne Faktoren wie politische Rahmensetzungen, kulturelle Einfl üsse oder die Arbeitsmarktstrukturen genannt. Weitere Einfl ussfaktoren wie die Familienund Beziehungsstrukturen sind im Zusammenhang mit Fertilität vergleichsweise weniger untersucht worden. Belegt ist allerdings, dass es im internationalen Vergleich zum Teil deutliche Unterschiede im Hinblick auf die Verbreitung und Relevanz der Kinderbetreuung durch die Großeltern gibt. Dabei ist ungeklärt, wie weit die unterschiedliche Verbreitung der Großelternbetreuung einen Teil zur Erklärung von unterschiedlichen Fertilitätsniveaus beiträgt. Vor diesem Hintergrund untersucht der Artikel anhand von Daten des Generations and Gender Survey (GGS), welchen Beitrag der unterschiedliche Grad an Unterstützung durch die eigenen Eltern oder Schwiegereltern zur Erklärung der unterschiedlichen Fertilitätsniveaus zwischen Deutschen und Türken liefern kann. Zudem wird untersucht, wie sich die unterschiedliche kulturelle Wertschätzung von Kindern bei deutschen und türkischen Frauen für die Erklärung der Fertilitätsunterschiede auswirkt.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Beyreuther2012,
      author = {Beyreuther, L. and Lück, D.},
      title = {Oma und Nene als Tagesmutter? – Welchen Beitrag leisten Großelternbetreuung und die kulturelle Wertschätzung von Kindern zur Erklärung der Fertilitätsunterschiede zwischen Deutschen und Türken in Deutschland?},
      journal = {Bevölkerungsforschung Aktuell 33},
      year = {2012},
      volume = {4},
      pages = {2-10},
      url = {http://www.bib-demografie.de/SharedDocs/Publikationen/DE/Download/Bevoelkerungsforschung_Aktuell/bev_aktuell_0412.pdf?__blob=publicationFile&v=4}
    }
    
    Billari, F., P.D.T.M.R. Attitudes, norms and perceived behavioral control: explaining fertility intentions in Bulgaria 2009 European Journal of Population
    Vol. 25, pp. 439-465 
    article URL 
    Abstract: In this article, we study fertility decision-making through timing parity-progression intentions. The theoretical framework builds on Ajzen’s social-psychological “Theory of Planned Behavior”: intentions are seen as directly dependent on three components: attitudes, norms and perceived behavioural control. We study the case of Bulgaria, a “lowest-low” fertility country. In 2002, a sample survey containing a specially designed module was conducted. This module included an implementation of our framework, with a special attention to the links between normative pressure and the social network of respondents. Results show that the three components are broadly predictive of fertility intentions. More specifically, attitudes are more relevant than norms for higher parities. Socio-economic, ideational, psychological and social capital-based factors are relevant background determinants.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Billari2009,
      author = {Billari, F., Philipov D. Testa M. R.},
      title = {Attitudes, norms and perceived behavioral control: explaining fertility intentions in Bulgaria},
      journal = {European Journal of Population},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {25},
      pages = {439-465},
      url = {http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10680-009-9187-9?LI=true}
    }
    
    Billari, F. & Kohler, H.-P. Fertility and happiness in the XXI century: institutions, preferences, and their interactions 2009 Annual Meeting of Population Association of America 2009  conference English  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Billari2009b,
      author = {Billari, F. and Kohler, H.-P.},
      title = {Fertility and happiness in the XXI century: institutions, preferences, and their interactions},
      booktitle = {Annual Meeting of Population Association of America 2009},
      year = {2009}
    }
    
    Billari, F.C. The happiness commonality: fertility decisions in low-fertility settings 2009 How Generations and Gender Shape Demographic Change. Towards policies based on better knowledge, pp. 7-31  incollection English  
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Billari2009a,
      author = {Billari, F. C.},
      title = {The happiness commonality: fertility decisions in low-fertility settings},
      booktitle = {How Generations and Gender Shape Demographic Change. Towards policies based on better knowledge},
      publisher = {United Nations},
      year = {2009},
      pages = {7-31}
    }
    
    Billari, F.-C. & Kohler, H.P. Fertility and happiness in the XXI century: institutions, preferences, and their interactions 2009 XXVI IUSSP International Population Conference 2009  conference English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Billari2009c,
      author = {Billari, F.-C. and Kohler, H. P.},
      title = {Fertility and happiness in the XXI century: institutions, preferences, and their interactions},
      booktitle = {XXVI IUSSP International Population Conference 2009},
      year = {2009},
      url = {http://iussp2009.princeton.edu/download.aspx?submissionId=93347}
    }
    
    Billingsley Economic Crisis and Recovery: Changes in Second Birth Rates within Occupational Classes and Educational Groups 2011 Demographic Research
    Vol. 24, pp. 375-406 
    article DOI URL 
    Abstract: This study assesses the decline in second birth rates for men and women across different skill levels in transitional Russia. Changes within educational groups and occupational classes are observed over three distinct time periods: the Soviet era, economic crisis, and economic recovery. The most remarkable finding is the similarity in the extent second birth rates declined within educational groups and occupational classes during the economic crisis. Although further decline occurred in the recovery period, more variation emerged across groups.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Billingsley2011,
      author = {Billingsley},
      title = {Economic Crisis and Recovery: Changes in Second Birth Rates within Occupational Classes and Educational Groups},
      journal = {Demographic Research},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {24},
      pages = {375-406},
      url = {http://www.demographic-research.org/volumes/vol24/16/24-16.pdf},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.4054/DemRes.2011.24.16}
    }
    
    Billingsley, S. & Matysiak, A. Social Capillarity Revisited: The Relationship between Social Mobility and Fertility 2012 Demography Unit Stockholm(13)  techreport URL 
    Abstract: This study revives the debate over the influence of social mobility on fertility and addresses whether omitted conditioning factors to this relationship contributed to the unresolved state of the literature. We locate this study in Poland and Russia and compare relationships across the transition from communism and in different economic contexts. Theoretically, this study distinguishes between structural and individual determinants of mobility as well as status enhancement and relative economic status mechanisms. Applying event-history analysis techniques to longitudinal micro-data, we find strong
    evidence that fertility is related to mobility and that there are important conditioning factors; the mechanisms at work appear to be moderated by both the economic and institutional context. Status enhancement aims link mobility to fertility for women and both economic context and weak institutional
    support for working mothers moderate this relationship. In contrast, the relative economic status effect appears for men in a context of economic growth. The relationship between mobility and fertility is
    therefore comprised of structural and individual components.
    BibTeX:
    @techreport{Billingsley2012a,
      author = {Sunnee Billingsley and Anna Matysiak},
      title = {Social Capillarity Revisited: The Relationship between Social Mobility and Fertility},
      journal = {Demography Unit Stockholm},
      year = {2012},
      number = {13},
      url = {http://www.suda.su.se/SRRD/SRRD_2012_13.pdf}
    }
    
    Billingsley, S., Sakkeus, L. & Puur, A. Jobs, Careers, and Becoming a Parent under State Socialist and Free Market Conditions 2012 Stockholm University Linnaeus Center on Social Policy and Family Dynamics in Europe, SPaDE, Working Paper
    Vol. 6(6), pp. 30 
    article URL 
    Abstract: This study explores how the relationship between employment and the timing of parenthood changes under conditions of state socialism and a free market economy. Specifically, labor market entrance, duration and career establishment are related to the timing of parenthood over two very different economic contexts—before Estonia’s independence from the Soviet Union and after 1991. The transition to a market economy was accompanied by both greater employment insecurity and opportunities, which were distributed unevenly over the population. We focus on gender and nativity status as two stratifiers in the labor market. Men have postponed parenthood to a greater degree than women, and non-native origin women have postponed parenthood the least of all. Hazard models reveal that in the market economy, it is equally important for women and men to achieve their own security and tenure in the labor market before becoming parents. The importance of an established position in the labor market, measured through tenure and achieving one’s main occupation, also acquire importance to entering parenthood in the market economy. However, non-native origin men and women’s timing appears to have become detached from their career developments, which is interpreted as possible evidence of different age norms.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Billingsley2012,
      author = {Sunnee Billingsley and Luule Sakkeus and Allan Puur},
      title = {Jobs, Careers, and Becoming a Parent under State Socialist and Free Market Conditions},
      journal = {Stockholm University Linnaeus Center on Social Policy and Family Dynamics in Europe, SPaDE, Working Paper},
      year = {2012},
      volume = {6},
      number = {6},
      pages = {30},
      url = {http://www.su.se/polopoly_fs/1.95430.1342039972!/menu/standard/file/WP_2012_6.pdf}
    }
    
    Bjørshol, E., Høstmark, M. & Lagerström, B. Livsløp, generasjon og kjønn. LOGG 2007 [2007 Generations and Gender Survey] 2010 (19)  techreport Norwegian URL 
    BibTeX:
    @techreport{Bjoershol2010a,
      author = {Bjørshol, E. and Høstmark, M. and Lagerström, B.O.},
      title = {Livsløp, generasjon og kjønn. LOGG 2007 [2007 Generations and Gender Survey]},
      year = {2010},
      number = {19},
      url = {http://www.ssb.no/emner/02/02/40/notat_201019/notat_201019.pdf}
    }
    
    Blaas, I.G. Fertility in Germany. Which factors affect the decision about having a second child among German parents? / Fruktbarhet i Tyskland.
    Hvilke faktorer påvirker planer om det andre barnet blant tyske ettbarnsforeldre?
    2011 School: Oslo University  mastersthesis Norwegian URL 
    BibTeX:
    @mastersthesis{Blaas2011a,
      author = {Blaas, I. G.},
      title = {Fertility in Germany. Which factors affect the decision about having a second child among German parents? / Fruktbarhet i Tyskland.
    Hvilke faktorer påvirker planer om det andre barnet blant tyske ettbarnsforeldre?}, school = {Oslo University}, year = {2011}, url = {http://www.duo.uio.no/sok/work.html?WORKID=112795} }
    Blaauboer, M. Family background and residential choice 2010 School: University of Amsterdam  phdthesis English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @phdthesis{Blaauboer2010,
      author = {Blaauboer, M.},
      title = {Family background and residential choice},
      school = {University of Amsterdam},
      year = {2010},
      url = {http://dare.uva.nl/record/360231}
    }
    
    Blaauboer, M. Family background, individual resources and the homeownership of couples and singles. 2010 Housing Studies
    Vol. 25(4), pp. 441-461 
    article  
    Abstract: Homeownership is influenced by resources, household context and characteristics of the family of origin. Using the Netherlands Kinship Panel Study, this paper investigates this influence and to what extent it differs between men and women in couples and between single men and women. The results for couples show that the earning potential of the male partner, indicated by the level of education, is much more important to housing tenure than the earning potential of the female partner, whereas the impact of the current income is similar for both sexes. Single women are less likely to be homeowners than single men. Moreover, the earning potential has a greater effect on homeownership for single men than for single women. Some evidence is also found for a greater effect of the father's socio-economic status on women's than on men's homeownership.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Blaauboer2010a,
      author = {Blaauboer, M.},
      title = {Family background, individual resources and the homeownership of couples and singles.},
      journal = {Housing Studies},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {25(4)},
      pages = {441-461}
    }
    
    Blaauboer, M. & Mulder, C.H. Gender differences in the impact of family background on leaving the parental home. 2010 Journal of Housing and the Built Environment
    Vol. 25(1), pp. 53-71 
    article URL 
    Abstract: We address the question to what extent characteristics of the family of origin influence the timing of leaving the parental home and to what extent these effects differ between men and women. We use data from the Netherlands Kinship Panel Study to examine the effects of parental resources, atmosphere in the family of origin and family structure on leaving home to live without a partner and leaving home to live with a partner. The results indicate that a pleasant atmosphere in the parental home decreases the risk of leaving home and living in stepfamilies or single-parent families increases this risk. The availability of parental resources leads to a decreased risk of leaving home at young ages, but an increased risk at later ages. Many of these effects are found for both men and women and for both pathways out of the home. Furthermore, we find evidence that women are affected more strongly by family background characteristics than men are.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Blaauboer2010b,
      author = {Blaauboer, M. and Mulder,C. H.},
      title = {Gender differences in the impact of family background on leaving the parental home.},
      journal = {Journal of Housing and the Built Environment},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {25(1)},
      pages = {53-71},
      url = {http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10901-009-9166-9?LI=true}
    }
    
    Blekesaune, M. & Veenstra, M. Helsevikt og pensjoneringsatferd. [Health and retirement behaviour.] 2010 Tidsskrift for velferdsforskning
    Vol. 2(2), pp. 83-94 
    article Norwegian  
    BibTeX:
    @article{Blekesaune2010,
      author = {Blekesaune, M. and Veenstra, M.},
      title = {Helsevikt og pensjoneringsatferd. [Health and retirement behaviour.]},
      journal = {Tidsskrift for velferdsforskning},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {2},
      number = {2},
      pages = {83-94}
    }
    
    Blum, A., Lefévre, C., Sebille, P., Badurashvili, I., Régnier-Loilier, A., Stankuniene, V. & Sinyavskaya, O. The family anyway: France, Georgia, Lithuania, Russia (La famille dans tous ces États : France, Géorgie, Lituanie, Russie) 2009 Revue d’études comparatives Est-Ouest
    Vol. 40, pp. 5-35 
    article English URL 
    Abstract: Ce numéro spécial est consacré à l’étude des transformations familiales récentes survenues en France, Géorgie, Lituanie et Russie. Celles-ci s’articulent autour de trois ensembles de facteurs majeurs des comportements démographiques : le premier est d’ordre anthropologique et ressort aux relations intra-familiales ; le deuxième est politique, l’histoire de chacun de ces pays étant particulière ; le troisième est économique et social : il contraint ou libère les trajectoires démographiques, étant lui-même la combinaison de profondes tendances transnationales et nationales. Cet ordonnancement a surtout une valeur heuristique et non démonstrative. Il sert à replacer les études qui suivent dans le cadre général des transformations démographiques et offre un regard sur les principales dynamiques observées à partir d’indicateurs synthétiques et de mesures issues des enquêtes « Générations et genre » (GGS : Generations and Gender Surveys)1 menées entre 2004 et 2006 sur la base d’un questionnaire de référence commun (voir Annexes 1 et 2) dans les quatre pays retenus ici.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Blum2009a,
      author = {Blum, A. and Lefévre, C. and Sebille, P. and Badurashvili, I. and Régnier-Loilier, A. and Stankuniene, V. and Sinyavskaya, O.},
      title = {The family anyway: France, Georgia, Lithuania, Russia (La famille dans tous ces États : France, Géorgie, Lituanie, Russie)},
      journal = {Revue d’études comparatives Est-Ouest},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {40},
      pages = {5-35},
      url = {http://www.necplus.eu/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=2426948&fulltextType=DS&fileId=S0338059909003015}
    }
    
    Blum, A., Régnier-Loilier, A. & Sebille, P. Dynamiques socio-démographiques et aires culturelles entre Europes de l’Est et de l’Ouest. Comparaisons entre la France, la Géorgie, la Lituanie et la Russie à partir de la première vague GGS 2008 Séminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 5 2008  conference French  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Blum2008,
      author = {Blum, A. and Régnier-Loilier, A. and Sebille, P.},
      title = {Dynamiques socio-démographiques et aires culturelles entre Europes de l’Est et de l’Ouest. Comparaisons entre la France, la Géorgie, la Lituanie et la Russie à partir de la première vague GGS},
      booktitle = {Séminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 5 2008},
      year = {2008}
    }
    
    Blum, A., Sebille, P. & Regnier-Loilier, A. Une transition vers l’âge adulte divergente en France et en Russie : une perspective générationnelle 2009 Revue d’études comparatives Est-Ouest
    Vol. 40(3-4), pp. 133-162 
    article French DOI URL 
    Abstract: Bien que Les systèmes politique, économique et social de La France et de La Russie diffèrent considérablement, les deux pays ont, depuis le milieu du XXe siècle, mené des politiques démographiques et familiales fondées sur des mesures incitatives. Les trajectoires maritales et familiales de Leurs populations ont des traits communs : Le mariage n’est plus La seule forme d’entrée en union et L’âge à La naissance du premier enfant a augmenté. Néanmoins, Les apparentes similitudes masquent des divergences dont certaines sont profondes. L’étude du calendrier des premiers événements de L’âge adulte (achèvement des études, départ du domicile parental, premier emploi, première mise en couple et naissance d’un enfant) et des conditions dans Lesquelles ils se produisent montre comment Le passage à L’âge adulte a évolué au fil du temps en France et en Russie. Elle révèle également La complexité et La diversité des changements qui ont affecté Les générations nées depuis Le milieu des années 1930.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Blum2009,
      author = {Blum, A. and Sebille, P. and Regnier-Loilier, A.},
      title = {Une transition vers l’âge adulte divergente en France et en Russie : une perspective générationnelle},
      journal = {Revue d’études comparatives Est-Ouest},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {40},
      number = {3-4},
      pages = {133-162},
      url = {http://www.necplus.eu/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=2427008&previous=true&jid=REC&volumeId=40&issueId=3-4},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.4074/S0338059909003052}
    }
    
    Blum, A., Sebille, P. & Régnier-Loilier, A. Dynamiques socio-démographiques et aires culturelles entre Europes de l’Est et de l’Ouest. Comparaisons entre la France, la Géorgie, la Lituanie et la Russie à partir de la première vague GGS 2009 Revue d’études comparatives Est-Ouest
    Vol. numéro special 
    article French  
    BibTeX:
    @article{Blum2009c,
      author = {Blum, A. and Sebille, P. and Régnier-Loilier, A.},
      title = {Dynamiques socio-démographiques et aires culturelles entre Europes de l’Est et de l’Ouest. Comparaisons entre la France, la Géorgie, la Lituanie et la Russie à partir de la première vague GGS},
      journal = {Revue d’études comparatives Est-Ouest},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {numéro special}
    }
    
    Blum, A., Sebille, P. & Régnier-Loilier, A. Recherche socio-démographique comparative entre la France, la Géorgie, la Lituanie et la Russie à partir de la première vague GGS 2007 Séminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 4 2007  conference French  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Blum2007,
      author = {Blum, A. and Sebille, P. and Régnier-Loilier, A.},
      title = {Recherche socio-démographique comparative entre la France, la Géorgie, la Lituanie et la Russie à partir de la première vague GGS},
      booktitle = {Séminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 4 2007},
      year = {2007}
    }
    
    Bognar, B. Changing partnership trajectories in Hungary after World War II: generations and social groups 2010 European Population Conference 2010  conference English URL  Hungary, partnership, youngsters, East-Central Europe
    Abstract: Diversity of partnership and parental trajectories are common in contemporary societies. In Hungarian demographic and family sociology research both quantitative and qualitative projects underlined that partnership trajectories have crucial relevance regarding the low fertility in Hungary. The analytical starting point of this paper differentiate between partnership trajectories and parenthood. The goal of the paper is the analysis in detail of changing partnership trajectories of youngsters in an East-Central European country after WW II, as well as specifying the added value of interpretation of sequence analysis data. Questions: 1)How has historically changed timing, sequencing and time duration of specific partnership statuses between age of 18 and 30 years? 2)What are the typical partnership trajectories of youngsters regarding ’similarity’ of timing, sequencing and duration? Hypotheses: Similarity patterns of partnership trajectories add some relevant aspects to the existing demographic knowledge of gender specific partnership formation during early adulthood. Differences in patterns of partnership trajectories can be explained by historical changes of family formation, by education level and/or entering first parenthood. Methods and data: sequence analysis (geometrical interpretation: Elzinga and Liefbroer 2007), in the Hungarian Generations and Gender Survey of partnership histories of people born between 1932–1971, binary logistic regression models (dependent variable=one typical trajectory versus all other patterns, independent variables=education level, age, first parenthood, interaction terms). Main findings: Sequence analysis adds to the gender specific interpretation of young family life paths. Pluralism has historical roots, but the prevalence of various partnership trajectories is rather balanced at the end of the XX century. Generation, education level and parenthood have changing explanatory power regarding the odds of different typical partnership trajectories. The odds of some trajectories are weakly dependent on generations and are rather explained by education level or parenthood. Other trajectories are rather age group specific patterns.
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Bognar2010,
      author = {Bognar, B.},
      title = {Changing partnership trajectories in Hungary after World War II: generations and social groups},
      booktitle = {European Population Conference 2010},
      publisher = {European Association for Population Studies},
      year = {2010},
      url = {http://epc2010.princeton.edu/download.aspx?submissionId=100566}
    }
    
    Bonnet, C. & Destre, G. Retirement entitlements as a parent or spouse?  To what extent are French households aware of these benefits? 2010 European Population Conference 2010  conference English URL  Retirement entitlements, French households
    Abstract: The degree of knowledge of people’s retirement benefits and its implications both on their choice of retirement age and on savings behavior, are questions that emerged in the literature some twenty years ago. So far, the literature focused on people’s own rights, acquired on the basis of their own contributions. Another way to get pension benefits is as a spouse or as a parent. In France, they represent 20 % of total pension expenditures in 2006. This article has two objectives. The first one is to document the knowledge of the survivor’s pension and on caring credits and to analyse the characteristics of individuals with an erroneous understanding. The second part is devoted to people’s aspirations regarding the survivor's pension and the opportunity to compensate during retirement for career breaks linked to children. Because of the limited information available, we introduced specific questions in the French part of the Gender and Generation Survey (GGS). We use logit model, multinomial logit model and principal component analysis.
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Bonnet2010,
      author = {Bonnet, C. and Destre, G.},
      title = {Retirement entitlements as a parent or spouse?  To what extent are French households aware of these benefits?},
      booktitle = {European Population Conference 2010},
      publisher = {European Association for Population Studies},
      year = {2010},
      url = {http://epc2010.princeton.edu/abstractViewer.aspx?submissionId=100351}
    }
    
    Bonnet, C. & Destré, G. Veuvage et système de retraite: connaissance et opinions sur le dispositif de réversion 2009 Portraits de familles. L'enquête Étude des relations familiales et intergénérationnelles, pp. 495-513  incollection French  
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Bonnet2009,
      author = {Bonnet, C. and Destré, G.},
      title = {Veuvage et système de retraite: connaissance et opinions sur le dispositif de réversion},
      booktitle = {Portraits de familles. L'enquête Étude des relations familiales et intergénérationnelles},
      publisher = {Ined, Paris},
      year = {2009},
      pages = {495-513}
    }
    
    Bonnet, Destré & Lefévre Un éclairage sur la prise en compte des situations familiales dans le système de retraite français : connaissance et opinions 2011 Retraite et société
    Vol. 60, pp. 15-41 
    article URL 
    Abstract: En France, bien qu’encore peu nombreux, les travaux sur la connaissance des droits à retraite soulignent le niveau peu élevé d’information des individus, non seulement en termes de législation, mais aussi en ce qui concerne leurs propres droits. Jusqu’à présent, la littérature s’est concentrée sur les droits à la retraite acquis par les individus en contrepartie des cotisations versées. Mais il est aussi possible d’acquérir des droits d’une autre manière, en tant que conjoint ou parent. Cet article a deux objectifs : le premier est de documenter la connaissance des individus sur les grands principes du dispositif de la pension de réversion ; le second consiste à étudier l’adéquation entre certaines règles des dispositifs actuels tenant compte de la famille dans le système de retraite et les aspirations des individus. Devant le peu de données disponibles, nous avons introduit des questions spécifiques dans l’enquête Relations familiales et intergénérationnelles (Erfi), réalisée en 2005. L'article met en évidence qu’un tiers des individus âgés de 40 ans et plus vivant en couple ne sait pas ou se trompe sur ce qu’il recevrait en cas de décès de son conjoint. Le degré d’information dépend par ailleurs des caractéristiques des individus. Il augmente avec l’âge, le diplôme et, plus important, pour les couples dans lesquels les revenus de la femme représentent une part plus faible des ressources du ménage. Il apparaît aussi que les droits à la retraite des veuves sont mieux connus que ceux des veufs, dont on pense souvent qu’ils ne sont pas éligibles à la réversion. Concernant les opinions sur la pension de réversion et les droits familiaux, le soutien à ces dispositifs est important, même si des différences apparaissent selon le sexe, l’âge ou la catégorie socioprofessionnelle.
    BibTeX:
    @article{BONNET2011,
      author = {Bonnet and Destré and Lefévre},
      title = {Un éclairage sur la prise en compte des situations familiales dans le système de retraite français : connaissance et opinions},
      journal = {Retraite et société},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {60},
      pages = {15-41},
      url = {http://www.cairn.info/revue-retraite-et-societe-2011-1-page-15.htm}
    }
    
    Bourgeois, A. Démographie, histoire familiale et systèmes de valeurs des grands-parents en France 2009 School: Université de Montréal  mastersthesis French URL 
    BibTeX:
    @mastersthesis{Bourgeois2008i,
      author = {Bourgeois, A.},
      title = {Démographie, histoire familiale et systèmes de valeurs des grands-parents en France},
      school = {Université de Montréal},
      year = {2009},
      url = {https://papyrus.bib.umontreal.ca/jspui/bitstream/1866/7717/1/Bourgeois_Anne_2009_memoire.pdf}
    }
    
    Bourgeois, A. Les grands-parents dans le paysage familial français 2008 Population, Work, and Family Research Collaboration  conference French  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Bourgeois2008h,
      author = {Bourgeois, A.},
      title = {Les grands-parents dans le paysage familial français},
      booktitle = {Population, Work, and Family Research Collaboration},
      year = {2008}
    }
    
    Bourgeois, A. & Légaré, J. Grands-parents français d’aujourd’hui: aspects démographiques 2008 Étude des relations familialles et intergénérationnelles  inbook French  
    BibTeX:
    @inbook{Bourgeois2008g,
      author = {Bourgeois, A. and Légaré, J.},
      title = {Grands-parents français d’aujourd’hui: aspects démographiques},
      booktitle = {Étude des relations familialles et intergénérationnelles},
      publisher = {INED},
      year = {2008}
    }
    
    Bourgeois, A. & Légaré, J. Comment la démographie façonne la population des grands-parents 2009 Portraits de familles. L'enquête Étude des relations familiales et intergénérationnelles, pp. 453-470  incollection French  
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Bourgeois2009a,
      author = {Bourgeois, A. and Légaré, J.},
      title = {Comment la démographie façonne la population des grands-parents},
      booktitle = {Portraits de familles. L'enquête Étude des relations familiales et intergénérationnelles},
      publisher = {Ined, Paris},
      year = {2009},
      pages = {453-470}
    }
    
    Bourgeois, A. & Légaré, J. Valeurs familiales et histoire maritale et familiale des grands-parents en France 2008 Gérontologie et Société
    Vol. 127, pp. 159-179 
    article French URL  Histoire familiale, Valeurs, Relation familiale, Relation intergénérationnelle, Grand-parent, France / Family story, Values, Family relation, Intergenerational relation, Grandparent, France
    Abstract: Le lien entre valeurs et comportements démographiques est ici présenté dans le contexte de la grand-parentalité en France. De par leur statut, les grands-parents font, sans contredit, figure de « séniors » expérimentés dans le domaine de la famille, pour avoir vécu à la fois des transitions conjugales et familiales. Leurs valeurs familiales pourraient-elles être plus affirmées du fait de ce statut particulier? L'étude suivante propose d'examiner ces valeurs auprès d'individus nés entre 1926 et 1965, au regard de leur histoire conjugale et familiale, en distinguant les grands-pères des grand-mères appartenant à différentes générations, puis en comparant les valeurs familiales des grands-parents par rapport aux parents sans petit-enfant et aux répondants sans enfant ni petit-enfant, nés au cours des mêmes générations. En premier lieu, toutes les générations de grands-parents ne se ressemblent pas du point de vue des valeurs perçues, surtout les plus jeunes, davantage marquées par la libéralisation des mœurs dès la fin des années 1960. Les jeunes grand-mères se démarquent quelque peu des jeunes grands-pères quant aux solidarités familiales et à l'importance d'avoir des enfants. Par ailleurs, les grands-parents présentent des valeurs familiales un peu plus marquées que les répondants qui n'ont pas de petits-enfants, surtout s'ils sont nés entre 1946 et 1966. Les grands-parents reconnaissent ainsi davantage l'importance d'avoir des enfants que les parents sans petit-enfant et se montrent plus favorables à aider leur enfants adultes.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Bourgeois2008e,
      author = {Bourgeois, A. and Légaré, J.},
      title = {Valeurs familiales et histoire maritale et familiale des grands-parents en France},
      journal = {Gérontologie et Société},
      year = {2008},
      volume = {127},
      pages = {159-179},
      url = {http://cat.inist.fr/?aModele=afficheN&cpsidt=21480170}
    }
    
    Bourgeois, A. & Légaré, J. Valeurs familiales et histoire maritale et familiale des grands-parents français 2008 Colloque international “Démographie et Cultures”  conference French URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Bourgeois2008f,
      author = {Bourgeois, A. and Légaré, J.},
      title = {Valeurs familiales et histoire maritale et familiale des grands-parents français},
      booktitle = {Colloque international “Démographie et Cultures”},
      year = {2008},
      url = {http://www.erudit.org/livre/aidelf/2008/001531co.pdf}
    }
    
    Bradatan, C. & Kulcsar, L. Choosing between marriage and cohabitation: women's first union patterns in Hungary 2008 Journal of Comparative Family Studies
    Vol. 39 (4), pp. 491-507 
    article URL 
    Abstract: In this paper, we analyze the patterns of first union formation of various cohorts in Hungary using competing risk models applied (Cox regression) to retrospective data (women sub sample, N=8931) from the Gender and Generations Survey for Hungary, wave 1 (Turning points of the life course, 2001). Our results show that, while there is well defined tendency of the younger generations to choose cohabitation rather than marriage as a first union, the level of education, family history and ethnicity play an important role in taking this decision. We found that cohabitation is a replacement for marriage only for more mature women, while those who enter into cohabitation at young ages use it as a step toward marriage.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Bradatan2008,
      author = {Bradatan, C. and Kulcsar, L.},
      title = {Choosing between marriage and cohabitation: women's first union patterns in Hungary},
      journal = {Journal of Comparative Family Studies},
      year = {2008},
      volume = {39 (4)},
      pages = {491-507},
      url = {http://paa2007.princeton.edu/papers/71486}
    }
    
    Brehm, U. Die Erziehungsziele von berufstätigen, arbeitsmarktnahen und als Hausfrau tätigen Müttern: Eine Analyse der Daten des Generations and Gender Survey (GGS) des BIB. 2012 Bevölkerungsforschung Aktuell. Mitteilungen aus dem Bundesinstitut für Bevölkerungsforschung
    Vol. 6, pp. 2-11 
    article  
    BibTeX:
    @article{Brehm2012,
      author = {Brehm, Uta},
      title = {Die Erziehungsziele von berufstätigen, arbeitsmarktnahen und als Hausfrau tätigen Müttern: Eine Analyse der Daten des Generations and Gender Survey (GGS) des BIB.},
      journal = {Bevölkerungsforschung Aktuell. Mitteilungen aus dem Bundesinstitut für Bevölkerungsforschung},
      year = {2012},
      volume = {6},
      pages = {2-11}
    }
    
    Breton, D., Popova, D. & Prioux, F. La séparation des parents en France et en Russie : situation et risques du point de vue des enfants 2009 Revue d’études comparatives Est-Ouest
    Vol. 40(3-4), pp. 37-62 
    article French DOI URL 
    Abstract: The Generations and Gender Surveys (GGS) conducted in both France (2005) and Russia (2004) have been analyzed from the perspective of the children in separated families. As a comparison of the family situations of children of various ages shows, the frequency of single-parent families is higher in Russia where these children are more likely to live in multi-generation households. The probability is increasing in both countries that the children born to couples living together (whether married or not) – and especially the children born during the 1980s in Russia – will, before they come of age, see their parents separate. In both countries, the parents of the children most exposed to the risk of separation share some characteristics: their mother formed a couple at a young age, her partner has at least one other child or is older, or she did not spend her whole childhood with both her parents. In France, unlike in Russia, officially marrying and practicing religion (even seldom) are factors that significantly lower the risk of parents separating.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Breton2009k,
      author = {Breton, D. and Popova, D. and Prioux, F.},
      title = {La séparation des parents en France et en Russie : situation et risques du point de vue des enfants},
      journal = {Revue d’études comparatives Est-Ouest},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {40},
      number = {3-4},
      pages = {37-62},
      url = {http://www.necplus.eu/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=2426972&previous=true&jid=REC&volumeId=40&issueId=3-4},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.4074/S0338059909003027}
    }
    
    Breton, D. & Prioux, F. Analyse de l’infécondité en France et en Allemagne : des lectures différentes d’un phénomène de plus en plus fréquent ? 2009 XXVIe congrès international d’étude de la population de l’UIESP  conference French  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Breton2009g,
      author = {Breton, D. and Prioux, F.},
      title = {Analyse de l’infécondité en France et en Allemagne : des lectures différentes d’un phénomène de plus en plus fréquent ?},
      booktitle = {XXVIe congrès international d’étude de la population de l’UIESP},
      year = {2009}
    }
    
    Breton, D. & Prioux, F. Observer la situation et l'histoire familiale des enfants 2009 Portraits de familles, L’enquête Etude des relations familiales et intergénérationnelles, pp. 143-167  incollection French  
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Breton2009h,
      author = {Breton, D. and Prioux, F.},
      title = {Observer la situation et l'histoire familiale des enfants},
      booktitle = {Portraits de familles, L’enquête Etude des relations familiales et intergénérationnelles},
      publisher = {Ined, Paris},
      year = {2009},
      pages = {143-167}
    }
    
    Breton, D. & Prioux, F. Infertility in France and Germany: different interpretations of a growing phenomenon 2009 XXVI IUSSP International Population Conference 2009Website of the Conference  conference English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Breton2009i,
      author = {Breton, D. and Prioux, F.},
      title = {Infertility in France and Germany: different interpretations of a growing phenomenon},
      booktitle = {XXVI IUSSP International Population Conference 2009},
      year = {2009},
      url = {http://iussp2009.princeton.edu/download.aspx?submissionId=92516}
    }
    
    Breton, D. & Prioux, F. The one-child family: France in the European context 2009 Demographic Research
    Vol. 20(27), pp. 657-692 
    article English DOI URL  Europe, France, Generations and Gender Survey (GGS), low fertility, multivariate analysis, parity progression ratios
    Abstract: This paper observes the change since the 1970s in the proportion of men and women having only one child during their reproductive life, and examines their sociodemographic characteristics. The aim is to explore the significant variables of the complement of the parity progression ratio from first to second birth (1-A1). First, we present the theories, findings and results relating to the single-child family model in Europe. Then, we perform a multivariate analysis with the dependent variable of the model being the fact of not having had a second child ten years after the birth of a first child in stable unions.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Breton2009j,
      author = {Breton, D. and Prioux, F.},
      title = {The one-child family: France in the European context},
      journal = {Demographic Research},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {20},
      number = {27},
      pages = {657-692},
      url = {http://www.demographic-research.org/Volumes/Vol20/27/20-27.pdf},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.4054/DemRes.2009.20.27}
    }
    
    Breton, D. & Prioux, F. Situation et histoire familiale des enfants 2007 Séminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 3 2007  conference French  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Breton2007c,
      author = {Breton, D. and Prioux, F.},
      title = {Situation et histoire familiale des enfants},
      booktitle = {Séminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 3 2007},
      year = {2007}
    }
    
    Breton, D., Prioux, F. & Popova, D. Situation familiale des enfants et risques de séparation des parents en Russie et en France: quelles différences? 2007 Séminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 4 2007  conference French  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Breton2007b,
      author = {Breton, D. and Prioux, F. and Popova, D.},
      title = {Situation familiale des enfants et risques de séparation des parents en Russie et en France: quelles différences?},
      booktitle = {Séminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 4 2007},
      year = {2007}
    }
    
    Breton, D. & Prioux, P. Why do some men and women have only one child? The case of France in Europe 2008 European Population Conference 2008  conference English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Breton2008a,
      author = {Breton, D. and Prioux, P.},
      title = {Why do some men and women have only one child? The case of France in Europe},
      booktitle = {European Population Conference 2008},
      publisher = {European Association for Population Studies},
      year = {2008},
      url = {http://epc2012.princeton.edu/papers/120410}
    }
    
    Brugeilles, C. & Sebille, P. Partage des activités parentales: les inégalités perdurent 2011 Politiques sociales et familiales
    Vol. 103, pp. 17-32 
    article URL 
    Abstract: Le partage des activités parentales de soins et d’éducation
    des enfants est au coeur des problématiques
    sur l’égalité entre les hommes et les femmes et sur
    la transmission intergénérationnelle des comportements
    sexués. La participation des mères et des
    pères selon la nature des tâches réalisées (habillage,
    aide aux devoirs, accompagnement, coucher, loisirs),
    ainsi que son évolution en quelques années, sont
    analysées grâce à deux vagues de l’enquête Étude
    des relations familiales et intergénérationnelles
    réalisées en 2005 et 2008 par l’Institut national
    d’études démographiques. Dans un premier
    temps, l’analyse comparée entre les deux dates
    permet de dresser un panorama de l’évolution des
    implications paternelles et maternelles, notamment
    grâce à un « suivi » des couples parentaux au cours
    de la période. Dans un second temps, les raisons
    des changements sont étudiées. L’activité professionnelle
    des femmes et ses transformations au fil
    des années apparaissent primordiales pour la redéfinition
    du partage des activités, mais elle résulte
    aussi d’autres caractéristiques sociodémographiques
    de la famille et du couple.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Brugeilles2011,
      author = {Brugeilles, C. and Sebille, P.},
      title = {Partage des activités parentales: les inégalités perdurent},
      journal = {Politiques sociales et familiales},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {103},
      pages = {17-32},
      url = {http://www.caf.fr/sites/default/files/cnaf/Documents/Dser/PSF/103/PSF103-1-CBrugeilles_PSebille.pdf}
    }
    
    Brugeilles, C. & Sebille, P. Partage des activités parentales : le statu quo 2010 Relations intergénérationnelles, Enjeux démographiques  conference French  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Brugeilles2010a,
      author = {Brugeilles, C. and Sebille, P.},
      title = {Partage des activités parentales : le statu quo},
      booktitle = {Relations intergénérationnelles, Enjeux démographiques},
      year = {2010}
    }
    
    Brugeilles, C. & Sebille, P. Pères et mères face aux activités parentales: un partage inégalitaire 2009 Portraits de familles L'enquête Étude des relations familiales et intergénérationnelles, pp. 241-264  incollection French  
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Brugeilles2009b,
      author = {Brugeilles, C. and Sebille, P.},
      title = {Pères et mères face aux activités parentales: un partage inégalitaire},
      booktitle = {Portraits de familles L'enquête Étude des relations familiales et intergénérationnelles},
      publisher = {Ined, Paris},
      year = {2009},
      pages = {241-264}
    }
    
    Brugeilles, C. & Sebille, P. La participation des pères aux soins et à l’éducation des enfants. L’influence des rapports sociaux de sexe entre les parents et entre les générations 2009 Politiques sociales et familiales
    Vol. 95, pp. 19-32 
    article French  
    BibTeX:
    @article{Brugeilles2009c,
      author = {Brugeilles, C. and Sebille, P.},
      title = {La participation des pères aux soins et à l’éducation des enfants. L’influence des rapports sociaux de sexe entre les parents et entre les générations},
      journal = {Politiques sociales et familiales},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {95},
      pages = {19-32}
    }
    
    Brugeilles, C. & Sebille, P. Participation des pères et des mères aux soins et à l’éducation des enfants. L’influence des rapports sociaux de sexe entre les parents et entre les générations en France 2008 Colloque International Démographie et Culture 2008  conference French URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Brugeilles2008a,
      author = {Brugeilles, C. and Sebille, P.},
      title = {Participation des pères et des mères aux soins et à l’éducation des enfants. L’influence des rapports sociaux de sexe entre les parents et entre les générations en France},
      booktitle = {Colloque International Démographie et Culture 2008},
      year = {2008},
      url = {http://www.erudit.org/livre/aidelf/2008/001542co.pdf}
    }
    
    Brunborg, H., Slagsvold, B. & Lappegård, T. Livsløp, generasjon og kjønn (LOGG) [Life-couse, generations and gender] 2009 Samfunnsspeilet
    Vol. 23(1), pp. 2-8 
    article Norwegian URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Brunborg2009a,
      author = {Brunborg, H. and Slagsvold, B. and Lappegård, T.},
      title = {Livsløp, generasjon og kjønn (LOGG) [Life-couse, generations and gender]},
      journal = {Samfunnsspeilet},
      publisher = {Statistics Norway},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {23},
      number = {1},
      pages = {2-8},
      url = {http://www.ssb.no/ssp/utg/200901/ssp.pdf}
    }
    
    Buber, I. Parity-specific weights for the Austrian Generations and Gender Survey 2010 Vienna Institute of Demography Working Papers
    Vol. 4, pp. 6 
    article English URL  Generations and Gender Survey, Austria, weights, parity distribution
    Abstract: The „Generations and Gender Survey (GGS)“ is an important data source for studying the dynamics of families and family relationships, it was out in Austria in 2008/09. After adjustment for age, sex, employment status, country of birth and living arrangements, we revealed a bias towards women with higher parities among the cohorts born until the mid- 1970s. Since parity is an important aspect for fertility analyses, weights were generated for the female sample that additionally adjust for the cohort-specific parity distribution. In this paper, we describe the original prevailing bias and inform the GGS user about the adjustment with the weights for the Austrian GGS. These weights are provided by VID to the international scientific community and are included in the Austrian GGS dataset.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Buber2009b,
      author = {Buber, I.},
      title = {Parity-specific weights for the Austrian Generations and Gender Survey},
      journal = {Vienna Institute of Demography Working Papers},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {4},
      pages = {6},
      url = {http://www.oeaw.ac.at/vid/download/WP2010_04.pdf}
    }
    
    Buber, I. Wissenschaftlerinnen in Österreich - Zusatzerhebung im Rahmen des GGS. Dokumentation der Datenerhebung und deskriptive Ergebnisse 2010 Vienna Institute of Demography Working Papers
    Vol. 2, pp. 53 
    article German URL  Generations and Gender Survey, female scientists, Austria, fertility, family
    BibTeX:
    @article{Buber2010,
      author = {Buber, I.},
      title = {Wissenschaftlerinnen in Österreich - Zusatzerhebung im Rahmen des GGS. Dokumentation der Datenerhebung und deskriptive Ergebnisse},
      journal = {Vienna Institute of Demography Working Papers},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {2},
      pages = {53},
      url = {http://www.oeaw.ac.at/vid/download/WP2010_02.pdf}
    }
    
    Buber, I., Berghammer, C. & Prskawetz, A. Doing Science, forgoing childbearing? Evidence from a sample of female scientists in Austria 2011 Vienna Institute of Demography Working Papers
    Vol. 1, pp. 31 
    article English URL  Female scientists, fertility, intentions, Austria, GGS
    Abstract: Academic women in Austria and Germany have extraordinarily high final levels of
    childlessness of 45-60%, as documented by prior research. This study investigates how
    female scientists’ fertility behaviour relates to their childbearing ideals and intentions in
    Austria. It analyses whether high childlessness and low numbers of children are intended or
    not. By looking additionally at employment conditions and partnership status, this study
    points to possible obstacles hindering couples to realise their childbearing desires.
    Furthermore, it shows how female scientists combine their academic career and childcare.
    The analysis is based on a sample of female scientists who had applied for a grant at the
    Austrian Academy of Sciences (n=196). It comprises women aged 25-45 who work in
    different scientific fields in Austria. Female scientists aged 40-45 have 0.9 children on
    average and 44% remain childless. However, these levels are far from the number of offspring
    that young scientists under the age of 35 intend to have. They perceive on average two as their
    ideal and intended number; only around 10% want to stay childless. Several obstacles which
    impede childbearing were identified, e.g. the strong work commitment of the female
    scientists, the need to be geographically mobile and the high prevalence of living apart
    together relationships. As for the combination of work and family, female scientists return
    back to work quickly after they have a child. Most do not regard the family as the main
    caregiver but perceive a division of tasks between the family and the public as preferable.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Buber2011,
      author = {Buber, I. and Berghammer, C. and Prskawetz, A.},
      title = {Doing Science, forgoing childbearing? Evidence from a sample of female scientists in Austria},
      journal = {Vienna Institute of Demography Working Papers},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {1},
      pages = {31},
      url = {http://www.oeaw.ac.at/vid/download/WP2011_01.pdf}
    }
    
    Buber, I. & Neuwirth, N. Familienentwicklung in Österreich.
    Erste Ergebnisse des Generations and Gender Survey (GGS) 2008/09
    2009   techreport German URL 
    BibTeX:
    @techreport{Buber2009,
      author = {Buber, I. and Neuwirth, N.},
      title = {Familienentwicklung in Österreich.
    Erste Ergebnisse des Generations and Gender Survey (GGS) 2008/09}, publisher = {Vienna Institute of Demography, Österreichisches Institut}, year = {2009}, url = {http://www.eltern-bildung.at/uploads/media/GGP_familienentwicklung_Dez_2009.pdf} }
    Buber, I. & Neuwirth, N. Familienentwicklung in Österreich. Erste Ergebnisse des „Generations and Gender Survey (GGS)“ 2008/09 - second revised edition 2012   techreport URL 
    BibTeX:
    @techreport{Buber2012,
      author = {Buber, Isabella and Neuwirth, Norbert},
      title = {Familienentwicklung in Österreich. Erste Ergebnisse des „Generations and Gender Survey (GGS)“ 2008/09 - second revised edition},
      year = {2012},
      url = {http://www.ggp-austria.at/fileadmin/ggp-austria/familienentwicklung.pdf}
    }
    
    Buber, I., Panova, R. & Dorbritz, J. Fertility intentions of highly educated men and women and the rush hour of life 2012 (8)  techreport URL  rush hour of life, fertility intentions, family formation, highly educated, university graduates
    BibTeX:
    @techreport{Buber2012a,
      author = {Buber, Isabella and Panova, Ralina and Dorbritz, Jurgen},
      title = {Fertility intentions of highly educated men and women and the rush hour of life},
      year = {2012},
      number = {8},
      url = {http://www.oeaw.ac.at/vid/download/WP2012_08.pdf}
    }
    
    Buckley, C., Hofmann, E. & Minagawa, Y. Does nativity matter? Correlates of immigrant health by generation in the Russian Federation 2011 Demographic Research
    Vol. 24, pp. 801-824 
    article English DOI URL  education, health, language, migration, Russian Federation, second generation, sex
    Abstract: The Russian Federation has experienced simultaneous declines in health and rises in international migration. Guided by the “healthy migrant effect” found elsewhere, we examine two questions. First, do the foreign-born in the Russian Federation exhibit better overall health than the native-born? Second, to the extent positive health selectivity exists, is it transferred to the second generation? Using the first wave of the Russian Generations and Gender Survey, our findings support the idea of positive health selection among international migrants from non-Slavic regions. The effect of migrant status, regardless of origin, diminishes when age, sex, and native language are taken into account.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Buckley2011,
      author = {Cynthia Buckley and Erin Hofmann and Yuka Minagawa},
      title = {Does nativity matter? Correlates of immigrant health by generation in the Russian Federation},
      journal = {Demographic Research},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {24},
      pages = {801-824},
      url = {http://www.demographic-research.org/volumes/vol24/32/24-32.pdf},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.4054/DemRes.2011.24.32}
    }
    
    Bucx, F. Young adults’ life course and relations with parentage? 2009 School: Utrecht University  phdthesis English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @phdthesis{Bucx2009,
      author = {Bucx, F.},
      title = {Young adults’ life course and relations with parentage?},
      school = {Utrecht University},
      year = {2009},
      url = {http://igitur-archive.library.uu.nl/dissertations/2009-1021-200113/Bucx.pdf}
    }
    
    Bucx, F., Raaijmakers, Q. & Van Wel, F. Life course stage in young adulthood and intergenerational congruence in family attitudes 2010 Journal of Marriage and Family
    Vol. 72(1), pp. 117-134 
    article URL  family roles; intergenerational attitude congruence; life course theory; life events and transitions; structural equation modeling; youth or emergent adulthood
    Abstract: We investigated how intergenerational congruence in family-related attitudes depends on life course stage in young adulthood. Recent data from the Netherlands Kinship Panel Study were used; the present sample included 2,041 dyads of young adults and their parents. Findings are discussed in terms of the elasticity in intergenerational attitude congruence in response to young adults' life course transitions. Our results suggest that intergenerational congruence in attitudes about partnership (e.g., marriage, cohabitation, divorce, women's and men's family roles) decreases after young adults have left the parental home and increases when young adults enter parenthood. Congruence concerning intergenerational obligations was not related to young adults' life course stage.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Bucx2010,
      author = {Bucx, F. and Raaijmakers, Q. and Van Wel, F.},
      title = {Life course stage in young adulthood and intergenerational congruence in family attitudes},
      journal = {Journal of Marriage and Family},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {72(1)},
      pages = {117-134},
      url = {http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1741-3737.2009.00687.x/abstract}
    }
    
    Buehler, C., Di Giulio, P. & Fraboni, R. Fertility intentions in lowest-low fertility countries: the case of Italy and Bulgaria 2006 Annual Meeting of Population Association of America 2006  conference English URL 
    Abstract: Despite the many differences that exist between Italy and Bulgaria, the two countries share with each other both one of the lowest fertility rates in Europe and very low levels of public support of the family. Consequently, in both countries informal supportive networks on the basis of family relationships and kinship have a strong tradition and a high relevance for getting things done. Our purpose is to understand how fertility intentions are formed in these two countries under the consideration that social support seems to be crucial for individuals to reach their fertility goals. Moreover, we aim at evaluating whether the embeddedness in supportive networks exert gender as well as parity-specific influences on fertility intentions. The paper focuses on comparisons of the characteristics of supportive networks in Italy and Bulgaria and their implications on fertility intentions. We use data from the “Gender and Generation Project”, a new comparative survey that was conducted recently in both coun-tries.
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Buehler2006,
      author = {Buehler, C. and Di Giulio, P. and Fraboni, R.},
      title = {Fertility intentions in lowest-low fertility countries: the case of Italy and Bulgaria},
      booktitle = {Annual Meeting of Population Association of America 2006},
      year = {2006},
      url = {http://paa2006.princeton.edu/abstracts/60592}
    }
    
    CAHUC, P., CARCILLO, S., GALLAND, O. & ZYLBERBERG, A. La machine à trier. Comment la France divise sa jeunesse 2011   book URL 
    Abstract: La jeunesse française est coupée en deux, certains s'en sortent, d'autres non. Cette césure est le résultat d'un système social élitiste où l'école et le marché du travail servent de machines à trier. Au bout du compte, les plus faibles sont implacablement éliminés, tout en étant pratiquement exclus des aides sociales jusqu'à 25 ans. Mis à l'écart, ils tendent à déserter les urnes et à renier les fondements de la démocratie. Il est urgent de s'attaquer aux racines du mal : l'échec scolaire et les obstacles infranchissables que dresse le marché du travail devant ceux qui n'ont pas de diplôme. Il faut aussi faire sauter les verrous de notre système politique pour que les jeunes y trouvent leur place. Mais en attendant, nous ne pouvons pas laisser tant de jeunes sur le bord de la route. Il y a des moyens de leur offrir, sans laxisme, une deuxième chance. Si nous continuons à ne rien faire, le risque d'une déflagration du pacte républicain grandira de jour en jour.
    BibTeX:
    @book{CAHUCP.2011,
      author = {CAHUC, Pierre and CARCILLO, Stéphane. and GALLAND, Olivier and ZYLBERBERG, André},
      title = {La machine à trier. Comment la France divise sa jeunesse},
      publisher = {éditions Eyrolles},
      year = {2011},
      url = {http://books.google.ch/books/about/La_Machine_%C3%A0_trier.html?id=FGaWMquH4KgC&redir_esc=y}
    }
    
    Caporali, A., Klüsener, S., Neyer, G., Krapf, S. & Grigorieva, O. The Contextual Database of the Generations & Gender Programme: Harmonized Contextual Data for the Analysis of Demographic Decision-Making 2013   conference URL 
    Abstract: Demographic changes, such as continuing population ageing and decreasing fertility rates, are posing policy challenges to national governments in Europe and other developed countries. To meet these challenges, advances are required in the understanding of socio-demographic trends and of factors that influence these developments. Such undertakings need access to cross-country comparative individual data on demographic behaviour and to information on contextual political and socioeconomic conditions, in which this behaviour is embedded. However, for researchers it is often a tedious and time-consuming endeavour to compile cross-country comparative contextual data. Data has to be derived from different international and national databases and checked for reliability and comparability. Where cross-country comparable data for a specific indicator is not available, researchers need first to harmonize the available information before they can use it in their analyses.
    The Contextual Database (CDB) of the Generations and Gender Programme aims to support researchers by providing harmonized cross-country comparable data on demographic, socio-economic, and policy contexts for up to 60 countries in Europe, Asia, North America and Oceania. The CDB is an integral part of the Generations and Gender Programme (GGP), which seeks to enhance the understanding of the development of fertility and family behaviour in Europe and beyond, and of the demographic, social, economic, and political factors that influence it.4. The CDB was developed to complement the individual-level data generated by the Generations and Gender Survey (GGS), a national panel survey conducted in intervals of approximately three years. Between 2009 and 2012, the GGP has received funding from the European Union (EU) 7th Framework Research Programme. Part of the funding has been used to develop and extend the CDB into a comparative database with harmonized economic, demographic, social, and political indicators. The contextual data provided by the CDB is now suited for cross-country comparative multi-level analyses. Beyond the GGS the CDB data can also be used as contextual information for analyses with data from other surveys (e.g. European Social Survey, SHARE). In addition, the database is of value on its own, as it constitutes an important data source for macro-level trend analyses. The work on the CDB is co-ordinated by the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research (MPIDR) in Rostock (Germany).
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Caporali2013,
      author = {Arianna Caporali and Sebastian Klüsener and Gerda Neyer and Sandra Krapf and Olga Grigorieva},
      title = {The Contextual Database of the Generations & Gender Programme: Harmonized Contextual Data for the Analysis of Demographic Decision-Making},
      year = {2013},
      url = {http://www.iussp.org/sites/default/files/event_call_for_papers/Caporali%20Kl%C3%BCsener%20Neyer%20Krapf%20Grigorieva_GGP-ContextualDatabase_0.pdf}
    }
    
    Caporali, A., Klüsener, S., Neyer, G.R., Krapf, S. & Grigorieva, O. Providing easy access to cross-country comparative contextual data for demographic research: concept and recent advances of the Generations & Gender Programme Contextual Database 2013 (WP 2013-001)  techreport URL 
    Abstract: Demographic behaviour is shaped not only by characteristics at the individual level, but also by the context in which individuals are embedded. The Contextual Database of the Generations and Gender Programme (GGP) supports research on these micro-macro links by providing crosscountry comparative contextual data on demographic, socio-economic, and policy developments covering up to 60 countries in Europe, North America, Asia, and Oceania. This paper presents conceptual considerations and recent advances in the implementation of this database. Although conceptually linked to the Generations and Gender Survey, the GGP Contextual Database can also be used for the analysis of data from other surveys or to study macro-developments. With its unique combination of features, this database could serve as a model for the development of contextual databases linked to other surveys. These features include the provision of harmonised national and sub-national regional time series of indicators in a dynamic web environment with innovative functionalities, such as metadata documentation by single data entry and automatic geocoding.
    BibTeX:
    @techreport{Caporali2013a,
      author = {Caporali, Arianna and Klüsener, Sebastian and Neyer, Gerda R and Krapf, Sandra and Grigorieva, Olga},
      title = {Providing easy access to cross-country comparative contextual data for demographic research: concept and recent advances of the Generations & Gender Programme Contextual Database},
      year = {2013},
      number = {WP 2013-001},
      url = {http://www.demogr.mpg.de/papers/working/wp-2013-001.pdf}
    }
    
    Carnein, M. & Baykara-Krumme, H. Einstellungen zur familialen Solidarität im Alter: Eine vergleichende Analyse mit türkischen Migranten und Deutschen 2013 Zeitschrift für Familienforschung
    Vol. 25(1), pp. N/A 
    article URL  Generationenbeziehungen, türkische Migranten, Deutschland, Pflege, Werte und Normen
    Abstract: Die Studie untersucht das familiale Solidaritätspotenzial für pflegebedürftige Eltern bei türkischen Migranten der ersten und zweiten Generation und kontrastiert es mit jenem der deutschen einheimischen Bevölkerung. Die zentralen Fragen lauten, welche Rolle ethnisch-kulturellen bzw. sozialstrukturellen Einflussgrößen zukommt und ob sich die Muster über verschiedene Altersgruppen hinweg verändern. Den theoretischen Hintergrund bilden Diskussionen um Transmissions- und Akkulturationsprozesse in der Migration. Auf Grundlage der Daten des Generations and Gender Survey 2005 und 2006, der die 18 bis 79-jährige Wohnbevölkerung in Privathaushalten Deutschlands sowie in einer Zusatzerhebung ergänzend die türkischen Staatsangehörigen berücksichtigt, kann gezeigt werden, dass das familiale Solidaritätspotenzial bei türkischen Migranten wesentlich stärker ausgeprägt ist als bei Deutschen. Die Unterschiede bleiben in der nachfolgenden Generation und über alle Altersgruppen hinweg bestehen. Sozialstrukturelle Merkmale sind von geringer Bedeutung. Die Befunde zeigen, wie stark die Transmissionsprozesse zwischen den Generationen sind: Es gibt wenig Hinweise auf einen intergenerationalen „acculturation gap“.

    The study examines the attitudes toward family solidarity and filial care obligations among Turks of the first and second immigrant generation as compared to Germans. The foci lie on the impact of ethnic-cultural and socio-structural predictors, respectively, and whether patterns change across different age groups. Processes of intergenerational transmission and acculturation in migration constitute the theoretical background. Data from the Generations and Gender Survey 2005 and 2006 are used, including respondents in private households in Germany aged 18 to 79 years of the main sample, and the migrant sample, conducted on same-aged Turkish citizens in Germany. It was found that the family solidarity potential is far higher among Turkish migrants than among Germans. These differences persist in the second generation and in all age groups. Socio-structural predictors are of little relevance. The analyses indicate strong transmission processes between family generations: There ist little evidence of an “acculturation gap".

    BibTeX:
    @article{Carnein2013,
      author = {Carnein, Marie and Baykara-Krumme, Helen},
      title = {Einstellungen zur familialen Solidarität im Alter: Eine vergleichende Analyse mit türkischen Migranten und Deutschen},
      journal = {Zeitschrift für Familienforschung},
      year = {2013},
      volume = {25},
      number = {1},
      pages = {N/A},
      url = {http://www.budrich-journals.de/index.php/zff/article/view/12413}
    }
    
    Castro, R. The role of old mothers on fertility recuperation in European countries 2011 The Public Policy Institute of the Faculty of Economics and Business at Universidad Diego Portales (UDP)  article URL  fertility recuperation, cohort fertility, demographic methods.
    Abstract: The absent or tenuous population-level association between early life fertility and completed fertility was coined, broadly, “fertility recuperation”, and its most common demographic foot-print in literature is the comparison of fertility rates by age between two consecutive cohorts. However, this analysis does not provide a quantitative framework and does not distinguish whether recuperation is a focalized process, mainly because each age-based fertility rate is itself the outcome of postponing and recuperation at the same time. In this study I propose breaking down total fertility into the age at first birth and the total fertility rate thereafter; this break down works for aggregated and individual indicators of fertility in a straightforward manner. I apply this framework to characterize the recuperation among European countries as the interplay between changes in the age at first birth and changes in the fertility rate thereafter. Using survey data, I found that recuperation is present only in West European Countries, and that birth cohorts where recuperation is first found are characterized by higher total fertility rates of old mothers (meaning women that have a first birth at a late age). Old mothers, in fact, entirely explain the appearance of recuperation.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Castro2011,
      author = {Castro, R.},
      title = {The role of old mothers on fertility recuperation in European countries},
      journal = {The Public Policy Institute of the Faculty of Economics and Business at Universidad Diego Portales (UDP)},
      year = {2011},
      url = {http://www.politicaspublicas.udp.cl/media/publicaciones/archivos/276/Documento_completo.pdf}
    }
    
    Cekota, J. & Trentini, T. The educational attainment, labour market participation and living conditions of young Roma in Bulgaria, Hungary and Romania 2011 ECE Discussion Papers
    Vol. 2011.2, pp. 45 
    article URL 
    Abstract: This paper investigates the educational attainment, employment and living conditions of young Roma adults in Bulgaria, Hungary and Romania with the aid of national generations and gender surveys and other sources of information. It shows that in spite of a small improvement in the educational attainment of young Roma in comparison to the generation of their parents, the educational achievement and employment gaps have increased considerably during the post-communist period. The paper also compares living conditions of the Roma with other population groups. It concludes with a discussion of policy challenges.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Cekota2011,
      author = {Cekota, J. and Trentini, T.},
      title = {The educational attainment, labour market participation and living conditions of young Roma in Bulgaria, Hungary and Romania},
      journal = {ECE Discussion Papers},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {2011.2},
      pages = {45},
      url = {http://ideas.repec.org/p/ece/dispap/2011_2.html}
    }
    
    Chaffaut, D. & Domingo, P. Evolutions familiales et stabilité des opinions concernant les enfants 2011 Politiques sociales et familiales
    Vol. 103, pp. 47-63 
    article URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Chaffaut2011,
      author = {Chaffaut, D. and Domingo, P.},
      title = {Evolutions familiales et stabilité des opinions concernant les enfants},
      journal = {Politiques sociales et familiales},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {103},
      pages = {47-63},
      url = {http://www2.caf.fr/web/WebCnaf.nsf/090ba6646193ccc8c125684f005898f3/83a5f68d9f4fe064c1257864003fbf16/$FILE/PSF103-1-DChauffaut_PDomingo.pdf}
    }
    
    Chapkovskiy, P. Le conseguenze microeconomiche delle riforme dei sistemi pensionistici nei paesi post-sovietici 2010 School: Venice Ca'Foscari University  mastersthesis Italian  
    BibTeX:
    @mastersthesis{Chapkovskiy2010,
      author = {Chapkovskiy, P.},
      title = {Le conseguenze microeconomiche delle riforme dei sistemi pensionistici nei paesi post-sovietici},
      school = {Venice Ca'Foscari University},
      year = {2010}
    }
    
    Chardon, O., Daguet, F. & Vivas, E. Les familles monoparentales : des difficultés à travailler et à se loger 2008 INSEE Première
    Vol. 1195, pp. 1-4 
    article French URL 
    Abstract: En 2005, 1,76 million de familles sont composées d’enfants de moins de 25 ans et d’un seul parent, leur mère le plus souvent. Depuis les années soixante, la part des familles monoparentales ne cesse de grandir du fait de la fragilité accrue des unions parentales. Seule la moitié des mères de famille monoparentale occupent un emploi à temps complet, alors qu’elles fournissent en général l’essentiel des revenus du ménage. Les familles monoparentales vivent dans des conditions de logement plus difficiles et plus fragiles que les couples avec enfants. Elles sont moins souvent propriétaires. Signe des difficultés à vivre seul avec des enfants, 10 % de ces familles partagent leur logement avec d’autres personnes, habituellement un parent.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Chardon2008a,
      author = {Chardon, O. and Daguet, F. and Vivas, E.},
      title = {Les familles monoparentales : des difficultés à travailler et à se loger},
      journal = {INSEE Première},
      year = {2008},
      volume = {1195},
      pages = {1-4},
      url = {http://www.insee.fr/fr/ffc/ipweb/ip1195/ip1195.pdf}
    }
    
    Charton, L. Le temps de la maternité : entre « choix » et organisation 2009 Générations et cycles de vie. Au carrefour des temps biologiques et psychosociaux  incollection French  
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Charton2009,
      author = {Charton, L.},
      title = {Le temps de la maternité : entre « choix » et organisation},
      booktitle = {Générations et cycles de vie. Au carrefour des temps biologiques et psychosociaux},
      publisher = {Presses de l’Université du Québec},
      year = {2009}
    }
    
    Charton, L. Du désir d’enfant à la première et deuxième naissance 2009 Photos de familles. Premiers résultats de l’enquête Étude des relations familiales et intergénérationnelles, pp. 365-395  incollection French  
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Charton2009a,
      author = {Charton, L.},
      title = {Du désir d’enfant à la première et deuxième naissance},
      booktitle = {Photos de familles. Premiers résultats de l’enquête Étude des relations familiales et intergénérationnelles},
      publisher = {Ined, Paris},
      year = {2009},
      pages = {365-395}
    }
    
    Charton, L. La stérilisation contraceptive en France et au Québec: quelques considérations éthiques 2008 Colloque "Les enjeux sociaux, éthiques et politiques autour des nouvelles formes de parentalité"  conference French  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Charton2008a,
      author = {Charton, L.},
      title = {La stérilisation contraceptive en France et au Québec: quelques considérations éthiques},
      booktitle = {Colloque "Les enjeux sociaux, éthiques et politiques autour des nouvelles formes de parentalité"},
      year = {2008}
    }
    
    Charton, L. La volonté de savoir: réflexions sur le recours à la stérilisation contraceptive à la lumière du ‘dispositif de sexualité’ 2007 Journée d’études La Volonté de savoir de Michel Foucault, trente ans après  conference French  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Charton2007,
      author = {Charton, L.},
      title = {La volonté de savoir: réflexions sur le recours à la stérilisation contraceptive à la lumière du ‘dispositif de sexualité’},
      booktitle = {Journée d’études La Volonté de savoir de Michel Foucault, trente ans après},
      year = {2007}
    }
    
    Charton, L. Du désir d’enfant à la naissance 2007 Séminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 3 2007  conference French  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Charton2007a,
      author = {Charton, L.},
      title = {Du désir d’enfant à la naissance},
      booktitle = {Séminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 3 2007},
      year = {2007}
    }
    
    Charton, L. & Lapierre-Adamcyk, E. La stérilisation contraceptive et la réalisation du désir d’enfant 2008 Colloque « Le nouveau contrat familial », Familles en mouvance et dynamiques intergénérationnelles 2008  conference French URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Charton2008,
      author = {Charton, L. and Lapierre-Adamcyk, E.},
      title = {La stérilisation contraceptive et la réalisation du désir d’enfant},
      booktitle = {Colloque « Le nouveau contrat familial », Familles en mouvance et dynamiques intergénérationnelles 2008},
      year = {2008},
      url = {http://partenariat-familles.ucs.inrs.ca/DocsPDF/LaContraceptionD.pdf}
    }
    
    Charton, L. & Lapierre-Adamcyk, E. Male versus Female Sterilization: a Comparative Study of this Decision in Québec and France 2008 Annual Meeting of Population Association of America 2008  conference English URL 
    Abstract: During the early 1970’s, contraceptive sterilization became very popular in Quebec. Since 1988, the annual number of vasectomies is higher that the number of tubal ligations. In France, contraceptive sterilization remains fairly rare, maybe partly because sterilization has only been authorized since July 2001. Using data from Québec and France retrospective longitudinal surveys (General Social Survey, 2001 for Québec; Generations and Gender, 2005 for France), and qualitative data collected in Québec in 2005 and in France in 2006 from men and women having voluntary sterilization, this paper will put the emphasis on (1) variables that may be important to recourse to tubal ligation or vasectomy in Québec and in France, (2) the differences between Québec and France sterilization rates to try to understand what are the logics and the strategies that underlie contraceptive practices and (3) we will examine the choice between male or female sterilization in these two societies.
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Charton2008c,
      author = {Charton, L. and Lapierre-Adamcyk, E.},
      title = {Male versus Female Sterilization: a Comparative Study of this Decision in Québec and France},
      booktitle = {Annual Meeting of Population Association of America 2008},
      year = {2008},
      url = {http://paa2008.princeton.edu/abstracts/80104}
    }
    
    Charton, L. & Lapierre-Adamcyk, E. Non Reversible Contraceptive Methods: A Comparative Study of Tubal Ligation and Vasectomy in Quebec and France 2007 Annual Meeting of Population Association of America 2007  conference English URL 
    Abstract: In France (and in Europe), contrary to Quebec (and to North America), contraceptive sterilization remains fairly rare. Using data from Canada and France retrospective longitudinal surveys (General Social Survey, GSS-2001 for Canada; Étude de l’Histoire familiale – EHF-1999 for France), this paper will examine the relationships between conjugal and family trajectories of French and Quebec cohorts and the recourse to tubal ligation or vasectomy, taking into account various factors like age, education, family situation, number of children, etc…. On one hand, the analysis will allow to identify the role of the individual trajectories in the family behaviour, in particular in the choice of the moment to use contraceptive sterilization. On the other hand, it will allow to verify if contraceptive sterilization influences fertility decisions for a couple or an individual, and eventually fertility levels. Three types of statistical methods will be used: descriptive statistics, logistic regressions and event history analysis
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Charton2007c,
      author = {Charton, L. and Lapierre-Adamcyk, E.},
      title = {Non Reversible Contraceptive Methods: A Comparative Study of Tubal Ligation and Vasectomy in Quebec and France},
      booktitle = {Annual Meeting of Population Association of America 2007},
      year = {2007},
      url = {http://paa2007.princeton.edu/abstracts/70604}
    }
    
    Charton, L. & Lapierre-Adamcyk, E. Avoir ou ne pas avoir des enfants au Québec et en France: une analyse du calendrier des naissances. Séminaire de recherche La fécondité au Québec: Éléments de comparaison, pistes et perspectives 2007 Familles en mouvance et dynamiques intergénérationnelles  conference French  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Charton2007d,
      author = {Charton, L. and Lapierre-Adamcyk, E.},
      title = {Avoir ou ne pas avoir des enfants au Québec et en France: une analyse du calendrier des naissances. Séminaire de recherche La fécondité au Québec: Éléments de comparaison, pistes et perspectives},
      booktitle = {Familles en mouvance et dynamiques intergénérationnelles},
      year = {2007}
    }
    
    Charton, L. & Sebille, P. Évolution des premières étapes de l’histoire de vie et changements des dynamiques familiales en France 2008 76e Congrès de l’Association francophone pour le savoir  conference French  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Charton2008b,
      author = {Charton, L. and Sebille, P.},
      title = {Évolution des premières étapes de l’histoire de vie et changements des dynamiques familiales en France},
      booktitle = {76e Congrès de l’Association francophone pour le savoir},
      year = {2008}
    }
    
    Charton, L. & Surkov, S. Births and Fertility Intentions in France and Russia 2009 XXVIe congrès international d’étude de la population de l’UIESP  conference English  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Charton2009c,
      author = {Charton, L. and Surkov, S.},
      title = {Births and Fertility Intentions in France and Russia},
      booktitle = {XXVIe congrès international d’étude de la population de l’UIESP},
      year = {2009}
    }
    
    Charton, L. & Surkov, S. Intention de fécondité en Russie et en France 2007 Séminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 4 2007  conference French  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Charton2007b,
      author = {Charton, L. and Surkov, S.},
      title = {Intention de fécondité en Russie et en France},
      booktitle = {Séminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 4 2007},
      year = {2007}
    }
    
    Charton, L., Surkov, S., Baublyte, M. & Stankuniene, V. Intentions de fécondité et naissances en France, Lituanie et Russie 2009 Revue d’études comparatives Est-Ouest
    Vol. 40, pp. 209-239 
    article French URL 
    Abstract: The structural changes over several generations in the formation of fami-lies with one or two children are studied in France, Lithuania and Russia. Data from the Generations and Gender Surveys about birth intentions of women and men with no children or one child at the time of the survey are analyzed, as well as factors affecting the desire to have a flrst or second child. As the findings show, the French more often express their fertili-ty intentions than Lithuanian or Russians, but differently depending on whether it is the flrst or second child. In all three countries however, most of the factors determining fertility intentions are similar.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Charton2009d,
      author = {Charton, L. and Surkov, S. and Baublyte, M. and Stankuniene, V.},
      title = {Intentions de fécondité et naissances en France, Lituanie et Russie},
      journal = {Revue d’études comparatives Est-Ouest},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {40},
      pages = {209-239},
      url = {http://www.necplus.eu/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=2427020}
    }
    
    Chlon-Dominczak, A. & Magda, I. Ekspertyza opracowana na potrzeby Zespolu ekspertów ds. wypracowania rekomendacji w zakresie polityki rodzinnej przy Kancelarii Prezydenta RP 2013   techreport  
    BibTeX:
    @techreport{Chlon-Dominczak2013,
      author = {Chlon-Dominczak, Agnieszka and Magda, Iga},
      title = {Ekspertyza opracowana na potrzeby Zespolu ekspertów ds. wypracowania rekomendacji w zakresie polityki rodzinnej przy Kancelarii Prezydenta RP},
      year = {2013}
    }
    
    Cliquet, R. Synthesis and assessment of the documentation and the discussions 2000 United Nations Population Fund, Generations and Gender Programme. Exploring Future. Research and Data Collection Options., pp. 145-165  incollection English  
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Cliquet2000,
      author = {Cliquet, R.},
      title = {Synthesis and assessment of the documentation and the discussions},
      booktitle = {United Nations Population Fund, Generations and Gender Programme. Exploring Future. Research and Data Collection Options.},
      publisher = {United Nations Economic Commission for Europe},
      year = {2000},
      pages = {145-165}
    }
    
    Collectif Concepts d’analyse socio-démographiques à l’épreuve de la comparabilité. Bilan méthodologique 2009 Revue d’études comparatives Est-Ouest
    Vol. special issue 
    article French  
    BibTeX:
    @article{Collectif2009a,
      author = {Collectif},
      title = {Concepts d’analyse socio-démographiques à l’épreuve de la comparabilité. Bilan méthodologique},
      journal = {Revue d’études comparatives Est-Ouest},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {special issue}
    }
    
    Cooney, T.M. & Dykstra, P. Family obligations and support behaviour: a United States-Netherlands comparison 2011 Ageing and Society
    Vol. 31(6), pp. 1026-1050 
    article URL 
    Abstract: This study draws on national survey data from the United States of America (USA) and the Netherlands to compare family obligations and support behaviour for middle-generation adults who have a living aged parent and adult child. Consistent with a familialism by default hypothesis based on welfare state differences, the US sample espouses stronger family obligations than the Dutch sample. Yet, the Dutch respondents are more likely to engage in family support behaviours with both the younger and older generations, contrary to a family-steps-in hypothesis. The connection between family obligations and support behaviour is also tested, revealing a stronger association in the US sample, consistent with a family-steps-in hypothesis, but only in regard to relations with ageing parents. We conclude that Dutch respondents are more likely to act on their individual preferences whereas American respondents are more influenced by general norms of obligation towards family members. The findings are discussed in terms of social policy differences between the two countries, and in light of results from comparative European studies of intergenerational relations.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Cooney2011,
      author = {Cooney, T. M. and Dykstra, P.},
      title = {Family obligations and support behaviour: a United States-Netherlands comparison},
      journal = {Ageing and Society},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {31(6)},
      pages = {1026-1050},
      url = {http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=8315600}
    }
    
    Cordazzo, P. Famille, précarité et aide des parents aux devoirs 2010 Diversité : ville école intégration
    Vol. 163, pp. 165-173 
    article URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Cordazzo2010b,
      author = {Cordazzo, P.},
      title = {Famille, précarité et aide des parents aux devoirs},
      journal = {Diversité : ville école intégration},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {163},
      pages = {165-173},
      url = {https://erfi.web.ined.fr/publications.htm}
    }
    
    Cordazzo, P. Les liens entre structures familiales et précarité 2009 Portraits de familles, pp. 169-192  incollection French  
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Cordazzo2009,
      author = {Cordazzo, P.},
      title = {Les liens entre structures familiales et précarité},
      booktitle = {Portraits de familles},
      publisher = {Ined},
      year = {2009},
      pages = {169-192}
    }
    
    Cordazzo, P. Éléments de mesure sur les conditions de vie 2007 Séminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 3  conference French  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Cordazzo2007,
      author = {Cordazzo, P.},
      title = {Éléments de mesure sur les conditions de vie},
      booktitle = {Séminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 3},
      year = {2007}
    }
    
    Cordazzo, P. & Charton, L. Entraide intergénérationnelle en faveur des enfants dans les classes sociales défavorisées : rapport au temps et à l’espace 2010 Université de Strasbourg – CRESS  conference French  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Cordazzo2010,
      author = {Cordazzo, P. and Charton, L.},
      title = {Entraide intergénérationnelle en faveur des enfants dans les classes sociales défavorisées : rapport au temps et à l’espace},
      booktitle = {Université de Strasbourg – CRESS},
      year = {2010}
    }
    
    Cordazzo, P. & Charton, L. L’engagement parental du « beau-parent » en famille recomposée 2010 Proposition de communication pour le colloque de l’Aidelf  conference French  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Cordazzo2010a,
      author = {Cordazzo, P. and Charton, L.},
      title = {L’engagement parental du « beau-parent » en famille recomposée},
      booktitle = {Proposition de communication pour le colloque de l’Aidelf},
      year = {2010}
    }
    
    Cosio, M.E. Questions de mesures des rapports de genre à partir des données des enquêtes internationales: Genre et Générations 2007 Séminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 4 2007  conference French  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Cosio2007,
      author = {Cosio, M. E.},
      title = {Questions de mesures des rapports de genre à partir des données des enquêtes internationales: Genre et Générations},
      booktitle = {Séminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 4 2007},
      year = {2007}
    }
    
    Cosio-Zavala, M. & Sebille, P. Que peut-on apprendre sur le genre à partir de l'enquête ERFI? 2009 Portraits de familles, pp. 289-311  incollection French  
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Cosio-Zavala2009,
      author = {Cosio-Zavala, M. and Sebille, P.},
      title = {Que peut-on apprendre sur le genre à partir de l'enquête ERFI?},
      booktitle = {Portraits de familles},
      publisher = {Ined},
      year = {2009},
      pages = {289-311}
    }
    
    society, C.D. VýVoj rozdílc úhrnné plodnosti Ve státech a regionech 2012 Demografie, revue pro výzkum populacního vývoje
    Vol. 54(2) 
    techreport URL 
    BibTeX:
    @techreport{Ceske2012,
      author = {Czech Demographic society},
      title = {VýVoj rozdílc úhrnné plodnosti Ve státech a regionech},
      journal = {Demografie, revue pro výzkum populacního vývoje},
      year = {2012},
      volume = {54},
      number = {2},
      url = {http://www.czso.cz/csu/2012edicniplan.nsf/t/3600433F48/$File/180312q2.pdf#page=64}
    }
    
    Daatland, S. How to balance generations. Solidarity dilemmas in a European perspective 2009 Valuing older people: A humanist approach to ageing, pp. 123-138  incollection English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Daatland2009d,
      author = {Daatland, S.O.},
      title = {How to balance generations. Solidarity dilemmas in a European perspective},
      booktitle = {Valuing older people: A humanist approach to ageing},
      publisher = {Policy Press},
      year = {2009},
      pages = {123-138},
      url = {http://books.google.nl/books?id=dXXNK5x9IwYC&printsec=frontcover&hl=nl&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q=GGS&f=false}
    }
    
    Daatland, S., Herlofson, K. & Lima, I. Balancing generations: on the strength and character of family norms in the West and East of Europe 2011 Ageing and Society
    Vol. 31, pp. 1159-1179 
    article English DOI URL  family norms; filial obligation; parental obligation; intergenerational relationships; European comparisons
    Abstract: This article explores the strength and character of responsibility norms between older parents and adult children in a European context. Data from the ‘Generations and Gender Survey’ are analysed to compare seven countries from the North West to the South East of Europe: Norway, Germany, France, Romania, Bulgaria, Russia and Georgia. Norm strength is measured as the level of support for filial and parental responsibility norms. Character differences are indicated by how conditional the norms are, and how they are balanced between the younger and older generations. The general findings are in line with the family culture hypothesis – family norms are stronger towards the East and South of the continent, with Norway and Georgia as the extreme cases. National differences are considerable for filial norms, but moderate for parental norms. Parental responsibility is relatively stronger in the North West, filial responsibility in the South East. Family norms have a more open character in the West, where the limits to responsibility are widely recognised. Women are less supportive of family obligations than men. It is suggested that where the welfare state is more developed, it has moderated the demanding character of family obligations and allowed a more independent relationship between the generations to form. The level of support for filial obligation is for these reasons a poor indicator for family cohesion in more developed welfare states.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Daatland2011a,
      author = {Daatland, S. and Herlofson, K. and Lima, I.},
      title = {Balancing generations: on the strength and character of family norms in the West and East of Europe},
      journal = {Ageing and Society},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {31},
      pages = {1159-1179},
      url = {http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=7966778&fulltextType=RA&fileId=S0144686X10001315},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0144686X10001315}
    }
    
    Daatland, S., Slagsvold, B. & Lima, A. Population ageing, intergenerational solidarity and the family-welfare state balance: A comparative exploration 2009 How Generations and Gender Shape Demographic Change: Towards policies based on better knowledge, pp. 127-138  incollection English  
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Daatland2009h,
      author = {Daatland, S.O. and Slagsvold, B. and Lima, A.I.},
      title = {Population ageing, intergenerational solidarity and the family-welfare state balance: A comparative exploration},
      booktitle = {How Generations and Gender Shape Demographic Change: Towards policies based on better knowledge},
      publisher = {United Nations},
      year = {2009},
      pages = {127-138}
    }
    
    Daatland, S., Slagsvold, B. & Lima, I. Folkemeningen om familiens og velferdsstatens ansvar, i syv europeiske land: Hvor langt strekker familiens ansvar seg? [Peoples' opinions about the responsibility of the family and the welfare state in seven European countries] 2009 Samfunnsspeilet
    Vol. 23(1), pp. 105-109 
    article Norwegian URL 
    Abstract: Folkemeningen om familiens og velferdsstatens ansvar varierer i Europa. På bakgrunn av spørreundersøkelser i et utvalg av land som ligger langs en nord–sør og vest–øst akse i Europa, ser vi i denne artikkelen på forskjellene i holdningene. Utvalget av land er noe uvanlig; det hører ikke til «daglig kost» å sammenlikne Norge med Bulgaria, Russland og Georgia, noe vanligere er det å sammenlikne oss med Tyskland og Frankrike, som også inngår. Utvalget har sammenheng med at disse landene deltar i Generations and Gender Survey (GGS), der dataene hentes fra (United Nations 2005).
    BibTeX:
    @article{Daatland2009g,
      author = {Daatland, S.O. and Slagsvold, B. and Lima, I.A.},
      title = {Folkemeningen om familiens og velferdsstatens ansvar, i syv europeiske land: Hvor langt strekker familiens ansvar seg? [Peoples' opinions about the responsibility of the family and the welfare state in seven European countries]},
      journal = {Samfunnsspeilet},
      publisher = {Statistics Norway},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {23},
      number = {1},
      pages = {105-109},
      url = {http://www.ssb.no/ssp/utg/200901/ssp.pdf}
    }
    
    Daatland, S., Veenstra, M. & Lima, I. Norwegian sandwiches: On the prevalence and consequences of family and work role squeezes over the life course 2010 European Journal of Ageing
    Vol. 7(4), pp. 271-281 
    article English URL  Multiple roles, Family and work, Generations, Life-course, Subjective well-being
    Abstract: Population ageing changes profoundly the current balance between generations. Governments are responding with policies to promote later retirement and family care, but these ideals may come in conflict in mid-life when family obligations can be hard to reconcile with employment. Yet we know little about the prevalence of being “sandwiched”, and even less about the consequences. This article maps out the prevalence of different forms of family and work sandwiching for the Norwegian population, and explores adaptive strategies and psycho-social outcomes. The analyses are based on data from the NorLAG and LOGG studies (n = 15 109, age 18–84). Preliminary findings indicate that 75–80% of the population are located in-between younger and older family generations in mid-life, the great majority are at the same time in paid work, but comparatively few (8–9% aged 35–45) have both children and parents in need at the same time, and fewer still (3%) are then also caregivers to older parents. Although few in proportion of their age group, they add up to a considerable number of persons. Women are more likely to reduce work in response to family needs than men. Implications of family and work sandwiching for health and well-being are analysed.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Daatland2010a,
      author = {Daatland, S. and Veenstra, M. and Lima, I.},
      title = {Norwegian sandwiches: On the prevalence and consequences of family and work role squeezes over the life course},
      journal = {European Journal of Ageing},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {7},
      number = {4},
      pages = {271-281},
      url = {http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10433-010-0163-3}
    }
    
    Daatland, S., Veenstra, M. & Lima, I. Helse, familie og omsorg over livsløpet [Health, family, and care over the life course] 2009 NOVA Rapport
    Vol. 4, pp. 95 
    techreport Norwegian URL 
    BibTeX:
    @techreport{Daatland2009f,
      author = {Daatland, S.O. and Veenstra, M. and Lima, I.A.},
      title = {Helse, familie og omsorg over livsløpet [Health, family, and care over the life course]},
      journal = {NOVA Rapport},
      publisher = {NOVA: Norsk institutt for forskning om oppvekst, velferd og aldring [Norwegian Institute for Research on Childhood, Welfare and Ageing]},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {4},
      pages = {95},
      url = {http://www.nova.no/asset/3701/1/3701_1.pdf}
    }
    
    Daatland, S.-O. & Koløen, K. Aktiviteter og aktivitetsformer over livsløpet [Activities and forms of activities over the life course] 2009 Aldring og livsløp
    Vol. 26(3-4), pp. 22-27 
    article Norwegian  
    BibTeX:
    @article{Daatland2009e,
      author = {Daatland, S-O. and Koløen, K.},
      title = {Aktiviteter og aktivitetsformer over livsløpet [Activities and forms of activities over the life course]},
      journal = {Aldring og livsløp},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {26},
      number = {3-4},
      pages = {22-27}
    }
    
    De Bruycker, T. Een familie op maat? Verschillen in contact en sociale steun in relaties met ouders, volwassen kinderen en siblings naar gezinstype binnen de hedendaagse Nederlandse samenleving 2008 School: Ghent University  phdthesis Dutch  
    BibTeX:
    @phdthesis{DeBruycker2008a,
      author = {De Bruycker, T.},
      title = {Een familie op maat? Verschillen in contact en sociale steun in relaties met ouders, volwassen kinderen en siblings naar gezinstype binnen de hedendaagse Nederlandse samenleving},
      school = {Ghent University},
      year = {2008}
    }
    
    De Jong Gierveld, J. Familiale zorg voor oudere mensen in Oost- en West-Europa. Tijdschrift voor ouder worden en samenleving 2010 Gerôngrafiek
    Vol. 12, pp. 1-29 
    article  
    BibTeX:
    @article{DeJongGierveld2010,
      author = {De Jong Gierveld, J.},
      title = {Familiale zorg voor oudere mensen in Oost- en West-Europa. Tijdschrift voor ouder worden en samenleving},
      journal = {Gerôngrafiek},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {12},
      pages = {1-29}
    }
    
    De Jong Gierveld, J. Living apart together after widowhood or divorce: Intimacy and social integration 2009 62nd annual Scientific Meeting of the Gerontological Society of America  conference  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{DeJongGierveld2009,
      author = {De Jong Gierveld, J.},
      title = {Living apart together after widowhood or divorce: Intimacy and social integration},
      booktitle = {62nd annual Scientific Meeting of the Gerontological Society of America},
      year = {2009}
    }
    
    De Jong Gierveld, J. Transitional and long-term living apart together relationships: causes and consequences 2009 Workshop "Understanding European Living Arrangements: Perspectives from Anthropological Demography"  conference  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{DeJongGierveld2009a,
      author = {De Jong Gierveld, J.},
      title = {Transitional and long-term living apart together relationships: causes and consequences},
      booktitle = {Workshop "Understanding European Living Arrangements: Perspectives from Anthropological Demography"},
      year = {2009}
    }
    
    De Jong Gierveld, J. Validity and reliability of the 6-item loneliness scale: cross-national comparison 2008 Conference Multilinks, Berlin  conference  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{DeJongGierveld2008b,
      author = {De Jong Gierveld, J.},
      title = {Validity and reliability of the 6-item loneliness scale: cross-national comparison},
      booktitle = {Conference Multilinks, Berlin},
      year = {2008}
    }
    
    De Jong Gierveld, J. Living apart together in the Netherlands: incidence and determinants of short-term and long-term LAT relationships. 2008 61st Annual Scientific Conference of the Gerontological Society of America, Symposium "New Generations of older people: social integration and health".  conference URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{DeJongGierveld2008c,
      author = {De Jong Gierveld, J.},
      title = {Living apart together in the Netherlands: incidence and determinants of short-term and long-term LAT relationships.},
      booktitle = {61st Annual Scientific Conference of the Gerontological Society of America, Symposium "New Generations of older people: social integration and health".},
      year = {2008},
      url = {https://library.villanova.edu/Find/Summon/Record?id=FETCH-proquest_dll_16436047411}
    }
    
    De Jong Gierveld, J., Dykstra, P.A. & Schenk, N. Living arrangements, intergenerational support types and older adult loneliness in Eastern and Western Europe 2011   techreport URL 
    Abstract: Aim of this study was to investigate older adult loneliness as linked with living arrangements and intergenerational support, using data of the Generations and Gender Surveys for East and West European countries. Outcomes: older adults living alone were most lonely, older adults living with a partner were least lonely. Co-residence provides protection, but not to the same degree as a partner. Support exchanges are primarily downward up to advanced ages and primarily upward in latest phases of parents’ life. The outcomes have provided us with clear evidence that living arrangements and intergenerational support are key to older adult loneliness.
    BibTeX:
    @techreport{DeJongGierveld2011,
      author = {De Jong Gierveld, J and Dykstra, P. A and Schenk, N},
      title = {Living arrangements, intergenerational support types and older adult loneliness in Eastern and Western Europe},
      year = {2011},
      url = {http://multilinks-project.eu/uploads/papers/0000/0041/Multilinks_deliverable_D2.3.pdf}
    }
    
    De Jong Gierveld, J. & Latten, J. Incidentie en achtergronden van transitionele en duurzame latrelaties. 2008 Bevolkingstrends
    Vol. 3, pp. 29-38 
    article  
    Abstract: Met gegevens uit het Onderzoek Gezinsvorming 2003 van het CBS en panelgegevens uit de Netherlands Kinship Panel Study kan worden aangetoond dat duurzame latrelaties vooral een optie zijn voor middelbare tot wat oudere personen die een echtscheiding hebben meegemaakt, in een stedelijke omgeving wonen en al enkele jaren ervaring hebben met een latrelatie. Een fors toenemend aantal ouderen, een toenemend aantal gescheidenen en meer mensen in een stedelijke omgeving zullen een positief effect hebben op het aantal latrelaties in Nederland. Alleenstaande moeders met thuiswonende kinderen die in eerste instantie voor een latrelatie kiezen, zien zo’n relatie vaker als overgangsfase.
    BibTeX:
    @article{DeJongGierveld2008a,
      author = {De Jong Gierveld, J. and Latten, J.},
      title = {Incidentie en achtergronden van transitionele en duurzame latrelaties.},
      journal = {Bevolkingstrends},
      year = {2008},
      volume = {3},
      pages = {29-38}
    }
    
    De Jong Gierveld, J. & Tesch-Römer, C. Loneliness in old age in Eastern and Western European societies: theoretical perspectives 2012 European Journal of Ageing
    Vol. 9(4), pp. 285-295 
    article DOI URL 
    Abstract: Data from European countries participating in the Generations and Gender Surveys showed that mean loneliness scores of older adults are higher in Eastern than in Western European countries. Although co-residence is considered as one of the fundamental types of social integration, and although co-residence is more common in Eastern Europe, the mean loneliness scores of older co-resident adults in Eastern Europe are still very high. This article investigates mechanisms behind the puzzling between-country differences in social integration and loneliness. Firstly, the theoretical framework of loneliness is discussed starting from the individual’s perspective using the deficit and the cognitive discrepancy approach and taking into account older adults’ deprived living conditions. Secondly, mechanisms at the societal level are investigated: cultural norms, the demographical composition and differences in societal wealth and welfare. It is argued that an integrated theoretical model, as developed in this article, combining individual and societal level elements, is most relevant for understanding the puzzling reality around social integration and loneliness in country-comparative research. An illustration of the interplay of individual and societal factors in the emergence of loneliness is presented.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Gierveld2012,
      author = {De Jong Gierveld, J. and Tesch-Römer, C.},
      title = {Loneliness in old age in Eastern and Western European societies: theoretical perspectives},
      journal = {European Journal of Ageing},
      year = {2012},
      volume = {9},
      number = {4},
      pages = {285-295},
      url = {http://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10433-012-0248-2?null},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10433-012-0248-2}
    }
    
    De Jong Gierveld, J. & Van Tilburg, T. The De Jong Gierveld short scales for emotional and social loneliness: tested on data from 7 countries in the UN generations and gender surveys 2010 European Journal of Ageing
    Vol. 7(2), pp. 121-130 
    article English DOI URL  loneliness scale, emotional loneliness, social loneliness, partner status, health
    Abstract: Loneliness concerns the subjective evaluation of the situation individuals are involved in, characterized either by a number of relationships with friends and colleagues which is smaller than is considered desirable (social loneliness), as well as situations where the intimacy in confidant relationships one wishes for has not been realized (emotional loneliness). To identify people who are lonely direct questions are not sufficient; loneliness scales are preferred. In this article, the quality of the three-item scale for emotional loneliness and the three-item scale for social loneliness has been investigated for use in the following countries participating in the United Nations ‘‘Generations and Gender Surveys’’: France, Germany, the Netherlands, Russia, Bulgaria, Georgia, and Japan. Sample sizes for the 7 countries varied between 8,158 and 12,828. Translations of the De Jong Gierveld loneliness scale have been tested using reliability and validity tests including a confirmatory factor analysis to test the two-dimensional structure of loneliness. Test outcomes indicated for each of the countries under investigation reliable and valid scales for emotional and social loneliness, respectively.
    BibTeX:
    @article{DeJongGierveld2010a,
      author = {De Jong Gierveld, J. and Van Tilburg, T.},
      title = {The De Jong Gierveld short scales for emotional and social loneliness: tested on data from 7 countries in the UN generations and gender surveys},
      journal = {European Journal of Ageing},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {7},
      number = {2},
      pages = {121-130},
      url = {http://www.springerlink.com/content/64vku10p37q2hu60/fulltext.pdf},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10433-010-0144-6}
    }
    
    De Jong Gierveld, J. & Van Tilburg, T. De ingekorte schaal voor algemene, emotionele en sociale eenzaamheid 2008 Tijdschrift voor Gerontologie en Geriatrie
    Vol. 39(1), pp. 4-15 
    article  
    Abstract: Loneliness is an indicator of social well-being and pertains to the feeling of missing an intimate relationship (emotional loneliness) or missing a wider social network (social loneliness). The 11-item De Jong Gierveld scale has proved to be a valid and reliable measuring instrument for overall, emotional and social loneliness, although its length has sometimes rendered it difficult to use the scale in large surveys. In this study, we empirically tested a shortened version of the scale on data from two surveys (N = 9448). Confirmatory factor analyses confirmed the specification of two latent factors. Congruent validity and the relationship with determinants (partner status, health) proved to be optimal. The 6-item De Jong Gierveld scale is a reliable and valid measuring instrument for overall, emotional and social loneliness, which is suitable for large surveys. Tijdschr Gerontol Geriat 2008; 39: 4-15
    BibTeX:
    @article{DeJongGierveld2008,
      author = {De Jong Gierveld, J. and Van Tilburg, T.},
      title = {De ingekorte schaal voor algemene, emotionele en sociale eenzaamheid},
      journal = {Tijdschrift voor Gerontologie en Geriatrie},
      year = {2008},
      volume = {39(1)},
      pages = {4-15}
    }
    
    Dekker, M., Vinke, J., Ter Meulen, G. & Juffer, F. Psychosociale iutkomsten van jongvolwasse binnenlands geadopteerden en hun adoptieouders. 2011   techreport URL 
    BibTeX:
    @techreport{Dekker2011,
      author = {Dekker, M.C. and Vinke, J.G. and Ter Meulen, G. and Juffer, F.},
      title = {Psychosociale iutkomsten van jongvolwasse binnenlands geadopteerden en hun adoptieouders.},
      year = {2011},
      url = {http://media.leidenuniv.nl/legacy/psychosociale-uitkomsten-van-jongvolwassen-binnenlands-geadopteerden-en-hun-adoptieouders%5B1%5D.pdf}
    }
    
    Delarre, S. & Ouardani, M. Présentation et intérêt de la Base de Données Contextuelle 2007 Séminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 3 2007  conference French  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Delarre2007c,
      author = {Delarre, S. and Ouardani, M.},
      title = {Présentation et intérêt de la Base de Données Contextuelle},
      booktitle = {Séminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 3 2007},
      year = {2007}
    }
    
    Delarre, S., Sebille, P. & Blum, A. Présentation du Powerpoint International 2007 Séminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 3 2007  conference French  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Delarre2007b,
      author = {Delarre, S. and Sebille, P. and Blum, A.},
      title = {Présentation du Powerpoint International},
      booktitle = {Séminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 3 2007},
      year = {2007}
    }
    
    De Meester, E. A fine balance: The residential context & task division between partners 2010 School: University of Amsterdam  phdthesis English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @phdthesis{DeMeester2010a,
      author = {De Meester, E.},
      title = {A fine balance: The residential context & task division between partners},
      school = {University of Amsterdam},
      year = {2010},
      url = {http://dare.uva.nl/en/record/362529}
    }
    
    Denis, M.-N. & Pfefferkorn, R. La famille et l'argent, la gestion des finances dans le couple 2007 Séminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 3 2007  conference French  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Denis2007a,
      author = {Denis, M.-N. and Pfefferkorn, R.},
      title = {La famille et l'argent, la gestion des finances dans le couple},
      booktitle = {Séminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 3 2007},
      year = {2007}
    }
    
    Denisov, Boris P., S.V.I.J.A. Divergent Trends in Abortion and Birth Control Practices in Belarus, Russia and Ukraine 2012 Plos One
    Vol. 7(11), pp. 1-10 
    article DOI URL 
    Abstract: Context : The last decade witnessed growing differences in abortion dynamics in Belarus, Russia, and Ukraine despite demographic, social, and historical similarities of these nations. This paper investigates changes in birth control practices in the three countries and searches for an explanation of the diverging trends in abortion.
    Methods: Official abortion and contraceptive use statistics, provided by national statistical agencies, were analysed. Respective laws and other legal documents were examined and compared between the three countries. To disclose inter-country differences in prevalence of the modern methods of contraception and its association with major demographic and social factors, an analysis of data from national sample surveys was performed, including binary logistic regression.
    Results: The growing gap in abortion rate in Belarus, Russia, and Ukraine is a genuine phenomenon, not a statistical artefact. The examination of abortion and prevalence of contraception based on official statistics and three national sample surveys did not reveal any unambiguous factors that could explain differences in abortion dynamics in Belarus, Russia, and Ukraine. However, it is very likely that the cause of the inter-country discrepancies lies in contraceptive behavior itself, in adequacies of contraceptive knowledge and practices. Additionally, large differences in government policies, which are very important in shaping contraceptive practices of the population, were detected.
    Conclusion: Since the end of the 1990s, the Russian government switched to archaic ideology in the area of reproductive health and family planning and neglects evidence-based arguments. Such an extreme turn in the governmental position is not observed in Belarus or Ukraine. This is an important factor contributing to the slowdown in the decrease of abortion rates in Russia
    BibTeX:
    @article{Denisov2012,
      author = {Denisov, Boris P., Sakevich, Viktoria I, Jasilioniene, Aiva},
      title = {Divergent Trends in Abortion and Birth Control Practices in Belarus, Russia and Ukraine},
      journal = {Plos One},
      year = {2012},
      volume = {7},
      number = {11},
      pages = {1-10},
      url = {http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0049986},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049986}
    }
    
    De Valk, H.A.G. Pathways into adulthood: a comparative study on family life transitions among migrant and Dutch youth 2006 School: Utrecht University  phdthesis English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @phdthesis{DeValk2006a,
      author = {De Valk, H. A. G.},
      title = {Pathways into adulthood: a comparative study on family life transitions among migrant and Dutch youth},
      school = {Utrecht University},
      year = {2006},
      url = {http://igitur-archive.library.uu.nl/dissertations/2006-0929-200206/full.pdf}
    }
    
    Devertter, F.-X. Quel est l’impact du temps de travail des conjoints sur l’externalisation des tâches domestiques 2008 Communication aux Journées de l’AISLF  conference French  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Devertter2008a,
      author = {Devertter, F.-X.},
      title = {Quel est l’impact du temps de travail des conjoints sur l’externalisation des tâches domestiques},
      booktitle = {Communication aux Journées de l’AISLF},
      year = {2008}
    }
    
    F.-X., D. Outsourcing of domestic work, social and gender unequalities : evidence from France 2012 Work and Family Researchers Network Conference  conference URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{DEVERTTERF.-X.2012,
      author = {DEVERTTER F.-X.,},
      title = {Outsourcing of domestic work, social and gender unequalities : evidence from France},
      booktitle = {Work and Family Researchers Network Conference},
      year = {2012},
      url = {HTTPS://WORKFAMILY.SAS.UPENN.EDU/SITES/WORKFAMILY.SAS.UPENN.EDU/FILES/WFRN%20PRELIMINARY%20CONFERENCE%20PROGRAM%202011.PDF}
    }
    
    Devolder, D. The role of involuntary factors in explaining the gap between desired and realized fertility in developed countries 2009 XXVI IUSSP International Population Conference 2009  conference English URL 
    Abstract: Desired family size in low fertility countries is generally higher than the Total Fertility Rate, even after accounting for tempo changes that bias the period fertility levels downward. We use Bongaarts' framework to analyze the role of involuntary factors in the explanation of this gap. Two kinds of factors will be studied. On one hand biological factors (sterility, low fecundability, risk of miscarriage, etc.) may explain why a proportion of women who want children will remain childless or have less children than planned. On another hand social factors associated with family formation and separation risks, may also explain why final fertility levels are lower than desired one. We use data from FFS surveys and a microsimulation model in order to estimate the role of these involuntary factors in the explanation of the gap between observed and desired fertility levels.
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Devolder2009a,
      author = {Devolder, D.},
      title = {The role of involuntary factors in explaining the gap between desired and realized fertility in developed countries},
      booktitle = {XXVI IUSSP International Population Conference 2009},
      year = {2009},
      url = {http://iussp2009.princeton.edu/download.aspx?submissionId=93120}
    }
    
    De Winter, T. Over relaties van de Belgen 2011 GGP Belgium Policy Brief
    Vol. 1, pp. 2 
    techreport  
    BibTeX:
    @techreport{DeWinter2011b,
      author = {De Winter, T.},
      title = {Over relaties van de Belgen},
      journal = {GGP Belgium Policy Brief},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {1},
      pages = {2}
    }
    
    Dex, S. & Gumy, J. On the experience and evidence about mixing modes of data collection in large-scale surveys where web is used as one of the mode of data collection 2011 National centre for Research Methods Review Paper (Unpublished)  article  
    BibTeX:
    @article{Dex2011,
      author = {Dex, S. and Gumy, J.},
      title = {On the experience and evidence about mixing modes of data collection in large-scale surveys where web is used as one of the mode of data collection},
      journal = {National centre for Research Methods Review Paper (Unpublished)},
      year = {2011}
    }
    
    Diehl, C. & Koenig, M. Religiosität türkischer Migranten im Generationenverlauf: Ein Befund und einige Erklärungsversuche 2009 Zeitschrift für Soziologie
    Vol. 38, pp. 300-319 
    article German URL 
    Abstract: Die Religiosität türkischer Einwanderer zeichnet sich durch eine erstaunlich hohe intergenerationale Stabilität aus. Dieser Beitrag diskutiert existierende theoretische Erklärungsansätze für Religiosität im Generationenverlauf und überprüft sie anhand empirischer Daten der in Deutschland durchgeführten Generations- and Gender Surveys (GGS). Dabei wird gezeigt, dass die klassische Assimilationstheorie und Konzepte der symbolischen oder kompensatorischen Religiosität ebenso wenig eine befriedigende Erklärung dieses Phänomens bieten wie der Hinweis auf die allgemein hohe Wertestabilität in Migrantenfamilien. Weder nimmt die Religiosität zwischen erster und zweiter Generation ab, noch erfährt sie einen Bedeutungswandel hin zu einer primär symbolischen Dimension der Lebensführung. Auch finden sich nur schwache empirische Evidenzen für die Thesen, dass intensive Religiosität eine Domäne der gesellschaftlichen "Verlierer" ist oder lediglich einen Spezialfall einer generell hohen intergenerationalen Wertestabilität im Migrationskontext darstellt. Abschließend werden daher makrosoziologische Erklärungsansätze entfaltet, die muslimische Religiosität auf die Diversifizierung des islamisch-religiçsen Feldes und auf die Salienz von Religion als symbolischer Grenze gegenüber Einwanderern beziehen.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Diehl2009c,
      author = {Diehl, C. and Koenig, M.},
      title = {Religiosität türkischer Migranten im Generationenverlauf: Ein Befund und einige Erklärungsversuche},
      journal = {Zeitschrift für Soziologie},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {38},
      pages = {300-319},
      url = {http://www.zfs-online.org/index.php/zfs/article/view/1305}
    }
    
    Diehl, C., Koenig, M. & Ruckdeschel, K. Religiosity and gender equality: comparing natives and Muslim migrants in Germany 2009 Ethnic and Racial Studies
    Vol. 32, pp. 278-301 
    article English URL  Europe; religion; Islam; gender; immigration; integration
    BibTeX:
    @article{Diehl2009b,
      author = {Diehl, C. and Koenig, M. and Ruckdeschel, K.},
      title = {Religiosity and gender equality: comparing natives and Muslim migrants in Germany},
      journal = {Ethnic and Racial Studies},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {32},
      pages = {278-301},
      url = {http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/content~db=all~content=a901899721}
    }
    
    Di Giulio, P., Buehler, C., Ette, A., Fraboni, R. & Ruckdeschel, K. Fertility intentions in lowest-low fertility countries: the case of Italy, Bulgaria, West and East Germany 2006 European Population Conference 2006  conference English URL 
    Abstract: Despite the many differences that exist between Italy, Bulgaria and Germany, the three countries share one of the lowest fertility rates in Europe. However, they differ in the level of state support of the family and the role of informal supportive networks. Italy and Bulgaria, on the one hand, share very low levels of public support of the family. Consequently, in both countries informal supportive networks have a strong tradition and a high relevance for getting things done. In Germany, however, support by family policy is stronger and the relative importance of supportive networks is weaker in comparison to the other two countries. Our purpose is to understand how supportive networks influence the formation of fertility intentions in two different settings, i.e., in countries, like Italy and Bulgaria, that are characterized by a high significance of informal social support and countries, like Germany, with a prevalence of legally regulated institutional support. We use data from the “Generations and Gender Program”, a new comparative survey that was conducted recently in all three countries. We perform logistic regression on the intentions of male and female respondents to have a first, second, or third child within the next three years. The analysis will be conducted separately for the three countries. We expect that in Germany informal networks are of less importance in general, except informal childcare in West Germany, as previous studies have highlighted. In Italy and Bulgaria we expect not only the informal support may have more influence on fertility decisions, but also that the differences in family support may also concern the size and the kind of the support. For Italy, non-monetary support, such as child care from people that do not live in the household, can be crucial in fertility related decisions or, perhaps, more influent than monetary support.
    BibTeX:
    @conference{DiGiulio2006c,
      author = {Di Giulio, P. and Buehler, C. and Ette, A. and Fraboni, R. and Ruckdeschel, K.},
      title = {Fertility intentions in lowest-low fertility countries: the case of Italy, Bulgaria, West and East Germany},
      booktitle = {European Population Conference 2006},
      publisher = {European Association for Population Studies},
      year = {2006},
      url = {http://epc2006.princeton.edu/abstracts/60093}
    }
    
    Di Giulio, P., Buehler, C. & Fraboni, R. Fertility intentions in lowest-low fertility countries: the case of Italy and Bulgaria 2006 Annual Meeting of Population Association of America 2006  conference English URL 
    Abstract: Despite the many differences that exist between Italy and Bulgaria, the two countries share with each other both one of the lowest fertility rates in Europe and very low levels of public support of the family. Consequently, in both countries informal supportive networks on the basis of family relationships and kinship have a strong tradition and a high relevance for getting things done. Our purpose is to understand how fertility intentions are formed in these two countries under the consideration that social support seems to be crucial for individuals to reach their fertility goals. Moreover, we aim at evaluating whether the embeddedness in supportive networks exert gender as well as parity-specific influences on fertility intentions. The paper focuses on comparisons of the characteristics of supportive networks in Italy and Bulgaria and their implications on fertility intentions. We use data from the “Gender and Generation Project”, a new comparative survey that was conducted recently in both coun-tries.
    BibTeX:
    @conference{DiGiulio2006b,
      author = {Di Giulio, P. and Buehler, C. and Fraboni, R.},
      title = {Fertility intentions in lowest-low fertility countries: the case of Italy and Bulgaria},
      booktitle = {Annual Meeting of Population Association of America 2006},
      year = {2006},
      note = {Germany},
      url = {http://paa2006.princeton.edu/abstracts/60592}
    }
    
    Di Giulio, P., Bühler, C., Ette, A., Fraboni, R. & Ruckdeschel, K. Social capital and fertililty intentions: the case of Italy, Bulgaria and West Germany. 2012 Vienna Institute of Demography Working Papers
    Vol. 2, pp. 26 
    article URL  Social capital, fertility, fertility intentions, informal help, informal support.
    Abstract: Despite the many differences that exist between Italy, Bulgaria, and Germany, the three countries are among those with the lowest fertility rates in Europe. However, they differ in the level of public support for families and the role of informal supportive networks in daily life. Italy and Bulgaria, on the one hand, share very low levels of public support. In both countries, consequently, informal supportive networks based on family relationships and kinship have a strong tradition and a high relevance for getting things done. In Germany, however, support by family policy is much stronger and the importance of such supportive networks is weaker. The paper addresses the question whether these different constellations of public and informal social support have an impact on reproductive decision-making. In particular, it concentrates on the impact of supportive networks on intentions to have a second child. Analyses based on data from the “Generations and Gender Programme”, a comparative survey that was conducted recently in all three countries, provide mixed results. While there is a significant influence of access to informal support on the intention to have a second child in Bulgaria and no significant effect in West Germany, findings for Italy obviously contradict theoretical propositions and suggest that future analysis takes more comprehensive account of the work strategy of the mothers in the context of the current Italian labour market characteristics.
    BibTeX:
    @article{DiGiulio2012,
      author = {Di Giulio, P. and Bühler, C. and Ette, A. and Fraboni, R. and Ruckdeschel, K.},
      title = {Social capital and fertililty intentions: the case of Italy, Bulgaria and West Germany.},
      journal = {Vienna Institute of Demography Working Papers},
      year = {2012},
      volume = {2},
      pages = {26},
      url = {http://www.oeaw.ac.at/vid/download/WP2012_02.pdf}
    }
    
    Dobossy, I., Gödri, I., Kamarás, F., Kapitány, B., Pongácz, T., Spéder, Z., Molnár, S.E. & Virágh, E. Eletèunk Fordulópontjai – Demográfiai folyamatok és társadalmi környezet 2002   book Hungarian URL 
    BibTeX:
    @book{Speder2002,
      author = {Dobossy, Imre and Gödri, Irén and Kamarás, Ferenc and Kapitány, Balázs and Pongácz, Tiborné and Spéder, Zsolt and Molnár, S. Edit and Virágh, Eszter},
      title = {Eletèunk Fordulópontjai – Demográfiai folyamatok és társadalmi környezet},
      publisher = {Spéder Zsolt igazgató ( KSH Házinyomda)},
      year = {2002},
      url = {http://www.demografia.hu/index.php/kiadvanyok/mhelytanulmanyok}
    }
    
    Dobossy, I., Molnár, E. & Virágh, E. Öregedés és társadalmi környezet 2003 KSH-NKI Working paper
    Vol. 2, pp. 126 
    article Hungarian URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Dobossy2003,
      author = {Dobossy, I. and Molnár,E. and Virágh, E.},
      title = {Öregedés és társadalmi környezet},
      journal = {KSH-NKI Working paper},
      publisher = {Demographic Research Institute},
      year = {2003},
      volume = {2},
      pages = {126},
      note = {The KSH-NKI Working Papers on "Turning Points" research program relevant test results are made available to the national scientific public.},
      url = {http://www.demografia.hu/index.php/kiadvanyok/mhelytanulmanyok}
    }
    
    Domingo, P. Le quotidien des familles recomposées 2009 Politiques sociales et familiales
    Vol. 96, pp. 96-104 
    article French URL  Familles recomposées, Partage des tâches, Rapports sociaux de genre
    BibTeX:
    @article{Domingo2009,
      author = {Domingo, P.},
      title = {Le quotidien des familles recomposées},
      journal = {Politiques sociales et familiales},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {96},
      pages = {96-104},
      url = {http://www2.caf.fr/web/WebCnaf.nsf/090ba6646193ccc8c125684f005898f3/1dccf141c71279aec12575e1004d333b/$FILE/PSF96-PDomingo.pdf}
    }
    
    Dommermuth, L. Utflytting fra oppveksthjemmet: Når flytter de unge hjemmefra? [Moving from the childhood home: When do young people move away from their parents?] 2009 Samfunnsspeilet
    Vol. 23(1), pp. 9-12 
    article Norwegian URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Dommermuth2009c,
      author = {Dommermuth, L.},
      title = {Utflytting fra oppveksthjemmet: Når flytter de unge hjemmefra? [Moving from the childhood home: When do young people move away from their parents?]},
      journal = {Samfunnsspeilet},
      publisher = {Statistics Norway},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {23},
      number = {1},
      pages = {9-12},
      url = {http://www.ssb.no/ssp/utg/200901/02/}
    }
    
    Dommermuth, L., Klobas, J. & Lappegård, T. Now or later? The Theory of Planned Behavior and timing of fertility intentions 2011 Advances in Life Course Research
    Vol. 16(1), pp. 42-53 
    article English DOI URL  Fertility intentions; Fertility timing; Theory of Planned Behavior; Norway
    Abstract: We use the theory of planned behavior to investigate the role of attitudes, norms and perceived behavioural control on short-term and long-term fertility intentions, using data from Norway (N = 1,307). There is some evidence that, net of other background variables, positive scores on these factors makes it easier to establish concrete childbearing plans, especially among parents. Subjective norms are particularly important among both parents and childless adults, while perceptions of behavioural control have no additional effect once the actual life situation is taken into account. Attitudes are not important in decisions about the timing of becoming a parent, probably because the main issue for childless adults is not the timing, but the decision to have a child or not.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Dommermuth2011,
      author = {Dommermuth, L. and Klobas, J. and Lappegård, T.},
      title = {Now or later? The Theory of Planned Behavior and timing of fertility intentions},
      journal = {Advances in Life Course Research},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {16},
      number = {1},
      pages = {42-53},
      note = {In 2009 it was published as a working paper in Carlo F. Dondena Centre for Research on Social Dynamics, University of Bocconi},
      url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1040260811000037},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2011.01.002}
    }
    
    Dommermuth, L., Klobas, J. & Lappegård, T. Now or later? The theory of planned behaviour and fertility intentions 2009 Dondena Working Papers
    Vol. 20 
    article English URL  fertility intentions, fertility timing, theory of planned behavior, Norway
    BibTeX:
    @article{Dommermuth2009a,
      author = {Dommermuth, L. and Klobas, J. and Lappegård, T.},
      title = {Now or later? The theory of planned behaviour and fertility intentions},
      journal = {Dondena Working Papers},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {20},
      url = {http://portale.unibocconi.it/wps/wcm/connect/Centro_Dondena/Home/Working+Papers/Working_Paper_20_CdR_Dondena}
    }
    
    Dommermuth, L., Noack, T. & Wiik, K.A. Samlivsetablering – nye og vedvarende mønstre: Gift, samboer eller bare kjærester? [Union formation – new and persistent patterns: married, cohabiting or just lovers?] 2009 Samfunnsspeilet
    Vol. 23(1), pp. 13-19 
    article Norwegian URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Dommermuth2009,
      author = {Dommermuth, L. and Noack, T. and Wiik, K. A.},
      title = {Samlivsetablering – nye og vedvarende mønstre: Gift, samboer eller bare kjærester? [Union formation – new and persistent patterns: married, cohabiting or just lovers?]},
      journal = {Samfunnsspeilet},
      publisher = {Statistics Norway},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {23},
      number = {1},
      pages = {13-19},
      url = {http://www.ssb.no/ssp/utg/200901/ssp.pdf}
    }
    
    Doorten, I. The division of unpaid labor in the household: A stubborn pattern 2008 School: Utrecht University  phdthesis English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @phdthesis{Doorten2008,
      author = {Doorten, I.},
      title = {The division of unpaid labor in the household: A stubborn pattern},
      school = {Utrecht University},
      year = {2008},
      url = {http://igitur-archive.library.uu.nl/dissertations/2008-0125-200522/full.pdf}
    }
    
    Dorbritz, J. Bilokale Paarbeziehungen – die Bedeutung und Vielfalt einer Lebensform [Bilocal couple relationships — the significance and variety of a living arrangement ] 2009 Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungswissenschaft
    Vol. 34(1-2), pp. 31–56 
    article German DOI URL  Bilokale Paarbeziehung – Living Apart Together – Fernbeziehung – Lebensform – Familie – nichteheliche Lebensgemeinschaft – Single – Paarkonflikte – Kinderwunsch // bilocal couple relationships – living apart together – long-distance relationships – living arrangement – family – non-marital union – single – conflicts in couples – desired fertility
    Abstract: The goal of the study on bilocal couple relationships is to fifififind detailed information on a living arrangement which has not yet received suffififificient attention. To this end, the data from the fifififirst wave of the Generations and Gender Survey of the Federal Institute for Population Research have been evaluated. In order to obtain a differentiated analysis, two basic forms have been established, namely living apart together and long-distance relationships. In a fifififirst step, bilocal couple relationships were empirically described. It emerged that as a living arrangement they have a similar signifififificance to nonmarital unions. It should be pointed out that they are extraordinarily heterogeneous. There are couples with highly frequent face-to-face contact, as well as those who rarely see one another. It is the living arrangement of young, single people in cities, but it is also entered into by older partners after a divorce or being widowed. Bilocal couple relationships are no longer exclusive and are practiced by all groups of society.

    The analysis was led by the formulation of four hypotheses which are settled in a context of individualisation theory. Firstly, bilocal couple relationships are a living arrangement in which emotionality is experienced at a distance. They are established voluntarily with a low tendency towards moving together and marrying. Secondly, there is hardly any desired fertility and even less tendency towards family formation. Thirdly, individuals in bilocal couple relationships are typifififified by particular attitudinal patterns favouring equality of the genders, acceptance of childlessness and rejection of the institution of marriage. Fourthly, the construction of the couple relationship, based on spatial distance, leads to a greater potential for conflflflflict and more common intentions to separate. These four hypotheses were largely confifififirmed. Binary logistic regressions were calculated in order to examine the hypotheses.
    Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungswissenschaft Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungswissenschaft Look
    Inside

    BibTeX:
    @article{Dorbritz2009,
      author = {Dorbritz, J.},
      title = {Bilokale Paarbeziehungen – die Bedeutung und Vielfalt einer Lebensform [Bilocal couple relationships — the significance and variety of a living arrangement ]},
      journal = {Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungswissenschaft},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {34},
      number = {1-2},
      pages = {31–56},
      url = {http://www.springerlink.com/content/q3n1v8v0w6741869/},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12523-010-0032-3}
    }
    
    Dykstra, P. Intergenerational relationships in ageing societies 2009 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Working Group on Ageing
    Vol. ECE/WG.1/2009/3, 1-4 
    book English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @book{Dykstra2009a,
      author = {Dykstra, P.},
      title = {Intergenerational relationships in ageing societies},
      journal = {United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Working Group on Ageing},
      publisher = {United Nations},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {ECE/WG.1/2009/3, 1-4},
      url = {http://www.unece.org/pau/pub/ageing_intergenerational_relationships_2010.html}
    }
    
    Dykstra, P. Intergenerational relationships in ageing societies 2009 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Working Group on Ageing
    Vol. 3, pp. 19 
    article English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Dykstra2009,
      author = {Dykstra, P.},
      title = {Intergenerational relationships in ageing societies},
      journal = {United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Working Group on Ageing},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {3},
      pages = {19},
      url = {http://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/pau/_docs/age/2010/Intergenerational-Relationships/ECE-WG.1-11.pdf}
    }
    
    Dykstra, P. Older adult loneliness: myths and realities 2009 European Journal of Ageing
    Vol. 6(2), pp. 91–100 
    article  
    Abstract: The focus in this paper is on the social domain of quality of life, and more particularly loneliness. The empirical literature on older adult loneliness is reviewed, thereby challenging three often-held assumptions that figure prominently in public debates on loneliness. The first assumption that loneliness is a problem specifically for older people finds only partial support. Loneliness is common only among the very old. The second assumption is that people in individualistic societies are most lonely. Contrary to this belief, findings show that older adults in northern European countries tend to be less lonely than those in the more familialistic southern European countries. The scarce data on Central and Eastern Europe suggest a high prevalence of older adult loneliness in those countries. The third assumption that loneliness has increased over the past decades finds no support. Loneliness levels have decreased, albeit slightly. The review notes the persistence of ageist attitudes, and underscores the importance of considering people’s frame of reference and normative orientation in analyses of loneliness.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Dykstra2009b,
      author = {Dykstra, P.},
      title = {Older adult loneliness: myths and realities},
      journal = {European Journal of Ageing},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {6(2)},
      pages = {91–100}
    }
    
    Dykstra, P.A. & Fokkema, T. Norms of Filial Obligation in the Netherlands 2012 Population
    Vol. 67(1), pp. 97-122 
    article URL 
    Abstract: In this article we examine to what extent norms of filial obligation in the Netherlands are shaped by group value patterns, family constellation, possibilities for helping others, and actual experiences of support exchange. The data are drawn from the first wave of the combined main and migrant sample of the Netherlands Kinship Panel Study, the Dutch participant in the Generations and Gender Program. The Dutch appear reluctant to prescribe how other people should behave towards their ageing parents. Value patterns are the strongest determinants of filial norms, with migrants, the low-educated, and persons with religious beliefs espousing strong filial norms. Contrary to what traditional gender roles would suggest, women less strongly endorse norms of filial obligation than men, and contrary to the notion that divorce weakens family ties, divorcees and children of divorce do not exhibit less commitment to filial norms. Altruistic tendencies are evident in the weaker fi lial norms among the older age groups, and among those with non co-resident children. Finally, the results show a high level of consonance between actual support exchanges and filial norms.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Dykstra2012,
      author = {Dykstra, Pearl A. and Fokkema, Tineke},
      title = {Norms of Filial Obligation in the Netherlands},
      journal = {Population},
      year = {2012},
      volume = {67(1)},
      pages = {97-122},
      url = {http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/ined/pop/2012/00000067/00000001/art00004}
    }
    
    Dykstra, P. & Fokkema, T. Responsiveness to increasing parental needs: the role of normative beliefs and relationship quality 2010 European Population Conference 2010  conference English URL  Netherlands, NKPS
    Abstract: The increasing diversity and complexity of family ties has been accompanied by a shift in normative commitments. Though relationships between parents and children are founded on a sense of obligation, there is considerable variation as to exactly what children should do for their aging parents. Filial support giving is increasingly individualized, subject to negotiation and strongly dependent on the history of the parent-child relationship. The purpose of the study is to examine the role of norms of filial obligation and relationship quality as motivators of supportive behavior. The normative solidarity hypothesis suggests that adult children who strongly endorse norms of filial obligation are most likely to respond to parental needs by providing support. The individualization hypothesis suggests that the better the quality of the parent-child relationship, the more likely adult children are to respond to parental needs by providing support. Longitudinal multi-actor data from the public release file of the Netherlands Kinship Panel Study are used. The respondents are 777 adult children, and a randomly selected father (N=292) or mother (N=485). We examine responsiveness to increasing parental needs, indicated by widowhood and a decline in health between T1 (2002-2003) and T2 (2006-2007). We use adult children’s reports of filial obligations, relationship quality and provided support. We use parents’ reports of health status. Multi-actor data provide a stronger test of responsiveness to needs than data collected among adult children only. Findings show increased levels of support at T2 to parents whose health deteriorated, and to widowed mothers. Adult children who more strongly endorsed filial norms provided increasingly more support to their parents, but less so with regard to mothers whose health deteriorated. Affection was a better predictor of T2 support to fathers than to mothers. Overall, the findings suggest that supporting older fathers is more strongly individualized than supporting older mothers.
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Dykstra2010,
      author = {Dykstra, Pearl and Fokkema, Tineke},
      title = {Responsiveness to increasing parental needs: the role of normative beliefs and relationship quality},
      booktitle = {European Population Conference 2010},
      publisher = {European Association for Population Studies},
      year = {2010},
      url = {http://epc2010.princeton.edu/download.aspx?submissionId=100403}
    }
    
    Dykstra, P. & Keizer, R. The well-being of childless men and fathers in mid-life. 2009 Ageing and Society
    Vol. 29, pp. 1227-1242 
    article URL 
    Abstract: Using data from the first wave of the Netherlands Kinship Panel Study conducted in 2002–03, this paper examines the economic, psychological and social wellbeing among 1,467 men aged 40–59 years with different parenthood histories and circumstances: the childless, fathers who live with their children, non-co-resident fathers, and ‘empty-nest fathers ’. The gerontological interest is whether there are variations in wellbeing by parenting, and whether they persist in old age. The results showed that fathers have higher incomes than childless men, regardless of their partner history. As regards psychological wellbeing, men’s partner history counts, not their parenthood status. Being single contributes to low levels of psychological wellbeing. The findings provide evidence of the socially integrating effects of parenthood and for men’s ‘good-provider ’ role. Childless men and nonco- resident fathers report poorer quality family relationships. In addition, childless men were least likely to report helping others in the community. Overall, more support is found for the notion that fatherhood is a transforming event than that the wellbeing benefits derive from fathering activities. The paper concludes with a discussion of the implications of the findings for inequalities in wellbeing and informal support among the male members of the cohort born during 1943–63 when they reach old age.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Dykstra2009c,
      author = {Dykstra, P. and Keizer, R.},
      title = {The well-being of childless men and fathers in mid-life.},
      journal = {Ageing and Society},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {29},
      pages = {1227-1242},
      url = {http://repub.eur.nl/res/pub/18075/}
    }
    
    Dykstra, P. & Komter, A. The Netherlands Kinship Panel Study: an introduction 2006 Family Solidarity in the Netherlands, pp. 11-20  incollection  
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Dykstra2006,
      author = {Dykstra, P. and Komter, A.},
      title = {The Netherlands Kinship Panel Study: an introduction},
      booktitle = {Family Solidarity in the Netherlands},
      publisher = {Ingrid Bouws, Amsterdam},
      year = {2006},
      pages = {11-20}
    }
    
    Dykstra, P. & Mandemakers, J. Verschillen tussen ouders en kinderen in de rapportage van steun en contact 2007 Multi-actor data in survey onderzoek. Bijdragen aat het DANS symposium, pp. 47-68  conference URL 
    Abstract: Gegevens over intergenerationele steun en contact in 4.055 ouder-kind dyades afkomstig van de Netherlands Kinship Panel Study zijn gebruikt om verklaringen te toetsen voor rapportageverschillen. De verklaringen richten zich op bronnen van vertekening en onnauwkeurigheid. De resultaten laten geen systematische overschatting zien van steun en contact door ouders vergeleken met kinderen, zoals voorspeld door de generationele inzet-hypothese. Rapportageverschillen blijken wel te kunnen worden toegeschreven aan vertekeningen die samenhangen met een neiging tot zelfvermeerdering, persoonlijke normen op het gebied van familiesteun, ontevredenheid over ontvangen steun en gepercipieerde relatiekwaliteit. Verder blijken laagopgeleide ouders en kinderen minder nauwkeurig te rapporteren dan hoog opgeleide.
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Dykstra2007,
      author = {Dykstra, P. and Mandemakers, J.J.},
      title = {Verschillen tussen ouders en kinderen in de rapportage van steun en contact},
      booktitle = {Multi-actor data in survey onderzoek. Bijdragen aat het DANS symposium},
      publisher = {kalmijn, M. and Wittenberg, M.},
      year = {2007},
      pages = {47-68},
      url = {http://www.nidi.knaw.nl/Content/NIDI/output/2008/dans-2008-sympubl-03-dykstra.pdf}
    }
    
    Dykstra, P. & Poortman Economic resources and remainig single: trends over time 2010 European Sociological Review
    Vol. 26, pp. 227-290 
    article  
    Abstract: An influential hypothesis in family research is that having many economic resources decreases women's and increases men's rate of entering a union. A more recent hypothesis is that the strength of the association between economic resources and union formation has weakened over time, given decreasing role differentiation by gender. Rather than looking at the timing of union formation, we look at its non-occurrence. Using the Netherlands Kinship Panel Study, we find that, as predicted, high-resource women and low-resource men are more likely to remain single. Contrary to predictions, university-educated men are also more likely to remain single. The association between economic resources and permanent singlehood shows little change over time. Several explanations for this unexpected finding are discussed.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Dykstra2010a,
      author = {Dykstra, P. and Poortman},
      title = {Economic resources and remainig single: trends over time},
      journal = {European Sociological Review},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {26},
      pages = {227-290}
    }
    
    Dykstra, P. & Schenk, N. Stabiliteit en verandering in intergenerationele familierelaties: Verschuivingen in relatietypen over een periode van drie jaar 2011 Mens & Maatschappij
    Vol. 86(4), pp. 341-371 
    article URL 
    Abstract: Continuity and change in intergenerational family relationships: An examination of shifts in relationship type over a three-year period
    This paper focuses on shifts in adult child-parent relationship type using the first two waves of the Netherlands Kinship Panel Study (NKPS). The analyses are informed by both a life transitions perspective, and the negotiation of relationships perspective. The intergenerational relationships typology represents different combinations of solidaristic acts and conflict. We employed Latent Transition Analysis to determine the prevalence and predictors of shifts. Less than 5% of the dyads shifted to a different type. Insofar shifts took place, they were most likely from the ambivalent type, and particularly so for relationships with mothers and daughters. Offspring (re)partnering, offspring divorce, parental widowhood, parental health decline, offspring unemployment, birth of a grandchild, and moving nearer, did not predict typology shifts, whereas the number of parental divorces was too small for analyses of change. Parental repartnering prompted a shift towards the discordant type with its low probabilities of contact and support exchange, and the relatively high likelihood of conflict over personal issues. Moving away prompted a shift from the ambivalent type with its high probabilities of supportive exchanges and conflict over material and personal issues. Over a period of three years, there is considerably more continuity in adult child-parent relationships than change.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Dykstra2011,
      author = {Dykstra, P. and Schenk, N.},
      title = {Stabiliteit en verandering in intergenerationele familierelaties: Verschuivingen in relatietypen over een periode van drie jaar},
      journal = {Mens & Maatschappij},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {86(4)},
      pages = {341-371},
      url = {http://www.mensenmaatschappij.nl/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=menm;sid=7f14673cc723c1fcea6039be54c16d0d;tpl=browse-toc-86.tpl}
    }
    
    Dykstra, P. & Van Putten, A.E. Mantelzorgende mannen: Een kwestie van moete, kunnen of willen. 2010 Tijdschrift voor Social Geneeskunde
    Vol. 88(6), pp. 320-328 
    article  
    BibTeX:
    @article{Dykstra2010b,
      author = {Dykstra, P. and Van Putten, A. E.},
      title = {Mantelzorgende mannen: Een kwestie van moete, kunnen of willen.},
      journal = {Tijdschrift voor Social Geneeskunde},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {88(6)},
      pages = {320-328}
    }
    
    Eberstadt, N., Groth, H. & Twigg, J. Addressing Russia’s Mounting Human Resources Crisis 2013   misc URL 
    BibTeX:
    @misc{Eberstadt2013,
      author = {Eberstadt, Nicholas and Groth, Hans and Twigg, Judy},
      title = {Addressing Russia’s Mounting Human Resources Crisis},
      year = {2013},
      url = {http://www.aei.org/files/2013/02/13/-addressing-russias-mounting-human-resources-crisis_170553566747.pdf}
    }
    
    Ette, A., Hullen, G., Leven, I. & Ruckdeschel, K. Generations and Gender Survey. Dokumentation der Befragung von türkischen Migranten in Deutschland 2007 Materialien zur Bevölkerungswissenschaft
    Vol. 121b, pp. 1-248 
    techreport German URL 
    BibTeX:
    @techreport{Ette2007c,
      author = {Ette, A. and Hullen, G. and Leven, I. and Ruckdeschel, K.},
      title = {Generations and Gender Survey. Dokumentation der Befragung von türkischen Migranten in Deutschland},
      journal = {Materialien zur Bevölkerungswissenschaft},
      year = {2007},
      volume = {121b},
      pages = {1-248},
      url = {http://www.bib-demographie.de/cln_099/nn_979622/SharedDocs/Publikationen/DE/Download/Materialienbaende/121b.html}
    }
    
    Ette, A. & Ruckdeschel, K. Die Oma macht den Unterschied! Der Einfluss institutioneller und informeller Unterstützung für Eltern auf ihre weiteren Kinderwünsche 2007 Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungswissenschaft
    Vol. 32, pp. 51-72 
    article German URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Ette2007b,
      author = {Ette, A. and Ruckdeschel, K.},
      title = {Die Oma macht den Unterschied! Der Einfluss institutioneller und informeller Unterstützung für Eltern auf ihre weiteren Kinderwünsche},
      journal = {Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungswissenschaft},
      year = {2007},
      volume = {32},
      pages = {51-72},
      url = {http://www.bib-demografie.de/DE/Veroeffentlichungen/CPoS/Hefte/Zusammenfassungen/2007_1_2_ette_ruckdeschel.html}
    }
    
    Ette, A., Ruckdeschel, K. & Unger, R. (H. Potenziale intergenerationaler Beziehungen. Chancen und Herausforderungen für die Gestaltung des demografischen Wandels 2010
    Vol. 40, pp. 371 
    book German URL 
    Abstract: Die Diskussion über die Alterung der Gesellschaft hat sich verändert. Nachdem der „Krieg zwischen den Generationen“ für viele Jahre diese Debatte dominierte, hat sich nun eine neue Perspektive entwickelt, die den Beziehungen zwischen den Generationen ein ungenutztes Potenzial zur Gestaltung des demografischen Wandels zuschreibt. Diese neue Sichtweise zeigt sich in Schlagworten wie „active ageing“ und „gewonnene Jahre“, die in Deutschland seit kurzem die Berichte und Gutachten von Sachverständigenkommissionen und wissenschaftlichen Beiräten der Ministerien prägen. Die Analyse dieser Potenziale von Generationenbeziehungen sowie ihrer Bedingungen und Grenzen steht im Mittelpunkt des vorliegenden Buches. Die zusammengestellten Beiträge geben auf der Basis der drei wichtigsten deutschen Bevölkerungsumfragen zu Generationenbeziehungen – dem Deutschen Alterssurvey, dem Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe und dem Generations and Gender Survey – empirisch fundierte Antworten auf die Frage nach den Generationenpotenzialen. Deutlich wird, dass die intergenerationalen Beziehungen durch ein hohes Maß an gegenseitiger Solidarität und Hilfe geprägt sind. Gleichzeitig werden Konflikte und Ambivalenzen sichtbar, die innerfamiliäre Beziehungen zur Belastung werden lassen. Bei den zukünftigen Reformen des Sozialstaates gilt es, die Potenziale der Generationenbeziehungen zu fördern, ohne sie zu überfordern.
    BibTeX:
    @book{Ette2010a,
      author = {Ette, A. and Ruckdeschel, K. and Unger, R. (Hg.)},
      title = {Potenziale intergenerationaler Beziehungen. Chancen und Herausforderungen für die Gestaltung des demografischen Wandels},
      publisher = {Würzburg: Ergon},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {40},
      pages = {371},
      url = {http://www.zes.uni-bremen.de/ccm/content/aktuelles/2010/potenziale-intergenerationaler-beziehungen/}
    }
    
    Ettlerová, S. Dostupnost sluzeb péce o deti v predškolním vcku. [The accessibility of childcare services for children of preschool age] 2007 Práce a sociální politika [Work and Social Policy]
    Vol. 4, pp. 3 
    article URL 
    Abstract: The childcare services on offer for children of preschool age. Institutional care for preschool children (creches, kindergartens). The activity of so-called maternity centres. Atypical forms of childcare for preschool children (micro-creches, nannies, etc.) The accessibility of kindergartens (in terms of time, location and price). The monthly level of basic kindergarten fees (depending on the number of children in the family, the size of the municipality, etc.). The threat of insufficient vacant places in preschools with the ongoing reduction in the number of kindergartens and an increasing birth rate.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Ettlerova2007,
      author = {Ettlerová, S.},
      title = {Dostupnost sluzeb péce o deti v predškolním vcku. [The accessibility of childcare services for children of preschool age]},
      journal = {Práce a sociální politika [Work and Social Policy]},
      year = {2007},
      volume = {4},
      pages = {3},
      url = {http://praha.vupsv.cz/cgi-webisnt/fu.wis?dbn%5Et4000=epccicso&gizmo%5Et4001=aw-1250&prefix%5Et4002=AU=&pft%5Et4003=*@depccicso.pfg&letdisp%5Et4006=BEG&jump%5Et4501=generic&db%5Et4700=gen&lang%5Et4902=CZ&name%5Et4903=EPCCICSO&ctl%5Et4921=GA&thead1%5Et4922=CLASS=tabulka1%20BORDER=1%20CELLSPACING=1%20CELLPADDING=5&thead2%5Et4923=ALIGN=CENTER%20VALIGN=TOP&battr%5Et4930=BGCOLOR=white&tfattr%5Et4932=class=intro&metaex%5Et4940=LINK%20href=/webisnt/custom/cicsoepc/styl.css%20type=text/css%20rel=StyleSheet&TYPE%5Et4901=G&h1=1&search=~~00000804}
    }
    
    Ettlerová, S. Dostupnost služeb péce o deti predškolního veku [Availability of childcare of pre-school children] 2006 Komplexní rodinná politika jako priorita státu aneb je CR státem prátelským k rodine?  conference URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Ettlerova2006,
      author = {Ettlerová, S.},
      title = {Dostupnost služeb péce o deti predškolního veku [Availability of childcare of pre-school children]},
      booktitle = {Komplexní rodinná politika jako priorita státu aneb je CR státem prátelským k rodine?},
      year = {2006},
      url = {http://www.mpsv.cz/files/clanky/5305/Materialy_z_konference_o_rodinne_politice_2006.pdf}
    }
    
    Ettlerová, S. & Paloncyová, J. Czech Generations and Gender Programme 2007 Informal Working Group Meeting  conference  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Ettlerova2007a,
      author = {Ettlerová, S. and Paloncyová, J.},
      title = {Czech Generations and Gender Programme},
      booktitle = {Informal Working Group Meeting},
      year = {2007}
    }
    
    Ettlerová, S. & Št'astná, A. Czech Republic experience. Questionnaire Modifications and their Efficacy 2005 Generations and Gender Survey: A source for novel analyses of demographic behaviour  conference  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Ettlerova2005,
      author = {Ettlerová, S. and Št'astná, A.},
      title = {Czech Republic experience. Questionnaire Modifications and their Efficacy},
      booktitle = {Generations and Gender Survey: A source for novel analyses of demographic behaviour},
      year = {2005}
    }
    
    Feijten, P. & Mulder, C. Gender, divorce and housing - a life course perspective. 2010
    Vol. Wohnen und Gender: Theoritische, politische soziale und räumliche AspekteWohnen und Gender: Theoritische, politische soziale und räumliche Aspekte, pp. 175-193 
    incollection  
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Feijten2010,
      author = {Feijten, P. and Mulder, C.H.},
      title = {Gender, divorce and housing - a life course perspective.},
      booktitle = {Wohnen und Gender: Theoritische, politische soziale und räumliche Aspekte},
      publisher = {VS Verlag fur Sozialwissenschaften},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {Wohnen und Gender: Theoritische, politische soziale und räumliche Aspekte},
      pages = {175-193}
    }
    
    Fent, T., Aparicio Diaz, B. & Fürnkranz-Prskawetz, A. Family policies and low fertility: how does the social network influence the impact of policies 2010 European Population Conference 2010  conference English URL  family allowances
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Fent2010a,
      author = {Fent, T. and Aparicio Diaz, B. and Fürnkranz-Prskawetz, A.},
      title = {Family policies and low fertility: how does the social network influence the impact of policies},
      booktitle = {European Population Conference 2010},
      publisher = {European Association for Population Studies},
      year = {2010},
      url = {http://epc2010.princeton.edu/abstractViewer.aspx?submissionId=100103}
    }
    
    Fent, T., Aparicio Diaz, B. & Prskawetz, A. Family Policies in the Context of Low Fertility and Social Structure 2011 Vienna Institute of Demography Working Papers
    Vol. 2, pp. 24 
    article English URL  Family policies; low fertility; social influence; social networks; social structure
    BibTeX:
    @article{Fent2011,
      author = {Fent, T. and Aparicio Diaz, B. and Prskawetz, A.},
      title = {Family Policies in the Context of Low Fertility and Social Structure},
      journal = {Vienna Institute of Demography Working Papers},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {2},
      pages = {24},
      url = {http://www.oeaw.ac.at/vid/download/WP2011_02.pdf}
    }
    
    Fent, T. & Diaz, B.A. Family policies in the context of low fertility and social structure 2009 XXVI IUSSP International Population Conference 2009  conference English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Fent2009a,
      author = {Fent, T. and Diaz, B. A.},
      title = {Family policies in the context of low fertility and social structure},
      booktitle = {XXVI IUSSP International Population Conference 2009},
      year = {2009},
      url = {http://iussp2009.princeton.edu/download.aspx?submissionId=92652}
    }
    
    Finseraas, H., Solem, P.E. & Nicolaisen, M. Pensjonering og fritidsaktiviteter [Retirement and leisure activities] 2009 Aldring og livsløp
    Vol. 26(3-4), pp. 32-25 
    article Norwegian URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Finseraas2009a,
      author = {Finseraas, H. and Solem, P. E. and Nicolaisen, M.},
      title = {Pensjonering og fritidsaktiviteter [Retirement and leisure activities]},
      journal = {Aldring og livsløp},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {26},
      number = {3-4},
      pages = {32-25},
      url = {http://svemedplus.kib.ki.se/Default.aspx?queryparsed=journal:%22Aldring%20og%20Livslöp%22&query=journal:%22Aldring%20og%20Livslöp%22&start=0&searchform=simple&prevDok_ID=113411&Dok_ID=113410&pos=5&rows=10&nextDok_ID=113409}
    }
    
    Fokkema, T. & Naderi, R. Differences in late-life loneliness: a comparison between Turkish and native-born older adults in Germany 2013 European Journal of Ageing
    Vol. N/A, pp. N/A 
    article DOI URL  Older migrants, Loneliness, Germany, Turks
    Abstract: The aim of this study was (1) to examine whether Turkish older migrants are indeed—as is often claimed without solid scientific evidence—lonelier than their peers with no migration background and (2) to determine the factors that account for the differences in loneliness between them. We analysed data of adults aged 50–79 from the first wave of the German Generations and Gender Survey and a supplementary survey of Turkish nationals in Germany (N = 3,248 born in Germany and N = 494 born in Turkey). Differences in degree of loneliness between Turkish and native-born older adults were determined by the six-item Loneliness Scale of de Jong Gierveld. To identify the specific factors contributing to these loneliness differences, a series of multivariate regression analyses were conducted, examining the impact of two groups of risk factors (poor health and low socioeconomic status) and two groups of protective factors (social embeddedness in the family and informal support exchanges) on loneliness. Results showed that feelings of loneliness are indeed more prevalent among older adults of Turkish origin than their German counterparts, which is entirely attributable to their lower socioeconomic status and poorer health. Living with a partner or children, frequent contacts with non-coresident children, emotional support exchange and looking after grandchildren—though important factors to prevent loneliness at the individual level—did not specifically protect Turkish older adults from loneliness, or did so rarely. These findings not only indicate new and challenging directions for further research but also raise questions about the effectiveness of the most common loneliness interventions, which focus on improving number and quality of social relationships.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Fokkema2013,
      author = {Fokkema, Tineke and Naderi, Robert},
      title = {Differences in late-life loneliness: a comparison between Turkish and native-born older adults in Germany},
      journal = {European Journal of Ageing},
      year = {2013},
      volume = {N/A},
      pages = {N/A},
      url = {http://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10433-013-0267-7},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10433-013-0267-7}
    }
    
    Földházi, E. Dissolution of the First Marriage: Divorce in Hungary and among Hungarian Speaking People Living in Transylvania 2010 Romanian Journal of Population Studies
    Vol. 2, pp. 5-22 
    article  
    BibTeX:
    @article{Foeldhazi2010,
      author = {Földházi, E.},
      title = {Dissolution of the First Marriage: Divorce in Hungary and among Hungarian Speaking People Living in Transylvania},
      journal = {Romanian Journal of Population Studies},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {2},
      pages = {5-22}
    }
    
    Földházi, E. New partnership after first divorce - an event history analysis 2010 Demográfia English Edition
    Vol. 53/10, pp. 78-101 
    article  
    BibTeX:
    @article{Foeldhazi2010a,
      author = {Földházi, E.},
      title = {New partnership after first divorce - an event history analysis},
      journal = {Demográfia English Edition},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {53/10},
      pages = {78-101},
      note = {english edition}
    }
    
    Földházi, E. Újpárkapcsolatok az elsö válás után - Eseménytörténeti elemzés 2006 Demográfia
    Vol. 49, pp. 173-196 
    article Hungarian URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Foeldhazi2006a,
      author = {Földházi, E.},
      title = {Újpárkapcsolatok az elsö válás után - Eseménytörténeti elemzés},
      journal = {Demográfia},
      year = {2006},
      volume = {49},
      pages = {173-196},
      url = {http://www.demografia.hu/letoltes/kiadvanyok/Demografia/2006_2-3/Foldhazi%20Erzsebet_tan.pdf}
    }
    
    Fraboni, R. L’indagine di ritorno sulle Criticità dei percorsi lavorativi in un’ottica di genere 2006 (31)Il sistema delle indagini sociali Multiscopo. Contenuti e metodologia delle indagini, pp. 124-126  incollection Italian URL 
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Fraboni2006c,
      author = {Fraboni, R.},
      title = {L’indagine di ritorno sulle Criticità dei percorsi lavorativi in un’ottica di genere},
      booktitle = {Il sistema delle indagini sociali Multiscopo. Contenuti e metodologia delle indagini},
      publisher = {Istat},
      year = {2006},
      number = {31},
      pages = {124-126},
      url = {http://www.istat.it/dati/catalogo/20060615_00/}
    }
    
    Fraboni, R. La mobilità sociale 2006 Informazioni
    Vol. 22 
    book Italian URL 
    BibTeX:
    @book{Fraboni(ed.)2006c,
      author = {Fraboni, R.},
      title = {La mobilità sociale},
      journal = {Informazioni},
      publisher = {C.S.R. Centro stampa e riproduzione s.r.l., Roma},
      year = {2006},
      volume = {22},
      url = {http://www.istat.it/dati/catalogo/20060724_00/}
    }
    
    Fraboni, R. Parentela e reti di solidarietà 2006 Informazioni
    Vol. 26 
    book Italian URL 
    BibTeX:
    @book{Fraboni(ed.)2006e,
      author = {Fraboni, R.},
      title = {Parentela e reti di solidarietà},
      journal = {Informazioni},
      publisher = {C.S.R. Centro stampa e riproduzione s.r.l., Roma},
      year = {2006},
      volume = {26},
      url = {http://www.istat.it/dati/catalogo/20061010_00}
    }
    
    Fraboni, R., Allegra, S. & Valdoni Chi non vuole avere figli? 2007 Giornate di Studio della Popolazione  conference Italian  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Fraboni2007a,
      author = {Fraboni, R. and Allegra, S.F. and Valdoni},
      title = {Chi non vuole avere figli?},
      booktitle = {Giornate di Studio della Popolazione},
      year = {2007}
    }
    
    Fraboni, R., Baldazzi, B., Freguja, C. & Sabbadini, L.L. Intergenerational relations and support in Italy 2005 Annual Meeting of British Society for Population Studies 2005  conference English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Fraboni2005a,
      author = {Fraboni, R. and Baldazzi, B. and Freguja, C. and Sabbadini, L. L.},
      title = {Intergenerational relations and support in Italy},
      booktitle = {Annual Meeting of British Society for Population Studies 2005},
      year = {2005},
      url = {http://www2.lse.ac.uk/socialPolicy/BSPS/annualConference/2005/2005_ageingabstracts.aspx}
    }
    
    Fraboni, R. & Gualtieri, V. The impact of family context on female work paths 2008 European Population Conference 2008  conference English URL 
    Abstract: For a long time, difficulties to reconcile job and family have characterize Italian women. In Italy, female participation in the labour market is among the lowest ones in Europe and it shows large differences: female employment rate is indeed lower among the young ones, the less educated and the ones residing in the South of Italy and on the Islands. Clearly, the observed differences are driven by specific national institutional settings. Among others, one of the most crucial features is the availability of day-care infrastructure concerning children, which either fosters or restricts a sustainable relationship between family and work. This work aims at studying the importance of the socio-economic determinants, like the life cycle or human capital, on women’s permanence on the labor market, and it also addresses gender related differences in the paths of labor market transitions. Therefore, the purpose of the analysis focuses on all people at reproductive ages and follows two steps. First, the analysis aims at highlighting the main gender differences according to occupational status, structural features, intentions and opinions about work and family context. Secondly, we select just women and conduct a dynamic analysis aiming at evaluating which factors mainly influence their permanence on the labour market. Data used come from the Multipurpose household survey on 'Family and social subjects' (2003), a Papi survey on a sample of 24,000 households for a total amount of about 50,000 individuals. After a descriptive phase, we apply multivariate data analyses such as multiple correspondence and cluster analyses, logistic regression and duration models. In particular, we apply continuous time proportional hazard models. We included time-independent variables referred to the woman and to her family of origin (birth cohort, geographical area, mother’s occupational status, parents’ highest educational level). In addition, we included time-dependent variables too, to take into account the family changes that take place in a woman’s life-course.
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Fraboni2008b,
      author = {Fraboni, R. and Gualtieri, V.},
      title = {The impact of family context on female work paths},
      booktitle = {European Population Conference 2008},
      publisher = {European Association for Population Studies},
      year = {2008},
      url = {http://epc2008.princeton.edu/abstracts/80659}
    }
    
    Fraboni, R. & Gualtieri, V. The impact of family context and fertility intentions on women’s work paths 2008 Atti della XLIV Riunione Scientifica della Società Italiana di Statistica, pp. 1  conference English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Fraboni2008c,
      author = {Fraboni, R. and Gualtieri, V.},
      title = {The impact of family context and fertility intentions on women’s work paths},
      booktitle = {Atti della XLIV Riunione Scientifica della Società Italiana di Statistica},
      year = {2008},
      pages = {1},
      url = {http://www.sis-statistica.it/files/pdf/atti/rs08_spontanee_8_3.pdf}
    }
    
    Fraboni, R., Quattrociocchi, L. & Sabbadini (eds.), L.L. Indagini Famiglia e Soggetti Sociali e Criticità dei Percorsi Lavorativi in un’Ottica di Genere 2009   techreport Italian URL 
    BibTeX:
    @techreport{Fraboni2009a,
      author = {Fraboni, R. and Quattrociocchi, L. and Sabbadini (eds.), L. L.},
      title = {Indagini Famiglia e Soggetti Sociali e Criticità dei Percorsi Lavorativi in un’Ottica di Genere},
      year = {2009},
      url = {http://siqual.istat.it/SIQual/files/1140-crit_cati07_06feb08.pdf?ind=7779965&cod=4509&progr=1&tipo=4}
    }
    
    Fraboni (ed.), R. Relazione tecnica sull’indagine sulle Criticità dei percorsi lavorativi in un’ottica di genere 2009   techreport Italian  
    BibTeX:
    @techreport{Fraboni(ed.)2009a,
      author = {Fraboni (ed.), R.},
      title = {Relazione tecnica sull’indagine sulle Criticità dei percorsi lavorativi in un’ottica di genere},
      year = {2009}
    }
    
    Frøyland, L.S. Familieomsorg i moderne samfunn. Realitet eller avsluttet kapittel? [Family care in modern society. Reality or history?] 2009 School: UNIVERSITETET I OSLO  mastersthesis Norwegian URL 
    BibTeX:
    @mastersthesis{Froeyland2009a,
      author = {Frøyland, L. S.},
      title = {Familieomsorg i moderne samfunn. Realitet eller avsluttet kapittel? [Family care in modern society. Reality or history?]},
      school = {UNIVERSITETET I OSLO},
      year = {2009},
      url = {http://www.duo.uio.no/publ/iss/2009/91930/froeyland.pdf}
    }
    
    Fukuda, N. Women’s Education and Fertility Strategy in Japan: Spacing or Stopping? 2006 Journal of Population Problem
    Vol. 61(4), pp. 3-21 
    article English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Fukuda2006a,
      author = {Fukuda, N.},
      title = {Women’s Education and Fertility Strategy in Japan: Spacing or Stopping?},
      journal = {Journal of Population Problem},
      year = {2006},
      volume = {61},
      number = {4},
      pages = {3-21},
      url = {http://www.ipss.go.jp/publication/e/jinkomon/pdf/13709702_21.pdf}
    }
    
    Fukuda, N., Fraboni, R., Nishioka, H. & Sabbadini, L.L. Patterns of grandparents’ support for caring grandchildren: Italy and Japan 2008 European Population Conference 2008  conference English URL 
    Abstract: The purpose of this comparative research is to investigate the patterns and determinants of grandparents' support for caring their grandchildren in Italy and Japan. The conventional wisdom is that Italian and Japanese families have strong ties between its members. It is, in particular, pointed out that parents in these countries tend to have strong commitment to their children. Enough research has, however, not been done concerning grandparents’ support for their children. Grandparents' assistance for caring their grandchildren may be particular helpful for parents to reconcile employment and childcare. In particular, when a mother with pre-school children is working outside the home, grandparents’ assistance for caring her children will make parental and employment roles more compatible. This might have an influence on her fertility behaviour consequently. However, it has not been enough studied, from an international comparative perspective, what determines grandparents' support for grandchildren's caring and whether grandparents’ help affects their children’s fertility behaviour. In this study, we will employ the Italian and Japanese survey data carried out within the Generations and gender programme, coordinated by Unece. Since they have similar questions about grandparents' support for their children, we can make a comparative analysis of the two countries. By using the data, we will compare Italy with Japan concerning the patterns and determinants of grandparents' support for their child.
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Fukuda2008a,
      author = {Fukuda, N. and Fraboni, R. and Nishioka, H. and Sabbadini, L. L.},
      title = {Patterns of grandparents’ support for caring grandchildren: Italy and Japan},
      booktitle = {European Population Conference 2008},
      publisher = {European Association for Population Studies},
      year = {2008},
      url = {http://epc2008.princeton.edu/abstracts/80489}
    }
    
    Fux, B. Beziehungswaisen und Beziehungskünstler. Zur Struktur und Bedeutung von intergenerationellen Beziehungen bei Alleinerziehenden. 2010 Potenziale intergenerationaler Beziehungen: Chancen und Herausforderungen für die Gestaltung des demografischen Wandels, pp. 117-145  incollection German  
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Fux2010a,
      author = {Fux, B.},
      title = {Beziehungswaisen und Beziehungskünstler. Zur Struktur und Bedeutung von intergenerationellen Beziehungen bei Alleinerziehenden.},
      booktitle = {Potenziale intergenerationaler Beziehungen: Chancen und Herausforderungen für die Gestaltung des demografischen Wandels},
      publisher = {Ergon Verlag},
      year = {2010},
      pages = {117-145}
    }
    
    Gabrielli, G. & Hoem, J.M. Italy's non-negligible cohabitation unions 2010 European Journal of Population
    Vol. 26, pp. 33-46 
    article  
    Abstract: Italy has long been regarded as the country with negligible non-marital cohabitation par excellence, but lately the pattern has begun to change and entry into consensual unions has increased strongly in younger Italian generations. This article is devoted to a study of such features between 1980 and 2003 based on the data from the Italian variant of the Gender and Generations Survey, Round 1. We consider entry into marriage and entry into cohabitation as competing risks and show how the incidence of cohabitation consistently much lower but has increased by some 70% over the 20-odd years of our study, while the marriage rate has dropped by almost as much. We find great variation across major regions of the country. The rise in cohabitation is confined to Northern and Central Italy, while the risk of marriage formation has declined strongly all over the country. Unlike previous investigations, our data suggest that non-marital cohabitation may be taking over whatever minor role civil marriage has had in Italian union formation.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Gabrielli2012,
      author = {Gabrielli, G. and J. M. Hoem},
      title = {Italy's non-negligible cohabitation unions},
      journal = {European Journal of Population},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {26},
      pages = {33-46}
    }
    
    Gauthier, A. Cross-national differences in the labour force attachment of mothers in Western and Eastern Europe 2012 (5.4)  techreport URL 
    Abstract: Despite the recent increase in female labour force participation across the European Union, major obstacles still persist. Using data from 10 countries from the Generation and Gender Survey, this paper examines cross-national differences in the labour force attachment of two subgroups of mothers: the stay-at-home mothers (homemakers) and those on maternity or parental leave. The results show the determining influence of individual-level characteristics on mothers‘ intention to return to the labour market after a short or longer period of absence, including mothers‘ level of education and values regarding gender roles. At the country level, the results suggest the importance of normative, economic, and institutional factors in framing mothers’ labour force decisions.
    BibTeX:
    @techreport{Gauthier2012,
      author = {Gauthier, A.H.},
      title = {Cross-national differences in the labour force attachment of mothers in Western and Eastern Europe},
      year = {2012},
      number = {5.4},
      url = {http://www.neujobs.eu/sites/default/files/publication/2012/09/Neujobs_Working_Paper_Del_5_4_final_version_revised.pdf.pdf}
    }
    
    Gedvilaite-Kordusiene, M., Jasilionis, D., Reingarde, J., Sipaviciene, A., Stankuniene, V. & M., B. Lietuvos gyventoju politikos metmenys: Kartu ir lyciu tyrimo pamokos [Outlines of population policy in Lithuania: Lessons from generation and gender survey] 2010   techreport Lithuanian  
    BibTeX:
    @techreport{Gedvilaite-Kordusiene2010a,
      author = {Gedvilaite-Kordusiene, M. and Jasilionis, D. and Reingarde, J. and Sipaviciene, A. and Stankuniene, V. and Baublyte M.},
      title = {Lietuvos gyventoju politikos metmenys: Kartu ir lyciu tyrimo pamokos [Outlines of population policy in Lithuania: Lessons from generation and gender survey]},
      year = {2010}
    }
    
    Gerber, A. Cultural categories of worth and Polish gender policy in the context of EU accession 2011 Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State and Society
    Vol. 18(4), pp. 490-514 
    article URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Gerber2011,
      author = {Gerber, A.},
      title = {Cultural categories of worth and Polish gender policy in the context of EU accession},
      journal = {Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State and Society},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {18},
      number = {4},
      pages = {490-514},
      url = {http://sp.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2011/10/10/sp.jxr021.abstract}
    }
    
    Geserick, C. Ablösung vom Elternhaus. Ergebnisse aus dem Generations and Gender Survey (GGS) 2008/09 2011 (76)  techreport URL 
    Abstract: Die hier vorgestellte Studie wurde als Projekt "Ablösung vom Elternhaus" während des Jahres 2009 vom damaligen Österreichischen Bundesministerium für Gesundheit, Familie und Jugend (BMGFJ) gefördert und bearbeitet, zu einer Zeit, da der Datensatz des GGS
    gerade erhoben war und darauffolgend erst einmal statistisch bereinigt und international harmonisiert wurde. Der vorliegende Bericht enthält deshalb vor allem eine Bestandsaufnahme der bis dato bekannten Literatur und anderen Studien. Die Daten des GGS wurden dann vor allem im Sinne einer ersten statistischen Annäherung (d.h. hauptsächlich in deskriptiver Weise) bearbeitet und bieten einen ersten Einblick in die aktuelle Datenlage für Österreich und weitere acht Länder: Georgien, Bulgarien, Ungarn, Rumänien, Russland, Frankreich, Deutschland und die Niederlande.
    BibTeX:
    @techreport{Geserick2011,
      author = {Geserick, Christine},
      title = {Ablösung vom Elternhaus. Ergebnisse aus dem Generations and Gender Survey (GGS) 2008/09},
      year = {2011},
      number = {76},
      url = {http://www.oif.ac.at/fileadmin/OEIF/Working_Paper/wp_76_abloesung_elternhaus.pdf}
    }
    
    Geserick, C., Dörfler, S. & Kaindl, M. Sind Einzelkinder anders? GGS-Daten für Österreich, Frankreich, Norwegen und Russland 2013 (79)  techreport  
    BibTeX:
    @techreport{Geserick2013,
      author = {Geserick, Christine and Dörfler, Sonja and Kaindl, Markus},
      title = {Sind Einzelkinder anders? GGS-Daten für Österreich, Frankreich, Norwegen und Russland},
      year = {2013},
      number = {79}
    }
    
    Geurts, T., Poortman, A.R., Van Tilburg, T. & Dykstra, P. Contact between grandchildren and theirs grandparents in early adulthood 2009 Journal of Family Issues
    Vol. 30(12), pp. 1698-1713 
    article  
    Abstract: Using cross-sectional data from the Netherlands Kinship Panel Study (N = 1,231), this study examines the relationship between grandchildren and their grandparents across early adulthood. Age is used as a proxy for change during the grandchild’s life course and the influence of major life course characteristics is examined. Results indicate that the majority of young adult grandchildren have contact with their grandparents, but the average frequency is low. Age differences in contact frequency suggest a decline in grandparent—grandchild contact across early adulthood. Multilevel analyses show that grandchildren’s employment status, partner, and parenthood status do not affect contact frequency with grandparents. Rather, the results point at the importance of the parental home for facilitating grandparent—grandchild contact as age-related differences are accounted for by whether grandchildren left the parental home. Furthermore, most of the variance in grandparent—grandchild contact is attributable to differences between family of the mother’s and family of the father’s side.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Geurts2009,
      author = {Geurts, T. and Poortman, A. R. and Van Tilburg, T.G. and Dykstra, P.},
      title = {Contact between grandchildren and theirs grandparents in early adulthood},
      journal = {Journal of Family Issues},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {30(12)},
      pages = {1698-1713}
    }
    
    Gierveld, J., Dykstra, P. & Schenk, N. Familial support arrangements and late life social integration: a comparative perspective 2010 European Population Conference 2010  conference English URL  familial position, older adults, loneliness,
    Abstract: Nowadays demographers and other social scientists discuss the sharp differentiation between regions in Europe: for example, Reher (1998) contrasted Southern Europe where the family and family ties are ‘strong’ with Western and Northern Europe, where families and family ties are relatively ‘weak’. They base their theoretical ideas on differences in family attitudes and on varying percentages of older adults either living independently or co-residing with adult children. In this paper we address the empirical basis of differentiations between European regions as far as the familial position of older adults is concerned and the outcomes of family embedment for loneliness among older adults. Data come from the UN Generations and Gender Surveys, and encompass the Netherlands, France, Germany, Bulgaria, Russia and Georgia; sample sizes vary between 8.161 and 12.828. Main variables investigated are: filial attitudes, differences in the realization of co-residence or living alone, the frequency of contacts with children, and the quality of relationships with the children. Moreover, a typology of country level differences in familial support arrangements, based on the outcomes of Latent Class Analyses, are taken into account. Outcomes of multivariate analyses show that the countries of Central and Eastern Europe differ significantly from the countries in Western Europe in types of living arrangements, familial attitudes, but also in country level familial support arrangements. Variations between countries and within countries have to be taken into account in explaining the outcomes of family support for social embedment and loneliness of older adults.
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Gierveld2010a,
      author = {Gierveld, J. and Dykstra, P. and Schenk, N.},
      title = {Familial support arrangements and late life social integration: a comparative perspective},
      booktitle = {European Population Conference 2010},
      publisher = {European Association for Population Studies},
      year = {2010},
      url = {http://epc2010.princeton.edu/abstractViewer.aspx?submissionId=100971}
    }
    
    Gottard, A., Mencarini, L. & Vignoli, D. Fertility intentions and outcomes. Implementing the theory of planned behavior 2011 Università degli studi di Firenze working paper
    Vol. 15, pp. 34 
    article  
    BibTeX:
    @article{Gottard2011,
      author = {Gottard, A. and Mencarini, L and Vignoli, D.},
      title = {Fertility intentions and outcomes. Implementing the theory of planned behavior},
      journal = {Università degli studi di Firenze working paper},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {15},
      pages = {34}
    }
    
    Gray, E. & McDonald, P. Using a Reproductive Life Course Approach to Understand Contraceptive Method Use in Australia 2010 Journal of Biosocial Science
    Vol. 42, pp. 43-57 
    article English DOI URL  Australia
    Abstract: This paper examines contraceptive method use at different stages of the reproductive life course. Previous research on contraceptive practice in developed countries typically applies age as a proxy for reproductive history. While age is an essential and useful life course measure for understanding contraceptive use, investigations of contraceptive practice should also consider parity and fertility intentions, as they may be more accurate measures of reproductive life course stage. Analysis is based on data collected in the 2005 Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) survey, a nationally representative sample of women of reproductive age (18–44). For women at risk of pregnancy, the most commonly used methods are easily reversed methods such as the oral contraceptive pill (30%) and condom (23%), medium-term methods such as the intrauterine device and implantation (5%) and permanent methods (7% tubal ligation and 9% vasectomy of partner). Logistic regression models are used to investigate the use of four popular contraceptive methods by parity, age and fertility intentions controlling for socio-demographic factors. The main findings indicate that the use of these methods varies substantially by the stage of a woman's reproductive life course: age, parity and fertility intentions are all associated with method use.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Gray2010a,
      author = {Edith Gray and Peter McDonald},
      title = {Using a Reproductive Life Course Approach to Understand Contraceptive Method Use in Australia},
      journal = {Journal of Biosocial Science},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {42},
      pages = {43-57},
      url = {http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=6728536},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932009990381}
    }
    
    Gründler, S. Partnerschaftszufriedenheit von Deutschen und türkischen Migranten – Der Einfluss soziologischer und sozialpsychologischer Determinanten auf Partnerschaften 2013   book URL 
    Abstract: Sind in Deutschland lebende türkische Paare zufriedener als deutsche Paare? Oder sind türkische Paare aufgrund ihrer sozioökonomischen Deprivation "krisenanfälliger" und daher unzufriedener? Unter Anwendung von Strukturgleichungsmodellen prüft Sabine Gründler die Wirkung der sozialen Lage auf die Partnerschaftszufriedenheit. Insgesamt sind eingewanderte türkische Paare, trotz sozialstruktureller Benachteiligung, weniger "krisenanfällig" als deutsche Paare. Damit widerlegt sie die häufig vertretende Vulnerabilitätsthese in der Migrationsforschung und entschlüsselt vermittelnde Mechanismen, die die ökonomische Benachteiligung kompensieren. Die Ergebnisse zeigen zudem einen Wandel des Beziehungsgefüges bei türkischen Paaren von der ersten zur zweiten Generation.
    BibTeX:
    @book{Gruendler2013,
      author = {Gründler, S},
      title = {Partnerschaftszufriedenheit von Deutschen und türkischen Migranten – Der Einfluss soziologischer und sozialpsychologischer Determinanten auf Partnerschaften},
      publisher = {Springer VS},
      year = {2013},
      url = {http://d-nb.info/1026662974/about/html}
    }
    
    Gualtieri, V. & Fraboni, R. Lavoro e famiglia: il contesto e le intenzioni delle donne 2007 Giornate di Studio della Popolazione  conference Italian  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Gualtieri2007a,
      author = {Gualtieri, V. and Fraboni, R.},
      title = {Lavoro e famiglia: il contesto e le intenzioni delle donne},
      booktitle = {Giornate di Studio della Popolazione},
      year = {2007}
    }
    
    Gude, S. Regionale Fertilitätsunterschiede in Österreich 2010 School: WU Vienna University of Economics and Business  phdthesis URL 
    Abstract: Die Dissertation untersucht die regionalen Fertilitätsunterschiede zwischen den politischen Bezirken Österreichs für das Jahr 2001 und 2007. Hierbei stellt sich u.a. die Frage, ob diese Unterschiede sich eher durch regionale Besonderheiten oder durch individuelle Merkmale ergeben. Auf Grundlage der herrschenden Theorie werden zunächst die Einflüsse auf das generativen Verhalten bestimmt. Um einen ersten Einblick in die demografische Entwicklung der letzten Jahre zu erhalten, werden einige Kennzahlen, wie beispielsweise die altersspezifischen Fertilitätsraten, für Österreich und dessen Bundesländer präsentiert. Die empirische Analyse betrachtet in einem ersten Schritt bivariate und partielle Korrelationen um einen Eindruck über den Zusammenhang der Einflussfaktoren zu den Geburtenraten der einzelnen Bezirke zu bekommen. Auf dieser Kontextebene werden die Daten der Volkszählung 2001 für die politischen Bezirke verwandt. Die multivariaten Analysen machen zunächst die Notwendigkeit einer räumlichen Betrachtung deutlich. Hierbei geht es vornehmlich darum, dass OLS Schätzungen zu verfälschten Ergebnissen führen und es somit eines Spatial Lag bzw. Spatial Error Modells bedarf. In einem weiteren Schritt wird mittels eines Mehrebenmodells die Kontextebene mit einer Individualebene verknüpft. Grundlage ist hier der Generations and Gender Survey 2008/2009 (GGS). Ziel ist es erneut, Einflussfaktoren herauszuarbeiten, die die vorhandenen regionalen Fertilitätsunterschiede erklären können. Dabei soll nun der Einfluss der Kontext- und Individualebene bestimmt werden. Es kann gezeigt werden, dass der regionale Einfluss - der sich in den deskriptiven Analysen noch als sehr prägnant erwies - im Mehrebenenmodell kaum mehr vorhanden ist und dass individuelle Merkmale, wie z.B. Bildung, dominieren. Abschließend werden aufgrund der vorhandenen Ergebnisse Implikationen für die Familienpolitik abgeleitet. (Autorenref.)
    BibTeX:
    @phdthesis{Gude2010,
      author = {Gude, S.},
      title = {Regionale Fertilitätsunterschiede in Österreich},
      school = {WU Vienna University of Economics and Business},
      year = {2010},
      url = {http://epub.wu.ac.at/1882/}
    }
    
    Gugushvili, A. Social Origin, Education and Occupation in Georgia 2013 Caucasus Social Science Review (CSSR)
    Vol. 1 (1), pp. 1-26 
    article URL 
    Abstract: Using data from the Generations and Gender Surveyfor the cohorts born from 1926 to 1985in Georgia, and the linear probability models of higher educational and ISCO 1-2 occupational attainment, I find the largeascriptive inequalitiesoflife chances,which especially intensifiedfor those born in 1976-85. Having parents with the lower socio-economic statusnegatively and significantly associates with life prospects.Althoughtertiary educationserves mainly as the mediator ofsocial origin, the latter also exerts a direct effect on the occupational attainment. One of the reasonswhy the inequalities in life chances haveincreasedinrecent decades is the growing gap betweeneducational expansion andoccupational upgrade and the resultant inflation of credentials.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Gugushvili2013,
      author = {Gugushvili, A.},
      title = {Social Origin, Education and Occupation in Georgia},
      journal = {Caucasus Social Science Review (CSSR)},
      year = {2013},
      volume = {1 (1)},
      pages = {1-26},
      url = {http://openjournals.gela.org.ge/index.php/CSSR/article/view/211}
    }
    
    Gugushvili, A. Social Origin, Education and Occupation in Georgia 2013 Caucasus Social Science Review
    Vol. 1(1), pp. 1-26 
    article URL 
    Abstract: Using data from the Generations and Gender Surveyfor the cohorts born from 1926 to 1985in Georgia, and the linear probability models of higher educational and ISCO 1-2 occupational attainment, I find the largeascriptive inequalitiesoflife chances,which especially intensifiedfor those born in 1976-85. Having parents with the lower socio-economic statusnegatively and significantly associates with life prospects.Althoughtertiary educationserves mainly as the mediator ofsocial origin, the latter also exerts a direct effect on the occupational attainment. One of the reasonswhy the inequalities in life chances haveincreasedinrecent decades is the growing gap betweeneducational expansion andoccupational upgrade and the resultant inflation of credentials.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Gugushvili2013a,
      author = {Gugushvili, Alexi},
      title = {Social Origin, Education and Occupation in Georgia},
      journal = {Caucasus Social Science Review},
      year = {2013},
      volume = {1},
      number = {1},
      pages = {1-26},
      url = {http://openjournals.gela.org.ge/index.php/CSSR/article/view/211/245}
    }
    
    Gugushvili, A. Material Deprivation and the District Level Outcomes of the 2012 Parliamentary Elections in Georgia 2012   techreport URL  Parliamentary elections, Georgia, material deprivation, multivariate analysis
    Abstract: This study shows that the district level outcomes in the 2012 parliamentary elections in Georgia are significantly associated with the mean household deprivation levels. This effect is statistically significant after controlling for the regional dummies, urbanisation level, current district’s population size, the proportion of orthodox population, local ideological preferences, and the rate of turnout on the election day. The OLS models of the share of received votes in the proportional system and the logit models of the odds of victory of a party candidate in the majoritarian contest both reveal that the districts with the lowest and highest material deprivation levels were more likely to vote for the oppositional coalition. The results are robust even after excluding from the analysis two fraud-prone regions of Samtskhe-Javakheti and Shida Kartli.
    BibTeX:
    @techreport{Gugushvili2012,
      author = {Gugushvili, A.},
      title = {Material Deprivation and the District Level Outcomes of the 2012 Parliamentary Elections in Georgia},
      year = {2012},
      url = {http://css.ge/files/books/papers/Aleksi_Gugushvili,_Material_Deprivation_and_Election_Outcomes,_oct_2012.pdf}
    }
    
    Gyabronkáné, N.Z., Kapitány, B., Spéder, Z., S. Molnár, E. & Szelényi, B. Eletèunk Fordulópontjai – Módszertan és dokumentáció 2003   incollection Hungarian URL 
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Kapitany2003a,
      author = {Gyabronkáné, Németh Zsuzsa and Kapitány, Balázs and Spéder, Zsolt and S. Molnár, Edit and Szelényi, Barbara},
      title = {Eletèunk Fordulópontjai – Módszertan és dokumentáció},
      publisher = {Spéder Zsolt igazgató},
      year = {2003},
      url = {http://www.demografia.hu/index.php/kiadvanyok/mhelytanulmanyok}
    }
    
    Hablicsek, L. Kísérleti számítá a roma lakosság területi jellemzöinek alakulására és 2021-IG történö elörebecslésére 2007 Demográfia
    Vol. 50, pp. 7-54 
    article Hungarian  
    BibTeX:
    @article{Hablicsek2007a,
      author = {Hablicsek, L.},
      title = {Kísérleti számítá a roma lakosság területi jellemzöinek alakulására és 2021-IG történö elörebecslésére},
      journal = {Demográfia},
      year = {2007},
      volume = {50},
      pages = {7-54}
    }
    
    Hagestad, G. & Herlofson, K. Aldring 2010 Det norske samfunn, pp. 414-434  incollection Norwegian  
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Hagestad2010a,
      author = {Hagestad, G.O. and Herlofson, K.},
      title = {Aldring},
      booktitle = {Det norske samfunn},
      publisher = {Gyldendal akademisk},
      year = {2010},
      pages = {414-434}
    }
    
    Hagestad, G. & Herlofson, K. Dagens besteforeldre: Småbarnsfamiliens støttespillere [Today’s grandparents: supporters of families with young children] 2009 Samfunnsspeilet
    Vol. 23(1), pp. 92-94 
    article Norwegian URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Hagestad2009,
      author = {Hagestad, G. and Herlofson, K.},
      title = {Dagens besteforeldre: Småbarnsfamiliens støttespillere [Today’s grandparents: supporters of families with young children]},
      journal = {Samfunnsspeilet},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {23},
      number = {1},
      pages = {92-94},
      url = {http://www.ssb.no/ssp/utg/200901/ssp.pdf}
    }
    
    Hagestad, G. & Herlofson, K. Moderne besteforeldre — velferdsstatens heimevern? [Modern grandparents — the Home Guard of the welfare state?] 2009 Aldring og livsløp
    Vol. 26(3-4), pp. 44-47 
    article Norwegian  
    BibTeX:
    @article{Hagestad2009c,
      author = {Hagestad, G. and Herlofson, K.},
      title = {Moderne besteforeldre — velferdsstatens heimevern? [Modern grandparents — the Home Guard of the welfare state?]},
      journal = {Aldring og livsløp},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {26},
      number = {3-4},
      pages = {44-47},
      note = {NorLAG data}
    }
    
    Hagestad, G.O. Adults' intergenerational relationships 2000 Generations and Gender Programme: Exploring future research and data collection options, pp. 125-144  incollection English  
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Hagestad2000,
      author = {Hagestad, G. O.},
      title = {Adults' intergenerational relationships},
      booktitle = {Generations and Gender Programme: Exploring future research and data collection options},
      publisher = {United Nations},
      year = {2000},
      pages = {125-144}
    }
    
    Hansen, T., S.B. & Ingebretsen, R. The Strains and Gains of Caregiving: An Examination of the Effects of Providing Personal Care to a Parent on a Range of Indicators of Psychological Well-Being 2012 Social Indicators Research, pp. 1-21  article DOI URL 
    Abstract: This study explores the effect of providing regular help with personal care to a resident or non-resident parent or parent-in-law on different aspects of psychological well-being. We use cross-sectional data from the Norwegian Life Course, Ageing and Generation (LOGG) study (N * 15,000, age 18–79) and two-wave panel data from the Norwegian study on Life course, Ageing and Generation (NorLAG) (N * 3,000, age 40–79). We separate outcomes into cognitive well-being (life satisfaction, partnership satisfaction, self-esteem), affective well-being (happiness, positive and negative affect, depression, loneliness) and sense of mastery. Caregiver status is largely unrelated to these aspects of well-being, both in cross-section and longitudinally. One notable exception is that caring for a resident (but not a non-resident) parent relates to lower affective wellbeing among women, also longitudinally. This effect is more marked among unpartnered and lower educated women. In addition, caring for a non-resident parent is associated with a positive change in sense of mastery among women. The results reviewed and presented indicate that caregiving has less detrimental effects in the Nordic countries than in other countries, highlighting the role of social policies and care systems in shaping the impact of caregiving on well-being.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Hansen2012,
      author = {Hansen, T., Slagsvold, B. and Ingebretsen, R.},
      title = {The Strains and Gains of Caregiving: An Examination of the Effects of Providing Personal Care to a Parent on a Range of Indicators of Psychological Well-Being},
      journal = {Social Indicators Research},
      year = {2012},
      pages = {1-21},
      url = {http://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11205-012-0148-z?null#page-1},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11205-012-0148-z}
    }
    
    Hansen, T. & Slagsvold, B. Alder 2009 Livskvalitet som psykisk velvære  incollection Norwegian  
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Hansen2011,
      author = {Hansen, T. and Slagsvold, B.},
      title = {Alder},
      booktitle = {Livskvalitet som psykisk velvære},
      publisher = {Fagbokforlaget},
      year = {2009}
    }
    
    Hansen, T. & Slagsvold, B. The psychological effects of providing personal care to a partner: a multidimensional perspective 2013 Health Psychology Research
    Vol. 1(2), pp. 126-134 
    article DOI URL  psychological well-being, caregiving, personal care, partner, Norway
    Abstract: The expected increasing demand for informal care in aging societies underscores the importance of understanding the psychological implications of caregiving. This study explores the effect of providing regular help with personal care to a partner on different aspects of psychological well-being. We use cross-sectional data from the Norwegian Life Course, Ageing and Generation study (n. ~15,000; age 40-84) and two-wave panel data from the Norwegian study on Life Course, Ageing and Generation (n. ~ 3000; age 40-84). To separate the effects of providing care from those of the partner’s disability, caregivers are contrasted with non-caregivers with both disabled and nondisabled partners. We separate outcomes into cognitive well-being (life satisfaction), psychological functioning (self-esteem, mastery), and affective well-being (happiness, depression, loneliness). Findings show that caregiving has important cross-sectional and longitudinal detrimental psychological effects. These effects are fairly consistent across all aspects of well-being, demonstrating that caregiving has a broad-based negative impact. Among women, however, these effects are similar to if not weaker than the effects of a partner’s disability. Caregiving effects are constant by age, education, and employment status, but stronger among caregivers with health problems. Providing personal care to a partner is associated with marked adverse psychological effects for men and women irrespective of age and socio-economic status. Hence, no socio-demographic group is immune from caregiving stress, so programs should be targeted generally. The results also suggest that the health needs of caregivers demand more attention.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Hansen2013,
      author = {Hansen, T. and Slagsvold, B.},
      title = {The psychological effects of providing personal care to a partner: a multidimensional perspective},
      journal = {Health Psychology Research},
      year = {2013},
      volume = {1},
      number = {2},
      pages = {126-134},
      url = {http://www.pagepressjournals.org/index.php/hpr/article/view/hpr.2013.e25},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.4082/hpr.2013.e25}
    }
    
    Hansen, T. & Slagsvold, B. Barn eller ikke barn – har det betydning for livskvalitet i siste halvdel av livet? [Children or not: Does it matter for well-being in the second half of life?] 2009 Aldring og livsløp
    Vol. 1, pp. 6-12 
    article Norwegian URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Hansen2009,
      author = {Hansen, T. and Slagsvold, B.},
      title = {Barn eller ikke barn – har det betydning for livskvalitet i siste halvdel av livet? [Children or not: Does it matter for well-being in the second half of life?]},
      journal = {Aldring og livsløp},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {1},
      pages = {6-12},
      note = {NorLAG data},
      url = {http://nova.no/asset/4242/1/4242_1.pdf}
    }
    
    Hansen, T. & Slagsvold, B. Alder og livskvalitet: Falsk eller ekte tilfredshet? [Age and quality of life: False or real satisfaction?] 2009 Aldring og livsløp
    Vol. 26(3-4), pp. 6-11 
    article Norwegian URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Hansen2009a,
      author = {Hansen, T., and Slagsvold, B.},
      title = {Alder og livskvalitet: Falsk eller ekte tilfredshet? [Age and quality of life: False or real satisfaction?]},
      journal = {Aldring og livsløp},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {26},
      number = {3-4},
      pages = {6-11},
      url = {http://nova.no/asset/4243/1/4243_1.pdf}
    }
    
    Hansen, T. & Slagsvold, B. Alder og livskvalitet: Eldre er tilfreds med livet – eller er det bare noe de tror? [Age and quality of life: the elderly are satisfied with life – or do they just think they are?] 2009 Samfunnsspeilet
    Vol. 23(1), pp. 95-98 
    article Norwegian URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Hansen2009b,
      author = {Hansen, T. and Slagsvold, B.},
      title = {Alder og livskvalitet: Eldre er tilfreds med livet – eller er det bare noe de tror? [Age and quality of life: the elderly are satisfied with life – or do they just think they are?]},
      journal = {Samfunnsspeilet},
      publisher = {Statistics Norway},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {23},
      number = {1},
      pages = {95-98},
      url = {http://www.ssb.no/ssp/utg/200901/ssp.pdf}
    }
    
    Haragus, M. Marriage dissolution during and after socialist times – a comparison between Romania, Bulgaria and Hungary 2013 XXVII IUSSP International Population Conference  conference URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Haragus2013,
      author = {Haragus, Mihaela},
      title = {Marriage dissolution during and after socialist times – a comparison between Romania, Bulgaria and Hungary},
      booktitle = {XXVII IUSSP International Population Conference},
      year = {2013},
      url = {http://www.iussp.org/sites/default/files/event_call_for_papers/Haragus_IUSSP_divorce.pdf}
    }
    
    Haragus, P.T. The division of household labour in Romanian families: between gender ideologies, relative resources and time availability 2010 European Population Conference 2010  conference English URL  housework, gender ideology, relative resources, time availability approach
    Abstract: Our intention is to determine which of the most used theoretical constructs (“gender ideology”, “relative resources”, and “time availability approach”) manages to better foresee the amount of housework done by an individual (hours spent for this activity), and the division of housework inside the family. To fulfil our intention we have used the databases from three surveys conducted in Romania in the last years: Gender Poll, conducted in 2000, and a replication and extension of it from 2007 (Life of the couple) and the Generations and Gender Survey (GGS) from 2005. Specific to our analysis is the testing of different models on two distinct populations, at each step: men and women from the sample. The reasons are clear: the analysed variables have a totally different distribution for the two populations and the control variables have, most often, inverse effects. Constructing different models for each gender will show that the effects of the same determinant are different on women and men. Our research shows that the gender ideology can not explain the allocation of housework in a satisfactory way, and many times, the attitudes toward housework or the ideological orientation of family members do not have any significant effect on the behaviour. Most often, this happens in the case of wives: they do most of the housework, no matter how egalitarian or traditional their vision of domestic roles is. “Relative resources perspective” comes to fill in the aspects remained unexplained by the gender ideology approach, but it does not have the effect demonstrated in the Anglo-Saxon cultural space. Our research also shows that the “time availability” approach has explanatory power only for men from urban areas, which can mean that they use the greater amount of hours of paid work rather as a justification of their reduced involvement in the housework.
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Haragus2010a,
      author = {Haragus, P. T.},
      title = {The division of household labour in Romanian families: between gender ideologies, relative resources and time availability},
      booktitle = {European Population Conference 2010},
      publisher = {European Association for Population Studies},
      year = {2010},
      url = {http://epc2010.princeton.edu/abstractViewer.aspx?submissionId=100732}
    }
    
    Helderman, A.C. Continuities in homeownership and residential relocations 2007 School: University of Amsterdam  phdthesis English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @phdthesis{Helderman2007,
      author = {Helderman, A. C.},
      title = {Continuities in homeownership and residential relocations},
      school = {University of Amsterdam},
      year = {2007},
      url = {http://dare.uva.nl/document/45658}
    }
    
    Herlofson, K. How gender and generation matter: examples from research on divorced parents and adult children 2013 Families, Relationships and Societies
    Vol. 2(1), pp. 43-60 
    article DOI   gender; generation; intergenerational relationships; parental divorce
    Abstract: The purpose of this article is to highlight the importance of taking gender and generational position seriously in research on intergenerational family relations, using as illustration the association between parents' marital status and perceived quality of the relationship between parents and adult children. The data stem from the Norwegian Life-course, Generations and Gender Study (N = 15,156). Findings revealed the importance of considering who is being asked and which parent-child dyad (mother-son, mother-daughter, father-son, and father-daughter) is in question. Respondents' generational position mattered considerably. Parents perceived the relationship as more positive, compared to views of adult children. The contrast was magnified when parents were divorced. How gender mattered differed by generational position. Mothers perceived the relationship quality as higher than fathers did, whereas daughters rated the quality as lower, compared to sons. When parents were divorced, data from children showed stronger dyad contrasts than parent-derived data.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Herlofson2013,
      author = {Herlofson, Katharina},
      title = {How gender and generation matter: examples from research on divorced parents and adult children},
      journal = {Families, Relationships and Societies},
      year = {2013},
      volume = {2},
      number = {1},
      pages = {43-60},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/204674313X664699}
    }
    
    Herlofson, K. & Hagestad, G. Challenges in moving from macro to micro: Population and family structures in ageing societies 2011 Demographic Research
    Vol. 25, pp. 337-370 
    article English DOI URL  family structure, gender, generation, micro and macro approaches, multigenerational family structures, population aging
    Abstract: Assumptions are often made about how population ageing on the macro level has altered generational structures of families at the micro level. The purpose of this paper is to increase the awareness of challenges and potential pitfalls in bridging the two levels. To highlight these issues, two common claims found in the literature are questioned and discussed: that increased life expectancy leads to more multigenerational family structures and that reduced fertility means fewer children to care for frail parents. To illustrate, we use population statistics and survey data from selected countries.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Herlofson2011c,
      author = {Katharina Herlofson and Gunhild Hagestad},
      title = {Challenges in moving from macro to micro: Population and family structures in ageing societies},
      journal = {Demographic Research},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {25},
      pages = {337-370},
      url = {http://www.demographic-research.org/volumes/vol25/10/25-10.pdf},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.4054/DemRes.2011.25.10}
    }
    
    Herlofson, K. & Hagestad, G. Forholdet mellom skilte foreldre og voksne barn: God relasjon? Det spørs hvem som spørres [The relationship between divorced parents and adult children: Good relationship? It depends on who you ask] 2009 Samfunnsspeilet
    Vol. 23(1), pp. 25-28 
    article Norwegian URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Herlofson2009c,
      author = {Herlofson, K. and Hagestad, G.},
      title = {Forholdet mellom skilte foreldre og voksne barn: God relasjon? Det spørs hvem som spørres [The relationship between divorced parents and adult children: Good relationship? It depends on who you ask]},
      journal = {Samfunnsspeilet},
      publisher = {Statistics Norway},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {23},
      number = {1},
      pages = {25-28},
      url = {http://www.ssb.no/ssp/utg/200901/ssp.pdf}
    }
    
    Herlofson, K., Hagestad, G., Slagsvold, B. & Sørensen, A.-M. Intergenerational family responsibility and solidarity in Europe 2011 Multilinks deliverable
    Vol. 4.3(4.3), pp. 104 
    techreport English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @techreport{Herlofson2011b,
      author = {Herlofson, K. and Hagestad, G.O. and Slagsvold, B. and Sørensen, A.-M.},
      title = {Intergenerational family responsibility and solidarity in Europe},
      journal = {Multilinks deliverable},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {4.3},
      number = {4.3},
      pages = {104},
      url = {http://www.multilinks-project.eu/uploads/papers/0000/0038/herlofson_deliverable.pdf}
    }
    
    Herlofson, K., Slagsvold, B. & Lima, I. Ansvar for gamle foreldre – fra holdninger til handlinger [Responsibility for elderly parents – from attitudes to behaviour] 2009 Aldring og livsløp
    Vol. 26(3-4), pp. 36-42 
    article Norwegian  
    BibTeX:
    @article{Herlofson2009b,
      author = {Herlofson, K. and Slagsvold, B. and Lima, I.A.},
      title = {Ansvar for gamle foreldre – fra holdninger til handlinger [Responsibility for elderly parents – from attitudes to behaviour]},
      journal = {Aldring og livsløp},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {26},
      number = {3-4},
      pages = {36-42}
    }
    
    Heylen, L. & Mortelmans, D. Explaining parent-child proximity in Eastern and Western Europe: a micro and macro perspective 2009 Multilinks deliverable, pp. 96  techreport URL 
    BibTeX:
    @techreport{Heylen2009,
      author = {Heylen, L. and Mortelmans, D.},
      title = {Explaining parent-child proximity in Eastern and Western Europe: a micro and macro perspective},
      journal = {Multilinks deliverable},
      year = {2009},
      pages = {96},
      url = {http://www.multilinks-project.eu/uploads/papers/0000/0014/Deliverable_1_-_Cello_-_Heylen-Mortelmans.pdf}
    }
    
    Hill, M.S. & Yeung, W.-J.J. Behaviour and Status of Children, Adolescents and Young Adults 2000 Generations and Gender Programme: Exploring future research and data collection options, pp. 1-56  incollection English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Hill2000a,
      author = {Hill, M. S. and Yeung, W-J. J.},
      title = {Behaviour and Status of Children, Adolescents and Young Adults},
      booktitle = {Generations and Gender Programme: Exploring future research and data collection options},
      publisher = {United Nations},
      year = {2000},
      pages = {1-56},
      url = {http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.86.2109&rep=rep1&type=pdf}
    }
    
    Hintermeyer, P. Errance et vacuité 2007 L’errance et la solitude chez les jeunes, pp. 79-88  incollection French  
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Hintermeyer2007c,
      author = {Hintermeyer, P.},
      title = {Errance et vacuité},
      booktitle = {L’errance et la solitude chez les jeunes},
      publisher = {Téraèdre},
      year = {2007},
      pages = {79-88}
    }
    
    Hintermeyer, P. Errances juvéniles 2008 Chemins vers l’âge d’homme, pp. 7-16  incollection French  
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Hintermeyer2008a,
      author = {Hintermeyer, P.},
      title = {Errances juvéniles},
      booktitle = {Chemins vers l’âge d’homme},
      publisher = {Presses de l’Université Laval},
      year = {2008},
      pages = {7-16}
    }
    
    Hintermeyer, P. & Avdeev, A. Mal-être, genre et âge 2009 Portraits de familles, pp. 471-493  incollection French  
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Hintermeyer2009a,
      author = {Hintermeyer, P. and Avdeev, A.},
      title = {Mal-être, genre et âge},
      booktitle = {Portraits de familles},
      publisher = {Ined, Paris},
      year = {2009},
      pages = {471-493}
    }
    
    Hintermeyer, P., Delarre, S. & Avdeev, A. Crise de la vie et sentiment de mal-être 2007 Chaire Quételet  conference French  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Hintermeyer2007b,
      author = {Hintermeyer, P. and Delarre, S. and Avdeev, A.},
      title = {Crise de la vie et sentiment de mal-être},
      booktitle = {Chaire Quételet},
      year = {2007}
    }
    
    Hobcraft, J. Circumstances of young adults: Results from the Generations and Gender Programme 2009 How Generations and Gender Shape Demographic Change. Towards policies based on better knowledge, pp. 83-106  incollection English  
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Hobcraft2009a,
      author = {Hobcraft, J.},
      title = {Circumstances of young adults: Results from the Generations and Gender Programme},
      booktitle = {How Generations and Gender Shape Demographic Change. Towards policies based on better knowledge},
      publisher = {United Nations},
      year = {2009},
      pages = {83-106}
    }
    
    Hoem, J. & Muresan, C. The Total Marital Fertility Rate and its Extensions 2011 European Journal of Population
    Vol. 27(3), pp. 295-312 
    article DOI URL 
    Abstract: What we will call the age- based TMFR is computed conventionally by adding up age-specific marital fertility rates in the hope of estimating the number of children ever born to a woman who is married throughout her childbearing years. Demographers have long been strongly skeptical about this quantity because it normally indicates implausibly many children. Our analysis of data from the Romanian GGS confirms this finding, and we propose an alternative duration- based TMFR computed in the spirit of parity-progression ratios. At the same time, we extend the method to cover any type of living arrangement (cohabitation, marriage, non-partnered arrangement, and so on). Because each resulting total union-type fertility rate ( TUFR) explicitly accounts for the living arrangement, it improves on the conventional total fertility rate (TFR), which does not. We embed the investigation in an event-history analysis with fixed and time-varying control covariates and find patterns of relative risks for such variables that reveal interesting features of childbearing behavior in the Romanian data, which we use to illustrate the method. In most cases, these patterns are quite robust against model re-specification, including the shift from the age-based to the duration-based approach. Since, the number of female respondents is 'only' about 6,000 (minus records that cannot be used for the current purpose) in a normal single-round GGS, there is considerable inherent random variation in the data set, but we show that simple few-term moving average graduation suffices to overcome this problem.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Hoem2011b,
      author = {Hoem, Jan and Muresan, Cornelia},
      title = {The Total Marital Fertility Rate and its Extensions},
      journal = {European Journal of Population},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {27},
      number = {3},
      pages = {295-312},
      url = {http://www.demogr.mpg.de/en/projects_publications/publications_1904/journal_articles/the_total_marital_fertility_rate_and_its_extensions_4241.htm},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10680-011-9237-y}
    }
    
    Hoem, J.M., Aassve, A., Andersson, G., Baizán, P., Billari, F., Engelhardt, H., Fürnkranz-Prskawetz, A., Hank, K., Heinink, J., Kohler, H.-P., Kohlmann, A., Kreyendfeld, M., Neyer, G. & Vikat, A. Concepts for a second round of fertility and family surveys in Europe with particular attention paid to persons of preproductive/working age 2000 Generations and Gender Programme: Exploring future research and data collection options, pp. 59-100  incollection English  
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Hoem2000a,
      author = {Hoem, J. M. and Aassve, A. and Andersson, G. and Baizán, P. and Billari, F. and Engelhardt, H. and Fürnkranz-Prskawetz, A. and Hank, K. and Heinink, J. and Kohler, H.-P. and Kohlmann, A. and Kreyendfeld, M. and Neyer, G. and Vikat, A.},
      title = {Concepts for a second round of fertility and family surveys in Europe with particular attention paid to persons of preproductive/working age},
      booktitle = {Generations and Gender Programme: Exploring future research and data collection options},
      publisher = {United Nations},
      year = {2000},
      pages = {59-100}
    }
    
    Hoem, J.M., Kostova, D., Jasilioniene, A. & Mure?an, C. Traces of the Second Demographic Transition in four selected countries in Central and Eastern Europe: Union formation as a Demographic Manifestation 2009 European Journal of Population
    Vol. 25(3), pp. 239-255 
    article English DOI URL  Marriage, Cohabitation, First union, Joint analysis of competing risks, Second Demographic Transition, Central and Eastern Europe, Russia, Romania, Hungary, Bulgaria
    Abstract: Using data from the first round of the national Gender and Generations Surveys of Russia, Romania, and Bulgaria, and from a similar survey of Hungary, which were all collected in recent years, we study rates of entry into marital and non-marital unions. We have used elements from the narrative of the Second Demographic Transition (SDT) as a vehicle to give our analysis of the data from the four countries some coherence, and find what can be traces of the SDT in these countries. The details vary by country; in particular, latter-day developments in union formation patterns did not start at the same time in all the countries, but in our assessment it began everywhere before communism fell, that is, before the societal transition to a market economy got underway in 1990.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Hoem2009c,
      author = {Hoem, J. M. and Kostova, D. and Jasilioniene, A. and Mure?an, C.},
      title = {Traces of the Second Demographic Transition in four selected countries in Central and Eastern Europe: Union formation as a Demographic Manifestation},
      journal = {European Journal of Population},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {25},
      number = {3},
      pages = {239-255},
      url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2720586/},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10680-009-9177-y}
    }
    
    Hoem, J.M., Kostova, D., Jasilioniene, A. & Muresan, C. The structure of recent first-union formation in Romania 2009 Romanian Journal of Population Studies
    Vol. 3(1), pp. 33-44 
    article English URL  first-union formation, cohabitation, marriage, conversion of cohabitation to marriage, Romania
    BibTeX:
    @article{Hoem2009b,
      author = {Hoem, J. M. and Kostova, D. and Jasilioniene, A. and Muresan, C.},
      title = {The structure of recent first-union formation in Romania},
      journal = {Romanian Journal of Population Studies},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {3},
      number = {1},
      pages = {33-44},
      url = {http://www.ceeol.com/aspx/issuedetails.aspx?issueid=ea33b444-1639-489a-a911-fad4c119a8ad&articleId=9c4874de-3fa0-4282-86a7-8b7cb55354f9}
    }
    
    Hoem, J.M. & Muresan, C. An extension of the conventional TFR 2011 European Journal of Population
    Vol. 27, pp. 389-402 
    article URL 
    Abstract: The period-based total fertility rate is probably the most commonly used single measure of a population's fertility level, but it has the disadvantage that it only controls for the population's age distribution and not for any other subdividing feature, such as the parity distribution, ethnic composition, or educational attainment. This may lead the TFR to change because the population composition changes, even when the underlying fertility remains constant in each population sub-group. In the present contribution, we use elementary event-history methods to show how one can easily control the TFR against a change in the population's distribution across any selected subdivision. We use the data of the Romanian Gender and Generations Survey of 2005 to illustrate how this can be done.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Hoem2011,
      author = {Hoem, J. M. and Muresan, C.},
      title = {An extension of the conventional TFR},
      journal = {European Journal of Population},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {27},
      pages = {389-402},
      url = {http://www.demogr.mpg.de/en/projects_publications/publications_1904/journal_articles/an_extension_of_the_conventional_tfr_4240.htm}
    }
    
    Hoem, J.M. & Muresan, C. The Role of Consensual Unions in Romanian Total Fertility 2011 Stockholm research reports in demography
    Vol. 16(16), pp. 1-13 
    article URL 
    Abstract: The purpose of the present paper is to complete previous analyses of duration-based Total Fertility Rates specific for union types (TUFRs) as contained in the Romanian Generations and Gender Survey. The present analysis covers the period 1965-2005, going back twenty more years than before. It reproduces negative educational gradients in fertility, now for women in consensual unions and in direct marriages, separately. Partnered Romanian women have a high duration-based Total Fertility Rate even when they are enrolled in education. For women with a low educational attainment we find that the total fertility in marital and in cohabitational unions are largely of the same size order. The Total Fertility Rate for a consensual union that is converted into a marriage appears as a contribution from the cohabitational period added to a separate contribution from the marital period.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Hoem2011a,
      author = {Hoem, Jan M. and Muresan, Cornelia},
      title = {The Role of Consensual Unions in Romanian Total Fertility},
      journal = {Stockholm research reports in demography},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {16},
      number = {16},
      pages = {1-13},
      url = {http://www.demogr.mpg.de/en/projects_publications/publications_1904/other_working_papers/the_role_of_consensual_unions_in_romanian_total_fertility_4544.htm}
    }
    
    Hoem, J.M. & Muresan, C. The Total Marital Fertility Rate and its Extensions 2010 Stockholm research reports in demography
    Vol. 13, pp. 1-23 
    article English URL  Romania, fertility
    Abstract: What we will call the age-based TMFR is computed by adding up age-specific marital-fertility rates in the hope of estimating the number of children ever born to a woman who is married throughout the childbearing years. Demographers have long been strongly skeptical about this quantity because it normally indicates implausibly many children. Our analysis of data from the Romanian GGS confirms this finding, but also shows that when we embed the investigation in an event-history analysis with fixed and time-varying control covariates, patterns of relative risks reveal interesting features of childbearing behavior which are quite robust against model re-specification. This is also true when we replace the age-based TMFR by an alternative duration-based TMFR and extend the method to cover any type of living arrangement. Because the resulting Total Union-type Fertility Rate (TUFR) explicitly accounts for the living arrangement, it improves on the Total Fertility Rate, which does not. This highlights the importance of transcending the limitations of conventional published statistics and gives a scope for improving the latter.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Hoem2010,
      author = {Hoem, J. M. and Muresan, C.},
      title = {The Total Marital Fertility Rate and its Extensions},
      journal = {Stockholm research reports in demography},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {13},
      pages = {1-23},
      note = {Stockholm University},
      url = {http://www.suda.su.se/SRRD/SRRD_2010_13.pdf}
    }
    
    Hoem, J.M., Muresan, C. & Haragus, M. Recent features of cohabitational and marital fertility in Romania 2013 (WP 2013-007)  techreport URL  fertility in consensual unions, marital fertility by length of premarital cohabitation, fertility by educational attainment and union type, fertility rates aggregated over all durations, event-history modeling, GGS, Romania.
    Abstract: Until the late 1980s there was little non-marital cohabitation in Romania; time in consensual unions constituted only a few per cent of the total time spent in unions every year. After the fall of state socialism, the overall fraction in consensual unions grew steadily, and by 2005 it had reached some ten per cent. This development had consequences for the patterns of childbearing. The purpose of the present paper is to display selected features of fertility in consensual and marital unions in Romania over the period 1985-2005 based on the data from the national Generations and Gender Survey of 2005. To this end we use underlying fertility rates specified by union duration and utilize a metric based on an aggregation of such rates over all durations, irrespective of parity. We also highlight groups of women who have been particularly prone to have children outside marriage. This turns out to be women with a low educational attainment and women of a rural origin. Women in consensual unions in these two groups were especially strongly affected by the dramatic changes in family policies around 1990, and their aggregate fertility in cohabitational unions in subsequent years is largely of the same size order as in marital unions. For the fertility of partnered women in the two groups it does not seem to matter much whether they are married.
    BibTeX:
    @techreport{Hoem2013,
      author = {Hoem, Jan M. and Muresan, Cornelia and Haragus, Mihaela},
      title = {Recent features of cohabitational and marital fertility in Romania},
      year = {2013},
      number = {WP 2013-007},
      url = {http://www.demogr.mpg.de/papers/working/wp-2013-007.pdf}
    }
    
    Hofäcker, C., Riebling, J. & Stoilova, R. Explaining the Division of Paid and Unpaid Work in Western and Eastern Europe: The Role of Institutional and Cultural Framework Conditions 2010 Joint ECSR/QMSS2/TransEurope Conference. Analysing Education, Family, Work and Welfare in Modern Societies: Methodological Approaches and Empirical Evidence.  conference English  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Hofaecker2010a,
      author = {Hofäcker, C. and Riebling, J. and Stoilova, R.},
      title = {Explaining the Division of Paid and Unpaid Work in Western and Eastern Europe: The Role of Institutional and Cultural Framework Conditions},
      booktitle = {Joint ECSR/QMSS2/TransEurope Conference. Analysing Education, Family, Work and Welfare in Modern Societies: Methodological Approaches and Empirical Evidence.},
      year = {2010},
      note = {Germany}
    }
    
    Hofäcker, D., Stoilova, R. & Riebling, J.R. The gendered division of paid and unpaid work in different institutional regimes: comparing West Germany, East Germany and Bulgaria 2013 European sociological review
    Vol. 29(2), pp. 192-209 
    article DOI URL 
    Abstract: The division of paid and unpaid work between spouses is essential for the placement of women within paid work, and hence implies several consequences—for the returns, which women receive for their education, for women's employment status in the active age, for women's horizontal and vertical labour segregation, and for their amount of pensions after retirement. Previous findings suggest that there exist systematic relationships between a country's institutional background and the division of family tasks and employment between men and women. Few previous studies, however, have attempted a thorough analysis of the cross-nationally different ‘typical strategies’ of simultaneously dividing both paid and unpaid work between spouses, and its individual determinants. Our paper intends to fill this gap by identifying the type of strategies that women develop for combining paid and unpaid work in Bulgaria, West Germany, and East Germany, with specific emphasis on a more detailed task-oriented analysis of unpaid housework in the three different institutional contexts. Our analytical interest on the one hand lies on identifying nation-specific peculiarities as well as cross-national differences in the choice of specific reconciliation strategies. At the same time, we aim to identify the micro-level determinants that influence or shape a specific choice of strategies. Empirically, we draw back to the West German, East German, and Bulgarian data of the first wave (2006) of the Gender and Generations Programme (GGP), a newly available data set by the UN that allows for a detailed consideration of the above mentioned aspects. Descriptive statistics as well as logistic regression will be used to test for the hypothesized relationships.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Hofaecker2013,
      author = {Hofäcker, Dirk and Stoilova, Rumiana and Riebling, Jan R},
      title = {The gendered division of paid and unpaid work in different institutional regimes: comparing West Germany, East Germany and Bulgaria},
      journal = {European sociological review},
      publisher = {Oxford Univ Press},
      year = {2013},
      volume = {29},
      number = {2},
      pages = {192-209},
      url = {DOI:10.1093/esr/jcr055},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/http://esr.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2011/07/14/esr.jcr055.full.pdf+html}
    }
    
    Hofmann, E. & Buckley, C. Cultural responses to changing gender patterns of migration in Georgia 2012 Internal Migration
    Vol. 50, pp. 77-94 
    article URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Hofmann2011,
      author = {Hofmann, E. and Buckley, C.},
      title = {Cultural responses to changing gender patterns of migration in Georgia},
      journal = {Internal Migration},
      year = {2012},
      volume = {50},
      pages = {77-94},
      url = {http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1468-2435.2010.00681.x/pdf}
    }
    
    Höhn, C., Ette, A. & Ruckdeschel, K. Kinderwünsche in Deutschland - Konsequenzen für eine nachhaltige Familienpolitik 2007   book German URL 
    BibTeX:
    @book{Hoehn2007a,
      author = {Höhn, C. and Ette, A. and Ruckdeschel, K.},
      title = {Kinderwünsche in Deutschland - Konsequenzen für eine nachhaltige Familienpolitik},
      publisher = {Robert Bosch Stiftung},
      year = {2007},
      url = {http://www.bosch-stiftung.de/content/language2/downloads/BuG_Familie_Studie_Kinderwunsch.pdf}
    }
    
    Höhne, S. Raná fáze rodicovství - péce o deti ve vybraných evropských zemích. [Early stage of parenthood - care for children in selected European countries.] 2008 Práce a péce : Promeny "rodicovské" v Ceské republice a kontext rodinné politiky Evropské unie., pp. 105-124  incollection  
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Hoehne2008,
      author = {Höhne, S.},
      title = {Raná fáze rodicovství - péce o deti ve vybraných evropských zemích. [Early stage of parenthood - care for children in selected European countries.]},
      booktitle = {Práce a péce : Promeny "rodicovské" v Ceské republice a kontext rodinné politiky Evropské unie.},
      publisher = {Prague, Sociologické nakladatelství},
      year = {2008},
      pages = {105-124}
    }
    
    Höhne, S. & Št'astná, A. Transition to adulthood and leaving the parental home in the Czech Republic 2008 How Generations and Gender shape demographic change: towards policies based on better knowledge  conference URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Hoehne2008a,
      author = {Höhne, S. and Št'astná, A.},
      title = {Transition to adulthood and leaving the parental home in the Czech Republic},
      booktitle = {How Generations and Gender shape demographic change: towards policies based on better knowledge},
      year = {2008},
      url = {http://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/pau/_docs/ggp/2008/GGP_2008_GGConf_PresnDHohne.pdf}
    }
    
    Houle, R. & Spielauer, M. Sample size and statistical significance of hazard regression parameters. An exploration by means of Monte Carlo simulation of four transition models based on the Hungarian GGS data 2004 MPIDR Working Paper
    Vol. 020, pp. 22 
    article English URL  event history surveys, microsimulation, samples, simulation
    BibTeX:
    @article{Houle2004a,
      author = {Houle, R. and Spielauer, M.},
      title = {Sample size and statistical significance of hazard regression parameters. An exploration by means of Monte Carlo simulation of four transition models based on the Hungarian GGS data},
      journal = {MPIDR Working Paper},
      year = {2004},
      volume = {020},
      pages = {22},
      note = {Germany},
      url = {http://www.demogr.mpg.de/papers/working/wp-2004-020.pdf}
    }
    
    Hubert, S., Althammer, J. & Korucu-Rieger, C. Soziodemographische Merkmale und psychophysisches Befinden älterer türkischer Migrantinnen und Migranten in Deutschland: Eine Untersuchung auf Basis der Haupt- und Zusatzbefragung des Generations and Gender Survey der ersten Welle 2009 Schriftenreihe des Bundesinstituts für Bevölkerungsforschung
    Vol. Working Paper 39(39) 
    book URL 
    Abstract: Unter Verwendung der ersten Welle der in Deutschland durchgeführten Zusatzbefragung des Generations and Gender Survey (GGS) werden die objektiven und subjektiven Lebenslagendimensionen (soziodemographische und migrationsspezifische Merkmale, berufliche und materielle Situation, familiäres Netzwerk, subjektives Wohlbefinden und Gesundheit) älterer türkischer Migranten ab 50 Jahre, die überwiegend anlässlich des bilateralen Anwerbeabkommens zwischen Deutschland und der Türkei als „Gastarbeiter“ oder Familiennachzügler in das Land wanderten, zunächst deskriptiv untersucht. Zur besseren Einschätzung und Bewertung der Ergebnisse werden die Daten mit den entsprechenden Werten der deutschen Befragten ohne Migrationsbiographie aus der Hauptbefragung des GGS verglichen und Differenzen auf Signifikanz getestet. Ziel war es darüber hinaus, Ordered Probit- und Logit-Regressionsmodelle zur Untersuchung des subjektiven Wohlbefindens und der Gesundheit zu schätzen. Der subjektive Gesundheitszustand der Frauen lässt sich insgesamt etwas besser als der der Männer erklären. Dabei besitzt der objektive Indikator „Angewiesenheit auf regelmäßige Hilfe bei täglichen Verrichtungen“ ein erhebliches Gewicht, daneben die Prädiktoren finanzielles Wohlbefinden und deutsche Sprachkenntnisse. Der Gesundheitszustand der Migrantinnen verschlechtert sich zusätzlich durch emotionale Einsamkeit. Soziale Indikatoren kommen eher in den deutschen Modellschätzungen zum Tragen. Einsamkeit als Indikator für das Wohlbefinden wird teilweise durch das soziale Netzwerk abgefedert, aber wesentlich schwächer als erwartet. Eine Systematik ergibt sich nicht. Wirkungsvoll ist jedenfalls die Existenz einer Partnerschaft. Teilweise senken die eigenen Kinder und Gesprächspartner für persönliche Belange die Wahrscheinlichkeit für soziale Einsamkeit, während sich der Verbleibswunsch als wirksam für die Abwesenheit emotionaler Einsamkeit erweist. Darüber hinaus wurden soziale Migrantencluster per Faktoren- und Clusteranalysen generiert, um die Auswirkung clusterbeeinflusster Akkulturationsstrategien auf das Wohlbefinden und den Gesundheitszustand messen zu können, welche aber lediglich tendenziell bestehen. Alle Untersuchungen werden nach dem Geschlecht getrennt vorgenommen.
    BibTeX:
    @book{Hubert2009,
      author = {Hubert, Sandra and Althammer, Jörg and Korucu-Rieger, Canan},
      title = {Soziodemographische Merkmale und psychophysisches Befinden älterer türkischer Migrantinnen und Migranten in Deutschland: Eine Untersuchung auf Basis der Haupt- und Zusatzbefragung des Generations and Gender Survey der ersten Welle},
      journal = {Schriftenreihe des Bundesinstituts für Bevölkerungsforschung},
      publisher = {Pro Business},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {Working Paper 39},
      number = {39},
      url = {http://books.google.nl/books?id=zJuihdTMpNMC&pg=PA1&lpg=PA1&dq=Soziodemographische+Merkmale+und+psychophysisches+Befinden+älterer+türkischer+Migrantinnen+und+Migranten+in+Deutschland:+Eine+Untersuchung+auf+Basis+der+Haupt-+und+Zusatzbefragung+des+Generations+and+Gender+Survey+der+ersten+Welle&source=bl&ots=X1Tt-r888G&sig=YwlHLdx5HrYwzjknKd-oEL7ZVx4&hl=en&sa=X&ei=Vv69UJnjN4al0QXy6IHQCw&redir_esc=y}
    }
    
    Huijnk, W. Family life and ethnic attitudes: The role of the family for attitudes towards intermarriage and acculturation among minority and majority groups 2011 School: Utrecht University  phdthesis English URL 
    Abstract: Over the last decades, the population of most Western European societies, including the Netherlands, has become culturally much more diverse. This resulted in strong cultural and social boundaries between ethnic groups. It is of societal importance to enhance our understanding of the factors which influence these boundaries. The research presented in this book therefore examines the boundaries between ethnic Dutch and the four largest ethnic minority groups in the Netherlands: Turkish-Dutch, Moroccan-Dutch, Surinamese-Dutch and Antillean-Dutch. The focus is on the opposition towards interethnic marriage of ethnic Dutch and ethnic minority groups, and on the acculturation attitudes of the latter. The aim of the present research is to increase our understanding of the ways in which the family context relates to these ethnic attitudes. This dissertation consists of five empirical chapters focusing on the role of different aspects of the family for ethnic attitudes. Analyses are based on data from the Netherlands Kinship Panel Study (NKPS). The results show that family life in adulthood is a neglected but relevant factor in understanding and explaining ethnic attitudes. This is found for ethnic minority and majority groups, through different pathways of influence, with respect to different ethnic attitudes, towards different ethnic out-groups, and for relationships with the nuclear family and with the family of origin. In addition, this dissertation demonstrates the important role of the family of origin for ethnic attitudes of adults, through the transmission of attitudes between family members, and, indirectly, via the transmission of social and cultural positions. Finally, the results show that family relationships in adolescence and adult life matter for immigrants’ attitudes towards socio-cultural maintenance and the attitude towards socio-cultural adaptation, though more strongly for the former.
    BibTeX:
    @phdthesis{Huijnk2011a,
      author = {Huijnk, W.},
      title = {Family life and ethnic attitudes: The role of the family for attitudes towards intermarriage and acculturation among minority and majority groups},
      school = {Utrecht University},
      year = {2011},
      url = {http://igitur-archive.library.uu.nl/dissertations/2011-0112-200327/UUindex.html}
    }
    
    Huijnk, W., Verkuyten, M. & Coenders, M. Intermarriage attitude among ethnic minority and majority groups in the Netherlands: the role of family relations and immigrant characteristics 2010 Journal of Comparative Family Studies
    Vol. 41(3), pp. 389-414 
    article URL 
    Abstract: Using a Dutch national sample containing 7,158 respondents, we examined to what extent 1) ethnic background, 2) family characteristics and 3) migrant characteristics are related to ethnic distance, expressed through the intermarriage attitude, of the Dutch majority and four migrant groups: Turks, Moroccans, Surinamese and Antilleans. First, our study showed that large differences in ethnic distance exist between the five ethnic groups. In concordance with notions of group status, the Dutch majority group showed relatively high levels of ethnic distance towards migrants. However, of the five ethnic groups under investigation, Moroccans reported the highest levels of ethnic distance. Second, results show that family cohesion, expressed through the adherence to strict family norms and contacts within the family network, is related to more resistance to ethnic intermarriage. This supports the idea that family cohesion fosters a preference for interactions with culturally similar persons since people from different cultural backgrounds can be seen as threatening the cultural identity and solidarity of one's own group. Traditional family values were related to more resistance, while qualitative good relations related negatively to the resistance to intermarriage. The last finding confirms the notion that affective and warm (family) relations increase tolerance and positive attitudes towards ethnic out-groups. Third, with respect to migrant characteristics, the results indicated that Dutch language proficiency leads to less resistance to ethnic intermarriage, while migration out of family reasons increases the resistance to ethnic intermarriage. No association was found between the intermarriage attitude and generational status or length of stay.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Huijnk2010,
      author = {Huijnk, W. and Verkuyten, M. and Coenders,M.},
      title = {Intermarriage attitude among ethnic minority and majority groups in the Netherlands: the role of family relations and immigrant characteristics},
      journal = {Journal of Comparative Family Studies},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {41(3)},
      pages = {389-414},
      url = {http://ics.uda.ub.rug.nl/FILES/root/Articles/2010/HuijnkW-Intermarriag/2010-HuijnkW-Intermarriage.pdf}
    }
    
    Huinink, J. Family 2009 RatSWD working paper
    Vol. 109, pp. 14 
    article URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Hunink2009,
      author = {Huinink, J.},
      title = {Family},
      journal = {RatSWD working paper},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {109},
      pages = {14},
      url = {http://www.ratswd.de/download/RatSWD_WP_2009/RatSWD_WP_109.pdf}
    }
    
    Ivanova, K., Kalmijn, M. & Uunk, W. The Effect of Children on Men's and Women's Chances of Re-partnering in a European Context 2013 European Journal of Population / Revue européenne de Démographie
    Vol. 0, pp. 1-28 
    article English DOI URL  Children; Gender differences; Re-partnering; Residence; Enfants; Différences de genre; Nouvelle union; Résidence
    Abstract: This work examines what role children play in the re-partnering process in five European countries (Norway, France, Germany, Romania, and the Russian Federation) by addressing the following research questions: (1) To what extent do men and women differ in their re-partnering chances?; (2) Can gender differences in re-partnering be explained by the presence of children?; (3) How do the custodial arrangements and the child’s age affect the re-partnering chances of men and women? We use the partnership and parenthood histories of the participants in the first wave of the Generations and Gender Survey (United Nations, Generations and Gender Programme: Survey Instruments. United Nations, New York/Geneva, 2005) to examine the transition to moving in with a new partner following the dissolution of the first marital union, separately for men and women. The story that emerges is one of similarities in the effects rather than differences. In most countries, men are more likely to re-partner than women. This gender difference can be attributed to the presence of children as our analyses show that childless men and women do not differ in their probability to re-partner. Mothers with resident children are less likely to re-partner than non-mothers and a similar though often non-significant effect of resident children is observed for fathers. In most countries we find that as the child ages, the chances to enter a new union increase. In sum, our study indicates that children are an important factor in re-partnering and a contributor to the documented gender gap in re-partnering, and this holds throughout distinct institutional and cultural settings.

    Cet article étudie le rôle joué par les enfants dans la formation d’une nouvelle union dans cinq pays européens (Norvège, France, Allemagne, Roumanie et la Fédération de Russie) en tentant de répondre aux questions de recherche suivantes (1) dans quelle mesure les probabilités des hommes et des femmes de former une nouvelle union diffèrent-elles ? (2) la présence d’enfants peut-elle expliquer les différences de genre dans ce domaine ? (3) Les dispositions relatives à la garde de l’enfant et l’âge de l’enfant ont-ils un impact sur les probabilités d’une nouvelle union pour les hommes et pour les femmes ? Les histoires des unions et les histoires parentales des participants à la première vague des enquêtes Générations et Genre (GGS, Nations Unies ?, 2005) ont été utilisées pour étudier la transition vers une nouvelle union après la dissolution du premier mariage pour les hommes et pour les femmes séparément. Les résultats montrent des effets semblables plutôt que divergents. Dans la plupart des pays, les hommes ont des probabilités de former une nouvelle union plus élevées que les femmes. Cette différence de genre peut être attribuée à la présence d’enfants car nos analyses montrent que les probabilités d’une nouvelle union des hommes et des femmes sans enfant sont similaires. Les mères dont les enfants vivent avec elles sont moins susceptibles de former une nouvelle union que les femmes sans enfant, un effet semblable quoique non significatif étant observé pour les pères vivant avec leurs enfants. Dans la plupart des pays, plus l’enfant est âgé et plus les chances de former une nouvelle union augmentent. En résumé, notre étude montre que les enfants jouent un rôle important dans la transition vers une nouvelle union et qu’ils contribuent aux différences de genre, déjà connues, dans la formation d’une nouvelle union, ceci quels que soient les contextes culturels et institutionnels.

    BibTeX:
    @article{Ivanova2013,
      author = {Ivanova, K. and Kalmijn, M. and Uunk, W.},
      title = {The Effect of Children on Men's and Women's Chances of Re-partnering in a European Context},
      journal = {European Journal of Population / Revue européenne de Démographie},
      publisher = {Springer Netherlands},
      year = {2013},
      volume = {0},
      pages = {1-28},
      url = {http://rd.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007%2Fs10680-013-9294-5.pdf},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10680-013-9294-5}
    }
    
    Ivanova, K., Kalmijn, M. & Uunk, W. The Effect of Children on Men’s and Women’s Chances of Re-partnering in a European Context 2013 European Journal of Population/Revue européenne de Démographie
    Vol. 29, pp. 1-28 
    article DOI URL 
    Abstract: This work examines what role children play in the re-partnering process in five European countries (Norway, France, Germany, Romania, and the Russian Federation) by addressing the following research questions: (1) To what extent do men and women differ in their re-partnering chances?; (2) Can gender differences in re-partnering be explained by the presence of children?; (3) How do the custodial arrangements and the child’s age affect the re-partnering chances of men and women? We use the partnership and parenthood histories of the participants in the first wave of the Generations and Gender Survey (United Nations, Generations and Gender Programme: Survey Instruments. United Nations, New York/Geneva, 2005) to examine the transition to moving in with a new partner following the dissolution of the first marital union, separately for men and women. The story that emerges is one of similarities in the effects rather than differences. In most countries, men are more likely to re-partner than women. This gender difference can be attributed to the presence of children as our analyses show that childless men and women do not differ in their probability to re-partner. Mothers with resident children are less likely to re-partner than non-mothers and a similar though often non-significant effect of resident children is observed for fathers. In most countries we find that as the child ages, the chances to enter a new union increase. In sum, our study indicates that children are an important factor in re-partnering and a contributor to the documented gender gap in re-partnering, and this holds throughout distinct institutional and cultural settings.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Ivanova2013a,
      author = {Ivanova, Katya and Kalmijn, Matthijs and Uunk, Wilfred},
      title = {The Effect of Children on Men’s and Women’s Chances of Re-partnering in a European Context},
      journal = {European Journal of Population/Revue européenne de Démographie},
      publisher = {Springer},
      year = {2013},
      volume = {29},
      pages = {1-28},
      url = {http://rd.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007%2Fs10680-013-9294-5.pdf},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10680-013-9294-5}
    }
    
    Iwama, A. Gender and the Sense of Burden Regarding Childrearing: A Comparative Analysis of Japan, Germany and Italy 2009 Journal of Population Problem
    Vol. 65(2), pp. 21-35 
    article English  
    BibTeX:
    @article{Iwama2009a,
      author = {Iwama, A.},
      title = {Gender and the Sense of Burden Regarding Childrearing: A Comparative Analysis of Japan, Germany and Italy},
      journal = {Journal of Population Problem},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {65},
      number = {2},
      pages = {21-35}
    }
    
    Iwama, A. The Effect of Women’s Employment on Men and Women’s Desire for Children in Japan 2006 Journal of Population Problem
    Vol. 62(1/2), pp. 21-35 
    article English URL 
    Abstract: The purpose of this article is to explore the relationship between women's employment and desire of Japanese married couples for children using the data of The Comparative Survey on Marriage and Families in Japan (2004). First, I review extant studies concerning the determinants of desire for children and of childbirth in industrialized societies. These studies indicate the importance of women's employment, family income and family values. Based on these studies, I construct four hypotheses. Second, I examine the empirical support for these hypotheses among married couples, which has not been studied thus far in Japan. Using Logit regressions, the following main results are obtained: 1) the determinants of desire for children vary by parity, 2) the determinants of desire for children vary by gender, namely, while low family income discourages and wives' employment encourages husbands' desire for children, women's employment lowers wives' desire for children with respect to a second child, 3) basically, family income substantially affects desire for children; in particular, men with low family income hesitate to have a second child, while women with low family income and high educational expenses tend to avoid a third child, 4) the positive perception of child rearing increases the desire to have children among both men and women, while perceived importance of children in marriage increases women's desire for children. In sum, women's employment affects desire for children among married couples in contemporary Japan. Based on the results, I discuss policy implications from a gender perspective. (author's)
    BibTeX:
    @article{Iwama2006a,
      author = {Iwama, A.},
      title = {The Effect of Women’s Employment on Men and Women’s Desire for Children in Japan},
      journal = {Journal of Population Problem},
      year = {2006},
      volume = {62},
      number = {1/2},
      pages = {21-35},
      note = {The Comparative Survey on Marriage and Families in Japan (2004) data},
      url = {http://www.popline.org/node/174477}
    }
    
    Jakoby, N. Diversität des Familien- und Verwandtschaftslebens – Zur Bedeutung des erweiterten Familienkreises [Diversität des Familien- und Verwandtschaftslebens – Zur Bedeutung des erweiterten Familienkreises] 2008 Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungswissenschaft
    Vol. 32, pp. 207-228 
    article German DOI URL  Verwandtschaft - erweiterte Familie - Onkel und Tanten - Cousins und Cousinen - Nichten und Neffen // Kinship - extended family - uncles and aunts - cousins - nieces and nephews
    BibTeX:
    @article{Jakoby2008a,
      author = {Jakoby, N.},
      title = {Diversität des Familien- und Verwandtschaftslebens – Zur Bedeutung des erweiterten Familienkreises [Diversität des Familien- und Verwandtschaftslebens – Zur Bedeutung des erweiterten Familienkreises]},
      journal = {Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungswissenschaft},
      year = {2008},
      volume = {32},
      pages = {207-228},
      url = {http://www.springerlink.com/content/bl5225nw58262gl6/},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12523-009-0011-8}
    }
    
    Jaschinski, I. Der Übergang in eine nacheheliche Partnerschaft: eine vergleichende Analyse zwischen Männern und Frauen auf Basis des deutschen Generations and Gender Surveys // Re-partnering after divorce in Germany: a comparison between men and women based on analysis with the Generations and Gender Survey 2009 MPIDR Working Paper
    Vol. 038, pp. 28 
    article German URL  Nacheheliche Paarbildung, Trennung, Scheidung, Ereignisanalyse // post-divorce re-partnering, re-partnering, separation, divorce, event history
    Abstract: Due to continuous high marital dissolution rates, re-partnering becomes increasingly a regular life course experience. However, only few empirical studies have addressed the topic of re-partnering after divorce. This analysis uses data from the Generations and Gender Survey (GGS) conducted in 2005 to study patterns of post-divorce union formation in Germany. Particular attention is given to potential gender differences. Surprisingly, the empirical investigation shows no major gender differences in re-partnering rates. High education increases re-partnering rates for both sexes. There is, however, a gender difference how age at divorce determines re-partnering behavior. While women who are older at divorce experience a rather low rate of re-partnering, we do not find such a clear pattern for their male counterparts. (Key words: post-divorce re-partnering, re-partnering, separation, divorce, event history).

    Zusammenfassung
    Angesichts kontinuierlich hoher Scheidungszahlen werden nacheheliche Beziehungen zu regelmäßigen Lebensereignissen innerhalb der Partnerschaftsbiografie. Allerdings existieren relativ wenige Studien zu den Determinanten nachehelichen Zusammenlebens. In diesem Beitrag werden die Daten des Generations und Gender Survey (GGS) aus dem Jahr 2005 verwendet, um einen Einblick in das nacheheliche Partnerschaftsverhalten in Deutschland zu gewinnen. Dabei steht im Fokus der Betrachtung, welche wesentlichen Einflussfaktoren diesen Prozess der Paarbildung bestimmen und welche Unterschiede es zwischen Männern und Frauen gibt. Überraschenderweise zeigen die Ergebnisse, dass es kaum Geschlechterunterschiede in den Übergangsraten in eine nacheheliche Partnerschaft gibt. Vom Bildungsniveau geht sowohl für Männer als auch für Frauen ein positiver Effekt auf die Übergangsrate in eine nacheheliche Partnerschaft aus. Das Scheidungsalter hat insbesondere bei Frauen einen negativen Einfluss auf die „Verpartnerungsrate“.

    BibTeX:
    @article{Jaschinski2009a,
      author = {Jaschinski, I.},
      title = {Der Übergang in eine nacheheliche Partnerschaft: eine vergleichende Analyse zwischen Männern und Frauen auf Basis des deutschen Generations and Gender Surveys // Re-partnering after divorce in Germany: a comparison between men and women based on analysis with the Generations and Gender Survey},
      journal = {MPIDR Working Paper},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {038},
      pages = {28},
      url = {http://www.demogr.mpg.de/papers/working/wp-2009-038.pdf}
    }
    
    Jaschinski, I. & Zeman, K. Survey data vs. register data: a comparison of indicators in fertility research 2010 European Population Conference 2010  conference English URL  generating indicators, fertility, Austria, Switzerland, Germany
    Abstract: The paper analyses the advantages and shortcomings of the two approaches of generating indicators of fertility patterns on the example of German speaking countries (Austria, Switzerland and Germany). Individual-level surveys like the Fertility and Family Survey (FFS), Generations and Gender Survey (GGS) or Population Policy Acceptance Survey (PPA) are primary sources for fertility analysis. Investigations from surveys are essential for understanding how socioeconomic and cultural factors determine family formation patterns. The main purpose of surveys is usually not deriving fertility rates, anyway it is important to see how reliable these data can be and whether they cover the reality sufficiently. Survey data are limited due to two crucial issues: sample sizes are too small and time periods are too short to display long time trends. The sample bias related to fertility estimates should be considered carefully – some members of population could be underreported in the sample, which might be corrected by incorporating weights. Hence, a clear validation is important for assessing the degree of reliance due to estimations from survey data. Vital statistics or data from population censuses have an important advantage over survey data because they provide a large number of recorded persons. Furthermore, demographic events are precisely recorded by official registers. However, the detail of the given information is not always sufficient (e.g. lacking information on birth order in Germany and Switzerland). The major question is to see if fertility indicators based on individual-level survey data differ substantially from those reported in vital statistics. Do we always face the same patterns of discrepancies due to the notorious problem of overestimation of fertility levels in surveys? The paper concludes that single and childless women are usually underreported in surveys, overestimating thus the level of fertility. The comparative approach of the paper allows assessing the quality of selected surveys.
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Jaschinski2010,
      author = {Jaschinski, I. and Zeman, K.},
      title = {Survey data vs. register data: a comparison of indicators in fertility research},
      booktitle = {European Population Conference 2010},
      publisher = {European Association for Population Studies},
      year = {2010},
      url = {http://epc2010.princeton.edu/abstractViewer.aspx?submissionId=100219}
    }
    
    Jasilioniene, A. Premarital conception and divorce risk in Russia in the light of the GGS data 2007 MPIDR Working Paper
    Vol. 25, pp. 24 
    article  
    Abstract: The paper provides an analysis of divorce risk in first marital unions in Russia, with a major focus on the impact of premarital conception on the stability of subsequent marriage. A number of other predictors are also discussed, including age at first marriage, parity and age of the youngest child, parental divorce, place of residence, religion group and calendar period. The analysis is based on data from the Russian Generations and Gender Survey (GGS) carried out in 2004 and applies event history techniques. The results show that marriages induced by pregnancy run a higher divorce risk compared to those contracted without anticipation of childbirth.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Jasilioniene2007,
      author = {Jasilioniene, A.},
      title = {Premarital conception and divorce risk in Russia in the light of the GGS data},
      journal = {MPIDR Working Paper},
      year = {2007},
      volume = {25},
      pages = {24}
    }
    
    de Jong Gierveld, J. Living arrangements, family bonds and the regional context affecting social integration of older adults in Europe 2009 How Generations and Gender Shape Demographic Change. Towards policies based on better knowledge, pp. 107-126  incollection English  
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{JongGierveld2009,
      author = {de Jong Gierveld, J.},
      title = {Living arrangements, family bonds and the regional context affecting social integration of older adults in Europe},
      booktitle = {How Generations and Gender Shape Demographic Change. Towards policies based on better knowledge},
      publisher = {United Nations},
      year = {2009},
      pages = {107-126}
    }
    
    de Jong Gierveld, J. Gender and living arrangements: the increase in small unit living and the consequences for familial support 2007 Joint meeting of the Task Force Monitoring RIS and the expert group for the UNECE conference on ageing  conference English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{JongGierveld2007,
      author = {de Jong Gierveld, J.},
      title = {Gender and living arrangements: the increase in small unit living and the consequences for familial support},
      booktitle = {Joint meeting of the Task Force Monitoring RIS and the expert group for the UNECE conference on ageing},
      year = {2007},
      note = {Netherlands},
      url = {http://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/pau/_docs/age/2007/AGE_2007_JMTFEG_PresnComm08.pdf}
    }
    
    de Jong Gierveld, J. Lessons from the NKPS kitchen 2007 Meeting of the International working group of the Generations and Gender Programme  conference English  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{JongGierveld2007a,
      author = {de Jong Gierveld, J.},
      title = {Lessons from the NKPS kitchen},
      booktitle = {Meeting of the International working group of the Generations and Gender Programme},
      year = {2007},
      note = {Netherlands}
    }
    
    de Jong Gierveld, J. Intégration sociale ou solitude? Étude des relations familiales et intergénérationnelles 2007 Meeting of the group ERFI 2007  conference French  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{JongGierveld2007b,
      author = {de Jong Gierveld, J.},
      title = {Intégration sociale ou solitude? Étude des relations familiales et intergénérationnelles},
      booktitle = {Meeting of the group ERFI 2007},
      year = {2007},
      note = {Netherlands}
    }
    
    de Jong Gierveld, J. Social bonds within the family and loneliness. Results of the Generation and Gender Program 2006
    Vol. 35Meeting of the British Society of Gerontology 
    conference English  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{JongGierveld2006a,
      author = {de Jong Gierveld, J.},
      title = {Social bonds within the family and loneliness. Results of the Generation and Gender Program},
      booktitle = {Meeting of the British Society of Gerontology},
      year = {2006},
      volume = {35},
      note = {Netherlands}
    }
    
    de Jong Gierveld, J. Quality of life: social integration or loneliness? Results of the Generation and Gender Program 2006 EAPS conference  conference English  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{JongGierveld2006b,
      author = {de Jong Gierveld, J.},
      title = {Quality of life: social integration or loneliness? Results of the Generation and Gender Program},
      booktitle = {EAPS conference},
      year = {2006},
      note = {Netherlands}
    }
    
    de Jong Gierveld, J. & van Tilburg, T. A six-item scale for overall, emotional and social loneliness: confirmatory tests on survey data. 2006 Research on aging: A Bimonthly on Aging and the Life Course
    Vol. 28, pp. 582-598 
    article English  
    Abstract: Loneliness is an indicator of social well-being and pertains to the feeling of missing an intimate relationship (emotional loneliness) or missing a wider social network (social loneliness). The 11-item De Jong Gierveld Loneliness Scale has proved to be a valid and reliable measurement instrument for overall, emotional, and social loneliness, although its length has sometimes rendered it difficult to use in large surveys. In this study, the authors empirically tested a shortened version of the scale on data from two surveys (N = 9,448). Confirmatory factor analyses confirmed the specification of two latent factors. Congruent validity and the relationship with determinants (partner status, health) proved to be optimal. The 6-item De Jong Gierveld Loneliness Scale is a reliable and valid measurement instrument for overall, emotional, and social loneliness that is suitable for large surveys.
    BibTeX:
    @article{JongGierveld2006,
      author = {de Jong Gierveld, J. and van Tilburg, T.},
      title = {A six-item scale for overall, emotional and social loneliness: confirmatory tests on survey data.},
      journal = {Research on aging: A Bimonthly on Aging and the Life Course},
      year = {2006},
      volume = {28},
      pages = {582-598},
      note = {Netherlands}
    }
    
    Kalabikhina, I. & Kozlov, V. The role of men in family childcare in Russia: socio-demographic profiles of egalitarian and traditional men 2013 XXVII IUSSP International Population Conference  conference URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Kalabikhina2013,
      author = {Kalabikhina, Irina and Kozlov, Vladimir},
      title = {The role of men in family childcare in Russia: socio-demographic profiles of egalitarian and traditional men},
      booktitle = {XXVII IUSSP International Population Conference},
      year = {2013},
      url = {http://www.iussp.org/sites/default/files/event_call_for_papers/abstract%202013%20BUSAN%20Kalabikhina-Kozlov.pdf}
    }
    
    Kapitány, B. Sampling, reliability of the raw data. 2003   techreport English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @techreport{Kapitany2003,
      author = {Kapitány, B.},
      title = {Sampling, reliability of the raw data.},
      year = {2003},
      note = {Hungary},
      url = {http://www.demografia.hu/letoltes/dpa/panel1_minta_a.pdf}
    }
    
    Kapitány, B. & Spéder, Z. Réalisation et évolution des intentions de fécondité dans quatre pays européens 2013 Population
    Vol. 67(4), pp. 711-744 
    article URL 
    Abstract: This study investigates the realization of time-related positive fertility intentions using a comparative approach. Four European countries of medium size are compared, all with rather different fertility regimes: the Netherlands and Switzerland in western Europe, and Hungary and Bulgaria in the east. Using harmonized data from four panel surveys conducted in two waves between 2000 and 2007, a typology of fertility intentions and outcomes (postponement, abandonment or realization) can be constructed using multinomial logistic regressions. Age is a universal factor of success and failure in realization of intentions; above 35 years postponement and abandonment become frequent, and abandonment generally increases with age. In the eastern post-communist countries, younger age groups do not postpone as much as women around their 30s. Childless people postpone, and higher parity parents abandon more, but certain countries deviate from this pattern: Bulgarians postpone if they have one child, and the Swiss abandon in case of childlessness. The higher educated are generally more accurate planners, especially when successful realization versus abandonment are compared. Findings are gender related in Hungary: employed women and unemployed men are clearly over-represented among abandoners.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Kapitany2013,
      author = {Kapitány, B. and Spéder, Z.},
      title = {Réalisation et évolution des intentions de fécondité dans quatre pays européens},
      journal = {Population},
      publisher = {INED},
      year = {2013},
      volume = {67},
      number = {4},
      pages = {711--744},
      url = {http://www.cairn.info/revue-population-2012-4-page-711.htm}
    }
    
    Kapitány, B. & Spéder, Z. Eletèunk Fordulópontjai – Szegénység és depriváció 2004   book Hungarian URL 
    BibTeX:
    @book{Kapitany2004,
      author = {Kapitány, B. and Spéder, Z.},
      title = {Eletèunk Fordulópontjai – Szegénység és depriváció},
      publisher = {Demographic Research Institute},
      year = {2004},
      url = {http://www.demografia.hu/index.php/kiadvanyok/mhelytanulmanyok}
    }
    
    Katus, K., Puur, A. & Põldma, A. Estonian family and fertility survey, 2nd round. Standard tabulations 2008 (26)  book English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @book{Katus2008a,
      author = {Katus, K. and Puur, A. and Põldma, A.},
      title = {Estonian family and fertility survey, 2nd round. Standard tabulations},
      publisher = {Eesti Korgkooolidevaheline Demouuringute Keskus},
      year = {2008},
      number = {26},
      url = {https://www.raamatukoi.ee/cgi-bin/raamat?192234}
    }
    
    Kayser, K. Einleitung 2013
    Vol. Familie und Beruf? Der Einfluss der Berufssituation auf die Familienplanung, pp. 1-8 
    inbook  
    BibTeX:
    @inbook{Kayser2013,
      author = {Kayser, K.},
      title = {Einleitung},
      publisher = {Diplomica Verlag GmbH},
      year = {2013},
      volume = {Familie und Beruf? Der Einfluss der Berufssituation auf die Familienplanung},
      pages = {1-8}
    }
    
    Keizer, R. Remaining childless: Causes and consequences from a life course perspectives 2010 School: Utrecht University  phdthesis English URL 
    Abstract: Little is known about childless individuals in the Netherlands, although currently one out of every five Dutch individuals remains childless. Who are they? How did they end up being childless? How and to what extent are their life outcomes influenced by their childlessness? By focusing on individual life histories and interdependencies between different life domains, in this study, these questions are studied from a life course perspective. Using data from the Netherlands Kinship Panel Study, the causes and consequences of remaining childless are scrutinized for both women and men. In general, the results of this dissertation are consistent with the principle of life histories and interdependencies between domains. In the first empirical chapter, the causes of childlessness are examined. There, evidence is found for the importance of considering life histories when trying to understand why people end up childless. Educational, occupational and marital pathways shape the likelihood of remaining childless. Moreover, the findings indicate that women and men have distinctive pathways into childlessness. Educational attainment increases the likelihood of remaining childless among women only. A stable career increases the likelihood of remaining childless among women, but it increases the likelihood of entering fatherhood. Years without a partner is positively associated with childlessness among both women and men. Not having had a partnership and having had multiple partnerships are strong determinants of childlessness, especially among men. The second empirical chapter examines differences in values regarding familial responsibility between childless individuals and parents. The results show that differences exist depending on the type of norms of family responsibility studied. Childless individuals, and in most cases only those who opt voluntarily for a childless life, have a weaker sense of universal family responsibility in comparison with parents. Irrespective of parental status, women always feel personally responsible for their own families. Men were found to need the presence of children to activate the significance of family in their own personal lives. Differences between childless individuals and parents are attributable to selection rather than to adaptation. The results from the third and fourth empirical chapter are consistent with the notion of interdependencies between life domains. The third chapter examined the consequences of entering parenthood for feelings of well-being. Where previous work often studied the transition to parenthood in a social vacuum, this chapter takes into account the co-occurrence of other life course transitions. The results show a moderate impact of entering parenthood on feelings of well-being. Insofar effects of making the transition to parenthood emerge, they are attributable to changes in partner status and work hours. The fourth and final empirical chapter in this dissertation focuses on the long-term impact of childlessness for men’s lives. I extended on previous work by focusing on partnership history as a possible explanation for differences between childless men and fathers. The results show that the impact of childlessness is weaker than was expected. Many initial differences between childless men and fathers are attributable to differences in their partnership history. Nevertheless, childless men differ from resident fathers regarding their community involvement, their level of income and their satisfaction with life. Childless men differ from nonresident fathers with respect to their income and work hours
    BibTeX:
    @phdthesis{Keizer2010,
      author = {Keizer, R.},
      title = {Remaining childless: Causes and consequences from a life course perspectives},
      school = {Utrecht University},
      year = {2010},
      url = {http://igitur-archive.library.uu.nl/dissertations/2010-0114-200204/UUindex.html}
    }
    
    Keizer, R. Mannen in het gezin 2010 Demos, bulletin over bevolking en samenleving
    Vol. 26(3), pp. 6-8 
    article URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Keizer2010a,
      author = {Keizer, R.},
      title = {Mannen in het gezin},
      journal = {Demos, bulletin over bevolking en samenleving},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {26(3)},
      pages = {6-8},
      url = {http://www.nidi.knaw.nl/Content/NIDI/demos/2010/demos-26-03-keizer.pdf}
    }
    
    Keizer, R., Dykstra, P. & Poortman, A. Childless individuals and family responsibility in the Netherlands 2011 Journal of Comparative Family Studies
    Vol. 42(4), pp. 421-438 
    article  
    BibTeX:
    @article{Keizer2011,
      author = {Keizer, R. and Dykstra, P. and Poortman, A.R.},
      title = {Childless individuals and family responsibility in the Netherlands},
      journal = {Journal of Comparative Family Studies},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {42(4)},
      pages = {421-438}
    }
    
    Keizer, R., Dykstra, P. & Poortman, A. The transition to parenthood and well-being 2010 Journal of Family Psychology
    Vol. 24(4), pp. 429-438 
    article  
    Abstract: Using data from the first two waves of the Netherlands Kinship Panel Study for 338 women and 262 men, we examine the consequences of making the transition to parenthood for life satisfaction, loneliness, positive affect, negative affect, and partnership satisfaction. We extend previous work by taking transitions in partner status and work hours into account. Results show a moderate impact of becoming a parent on well-being. In so far as effects of making the transition to parenthood emerge, they are attributable to changes in partner status and work hours. First, the decrease in negative affect upon making the transition to motherhood is attributable to the group of women who increase their working hours. Second, the detrimental impact of making the transition to motherhood on partnership satisfaction is attributable to the group of new mothers who quit their job. Third, the detrimental impact of making the transition to fatherhood on loneliness is attributable to the group of new fathers who become married. There is one exception to this pattern of partner status and work hours as mechanisms for changes in well-being. Men who become fathers remain less satisfied with their partnership, even when transitions in partner status and work hours have been taken into account. In the discussion-section, we consider the possible underestimation of negative effects because of the focus on the continuously partnered. We also reflect on our results in the light of the high incidence of part-time work in the Netherlands and Dutch policies aimed at supporting new parents.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Keizer2010b,
      author = {Keizer, R. and Dykstra, P. and Poortman, A.R.},
      title = {The transition to parenthood and well-being},
      journal = {Journal of Family Psychology},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {24(4)},
      pages = {429-438}
    }
    
    Kitterød, R. Rengjøringshjelp i norske husholdninger: Vaskehjelp vanligst i høystatusgrupper [Domestic service in Norwegian households: maid service common in high status groups] 2009 Samfunnsspeilet
    Vol. 23(1), pp. 58-62 
    article Norwegian URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Kitteroed2009,
      author = {Kitterød, R.H.},
      title = {Rengjøringshjelp i norske husholdninger: Vaskehjelp vanligst i høystatusgrupper [Domestic service in Norwegian households: maid service common in high status groups]},
      journal = {Samfunnsspeilet},
      publisher = {Statistics Norway},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {23},
      number = {1},
      pages = {58-62},
      url = {http://www.ssb.no/ssp/utg/200901/ssp.pdf}
    }
    
    Kitterød, R. & Lappegård, T. A typology of work-family arrangements among dual-earner couples in Norway 2010 Statistics Norway, Research Department
    Vol. 636, pp. 32 
    article English URL  Division of paid and unpaid work, dual-earner couples, gender equality, typologies
    Abstract: An important aim of Norwegian work-family policies is to promote a dual-earner, equal-sharing family model, but we do not really know how common this family type is. By means of a multinomial latentclass model we develop a typology of dual-earner couples with children based on the way the partners allocate paid and unpaid work between them. We estimate four classes. One fourth of the couples belong to the Neo-Traditional class, where the mother often works part time and shoulders the domestic duties, whereas the father works full time or long hours. The Gender-Equal Light type, which comprises one third of the couples, has a similar, but less extreme gender disparity of paid and unpaid duties. In the both the Generalized Gender-Equal type (23 percent) and the Specialized Gender-Equal type (18 percent) the partners share paid and unpaid work fairly equally between them, but the spouses specialize more in different family tasks in the latter than in the former type. An equal sharing of paid and unpaid work is most likely when the partners are well educated, both partners work regular hours and the father has public-sector employment. A neo-traditional practice is likely when the partners have less education, the mother has health problems, the father works in the private sector, and the partners work non-regular hours.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Kitteroed2010c,
      author = {Kitterød, R.H. and Lappegård, T.},
      title = {A typology of work-family arrangements among dual-earner couples in Norway},
      journal = {Statistics Norway, Research Department},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {636},
      pages = {32},
      url = {http://www.ssb.no/publikasjoner/DP/pdf/dp636.pdf}
    }
    
    Kitterød, R. & Rønsen, M. Husmor i likestillingsland: Hvem er hjemmearbeidende i dag? 2011 Samfunnsspeilet
    Vol. 25(1), pp. 8-20 
    article Norwegian URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Kitteroed2011,
      author = {Kitterød, R.H. and Rønsen, M.},
      title = {Husmor i likestillingsland: Hvem er hjemmearbeidende i dag?},
      journal = {Samfunnsspeilet},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {25},
      number = {1},
      pages = {8-20},
      url = {http://www.ssb.no/samfunnsspeilet/utg/201101/ssp.pdf}
    }
    
    Kitterød, R. & Rønsen, M. Untraditional couples in a neo-traditional setting: Which women perform as much paid work as their partner? 2010 International conference on increasing female labour participation. Conference Proceedings  conference English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Kitteroed2010a,
      author = {Kitterød, R.H. and Rønsen, M.},
      title = {Untraditional couples in a neo-traditional setting: Which women perform as much paid work as their partner?},
      booktitle = {International conference on increasing female labour participation. Conference Proceedings},
      year = {2010},
      note = {International conference on increasing female labour participation.},
      url = {http://www.ssb.no/publikasjoner/pdf/dp607.pdf}
    }
    
    Kitterød, R. & Rønsen, M. Untraditional couples in a neo-traditional setting. Which women perform as much paid work as their partner? 2010 Statistics Norway, Research Department
    Vol. 607, pp. 37 
    article English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Kitteroed2010f,
      author = {Kitterød, R.H. and Rønsen, M.},
      title = {Untraditional couples in a neo-traditional setting. Which women perform as much paid work as their partner?},
      journal = {Statistics Norway, Research Department},
      publisher = {Statistics Norway},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {607},
      pages = {37},
      note = {The analysis is based on LOGG – Survey on Life course, Generation and Gender 2007- a large survey
    of people’s lives and activities at various stages of the life course, undertaken by Statistics Norway
    and the research institute NOVA (Brunborg et al. 2009).}, url = {http://www.ssb.no/publikasjoner/pdf/dp607.pdf} }
    Kitterød, R.H. & Lappegard, T. A typology of work-family arrangements among dual earner couples in Norway 2012 Family Relations
    Vol. 61 (4), pp. 671-685 
    article DOI   Division of paid and unpaid work; dual-earner couples; gender equality; typologies
    Abstract: A symmetrical family model of two workers or caregivers is a political goal in many western European countries. We explore how common this family type is in Norway, a country with high gender-equality ambitions, by using a multinomial latent class model to develop a typology of dualearner couples with children based on the partners’ allocations of paid and unpaid work. Using data on 2,617 respondents from the Norwegian Generations and Gender Survey, we estimate 4 classes, of which 2 are characterized by a fairly equal sharing between the partners and 2 have more traditional arrangements. Equal sharing is practiced by 4 out of 10 couples and is most likely when the partners are well educated and work regular hours and the father is in public-sector employment.
    A traditional practice is likely when the partners have less education, the mother has health problems, the father has private-sector employment, and the partners work irregular hours.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Kitteroed2012,
      author = {Kitterød, Ragni Hege and Lappegard, Trude},
      title = {A typology of work-family arrangements among dual earner couples in Norway},
      journal = {Family Relations},
      year = {2012},
      volume = {61 (4)},
      pages = {671-685},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-3729.2012.00725.x}
    }
    
    Kitterød, R.H. & Rønsen, M. Opting Out? Who are the Housewives in Contemporary Norway? 2013 European Sociological Review
    Vol. N/A, pp. 1-14 
    article DOI URL 
    Abstract: The number of housewives has declined significantly in many countries, but there is now renewed interest in the homemaker role among researchers and in the public discourse. Using representative survey data from 2007, we examine the prevalence and characteristics of the housewife in contemporary Norway, a social-democratic country with high gender-equality ambitions and a high demand for labour. Irrespective of the definition used, being a housewife is clearly a minority practice. About one in 10 coupled women of prime working age either regard themselves as home-workers or work for pay for <20 h per week. Housewives are overrepresented among the less educated, those with health limitations, women with many children and young children, non-Western immigrants, and those with a partner with a fairly high income. However, the partners’ aggregate income is lower among housewife couples than among other couples. The analysis does not support the popular notion that
    there is an increasing trend towards full-time homemaking among highly educated women. The idealization of the housewife role in popular housewife blogs among younger generations of women can be seen as a flirtation with selected elements of the traditional housewife role, rather than as a backlash against gender-equal practices.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Kitteroed2013,
      author = {Kitterød, Ragni Hege and Rønsen, Marit},
      title = {Opting Out? Who are the Housewives in Contemporary Norway?},
      journal = {European Sociological Review},
      year = {2013},
      volume = {N/A},
      pages = {1-14},
      url = {http://esr.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2013/04/24/esr.jct015.full.pdf+html},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/esr/jct015}
    }
    
    Kitterød, R.H. & Rønsen, M. Yrkesarbeid blant par. Når jobber hun minst like mye som han? [Couples' employment. Which women perform as much paid work as their partner?] 2010 Samfunnsspeilet
    Vol. 24(1), pp. 43-54 
    article Norwegian URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Kitteroed2010,
      author = {Ragni Hege Kitterød and Marit Rønsen},
      title = {Yrkesarbeid blant par. Når jobber hun minst like mye som han? [Couples' employment. Which women perform as much paid work as their partner?]},
      journal = {Samfunnsspeilet},
      publisher = {Statistics Norway},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {24},
      number = {1},
      pages = {43-54},
      url = {http://www.ssb.no/ssp/utg/201001/06/}
    }
    
    Kjeldstad, R. & Dommermuth, L. Jobbtrivsel og mobilitet på arbeidsmarkedet: Hver fjerde ønsker å bytte jobb [Job satisfaction and labour market mobility: one in four would like to change jobs] 2009 Samfunnsspeilet
    Vol. 23(1), pp. 29-35 
    article Norwegian URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Kjeldstad2009a,
      author = {Kjeldstad, R. and Dommermuth, L.},
      title = {Jobbtrivsel og mobilitet på arbeidsmarkedet: Hver fjerde ønsker å bytte jobb [Job satisfaction and labour market mobility: one in four would like to change jobs]},
      journal = {Samfunnsspeilet},
      publisher = {Statistics Norway},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {23},
      number = {1},
      pages = {29-35},
      url = {http://www.ssb.no/ssp/utg/200901/ssp.pdf}
    }
    
    Kjeldstad, R. & Lappegård, T. Holdninger til kjønnsroller og likestillingspraksis hjemme – Mindre samsvar blant kvinner enn menn. [Gender role attitudes and family practices] 2010 Samfunnsspeilet
    Vol. 4, pp. 65-72 
    article Norwegian URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Kjeldstad2010a,
      author = {Kjeldstad, R. and Lappegård, T.},
      title = {Holdninger til kjønnsroller og likestillingspraksis hjemme – Mindre samsvar blant kvinner enn menn. [Gender role attitudes and family practices]},
      journal = {Samfunnsspeilet},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {4},
      pages = {65-72},
      url = {http://www.ssb.no/ssp/}
    }
    
    Kjeldstad, R. & Lappegård, T. Likestilling på hjemmebane: Mest fornøyd med (delvis) likestilling [Gender equality at home: Most are satified with (partial) gender equality] 2009 Samfunnsspeilet
    Vol. 23(1), pp. 52-57 
    article Norwegian URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Kjeldstad2009,
      author = {Kjeldstad, R. and Lappegård, T.},
      title = {Likestilling på hjemmebane: Mest fornøyd med (delvis) likestilling [Gender equality at home: Most are satified with (partial) gender equality]},
      journal = {Samfunnsspeilet},
      publisher = {Statistics Norway},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {23},
      number = {1},
      pages = {52-57},
      url = {http://www.ssb.no/ssp/utg/200901/ssp.pdf}
    }
    
    Kjeldstad, R. & Lyngstad, J. Utradisjonell likestilling? Analyser av undersøkelsen Livsløp, generasjon og kjønn (LOGG) 2007 [Non-traditional gender equality? Analysis of the 2007 Generations and Gender Survey] 2010 Rapporter
    Vol. 18 
    techreport Norwegian URL 
    BibTeX:
    @techreport{Kjeldstad2010,
      author = {Kjeldstad, R. and Lyngstad, J.},
      title = {Utradisjonell likestilling? Analyser av undersøkelsen Livsløp, generasjon og kjønn (LOGG) 2007 [Non-traditional gender equality? Analysis of the 2007 Generations and Gender Survey]},
      journal = {Rapporter},
      publisher = {Statistics Norway},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {18},
      url = {http://www.ssb.no/emner/00/02/10/rapp_201018/}
    }
    
    Klaus, D. Cognitie, Creier, Comportament / Cognition, Brain, Behavior 2012 Cross-national patterns of intergenerational contact in Europe
    Vol. 16(2), pp. 293-318 
    article URL 
    Abstract: This paper investigates European patterns of intergenerational contact. A large number of studies in family sociology and gerontology demonstrate the explanatory power of micro-level variables, but the effect of the socio-cultural context on intergenerational arrangements rarely has been appraised. A comprehensive review of prominent classifications of European family and welfare regimes prompts the main research question: Do these macro-level typologies add heuristic value to the investigation of intergenerational arrangements in contemporary Europe? Further, as previous studies have focused mainly on Western Europe alone, Eastern European countries are included using comparable micro-data from the first wave of the Generations and Gender Survey (UNO, 2005). Launched and coordinated by the UNECE, the GGS panel survey was carried out between 2004 and 2010. Within each participating country nationally representative samples of the 18-79 year old resident population are conducted under the direction of national experts and institutions. For a selection of West and (South) East European countries the frequency of face-to-face contact of respondents aged 60 years and older to their adult children is explored. Controlling for several individual-level characteristics, significant country differences remain. A west-east division coincides with a less stark north-south division. Contact is most frequent in Georgia and Bulgaria; it is lower in Estonia, the Russian Federation, and Germany and lowest in France. Belgium, with its very high contact rate, is an exceptional case. KEYWORDS: intergenerational contact, kinship system, welfare regime, cross- national comparison, Generations and Gender Survey, Europe.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Klaus2012,
      author = {Klaus, D.},
      title = {Cognitie, Creier, Comportament / Cognition, Brain, Behavior},
      journal = {Cross-national patterns of intergenerational contact in Europe},
      year = {2012},
      volume = {16},
      number = {2},
      pages = {293-318},
      url = {http://www.readperiodicals.com/201206/2747447431.html#ixzz2C19dJ9N6}
    }
    
    Klein, T. & Rapp, I. Der Einfluss des Auszugs von Kindern aus dem Elternhaus auf die Beziehungsstabilität der Eltern 2010 Zeitschrift für Soziologie
    Vol. 39, pp. 140-150 
    article German URL 
    Abstract: Der Beitrag untersucht sieben Erklärungsansätze zum „empty nest“-Einfluss auf die Beziehungsstabilität der Eltern. Datengrundlage ist der „Generations and Gender Survey“, eine retrospektive Repräsentativbefragung für Deutschland von 2005. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass der Eintritt in die „empty nest“-Phase das Trennungsrisiko der Eltern erhöht. Dabei ist die Risikosteigerung im Vergleich zu den Paaren, deren Kinder noch nicht ausgezogen sind, dauerhaft. Eine Erhöhung des Trennungsrisikos über das Niveau der Kinderlosen hinaus ist hingegen nur vorübergehend. Die Ergebnisse weisen darauf hin, dass der „empty nest“-Effekt im Verlust ehespezifischen Kapitals und/oder in einer Reduktion der wechselseitigen Abhängigkeit der Eltern sowie in Anpassungs- und/oder Nachholeffekten begründet ist. Weitere potenzielle Erklärungsmechanismen für den „empty nest“-Effekt – Belastungsreduktion, selektives Auszugsverhalten der Kinder und selektive Elternschaft – erscheinen hingegen von untergeordneter Bedeutung. Die Ergebnisse weisen über die hier untersuchte Fragestellung hinaus darauf hin, dass (wie häufig vermutet, aber noch kaum untersucht) die allgemein höhere Beziehungsstabilität von Eltern im Vergleich zu kinderlosen Paaren in der Tat auf einem Kausaleffekt beruht – d.h. als Einfluss von Kindern auf die Beziehungsstabilität der Eltern zu interpretieren ist –, und nicht nur in einem Selektionseffekt begründet ist, der dadurch zustande kommt, dass Kinder eher in stabilen Partnerschaften geboren werden.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Klein2010,
      author = {Klein, T. and Rapp, I.},
      title = {Der Einfluss des Auszugs von Kindern aus dem Elternhaus auf die Beziehungsstabilität der Eltern},
      journal = {Zeitschrift für Soziologie},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {39},
      pages = {140-150},
      url = {http://www.zfs-online.org/index.php/zfs/article/view/3031}
    }
    
    Klesment, M. A comparison between native and immigrant population in Estonia regarding the effect of education on second births 2010 European Population Conference 2010  conference English URL  education, enrollment, second births, Estonia
    Abstract: The article examines the influence of educational attainment and enrollment on second births in Estonia, comparing Estonia's native population with immigrant population, which entered the country during the Soviet period and has mostly Russian/Slavic background. Furthermore, it compares the patterns before and after the onset of societal transformation of the 1990s. This allows us to analyse two different population groups that share the dynamics of the same socio-economic situation. Regarding education-fertility relationship, many Northern and Western European countries have shown a positive relationship between female education and second births, but in Central and East European countries the relationship generally seems to be negative. Estonia offers an interesting case where both patterns can be observed. While highly educated native women show high second birth intensities, highly educated immigrant women follow the East-European pattern. In the state socialist period, after controlling for the influence of other characteristics, including activity status and the partner's education, native women with tertiary education featured higher second birth intensity than any lower educational strata. In the post-socialist period, this difference has grown smaller but native Estonian women with tertiary education still display a significantly higher transition rate to second birth than their counterparts with secondary education. Highly educated immigrant women, however, exhibit lower second birth intensities than the less educated. That is, their behaviour is closer to population processes of their country of origin. Following the presentation of empirical findings, the article discusses the mechanisms that could underlie the observed relationship between education and fertility decisions in the changing societal context. The event history analysis employs microdata from the Estonian Generations and Gender Survey of 2004-05.
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Klesment2010a,
      author = {Klesment, M.},
      title = {A comparison between native and immigrant population in Estonia regarding the effect of education on second births},
      booktitle = {European Population Conference 2010},
      publisher = {European Association for Population Studies},
      year = {2010},
      url = {http://epc2010.princeton.edu/abstractViewer.aspx?submissionId=100759}
    }
    
    Klesment, M. Fertility development in Estonia during the second half of the XX century: the economic context and its implications 2010 , pp. 447  book URL 
    Abstract: Economic growth affects issues recurrently addressed in scholarly as well as public debate. Steady economic growth is generally regarded as a desirable feature of a country’s development, especially in the light of the recent economic crisis that escalated to a global scale. Popular belief seems to favour the notion that higher per capita incomes and rising living standards are the foundation upon which the other domains of society, including demographic developments, rest. Such a view conforms with daily life experience in which economic conditions in their various manifestations (income, availability of jobs, housing etc.) are perceived as factors that facilitate or constrain the choices of individuals.The role of economic factors has also attracted considerable interest in demographic research. The relationship between economic conditions and demographic outcomes has been studied from a variety of theoretical perspectives, drawing on both macro- and micro-level data and applying a broad range of analytical methods. The findings from such studies reveal the salience of economic underpinnings but also point to a noticeable variation in specific relationships between economic and demographic phenomena in different societal contexts and over time. This study aims to complement that research by addressing the implications of the economic context for fertility developments in Estonia since the end of the Second World War. It is assumed that the successive and profound transformations in the country’s economic system over that period offer favourable ground for analysing the relationship. The study focused on the dynamics of the Gross Domestic Product at the macro-level and on differentials in economic well-being across subgroups of the population at the micro-level as plausible correlates with childbearing trends. An analysis of educational differentials in childbearing was included in the study in order to cast further light on the role of economic factors in family formation decisions.
    The results of the study indicate that the economic context, especially an abrupt change in the level of well-being, is likely to play a role in fertility development, but its importance should not be overestimated. In a comparative perspective, similar macro-economic developments have not produced identical fertility trends, which suggests that the phase of population development and demographic path dependency may be more important than short-term economic influences. The wealth of a society and its members is one element in a complex array of factors that influence demographic behaviour. It therefore seems unlikely that a universal cure for low fertility will be found among economic variables. Measures and policies that are targeted towards increasing fertility must be considered in a broader framework.
    BibTeX:
    @book{Klesment2010b,
      author = {Klesment, M.},
      title = {Fertility development in Estonia during the second half of the XX century: the economic context and its implications},
      publisher = {Estonian Institute for Population Studies, Tallinn University},
      year = {2010},
      pages = {447},
      url = {http://e-ait.tlulib.ee/46/1/klesment_martin1.pdf}
    }
    
    Klesment, M. & Puur, A. Effects of education on second births before and after societal transition: evidence from the Estonian GGS 2010 Demographic Research
    Vol. 22(28), pp. 891-932 
    article English DOI URL  economic transition, educational attainment, Estonia, Generations and Gender Survey (GGS), second births
    Abstract: This article examines the influence of educational attainment and enrolment on second births in Estonia, comparing the patterns before and after the onset of the societal transformation of the 1990s. While many Northern and Western European countries have shown a positive relationship between female education and second births, this pattern has not been found in Central and East European countries. Against that background, Estonia offers an interesting case with noticeably high second birth intensities for highly educated women. In the state socialist period, after controlling for the influence of other characteristics, including the partner's education, women with tertiary education were found to have higher second birth intensity than women from any lower educational strata. In the postsocialist period, the difference has grown smaller, but women with tertiary education still display a significantly higher transition rate to second birth than their counterparts with secondary education. Following the presentation of empirical findings, the article discusses the mechanisms that could underlie the observed relationship between education and fertility decisions in the changing societal context. The analysis employs microdata from the Estonian Generations and Gender Survey (GGS), conducted in 2004-05.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Klesment2010,
      author = {Klesment, M. and Puur, A.},
      title = {Effects of education on second births before and after societal transition: evidence from the Estonian GGS},
      journal = {Demographic Research},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {22},
      number = {28},
      pages = {891-932},
      url = {http://www.demographic-research.org/volumes/vol22/28/22-28.pdf},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.4054/DemRes.2010.22.28}
    }
    
    Klis, M. v. d. Commuter partnerships. Balancing home, family and distant work 2009 School: University of Amsterdam  phdthesis English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @phdthesis{Klis2009,
      author = {Klis, M. van der.},
      title = {Commuter partnerships. Balancing home, family and distant work},
      school = {University of Amsterdam},
      year = {2009},
      url = {http://dare.uva.nl/record/303911}
    }
    
    Klüsener, S., Neels, K. & Kreyenfeld, M. Social Norms, Family Polices, and Fertility Trends: Insights from a Comparative Study on the German-Speaking Region in Belgium 2013 Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research(WP 2013-003)  techreport URL 
    Abstract: Several countries in Northern and Western Europe report cohort fertility rates of close to two children per woman, including Belgium, France, and Denmark. By contrast, most Central and Southern European countries have cohort fertility levels of only around 1.5-1.6 children. Germany is part of this second group. In order to explain these country differences in fertility levels, some scholars have stressed the role of the social policy context, while others have pointed to differences in social fertility norms. However, due to the interdependence of these two factors, it is cumbersome to isolate their impact on fertility trends. In our study we attempt to disentangle these influences by drawing on a quasi-natural experiment. In the aftermath of World War I, Germany was forced to cede the territory of Eupen-Malmedy to Belgium.
    The population in this area retained its German linguistic identity, but has been subject to Belgian social policies since the early 1920s. Our main research question is whether the fertility trends in this German-speaking region of Belgium follow the Belgian or the German pattern more closely. To answer this question, we use (micro)-census data to compare the fertility behavior in the German-speaking region in Belgium with data for western Germany and the Belgian Flemish- and French-speaking regions, controlling for individual-level characteristics. Our findings indicate that the overall fertility outcomes of the German-speaking region in Belgium resemble the Belgian pattern more than the German one. This provides support for the view that institutional factors play an important role for understanding the current fertility differences in Western Europe
    BibTeX:
    @techreport{Kluesener2013,
      author = {Sebastian Klüsener and Karel Neels and Michaela Kreyenfeld},
      title = {Social Norms, Family Polices, and Fertility Trends: Insights from a Comparative Study on the German-Speaking Region in Belgium},
      journal = {Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research},
      year = {2013},
      number = {WP 2013-003},
      url = {http://www.demogr.mpg.de/papers/working/wp-2013-003.pdf}
    }
    
    Kocourková, J. Czech Republic: normative or choice-oriented system? 2009 The politics of parental leave policies: Children, parenting, gender and labour market., pp. 51-67  incollection  
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Kocourkova2009,
      author = {Kocourková, Jirina},
      title = {Czech Republic: normative or choice-oriented system?},
      booktitle = {The politics of parental leave policies: Children, parenting, gender and labour market.},
      publisher = {Bristol: The Policy Press},
      year = {2009},
      pages = {51-67}
    }
    
    Kocourková, J. Work-life balance in the Czech Republic 2010 Work-Life Balance Policy, pp. 10-31  incollection  
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Kocourkova2010,
      author = {Kocourková, J.},
      title = {Work-life balance in the Czech Republic},
      booktitle = {Work-Life Balance Policy},
      publisher = {Poznan DW Harasimowicz,},
      year = {2010},
      pages = {10-31}
    }
    
    Kocourková, J. Cross-national variations in reproductive behaviour of Europeans: divergence or convergence? 2010 AAG Annual Meeting  conference URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Kocourkova2010a,
      author = {Kocourková, J.},
      title = {Cross-national variations in reproductive behaviour of Europeans: divergence or convergence?},
      booktitle = {AAG Annual Meeting},
      year = {2010},
      url = {http://www.czech-ggs.cz/}
    }
    
    Kocourková, J. Populacní politika [Population policies] 2010 XXXX. konference Ceské demografické spolecnosti – Dvacet let sociodemografické transformace [XXXX. Conference of the Czech Demographic Society: Twenty Years of Socio-demographic Transition]  conference URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Kocourkova2010b,
      author = {Kocourková, J.},
      title = {Populacní politika [Population policies]},
      booktitle = {XXXX. konference Ceské demografické spolecnosti – Dvacet let sociodemografické transformace [XXXX. Conference of the Czech Demographic Society: Twenty Years of Socio-demographic Transition]},
      year = {2010},
      url = {http://www.czech-ggs.cz/}
    }
    
    Kocourková, J. Vybrané aspekty reprodukcního chování populace CR [Selected Aspects of Reproductive Behaviour of the Czech Population] 2010
    Vol. Sborník referát? z 18. celostátního kongresu k sexuální výchov? v ?R [Collection of papers presented at the 18th National Congress on sexual education in the Czech Republic]18. celostátní kongres k sexuální výchovc CR [The 18th national congress on sexual education in the Czech Republic] 
    conference URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Kocourkova2010c,
      author = {Kocourková, J.},
      title = {Vybrané aspekty reprodukcního chování populace CR [Selected Aspects of Reproductive Behaviour of the Czech Population]},
      booktitle = {18. celostátní kongres k sexuální výchovc CR [The 18th national congress on sexual education in the Czech Republic]},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {Sborník referát? z 18. celostátního kongresu k sexuální výchov? v ?R [Collection of papers presented at the 18th National Congress on sexual education in the Czech Republic]},
      url = {http://www.czech-ggs.cz/}
    }
    
    Kocourková, J. Demographic causes and implications of increased use of ART: Czech Republic in the European context 2010 EAPS conference  conference URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Kocourkova2010d,
      author = {Kocourková, J.},
      title = {Demographic causes and implications of increased use of ART: Czech Republic in the European context},
      booktitle = {EAPS conference},
      year = {2010},
      url = {http://epc2010.princeton.edu/papers/100830}
    }
    
    Kocourková, J. Current „Baby Boom“ in the Czech Republic and Family Policy 2009 Czech Demography
    Vol. 3, pp. 10-21 
    article URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Kocourkova2009a,
      author = {Kocourková, J.},
      title = {Current „Baby Boom“ in the Czech Republic and Family Policy},
      journal = {Czech Demography},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {3},
      pages = {10-21},
      url = {http://www.miniscitani.cz/eng/redakce.nsf/i/jirina_kocourkova_the_current_baby_boom_in_the_czech_republic_and_family_policy/$File/kocourkova2011.pdf}
    }
    
    Kocourková, J. Lowest-low fertility in Europe: Is there a need for population-friendly policies? 2009 AAG Annual Meeting  conference URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Kocourkova2009b,
      author = {Kocourková, J.},
      title = {Lowest-low fertility in Europe: Is there a need for population-friendly policies?},
      booktitle = {AAG Annual Meeting},
      year = {2009},
      url = {http://www.czech-ggs.cz/clanky/konference/prispevky-na-zahranicnich-konferencich.html}
    }
    
    Kocourková, J. Is family policy in the Central European countries failing? 2009 SASE conference: Economic Regulation and Social Solidarity After the Fall of Finance Capitalism  conference URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Kocourkova2009c,
      author = {Kocourková, J.},
      title = {Is family policy in the Central European countries failing?},
      booktitle = {SASE conference: Economic Regulation and Social Solidarity After the Fall of Finance Capitalism},
      year = {2009},
      url = {http://www.czech-ggs.cz/clanky/konference/prispevky-na-zahranicnich-konferencich.html}
    }
    
    Kocourková, J. Reprodukcní chování Ceské populace v evropském kontextu 2009 13. rocník konference o sexualite a lidských vztazích [The 13th conference on sexuality and relations]  conference URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Kocourkova2009d,
      author = {Kocourková, J.},
      title = {Reprodukcní chování Ceské populace v evropském kontextu},
      booktitle = {13. rocník konference o sexualite a lidských vztazích [The 13th conference on sexuality and relations]},
      year = {2009},
      url = {http://www.czech-ggs.cz/}
    }
    
    Kocourková, J. Demografický vývoj - vybrané aspekty reprodukcního chování ceské populace v evropském kontextu [Demographic development – selected issues of reproductive behaviour of the Czech population within the European context] 2009 7. Podzimní endokrinologické sympózium [The 7th autumn endocrinoly sympozium]  conference URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Kocourkova2009e,
      author = {Kocourková, J.},
      title = {Demografický vývoj - vybrané aspekty reprodukcního chování ceské populace v evropském kontextu [Demographic development – selected issues of reproductive behaviour of the Czech population within the European context]},
      booktitle = {7. Podzimní endokrinologické sympózium [The 7th autumn endocrinoly sympozium]},
      year = {2009},
      url = {http://www.czech-ggs.cz/}
    }
    
    Kocourková, J. Family policy in the Czech Republic within the EU context 2009 5. International Anthropological Congress of Aleš Hrdlicka  conference URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Kocourkova2009f,
      author = {Kocourková, J.},
      title = {Family policy in the Czech Republic within the EU context},
      booktitle = {5. International Anthropological Congress of Aleš Hrdlicka},
      year = {2009},
      url = {http://www.czech-ggs.cz/}
    }
    
    Kocourková, J. History of leave policies in the Czech Republic 2009 The 6th International Seminar on Leave Policy and Research: Leave policies within the family-related policies  conference URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Kocourkova2009g,
      author = {Kocourková, J.},
      title = {History of leave policies in the Czech Republic},
      booktitle = {The 6th International Seminar on Leave Policy and Research: Leave policies within the family-related policies},
      year = {2009},
      url = {http://www.czech-ggs.cz/clanky/konference/prispevky-na-zahranicnich-konferencich.html}
    }
    
    Kocourková, J. Rodinná politika a její vliv na reprodukcní chování v CR [Family Policy and its impact on the reprocuctive behaviour in the Czech Republic] 2008 Padesát let ?asopisu Demografie - demografie v posledních padesáti letech a její reflexe na stránkách ?asopisu Demografie [The 38th Demographic Conference of the Czech Demographic Society- . The 50th Anniversary of the Founding of the Journal Demografie]  conference URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Kocourkova2008,
      author = {Kocourková, J.},
      title = {Rodinná politika a její vliv na reprodukcní chování v CR [Family Policy and its impact on the reprocuctive behaviour in the Czech Republic]},
      booktitle = {Padesát let ?asopisu Demografie - demografie v posledních padesáti letech a její reflexe na stránkách ?asopisu Demografie [The 38th Demographic Conference of the Czech Demographic Society- . The 50th Anniversary of the Founding of the Journal Demografie]},
      year = {2008},
      url = {http://www.czech-ggs.cz/}
    }
    
    Kocourková, J. The postponement of childbearing in Europe: the issue related to both gender equality and reconciliation of work and family 2008 SASE conference: Economic Flexibility and Social Stability in the Age of Globalization"  conference URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Kocourkova2008a,
      author = {Kocourková, J.},
      title = {The postponement of childbearing in Europe: the issue related to both gender equality and reconciliation of work and family},
      booktitle = {SASE conference: Economic Flexibility and Social Stability in the Age of Globalization"},
      year = {2008},
      url = {http://www.czech-ggs.cz/clanky/konference/prispevky-na-zahranicnich-konferencich.html}
    }
    
    Kocourková, J. Higher parental benefit as an incentive to fertility increase? 2008 The 5th International seminar on Leave Policy and Research  conference URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Kocourkova2008b,
      author = {Kocourková, J.},
      title = {Higher parental benefit as an incentive to fertility increase?},
      booktitle = {The 5th International seminar on Leave Policy and Research},
      year = {2008},
      url = {http://www.czech-ggs.cz/clanky/konference/prispevky-na-zahranicnich-konferencich.html}
    }
    
    Kocourková & Fait, T. Changes in contraceptive practice and the transition of reproduction pattern in the Czech population 2011 The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care
    Vol. 16, pp. 161-172 
    article URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Kocourkova2011,
      author = {Kocourková, and Fait, T.},
      title = {Changes in contraceptive practice and the transition of reproduction pattern in the Czech population},
      journal = {The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {16},
      pages = {161-172},
      note = {Data from four Czech surveys carried out as part of international projects in 1993, 1997, 2005, and 2008 were used to document changes in contraceptive practice among Czech women.},
      url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21506884}
    }
    
    Kohls, M., Naderi, R. & Schmid, S. Die Auswirkung wanderungsbezogener und sozioökonomischer Aspekte auf das generative Verhalten türkischer Migrantinnen in Deutschland 2013 Bevölkerungsforschung, Aktuell
    Vol. 02, pp. 23-37 
    article URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Kohls2013,
      author = {Kohls, Martin and Naderi, Robert and Schmid, Susanne},
      title = {Die Auswirkung wanderungsbezogener und sozioökonomischer Aspekte auf das generative Verhalten türkischer Migrantinnen in Deutschland},
      journal = {Bevölkerungsforschung, Aktuell},
      year = {2013},
      volume = {02},
      pages = {23-37},
      url = {http://news.eformation.de/client/media/193/data/31622.pdf}
    }
    
    Kolosi, T., Tóth, I. & Vukovich, G. Társadalmi riport - Szülové válás az ezredforduló után 2006 , pp. 183 - 203  techreport Hungarian URL 
    BibTeX:
    @techreport{Kolosi2006,
      author = {Kolosi, T. and Tóth, I. and Vukovich, G.},
      title = {Társadalmi riport - Szülové válás az ezredforduló után},
      year = {2006},
      pages = {183 - 203},
      url = {http://www.tarsadalomkutatas.hu/termek.php?termek=TPUBL-A-694}
    }
    
    Kolosi, T., Tóth, I. & Vukovich, G. Social report - Fertility decline, changes in partnership formation and their linkages 2004 , pp. 132-146  techreport English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @techreport{Kolosi2004,
      author = {Kolosi, T. and Tóth, I. and Vukovich, G.},
      title = {Social report - Fertility decline, changes in partnership formation and their linkages},
      year = {2004},
      pages = {132-146},
      url = {http://www.tarki.hu/en/publications/SR/2004/}
    }
    
    Komter, A., Keizer, R. & Dykstra, P. De mannen schter successvolle vrouwen: "Kanjers of maatjes?" 2010 Mens & Maatschappij
    Vol. 85(4), pp. 356-379 
    article URL 
    Abstract: Summary
    The men behind successful women: ‘Big shots’ or ‘sharing companions’?
    Using data from the Netherlands Kinship Panel Study, this paper compares the partners of successful women with those of women who have fared less well on the labor market. Success is measured as belonging to the top ten percent income bracket of the female sample. The male breadwinner model where husbands contribute most to the household income characterizes the majority of couples, particularly in the older age groups. Successful women tend to have ‘sharing companions’ who make less money than they do rather than ‘big shots’ who have high incomes. Whether their partners espouse gender egalitarian attitudes makes no differences for women’s success. Rather, having a partner who performs a fair share of domestic tasks relates to women’s socio-economic achievement. Mothers with resident children are more successful when their partners have short work weeks, but the success of childless women and empty nest mothers shows no association with their partners’ work hours. With women’s increasing socio-economic independence, partner relations will likely become premised on different logics compared with the past. For economically autonomous women, men’s disposition towards companionship will be an important consideration, whereas men faced with economically autonomous women will be required to substantively contribute to domestic work.
    BibTeX:
    @article{A.2010,
      author = {Komter, A. and Keizer, R. and Dykstra, P.},
      title = {De mannen schter successvolle vrouwen: "Kanjers of maatjes?"},
      journal = {Mens & Maatschappij},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {85(4)},
      pages = {356-379},
      url = {http://www.mensenmaatschappij.nl/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=menm;sid=7f14673cc723c1fcea6039be54c16d0d;tpl=browse-toc-85.tpl}
    }
    
    Komter A., M.N. The impact of familiy structure and disruption on intergenerational emotional exchange in Eastern Europe 2011 European Journal of Ageing
    Vol. 9(2), pp. 1-13 
    article URL 
    Abstract: Demographic trends across Europe involve a decrease in fertility and mortality rates, and an increase in divorce and stepfamily formation. Life courses and living arrangements have become less standardized and the structure of families has changed. In this article, we examine to what extent contemporary family structure and composition resulting from demographic changes affect emotional exchange between children and their parents, both from adult child to parent and from parent to child. Because the general level of well-being has been shown to be lower in Eastern Europe, thereby potentially affecting emotional exchange within families, we focus our research on Eastern Europe. We use the "conservation of resources theory" to derive hypotheses on how family structure may affect intergenerational emotional exchange. Family ties are assumed to be important resources of affection that people want to obtain and retain throughout their lives. Data from the Generations and Gender Survey (GGS) are used to test our hypotheses. In general, our data offer more support for the idea that families are resilient than for the often heard assumption that families are in decline as a consequence of the changed family structure and composition.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Komter2011,
      author = {Komter A., Moor N.},
      title = {The impact of familiy structure and disruption on intergenerational emotional exchange in Eastern Europe},
      journal = {European Journal of Ageing},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {9(2)},
      pages = {1-13},
      url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22707927}
    }
    
    Konietzka, D. & Kreyenfeld, M. Familienformen und Lebensbedingungen in Ost und West. Zur sozioökonomischen Lage von Müttern in Deutschland, Frankreich und Russland.[Family forms and living conditions in East and West: socio-economic situation of mothers in Germany, France and Russia] 2010 Leben in Ost- und Westdeutschland: eine sozialwissenschaftliche Bilanz der deutschen Einheit, pp. 123-144  incollection URL 
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Konietzka,
      author = {Konietzka, D. and Kreyenfeld, M.},
      title = {Familienformen und Lebensbedingungen in Ost und West. Zur sozioökonomischen Lage von Müttern in Deutschland, Frankreich und Russland.[Family forms and living conditions in East and West: socio-economic situation of mothers in Germany, France and Russia]},
      booktitle = {Leben in Ost- und Westdeutschland: eine sozialwissenschaftliche Bilanz der deutschen Einheit},
      publisher = {Frankfurt am Main},
      year = {2010},
      pages = {123-144},
      url = {http://www.demogr.mpg.de/en/projects_publications/publications_1904/book_chapters/familienformen_und_lebensbedingungen_in_ost_und_west_zur_soziooekonomischen_lage_von_muettern_in_3982.htm}
    }
    
    König, S. Higher order births in germany and Hungary: comparing the determinants of fertility intentions in a national context 2011 Universität Mannheim Working paper
    Vol. 146, pp. 18 
    article URL 
    Abstract: This study examines fertility intentions for second or higher order births in Germany and Hungary. Fertility intention can be described on several levels: the individual level, the partner level and the country level. From an economic point of view, the wish to get more than one child is determined by opportunity costs of women and direct costs for children. Opportunity costs depend on their human capital and can be mediated through partnership and country characteristics. I assume that household income for example can only mediate the effects on opportunity costs for women in countries, where a broad childcare system is offered or paid private childcare arrangements are common. By using data from the Generations- and Gender Survey, differences between the two countries concerning household income and mothers’ educational level can be found. Income seems to be more important in Hungary, where full-time day-care is often available. In Germany, education is more important than income. It can be assumed that higher educated German women, who already decided to have a child despite their high opportunity costs are more family oriented. All in all, a rather different picture for fertility intentions can be found, where none of the three levels should be neglected.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Konig2011,
      author = {König, S.},
      title = {Higher order births in germany and Hungary: comparing the determinants of fertility intentions in a national context},
      journal = {Universität Mannheim Working paper},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {146},
      pages = {18},
      url = {http://www.mzes.uni-mannheim.de/publications/wp/wp-146.pdf}
    }
    
    Korchagina, I., Valetas, E., Avdeev, A., Tretjakova, V. & Troitskaia, I. Comparative study of contraceptive behaviour in France, Georgia, Lithuania and Russia 2008 Séminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 5  conference English  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Korchagina2008a,
      author = {Korchagina, I. and Valetas, E. and Avdeev, A. and Tretjakova, V. and Troitskaia, I.},
      title = {Comparative study of contraceptive behaviour in France, Georgia, Lithuania and Russia},
      booktitle = {Séminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 5},
      year = {2008}
    }
    
    Korchagina, I., Valetas, M.-F., Prokofieva, L. & Régnier-Loilier, A. Parents et enfants non-cohabitants après un divorce, en France, en Russie et en Géorgie – Des relations différentes selon le sexe? 2008 Séminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 5 2008  conference French  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Korchagina2008,
      author = {Korchagina, I. and Valetas, M.-F. and Prokofieva, L. and Régnier-Loilier, A.},
      title = {Parents et enfants non-cohabitants après un divorce, en France, en Russie et en Géorgie – Des relations différentes selon le sexe?},
      booktitle = {Séminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 5 2008},
      year = {2008}
    }
    
    Kostova, D. The emergence of cohabitation in a transitional socio-economic context: evidence from Bulgaria and Russia 2007 Demográfia English Edition
    Vol. 50:5, pp. 135-162 
    article  
    BibTeX:
    @article{Kostova2007,
      author = {Kostova, D.},
      title = {The emergence of cohabitation in a transitional socio-economic context: evidence from Bulgaria and Russia},
      journal = {Demográfia English Edition},
      year = {2007},
      volume = {50:5},
      pages = {135-162}
    }
    
    Kostova, D. & Hoem, J.M. Early traces of the second demographic transition in Bulgaria: a joint analysis of marital and non-marital union formation, 1964-2004 2008 Population Studies
    Vol. 62, pp. 259-271 
    article  
    Abstract: We explore trends in first-union formation in Bulgaria from 1960, using data from the national Gender and Generations Survey of 2004. We analyse jointly the transition into cohabitation and directly into marriage. The standardized marriage rate falls dramatically from the early 1980s; the corresponding rate of entry into cohabitation has already increased from the early 1960s but (surprisingly) falls moderately toward the end of our period. Cohabitation also tends to last progressively longer in more recent periods. The analysis shows that a pregnancy leads to a dramatic increase in the rate of both kinds of union formation: the increase is by a factor of almost 20 for marriage formation and about 10 for entry into cohabitation, ceteris paribus. Our findings suggest that, in Bulgaria at least, some manifestations of the Second Demographic Transition can be detected as early as the 1980s.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Kostova2008,
      author = {Kostova, D. and Hoem, J. M.},
      title = {Early traces of the second demographic transition in Bulgaria: a joint analysis of marital and non-marital union formation, 1964-2004},
      journal = {Population Studies},
      year = {2008},
      volume = {62},
      pages = {259-271}
    }
    
    Kotwal, A. Physical and psychological health of first and second generation Turkish immigrants in Germany 2010 American Journal Of Human Biology
    Vol. 22, pp. 538-545 
    article English DOI URL 
    Abstract: Recent studies in Germany suggest that first generation Turkish immigrants have lower mortality rates compared to native Germans. Conversely, studies examining morbidity, though not national in scope, have demonstrated that first generation Turks may have poorer health than native Germans. Additionally, little is known about the health of the emerging second generation Turkish population in Germany. To evaluate the discrepancy between mortality and morbidity trends and contribute to a better understanding of second generation Turkish immigrant health, this paper uses a nationally-representative dataset, including the 2005 German Gender and Generations Study (GGS) (n = 10,017) and the 2006 GGS Turkish supplement (n = 4,045), to assess three health outcomes: chronic illness, self-assessed health, and feelings of emptiness. The paper investigates whether sex, age, socioeconomic status, emotional support, or duration of residence in Germany predict these dimensions of health. Results establish clear health status differences between Turks and native Germans. Surprisingly, both first and second generation Turks tend to have lower chronic illness rates and rate their health as better than Germans at younger ages, but the advantage diminishes among higher age strata for the first generation. Feelings of emptiness results generally indicate an increased susceptibility to psychological problems for both generations of Turks. Controlling for socioeconomic status and age reduces these health differences modestly, pointing to their likely role as mediators. The relatively higher risks for all three health outcomes among Turkish females of both generations compared to their German counterparts suggest that female Turkish immigrants and their female offspring may be particularly vulnerable. Am. J. Hum. Biol. 2010. © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Kotwal2010,
      author = {Kotwal, A.A.},
      title = {Physical and psychological health of first and second generation Turkish immigrants in Germany},
      journal = {American Journal Of Human Biology},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {22},
      pages = {538-545},
      url = {http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ajhb.21044/abstract},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajhb.21044}
    }
    
    Kotzeva, T. & Dimitrova, E. Event History Analysis and Its Application in Life Course Sociology 2013 Sociological Problems
    Vol. 1-2, pp. 91-117 
    article URL  event history analysis; life course; transition; leaving parental home;
    Abstract: The article concisely presents the conceptual framework and terminology of life course sociology as well as one of the basic quantitative methods applied in this field, event history analysis. This method permits analyzing the dynamics in the life course of individuals at various life transition points connected with their participation in various spheres of public life (education, work, family life, etc.). One of the strong points of the method is the possibility it offers of incorporating various forms of activeness displayed by individuals making life transitions, and the possibility of assessing the impact of activeness on these transitions. The use of event analysis is illustrated in the article through the results of a study of young people leaving the parental home in Bulgaria.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Kotzeva2013,
      author = {Kotzeva, T. and Dimitrova, E.},
      title = {Event History Analysis and Its Application in Life Course Sociology},
      journal = {Sociological Problems},
      year = {2013},
      volume = {1-2},
      pages = {91-117},
      url = {http://www.ceeol.com/aspx/issuedetails.aspx?issueid=a913fd8c-1c8b-4be4-8713-b1ccb0e67c75&articleId=7ac38d41-9c38-42d5-b35c-441c77c6f4d7}
    }
    
    Kovács, K. Eletèunk Fordulópontjai – Egészség-esélyek 2006   book Hungarian URL 
    BibTeX:
    @book{Kovacs2006,
      author = {Kovács, K.},
      title = {Eletèunk Fordulópontjai – Egészség-esélyek},
      publisher = {Demographic Research Institute},
      year = {2006},
      url = {http://www.demografia.hu/index.php/kiadvanyok/mhelytanulmanyok}
    }
    
    Kovács, K. Proportionate or concentrated Burdens? Health of widowed, divorced and never married in Hungary 2005 Demográfia English Edition
    Vol. 48, pp. 104-122 
    article English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Kovacs2005,
      author = {Kovács, K.},
      title = {Proportionate or concentrated Burdens? Health of widowed, divorced and never married in Hungary},
      journal = {Demográfia English Edition},
      year = {2005},
      volume = {48},
      pages = {104-122},
      note = {For our present analysis we use the data of the survey that was carried out on the turn on 2001 and 2002 by the Demographic Research Institute. The data collection entitled ’Turning points of life course’ covered the 18 to 75 year-old population who are Hungarian citizens and live in non-institutional households.},
      url = {http://www.demografia.hu/english/index.php/publications-in-english/demografia-english-edition}
    }
    
    Kraniauskiene, S. Tapsmas suaugusiuojy: jaunimo socialine branda Lietuvoje (Becoming of Adult: Transition to adulthood in Lithuania) 2011 Gyventojy studijos. Lietuvos socialini? tyrim? centras
    Vol. 2(2), pp. 144 
    techreport URL 
    Abstract: Remiantis antrosios Kart? ir ly?i? tyrimo bangos duomenimis studijoje nagrin?jamas jaunimo par?jimas ? socialin? brand? Lietuvoje nuo XX a. penktojo dešimtme?io iki XXI a. pirmojo dešimtme?io. Studijoje nagrin?jama socialin?s brandos kalendoriaus kaita, tranzicijos tvarkaraš?io poky?iai. Taip pat analizuojama tranzicijos ?vyki?, kaip antai iš?jimo iš t?v? nam?, darbinio debiuto, edukacijos baigimo, pirmosios partneryst?s ir santuokos bei pirmojo vaikos gimimo, sek? strukt?ros kaita. Nagrin?jama, kaip per min?t? laikotarp? keit?si nusistov?jusi ši? ?vyki? eil?s tvarka skirtingose jaunimo gimimo kohortose. Studijoje bandoma atsakyti ? klausim?, kiek per?jim? ? socialin? brand? Lietuvoje paveik? destandartizacija, veikianti ir kit? šali? jaunimo per?jim? ? socialin? brand?.
    BibTeX:
    @techreport{Kraniauskiene2011,
      author = {Kraniauskiene, S.},
      title = {Tapsmas suaugusiuojy: jaunimo socialine branda Lietuvoje (Becoming of Adult: Transition to adulthood in Lithuania)},
      journal = {Gyventojy studijos. Lietuvos socialini? tyrim? centras},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {2},
      number = {2},
      pages = {144},
      url = {http://www.demografija.lt/users/www/uploaded/mografijos/turiniai/kraniausk_turinys.pdf}
    }
    
    Kreyenfeld, M., A.G. & A., P. Economic uncertainty and family dynamics in Europe (Introduction to special issue of Demographic Research) 2012 MPIDR Working Paper
    Vol. 006, pp. 24 
    article URL 
    Abstract: This special collection of Demographic Research is devoted to the issue of how economic and employment uncertainties relate to fertility and family dynamics in Europe. The collection is based on contributions to a workshop held in Berlin in July 2009, which in turn was stimulated by the onset of the economic recession in 2008. The collection comprises studies on how various dimensions of employment uncertainty, such as temporary working contracts and individual and aggregate unemployment, are related to the fertility and family formation of women and men in contexts across Europe. It covers studies on Germany, the U.K., France, Russia, Estonia, Sweden, Italy, Spain, and Israel.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Kreyenfeld2012,
      author = {Kreyenfeld, M., Andersson, G. and Pailhé A.},
      title = {Economic uncertainty and family dynamics in Europe (Introduction to special issue of Demographic Research)},
      journal = {MPIDR Working Paper},
      year = {2012},
      volume = {006},
      pages = {24},
      url = {http://www.demogr.mpg.de/papers/working/wp-2012-006.pdf}
    }
    
    Kreyenfeld, M., Hornung, A. & Kubisch, K. The German Generations and Gender Survey: Some Critical Reflections on the Validity of Fertility Histories. 2013 Comparative Population Studies – Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungswissenschaft.  article DOI URL  Fertility, Fertility history, Union history, Marriage, Data validation, Germany, West Germany, Generations and Gender Survey, GGS, Micro-census
    Abstract: Abstract: This paper validates the fertility histories of the German Generations and Gender Survey (GGS). Focusing on the cohorts 1930-69 of West German women, the total number of children, the parity distribution and the parity progression ratios are compared to external sources. One major result from this validation is that the German GGS understates the fertility for the older cohorts and overstates it for the younger ones. We presume that two mechanisms are responsible for this pattern in the German GGS: On the one hand, children who have left parental home are underreported in the retrospective fertility histories. On the other hand, women with small children are easier to reach by the interviewer. These two mechanisms taken together produce too low numbers of children for the older and too high ones for the younger cohorts. Extending the validation to marital histories has revealed a similar bias. Our general conclusion from this investigation is that the German GGS may not be used for statistical analyses of cohort fertility and marriage trends. For subsequent surveys, we suggest integrating simple control questions in questionnaires with complex retrospective fertility and union histories.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Kreyenfeld2013,
      author = {Kreyenfeld, M. and Hornung, A. and Kubisch, K.},
      title = {The German Generations and Gender Survey: Some Critical Reflections on the Validity of Fertility Histories.},
      journal = {Comparative Population Studies – Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungswissenschaft.},
      year = {2013},
      url = {http://www.comparativepopulationstudies.de/index.php/CPoS/article/viewFile/26/108},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.4232/10.CPoS-2013-02en}
    }
    
    Kreyenfeld, M., Hornung, A. & Kubisch, K. Der deutsche Generations and Gender Survey:
    Einige kritische Betrachtungen zur Validität der Fertilitätsverläufe
    2013 Comparative Population Studies – Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungswissenschaft
    Vol. 38, 1 (2013), pp. 29-58 
    article DOI URL  Fertilität · Fertilitätsbiografi e · Partnerschaftsbiografi e · Heirat · Datenvalidierung · Deutschland · Westdeutschland · Generations and Gender Survey · GGS · Mikrozensus
    Abstract: Ziel dieses Beitrags ist es, die Fertilitätsbiografi en im deutschen
    Generations and Gender Survey (GGS) zu validieren. Die Untersuchungspopulation
    bilden westdeutsche Frauen der Geburtsjahrgänge 1930-69, für die die
    durchschnittliche Kinderzahl, die Verteilung der Kinderzahl und die Progressionsraten
    zum nächsten Kind auf Basis des GGS berechnet und mit anderen Datenquellen
    verglichen werden. Der zentrale Befund dieser Validierung ist, dass der deutsche
    GGS die Kinderzahlen der älteren Kohorten unterschätzt und jene der jüngeren
    Jahrgänge überschätzt. Wir vermuten, dass zwei Mechanismen für dieses Muster
    verantwortlich sind: Einerseits sind Kinder, die bereits den elterlichen Haushalt verlassen
    haben, nur lückenhaft erfasst worden. Andererseits sind jüngere Befragte
    mit kleineren Kindern in der Stichprobe wegen ihrer leichteren Erreichbarkeit überrepräsentiert.
    Zusammengenommen tragen diese beiden Mechanismen dazu bei,
    dass die Kinderzahlen der jüngeren Jahrgänge über- und die der älteren Geburtsjahrgänge
    unterschätzt werden. Die Validierung der Heiratsbiografi en offenbart
    eine ähnliche Schiefl age, sodass man folgern muss, dass der deutsche GGS für die
    Darstellung von Kohortentrends der Fertilität und Nuptialität nicht genutzt werden
    kann. Vor dem Hintergrund der Erfahrungen mit dem deutschen GGS empfi ehlt es
    sich, in zukünftigen Befragungen bei der retrospektiven Erhebung von umfassenden
    Fertilitäts- und Partnerschaftsverläufen einfache (Kontroll-)Fragen in das Frageprogramm
    zu integrieren, um die Angaben in den retrospektiven Modulen überprüfbar
    zu machen.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Kreyenfeld2013a,
      author = {Kreyenfeld, Michaela and Hornung, Anne and Kubisch, Karolin},
      title = {Der deutsche Generations and Gender Survey:
    Einige kritische Betrachtungen zur Validität der Fertilitätsverläufe}, journal = {Comparative Population Studies – Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungswissenschaft}, year = {2013}, volume = {38, 1 (2013)}, pages = {29-58}, url = {http://scholar.google.ch/scholar_url?hl=de&q=http://www.comparativepopulationstudies.de/index.php/CPoS/article/download/26/109/26-379-2-PB.pdf&sa=X&scisig=AAGBfm03QIx0cplOr1poPGee0RKj9JX8Kg&oi=scholaralrt}, doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.4232/10.CPoS-2013-02de} }
    Kreyenfeld, M., Hornung, A., Kubisch, K. & Jaschinski, I. Fertility and union histories from German GGS data: some critical reflections 2010 MPIDR Working Paper
    Vol. 023, pp. 28 
    article English URL  fertility, data validation, German Generation and Gender Survey
    Abstract: This paper validates the fertility and union histories of the German Generations and Gender Survey (GGS). One major result from this validation is that the fertility of the older GGS-cohorts is too low, while it is too high for the younger cohorts. For partnership histories, we find a similar bias. In sum, the GGS gives wrong cohort fertility and marriage trends for Germany. We speculate on various sources for this bias in the data. However, we were unable to find a remedy to cure it.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Kreyenfeld2010a,
      author = {Kreyenfeld, M. and Hornung, A. and Kubisch, K. and Jaschinski, I.},
      title = {Fertility and union histories from German GGS data: some critical reflections},
      journal = {MPIDR Working Paper},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {023},
      pages = {28},
      url = {http://www.demogr.mpg.de/papers/working/wp-2010-023.pdf}
    }
    
    Kreyenfeld, M., Konietzka, D. & Hornung, A. Family diversity in France, Russian Federation, East and Western Germany: Overview on living arrangements and living conditions 2009 How Generations and Gender Shape Demographic Change, pp. 33-55  incollection English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Kreyendfeld2009a,
      author = {Kreyenfeld, M. and Konietzka, D. and Hornung, A.},
      title = {Family diversity in France, Russian Federation, East and Western Germany: Overview on living arrangements and living conditions},
      booktitle = {How Generations and Gender Shape Demographic Change},
      publisher = {United Nations},
      year = {2009},
      pages = {33-55},
      url = {http://www.ggp-i.org/bibliography/conference-2008.html}
    }
    
    Kreyenfeld, M. & Martin, V. Economic conditions of stepfamilies from a cross-national perspective 2011 Journal of Family Research
    Vol. 2, pp. 128-153 
    article URL 
    Abstract: This paper investigates the economic conditions of stepfamilies in Germany, the Russian Federation and France using data from the first wave of the Generations and Gender Survey (GGS). The analysis shows that stepfamilies more often report economic hardship than nuclear families in France and Western Germany. Socio-demographic
    differences between family types – particularly the fact that stepfamilies tend to be larger families – explain the differences in economic well-being between families in France. For Western Germany, differences between nuclear and stepfamilies remain after controlling for socio-economic composition of different family types. For the Russian Federation and Eastern Germany, we do not find any statistically significant differences in economic well-being between stepfamilies and nuclear families. The major dividing line for these regions runs between single parents and other types of families.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Kreyenfeld2011,
      author = {Michaela Kreyenfeld and Valerie Martin},
      title = {Economic conditions of stepfamilies from a cross-national perspective},
      journal = {Journal of Family Research},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {2},
      pages = {128-153},
      url = {http://www.demogr.mpg.de/papers/working/wp-2011-010.pdf}
    }
    
    Kreyenfeld, M., Zeman, K., Burkimsher, M. & Jaschinski, I. Fertility data for German-speaking countries. What is the potential? Where are the pitfalls? 2011 MPIDR Working Paper
    Vol. 003, pp. 72 
    article English URL  Cohort Fertility, Vital Statistics, Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Survey Data, Census Data, Childlessness
    Abstract: This paper gives an overview of fertility data for Germany, Austria and Switzerland. Particular attention is given to the availability of order-specific fertility data. We discuss the quality of data provided by the Statistical Offices, both birth registration data and censuses or microcensuses. In addition, we explore how social science surveys can be used to generate order-specific fertility indicators, and compare fertility estimates across surveys with estimates from vital statistics. Prior studies have shown that there is a ’family bias’ in most surveys, with the fertility of the younger cohorts being overstated, because respondents with young children are easier to reach by the interviewers. Our assessment of various types of surveys from the three different countries does mostly support this notion. However, the ‘family bias’ is most pronounced in family surveys while all-purpose surveys suffer from it to a lesser extent. Weighting the data does not fully cure the ‘family bias’, which we attribute to the fact that number of children is not usually considered a factor in calculating sample weights, as provided by the survey agencie and Statistical Offices. The confounding role of migration in the production of reliable and comparable fertility statistics is also discussed.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Kreyenfeld2011a,
      author = {Kreyenfeld, M. and Zeman, K. and Burkimsher, M. and Jaschinski, I.},
      title = {Fertility data for German-speaking countries. What is the potential? Where are the pitfalls?},
      journal = {MPIDR Working Paper},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {003},
      pages = {72},
      note = {Rostock},
      url = {http://www.demogr.mpg.de/papers/working/wp-2011-003.pdf}
    }
    
    Kröber, C. & Beyreuther, L. Wie unterschiedlich betreuen wir unsere Kinder? – Ein Vergleich zwischen deutschen und türkischen Eltern unter Berücksichtigung von Einstellungsmerkmalen 2012 Bevölkerungsforschung Aktuell 33
    Vol. 4, pp. 11-17 
    article URL 
    Abstract: Die Betreuungssituation für Kinder hat sich in den letzten Jahren stark gewandelt. So wurde das Platzangebot kontinuierlich ausgebaut und die Betreuungskonzepte erweitert. Neben einer unterschiedlichen Betreuungssituation in Ost- und Westdeutschland zeigen sich auch Unterschiede bei der Betreuung zwischen Kindern mit und ohne Migrationshintergrund. So werden unter Dreijährige ohne Migrationshintergrund mehr als doppelt so häufi g in einer Tageseinrichtung betreut als solche mit Migrationshintergrund (14 zu 30 %). Sind die festgestellten Unterschiede durch verschiedene Einstellungen zur Kindererziehung und Berufstätigkeit begründet? Lassen in Deutschland lebende türkische Migranten ihre Kinder tatsächlich institutionell seltener betreuen als Deutsche ohne Migrationshintergrund? Diese Fragen analysiert der Beitrag auf der Basis von Daten des Generations and Gender Survey (GGS) des BiB. In der Analyse zeigt sich, dass sich die Einstellungen zur Kindererziehung und Müttererwerbstätigkeit zwischen deutschen und türkischen Frauen in Westdeutschland unterscheiden. Die unterschiedlichen Einstellungen zur Fremdbetreuung alleine können aber das Betreuungsverhalten beider Gruppen nicht erklären.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Kroeber2012,
      author = {Kröber , C. and Beyreuther, L.},
      title = {Wie unterschiedlich betreuen wir unsere Kinder? – Ein Vergleich zwischen deutschen und türkischen Eltern unter Berücksichtigung von Einstellungsmerkmalen},
      journal = {Bevölkerungsforschung Aktuell 33},
      year = {2012},
      volume = {4},
      pages = {11-17},
      url = {http://www.bib-demografie.de/SharedDocs/Publikationen/DE/Download/Bevoelkerungsforschung_Aktuell/bev_aktuell_0412.pdf?__blob=publicationFile&v=4}
    }
    
    Kucharová, V. K otázce podmín?nosti sla?ování rodiny a zam?stnání individuálními a strukturálními faktory [On Determination of Work-life Balance by Private and Societal Influences] 2009 XXXIX. konference Ceské demografické spole?nosti: Žena a muž v rodin? a na trhu práce [XXXIX. Conference of the Czech Demographic Society: Woman and Man at Home and at the Labour Market]  conference URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Kucharova2009a,
      author = {Kucharová, V.},
      title = {K otázce podmín?nosti sla?ování rodiny a zam?stnání individuálními a strukturálními faktory [On Determination of Work-life Balance by Private and Societal Influences]},
      booktitle = {XXXIX. konference Ceské demografické spole?nosti: Žena a muž v rodin? a na trhu práce [XXXIX. Conference of the Czech Demographic Society: Woman and Man at Home and at the Labour Market]},
      publisher = {Czech Statistical Office},
      year = {2009},
      url = {http://www.czech-ggs.cz/}
    }
    
    Kucharová, V. Rodiny a rodi?ovství v prost?edí ohroženém sociálním vylou?ením [Families and Parenthood in Situations of a Danger of Social Exclusion]. 2006 Sociální vylou?ení a sociální politika. (Social Exclusion and Social Policy)  conference URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Kucharova2006,
      author = {Kucharová, V.},
      title = {Rodiny a rodi?ovství v prost?edí ohroženém sociálním vylou?ením [Families and Parenthood in Situations of a Danger of Social Exclusion].},
      booktitle = {Sociální vylou?ení a sociální politika. (Social Exclusion and Social Policy)},
      publisher = {Masaryk’s University, Brno and Research Institute of Labour and Social Affairs},
      year = {2006},
      url = {http://www.czech-ggs.cz/}
    }
    
    Kucharová, V. Sladování pracovního a rodinného života (Work-life balance) 2011 Rodinná politika v centru pozornosti kraj? a obcí (Family policy as a focus of regional and local authorities)  conference URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Kucharova2011,
      author = {Kucharová, V.},
      title = {Sladování pracovního a rodinného života (Work-life balance)},
      booktitle = {Rodinná politika v centru pozornosti kraj? a obcí (Family policy as a focus of regional and local authorities)},
      publisher = {Regional Authority Vysocina},
      year = {2011},
      url = {http://www.czech-ggs.cz/file/55/kucharova_31_3_2011_dk.pdf}
    }
    
    Kucharová, V. K otázce podmínenosti slad'ování rodiny a zamestnání individuálními a strukturálními factory [To the issue of conditionality of family and work reconciliation by individual and structural factors] 2010 Demografie [Demography]
    Vol. 52, pp. 143-151 
    article URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Kucharova2010,
      author = {Kucharová, V.},
      title = {K otázce podmínenosti slad'ování rodiny a zamestnání individuálními a strukturálními factory [To the issue of conditionality of family and work reconciliation by individual and structural factors]},
      journal = {Demografie [Demography]},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {52},
      pages = {143-151},
      url = {www.czech-ggs.cz/file/94/kucharova_1_2010_demografie.pdf}
    }
    
    Kucharová, V. Work-life balance: societal and private influences 2009 Czech Sociological Review
    Vol. 45, pp. 1283-1310 
    article URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Kucha?ova2009,
      author = {Kucharová, V.},
      title = {Work-life balance: societal and private influences},
      journal = {Czech Sociological Review},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {45},
      pages = {1283-1310},
      url = {http://sreview.soc.cas.cz/cs/issue/109-sociologicky-casopis-czech-sociological-review-6-2009}
    }
    
    Kucharová, V. Vybrané souvislosti s?atkového a rodinného chování v ?R v mezinnárodním porovnání [Some circumstances of family behaviour in the Czech republic in cross-national comparison.]. 2009 Reprodukce lidského kapitálu. Vzájemné vazby a souvislosti - II. ro?ník [Reproduction of human capital II.]  conference URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Kucharova2009b,
      author = {Kucharová, V.},
      title = {Vybrané souvislosti s?atkového a rodinného chování v ?R v mezinnárodním porovnání [Some circumstances of family behaviour in the Czech republic in cross-national comparison.].},
      booktitle = {Reprodukce lidského kapitálu. Vzájemné vazby a souvislosti - II. ro?ník [Reproduction of human capital II.]},
      publisher = {Oeconomica, VŠE, Prague},
      year = {2009},
      url = {http://www.czech-ggs.cz/}
    }
    
    Kucharová, V. Konfrontace názoru a preferencí s dnešním chováním na pozadí etap rodinného cyklu [Comparison of Opinions and Preferences with Contemporary Behaviour on the Background of Family Cycle Stages] 2008 Rodinná politika a životní styl rodiny  conference URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Kucharova,
      author = {Kucharová, V.},
      title = {Konfrontace názoru a preferencí s dnešním chováním na pozadí etap rodinného cyklu [Comparison of Opinions and Preferences with Contemporary Behaviour on the Background of Family Cycle Stages]},
      booktitle = {Rodinná politika a životní styl rodiny},
      year = {2008},
      url = {https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=2&cad=rja&ved=0CD0QFjAB&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.czech-ggs.cz%2Ffile%2F64%2Fkucharova_21_4_2008_dk.pdf&ei=rkjLUJrMHoa10QXtloGoDA&usg=AFQjCNHraj6uGhTm6cBcXI-G_gtMGu_ydQ&sig2=hOn59x2bRVGOOjKw0zrjRQ&bvm=bv.1355325884,d.d2k}
    }
    
    Kucharová, V. Harmonizace rodiny a zamestnání podle formy rodinného soužití [Harmonisation of work and family according to the family forms] 2008 Fórum sociální politiky [Social Policy Forum](6), pp. 8-14  article URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Kucharova2008,
      author = {Kucharová, V.},
      title = {Harmonizace rodiny a zamestnání podle formy rodinného soužití [Harmonisation of work and family according to the family forms]},
      journal = {Fórum sociální politiky [Social Policy Forum]},
      year = {2008},
      number = {6},
      pages = {8-14},
      url = {http://www.vupsv.cz/sites/File/forum_socialni_politiky/Casopis_FSP_6_2008.pdf}
    }
    
    Kucharová, V. Flexibilita práce [Work Flexibility] 2008 Nová rizika pracovního trhu [New Risks on the Labour Market]  conference URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Kucharova2008a,
      author = {Kucharová, V},
      title = {Flexibilita práce [Work Flexibility]},
      booktitle = {Nová rizika pracovního trhu [New Risks on the Labour Market]},
      year = {2008},
      url = {http://www.czech-ggs.cz/}
    }
    
    Kucharová, V. Konfrontace názoru a preferencí s dnešním chováním na pozadí etap rodinného cyklu [Comparison of Opinions and Preferences with Contemporary Behaviour on the Background of Family Cycle Stages] 2008 Rodinná politika a životní styl rodiny – jak rodiny zvládají rozpor mezi nároky rodinného života a nároky kladenými spolecností [Family Policy and Family Style of Living -How Families manage to Cope with the Discrepancy between Family Life Demands and Demands made by Society]  conference URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Kucharova2008b,
      author = {Kucharová, V.},
      title = {Konfrontace názoru a preferencí s dnešním chováním na pozadí etap rodinného cyklu [Comparison of Opinions and Preferences with Contemporary Behaviour on the Background of Family Cycle Stages]},
      booktitle = {Rodinná politika a životní styl rodiny – jak rodiny zvládají rozpor mezi nároky rodinného života a nároky kladenými spolecností [Family Policy and Family Style of Living -How Families manage to Cope with the Discrepancy between Family Life Demands and Demands made by Society]},
      publisher = {Národní centrum pro rodinu, Brno},
      year = {2008},
      url = {http://www.rodiny.cz/f/Image/fotkyNCR/sbornik_08.pdf}
    }
    
    Kucharová, V. Work-life Balance and Flexible Working Arrangements 2008 Corporate Culture and the Quality of working life in globalization  conference URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Kucharova2008c,
      author = {Kucharová, V.},
      title = {Work-life Balance and Flexible Working Arrangements},
      booktitle = {Corporate Culture and the Quality of working life in globalization},
      year = {2008},
      url = {http://www.slidefinder.net/w/work_life_balance_flexible_working/kucharova2008b/2782226}
    }
    
    Kucharová, V. Vznik, stabilita a prožívání osam?lého mate?ství [Formation, Stability and Experience of Lone Motherhood] 2008 Reprodukce, nebo intimita? [Reproduction or Intimacy?]  conference URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Kucharova2008d,
      author = {Kucharová, V.},
      title = {Vznik, stabilita a prožívání osam?lého mate?ství [Formation, Stability and Experience of Lone Motherhood]},
      booktitle = {Reprodukce, nebo intimita? [Reproduction or Intimacy?]},
      year = {2008},
      url = {http://www.czech-ggs.cz/file/65/kucharova_29_9_2008_dk.pdf}
    }
    
    Kucharová, V. Lone mothers at the labour market: Their requirements and their entitlement to social protection measures. 2007 5th International Research Conference on Social Security, ISSA  conference URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Kucharova2007,
      author = {Kucharová, V.},
      title = {Lone mothers at the labour market: Their requirements and their entitlement to social protection measures.},
      booktitle = {5th International Research Conference on Social Security, ISSA},
      year = {2007},
      url = {http://www.czech-ggs.cz/}
    }
    
    Kucharová, V. Dnešní podoba rodiny a vztahy spolupráce v rodin? [Family Today and Mutual Assistance in a Family] 2005 Rodina a rodi?ovství na prahu 21. století (Family and Parenthood on the Eve of the 21st Century)  conference URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Kucharova2005,
      author = {Kucharová, V.},
      title = {Dnešní podoba rodiny a vztahy spolupráce v rodin? [Family Today and Mutual Assistance in a Family]},
      booktitle = {Rodina a rodi?ovství na prahu 21. století (Family and Parenthood on the Eve of the 21st Century)},
      year = {2005},
      url = {http://www.czech-ggs.cz/file/72/kucharova_10_11_11_2005_dk.pdf}
    }
    
    Kucharová, V., Št'astná, A., Höhne, S., Nešporová, O., Paloncyová, J. & Svobodová, K. Partnerství, rodina a mezigeneracní vztahy v ceské spolecnosti (Partnership, Family and Intergenerational Relations in the Czech Republic) 2009   book URL 
    Abstract: V posledních desetiletích probíhají v Evrop? i v zemích dalších kontinent? demografické zm?ny, které zásadn? m?ní životy lidí z hlediska jejich životních drah, partnerských a mezigenera?ních vztah? i forem rodinného soužití, což se odráží v jejich životních podmínkách. Tyto zm?ny nesou ?adu spole?ných rys? v zemích r?zné geografické polohy, kulturních tradic a s r?zným politicko-ekonomickým uspo?ádáním, avšak ?asování t?chto zm?n a jejich pr?b?h jsou pro každou zemi ve velké mí?e specifické. Poznání národních charakteristik demografických jev? a jejich sociálních souvislostí je stále trvajícím procesem s praktickými dopady na koncipování ve?ejných politik, zejména politiky rodinné. ?eská republika se proto ú?astní od roku 2004 mezinárodního projektu Generations and Gender Programme (GGP). Jeho hlavní sou?ástí je reprezentativní panelové šet?ení, zam??ené zejména na rodinné dráhy v širokém kontextu a z genderové a genera?ní perspektivy. V roce 2008 vydaly ?ešitelské týmy tohoto projektu za ?R, P?írodov?decká fakulta UK a Výzkumný ústav práce a sociálních v?cí, v.v.i., publikaci „Rodina, partnerství a demografické stárnutí“ shrnující základní poznatky z první vlny tohoto šet?ení. Tato kniha na ni navazuje souborem analytických statí, v?novaných zásadním etapám životních drah – osamostat?ování mladých lidí, formování partnerství a rodi?ovství, rozpadu manželství a životu ve stá?í. Kniha se v?nuje i vybraným d?ležitým jev?m, charakterizujícím soudobé demografické zm?ny, jako je ?asto se vyskytující život v neúplné rodin?, stále rozší?en?jší nesezdané soužití a prom?ny hodnotového základu partnerských vztah?, zde se zam??ením na roli náboženství. Z provedených analýz jsou vyvozeny nám?ty pro rodinnou politiku.
    BibTeX:
    @book{Kucharova2009,
      author = {Kucharová, V. and Št'astná, A. and Höhne, S. and Nešporová, O. and Paloncyová, J. and Svobodová, K.},
      title = {Partnerství, rodina a mezigeneracní vztahy v ceské spolecnosti (Partnership, Family and Intergenerational Relations in the Czech Republic)},
      publisher = {Prague, VUPSV/RILSA},
      year = {2009},
      url = {http://www.czech-ggs.cz/clanky/publikace/monografie/knizni-publikace.html}
    }
    
    Kulik, M.C. The emergence of cohabitation as a first union and its later stability: the case of Hungarian women 2005 MPIDR Working Paper
    Vol. 31, pp. 30 
    article English URL 
    Abstract: With the transition of the 1990s in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe, the demographic behavior of their populations has changed drastically. This paper focuses on Hungary where some of these developments like falling marriage rates were evident even before 1990. We examine the emergence of cohabitation as a first union and the stability of such relationships. Are they rather transformed into marriage or do they end in dissolution? How long do Hungarian woman stay in these unions? In addition to some descriptive statistics we apply event history analysis because this allows us to study the impact of individual-level characteristics on such choices. The data used is the Hungarian Generations and Gender Survey collected around November 2001. The analysis shows that there are marked differences in behavior between periods and that factors like pregnancy or employment do influence the decision for cohabitation as well as its further development.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Kulik2005a,
      author = {Kulik, M. C.},
      title = {The emergence of cohabitation as a first union and its later stability: the case of Hungarian women},
      journal = {MPIDR Working Paper},
      year = {2005},
      volume = {31},
      pages = {30},
      note = {Germany},
      url = {http://www.demogr.mpg.de/papers/working/wp-2005-031.pdf}
    }
    
    Kurowska, A. Regularna opieka dziadków nad wnukami a instytucjonalne uwarunkowania opieki nad malymi dziecmi – analiza w krajach konserwatywnego modelu polityki rodzinnej 2012 Problemy Polityki Spolecznej. Studia i Dyskusje
    Vol. 18, pp. 145-154 
    article URL 
    Abstract: The article presents the prevalence of a regular support in childcare from grandparents in countries belonging the conservative model of family policy. The author explores the interdependence between the extent of institutional support in childcare and the prevalence of regular care provided by grandparents to grandchildren. It turns out that the prevalence of grandparental support in childcare is significant but very diverse in the analyzed group of countries. The lower is the generosity of parental leave and the weaker is the access to institutional forms of care for children in preschool, the more common is grandparental support.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Kurowska2012,
      author = {Kurowska, Anna},
      title = {Regularna opieka dziadków nad wnukami a instytucjonalne uwarunkowania opieki nad malymi dziecmi – analiza w krajach konserwatywnego modelu polityki rodzinnej},
      journal = {Problemy Polityki Spolecznej. Studia i Dyskusje},
      year = {2012},
      volume = {18},
      pages = {145-154},
      url = {http://recesja.icm.edu.pl/ips/problemyps/pps18/PPS18-Kurowska.pdf}
    }
    
    Kveder, A. Guidelines for survey fieldwork and panel maintenance 2007 Generations and Gender Programme: Concepts and Guidelines, pp. 47-58  incollection English  
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Kveder2007a,
      author = {Kveder, A.},
      title = {Guidelines for survey fieldwork and panel maintenance},
      booktitle = {Generations and Gender Programme: Concepts and Guidelines},
      publisher = {United Nations},
      year = {2007},
      pages = {47-58}
    }
    
    Kveder, A. A Note on the definitions and documentation of final disposition codes 2005 Generations and Gender Programme: survey instruments  incollection English  
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Kveder2005a,
      author = {Kveder, A.},
      title = {A Note on the definitions and documentation of final disposition codes},
      booktitle = {Generations and Gender Programme: survey instruments},
      publisher = {United Nations},
      year = {2005},
      note = {UNECE}
    }
    
    Kveder, A., Hiekel, N. & Mikolai, J. Cross-nationally equivalent data accuracy? Item nonresponse analysis of the generations and gender surveys and implications for international comparative research 2010 European Population Conference 2010  conference English URL 
    Abstract: Is data accuracy equivalent across countries and cultures? Would differential patterns of data quality have an impact on the results of international comparative research? The aim of this paper is to present a comprehensive analysis of item nonresponse patterns and its determinants and to critically evaluate the implications for comparative research. Generations and Gender Surveys (GGS) from eight countries will be used for the analysis. GGS is a panel survey of a nationally representative sample of 18-79 year-old resident population with at least three panel waves and an interval of three years between each wave. Only first wave data (due to current availability) will be used for the present analysis. V-known meta-analytical models will be used to estimate simultaneous logistic models of item nonresponse propensities using respondent and questionnaire characteristics as the two levels of explanatory variables. The item nonresponse models will be initially run on the pooled dataset of all eight countries. In the second stage of the analysis the models will be separately estimated for each country and results will be compared across countries. The results from both estimation stages will contribute to a better understanding of the survey response process and of the validity of international comparative research.
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Kveder2010,
      author = {Kveder, A. and Hiekel, N. and Mikolai, J.},
      title = {Cross-nationally equivalent data accuracy? Item nonresponse analysis of the generations and gender surveys and implications for international comparative research},
      booktitle = {European Population Conference 2010},
      publisher = {European Association for Population Studies},
      year = {2010},
      url = {http://epc2010.princeton.edu/abstractViewer.aspx?submissionId=100882}
    }
    
    Kyzlinková, R. & M., K. Zamestnanost starších osob na cástecný úvazek: role zdravotního stavu [Part-time employment of older people: the role of health]. 2011 Fórum sociální politiky [Social Policy Forum]
    Vol. 5, pp. 7-14 
    article URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Kyzlinkova2011,
      author = {Kyzlinková, R. and Kotrusová M.},
      title = {Zamestnanost starších osob na cástecný úvazek: role zdravotního stavu [Part-time employment of older people: the role of health].},
      journal = {Fórum sociální politiky [Social Policy Forum]},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {5},
      pages = {7-14},
      url = {http://www.czech-ggs.cz/clanky/publikace/ostatni-publikace/clanky-v-odbornych-casopisech.html}
    }
    
    Kyzlinková, R. & Svobodová, K. Práce z domova a její zásah do rodinného života (Work from Home and its Effect on Family Life) 2007 Fórum sociální politiky [Social Policy Forum]
    Vol. 1(1), pp. 11-17 
    article URL 
    Abstract: The paper examines the incidence of working from home in the Czech Republic and its associations with gender, age, educational level and presence of a dependent child in the household. In addition, authors try to test certain hypotheses emerged from recent qualitative research on telework in the Czech Republic. The hypotheses are based on the assumption of household duties accumulation for the family member who works from home. According to the survey findings, 6.3% of employees and self-employed people in the Czech Republic worked at least part of the week from home. For 3% of employees and self-employed people, home was the sole place of work. The findings of the 2005 ‘Generations and gender survey’ also reveal that women in the Czech Republic probably opt to work from home for different reasons than men do. Differences between both sexes also emerge when taking into account the life cycle and career. Men usually work from home at an older age and later stage of their career while women make use of this form of work throughout their entire working life, with a slight increase in such activity among women in the 35–44 years and the oldest age group. Moreover, it appears that the presence of a dependent child in the household is a trigger for women to work from home. Regarding division of chores between partners in the household, the fact that woman works from home has no influence on her workload in household when compared to women working in one place away from home. Contrary, men working from home take an active part in household chores more often than other men.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Kyzlinkova2007,
      author = {Kyzlinková, Renata and Svobodová, Kamila},
      title = {Práce z domova a její zásah do rodinného života (Work from Home and its Effect on Family Life)},
      journal = {Fórum sociální politiky [Social Policy Forum]},
      year = {2007},
      volume = {1(1)},
      pages = {11-17},
      url = {http://www.google.nl/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=8&cad=rja&ved=0CFsQFjAH&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.czech-ggs.cz%2Ffile%2F75%2Fkyzlinkova-svobodova_forum-socialni-politiky-1-2007.pdf&ei=PNnBUKeLOoPAhAfP4IGIAw&usg=AFQjCNF3R8WWDmZubd7-j4K3xCEAOt072A}
    }
    
    Lapierre-Adamcyk, E. & Charton, L. Fertility in Canadian Regions and Contraceptive Sterilization 2007 Communication au Canadian Population Society  conference English  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Lapierre-Adamcyk2007,
      author = {Lapierre-Adamcyk, E. and Charton, L.},
      title = {Fertility in Canadian Regions and Contraceptive Sterilization},
      booktitle = {Communication au Canadian Population Society},
      year = {2007}
    }
    
    Lappegård, T. Geografisk avstand til foreldre og barn: De fleste bor nær foreldre og voksne barn [Geographical distance from parents and children: Most people live close to parents and adult children] 2009 Samfunnsspeilet
    Vol. 23(1), pp. 84-88 
    article Norwegian URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Lappegaard2009a,
      author = {Lappegård, T.},
      title = {Geografisk avstand til foreldre og barn: De fleste bor nær foreldre og voksne barn [Geographical distance from parents and children: Most people live close to parents and adult children]},
      journal = {Samfunnsspeilet},
      publisher = {Statistics Norway},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {23},
      number = {1},
      pages = {84-88},
      url = {http://www.ssb.no/ssp/utg/200901/ssp.pdf}
    }
    
    Lappegård, T., Kjeldstad, R. & TorbjørnSkarðhamar The division of housework. Does regional context matter? 2012 Statistics Norway, Research Department
    Vol. 689(689), pp. 24 
    article URL 
    Abstract: This study investigates the relationship between the division of housework in couples and the local gender equality context. We use data from the Norwegian Generations and Gender survey 2007 combined with a range of macrolevel measures on gender equality in the municipality where the respondents live. Results show that in married and cohabiting couples, the division of housework is associated with local gender equality context. Irrespective of their individual characteristics, couples living in municipalities with high gender equality have more equal division of housework. The within country regional variation in women’s status and participation on various arenas as compared to men’s, seems to influence housework arrangements in the family. This corresponds to findings from previous studies comparing countries, hence indicating that several of the operating mechanisms are also present at a lower aggregate level. However, in contrast to cross-national comparisons, we find that individual characteristics are not associated differently with the division of housework according to regional gender context. This might be due to the fact that Norway is a relatively homogeneous and egalitarian country at both the regional and individual level.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Lappegaard2012,
      author = {Trude Lappegård and Randi Kjeldstad and TorbjørnSkarðhamar},
      title = {The division of housework. Does regional context matter?},
      journal = {Statistics Norway, Research Department},
      year = {2012},
      volume = {689},
      number = {689},
      pages = {24},
      note = {Discussion paper},
      url = {http://www.ssb.no/publikasjoner/DP/pdf/dp689.pdf}
    }
    
    Lappegård, T. & Noack, T. Barn, familie og jobb – holdninger og praksis gjennom 30 år: Familie og jobb i ulike kvinnegenerasjoner [Children, family, work – attitudes and practice over 30 years: Family and work in different female generations] 2009 Samfunnsspeilet
    Vol. 23(1), pp. 20-24 
    article Norwegian URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Lappegaard2009,
      author = {Lappegård, T. and Noack , T.},
      title = {Barn, familie og jobb – holdninger og praksis gjennom 30 år: Familie og jobb i ulike kvinnegenerasjoner [Children, family, work – attitudes and practice over 30 years: Family and work in different female generations]},
      journal = {Samfunnsspeilet},
      publisher = {Statistics Norway},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {23},
      number = {1},
      pages = {20-24},
      url = {http://www.ssb.no/ssp/utg/200901/ssp.pdf}
    }
    
    Lappegård, T. & Veenstra, M. Life-course, generation and gender. LOGG 2007 Field report of the Norwegian Generations and Gender Survey 2010 Statistics Norway
    Vol. 34, pp. 125 
    article English URL 
    Abstract: This publication includes three methodological documents from the Norwegian
    GGS:
    (1) Sample Design and Data collection
    (2) Overview of variables available in the Norwegian GGS and country
    specific deviations.
    (3) LOGG Questionnaire translated from Norwegian to English including
    variable names corresponding to those in GGS.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Lappegaard2010,
      author = {Lappegård, T. and Veenstra, M.},
      title = {Life-course, generation and gender. LOGG 2007 Field report of the Norwegian Generations and Gender Survey},
      journal = {Statistics Norway},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {34},
      pages = {125},
      url = {http://www.ssb.no/english/subjects/02/02/40/doc_201034_en/doc_201034_en.pdf}
    }
    
    Lappegård, T. & Veenstra, M. Life-course, generation and gender. Field report of the Norwegian and Gender survey 2010
    Vol. Documents 34, pp. 125 
    techreport English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @techreport{Lappegaard2010a,
      author = {Lappegård, T. and Veenstra, M.},
      title = {Life-course, generation and gender. Field report of the Norwegian and Gender survey},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {Documents 34},
      pages = {125},
      url = {http://www.ssb.no/english/subjects/02/02/40/doc_201034_en/doc_201034_en.pdf}
    }
    
    Lauwereys, G., Neels, K. & De Winter, T. Wave 1 Response rate calculation. 2011 GGP Belgium papers series
    Vol. 3, pp. 64 
    article URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Lauwereys2011,
      author = {Lauwereys, G. and Neels, K. and De Winter, T.},
      title = {Wave 1 Response rate calculation.},
      journal = {GGP Belgium papers series},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {3},
      pages = {64},
      url = {http://www.ggps.be/doc/GGP_Belgium_Paper_Series_3.pdf}
    }
    
    Lefèvre, C. Comment décliner nationalement sur le terrain un projet d’enquête internationale. L’expérience des enquêtes GGS en France, Russie et Géorgie 2009 Revue d’études comparatives Est-Ouest
    Vol. special issue(3-4) 
    article French  
    BibTeX:
    @article{Lefevre2009e,
      author = {Lefèvre, C.},
      title = {Comment décliner nationalement sur le terrain un projet d’enquête internationale. L’expérience des enquêtes GGS en France, Russie et Géorgie},
      journal = {Revue d’études comparatives Est-Ouest},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {special issue},
      number = {3-4}
    }
    
    Lefèvre, C. Questionnaires et méthodes d'enquêtes dans la cadre d'un projet international : les enquêtes française, russe et géorgienne du programme Generations and Gender 2008 Méthodologie en sciences sociales » de M1 mention Santé, population, politiques sociales  conference French  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Lefevre2008b,
      author = {Lefèvre, C.},
      title = {Questionnaires et méthodes d'enquêtes dans la cadre d'un projet international : les enquêtes française, russe et géorgienne du programme Generations and Gender},
      booktitle = {Méthodologie en sciences sociales » de M1 mention Santé, population, politiques sociales},
      year = {2008}
    }
    
    Lefèvre, C. Décliner nationalement un projet d'enquête internationale, GGS en France, Russie et Géorgie 2006 Seminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 1 2006  conference French  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Lefevre2006,
      author = {Lefèvre, C.},
      title = {Décliner nationalement un projet d'enquête internationale, GGS en France, Russie et Géorgie},
      booktitle = {Seminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 1 2006},
      year = {2006}
    }
    
    Lefèvre, C., Kortchaguina, I. & Prokofieva, M. Les différences d'opinions entre la France et la Russie sur le soutien entre générations 2009 Portraits de familles, pp. 515-536  incollection French  
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Lefevre2009a,
      author = {Lefèvre, C. and Kortchaguina, I. and Prokofieva, M.},
      title = {Les différences d'opinions entre la France et la Russie sur le soutien entre générations},
      booktitle = {Portraits de familles},
      publisher = {Ined, Paris},
      year = {2009},
      pages = {515-536}
    }
    
    Lefèvre, C. & Prokofieva, L. Une comparaison France-Russie des opinions sur le rôle de la famille dans l’aide aux personnes âgées à partir des enquêtes Genre et Générations 2008 Démographie et Cultures  conference French  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Lefevre2008,
      author = {Lefèvre, C. and Prokofieva, L.},
      title = {Une comparaison France-Russie des opinions sur le rôle de la famille dans l’aide aux personnes âgées à partir des enquêtes Genre et Générations},
      booktitle = {Démographie et Cultures},
      year = {2008}
    }
    
    Lefèvre, C. & Prokofieva, L. Système de valeurs concernant le rôle de la famille dans les solidarités intergénérationnelles dans deux contextes socio-économiques, culturels et démographiques différents : une comparaison France-Russie à partir des enquêtes GGS 2008 Colloque “Démographie et Cultures”  conference French  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Lefevre2008a,
      author = {Lefèvre, C. and Prokofieva, L.},
      title = {Système de valeurs concernant le rôle de la famille dans les solidarités intergénérationnelles dans deux contextes socio-économiques, culturels et démographiques différents : une comparaison France-Russie à partir des enquêtes GGS},
      booktitle = {Colloque “Démographie et Cultures”},
      year = {2008}
    }
    
    Lefèvre, C., Prokofieva, L. & Korchagina, I. Comparaison des opinions sur la place de la famille et de la société entre France et Russie dans les solidarités intergénérationnelles 2007 Séminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 4 2007  conference French  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Lefevre2007,
      author = {Lefèvre, C. and Prokofieva, L. and Korchagina, I.},
      title = {Comparaison des opinions sur la place de la famille et de la société entre France et Russie dans les solidarités intergénérationnelles},
      booktitle = {Séminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 4 2007},
      year = {2007}
    }
    
    Lefèvre, C., Prokofieva, L., Korchaguina, I., Stankuniene, V., Gedvilaite, M., Badurashvili, I. & Sirbiladze, M. Le rôle de la famille et de la société dans les solidarités intergénérationnelles: comparaison des opinions en France, Géorgie, Lituanie et Russie [The role of family and society in intergenerational solidarity: A comparison of opinions in France, Georgia, Lithuania and Russia] 2009 Revue d’études comparatives Est-Ouest
    Vol. 40(3-4), pp. 315-345 
    article French URL  Structure familiale ; Famille ; France ; Lituanie ; Russie ; Géorgie ; Relation intergénérationnelle ; Solidarité ; Analyse comparative; Family structure ; Family ; France ; Lithuania ; Russia ; Georgia ; Intergenerational relation ; Solidarity ; Comparative analysis ;
    Abstract: Cette étude comparative de la France, la Géorgie, la Lituanie et la Russie explore un des champs des enquêtes GGS ayant trait aux valeurs. Elle s'applique à identifier les opinions au sujet de la solidarité intergénérationnnelle et leurs différences dans ces quatre pays. Deux dimensions sont plus particulièrement analysées. La première porte sur la conception qu'ont les répondants de l'implication relative de la famille et de la société dans l'aide aux plus jeunes et aux générations âgées. La seconde renvoie à la nature et aux modalités que peut prendre la solidarité familiale. Doit-il s'agir d'aides en nature ou en espèces ? Comment l'aide familiale intergénérationnelle est-elle perçue et quelle place occupe-t-elle dans les histoires de vie individuelles ? Est-il légitime que de telles aides modifient les parcours résidentiels et professionnels des hommes et des femmes ? Le présent article offre une réflexion méthodologique sur l'appréhension des opinions à partir d'enquêtes quantitatives et sur la pertinence en sciences sociales d'études comparatives entre pays. Il propose également d'étudier la solidarité entre générations en tant que révélateur des structures familiales et des contextes économiques et culturels des quatre pays.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Lefevre2009,
      author = {Lefèvre, C. and Prokofieva, L. and Korchaguina, I. and Stankuniene, V. and Gedvilaite, M. and Badurashvili, I. and Sirbiladze, M.},
      title = {Le rôle de la famille et de la société dans les solidarités intergénérationnelles: comparaison des opinions en France, Géorgie, Lituanie et Russie [The role of family and society in intergenerational solidarity: A comparison of opinions in France, Georgia, Lithuania and Russia]},
      journal = {Revue d’études comparatives Est-Ouest},
      publisher = {Presses Universitaires de France},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {40},
      number = {3-4},
      pages = {315-345},
      url = {http://cat.inist.fr/?aModele=afficheN&cpsidt=22433115}
    }
    
    Légaré, J. Generations and Gender Survey - A source for novel analyses of demographic behaviour 2006 Cluster on population change and public policy  conference English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Legare2006,
      author = {Légaré, J.},
      title = {Generations and Gender Survey - A source for novel analyses of demographic behaviour},
      booktitle = {Cluster on population change and public policy},
      year = {2006},
      note = {Canada},
      url = {http://sociology.uwo.ca/popchange/}
    }
    
    Légaré, J. & Burgeois, A. Taking health into account in the analysis of intergenerational relations: a comparison of France and Germany 2008 UNECE Conference How Generations and Gender Shape Demographic Change. Towards policies based on better knowledge 2008  conference English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Legare2008,
      author = {Légaré, J. and Burgeois, A.},
      title = {Taking health into account in the analysis of intergenerational relations: a comparison of France and Germany},
      booktitle = {UNECE Conference How Generations and Gender Shape Demographic Change. Towards policies based on better knowledge 2008},
      year = {2008},
      url = {http://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/pau/_docs/ggp/2008/GGP_2008_GGConf_PresnELegare.pdf}
    }
    
    Légaré, J. & Guillaume, M. An international research programme - The Generations and Gender Programme (GGP) 2005 Longitudinal studies and demographic challenges of the 21st century  conference English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Legare2005,
      author = {Légaré, J. and Guillaume, M.},
      title = {An international research programme - The Generations and Gender Programme (GGP)},
      booktitle = {Longitudinal studies and demographic challenges of the 21st century},
      year = {2005},
      note = {Canada},
      url = {http://www.demo.umontreal.ca/conf_demo/presentations/Légaré%20&%20Marois%20-%20FCD2005,%20version%20anglaise%20longue.ppt}
    }
    
    Lima, I. & Slagsvold, B. Naboskapsintegrasjon i Norge – forskjeller mellom by og land: Det gode nabolag finnes mest på bygda [Neighbourhood integration in Norway – differences between city and country: better neighbourhoods in the country] 2009 Samfunnsspeilet
    Vol. 23(1), pp. 63-68 
    article Norwegian URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Lima2009,
      author = {Lima, I.A. and Slagsvold, B.},
      title = {Naboskapsintegrasjon i Norge – forskjeller mellom by og land: Det gode nabolag finnes mest på bygda [Neighbourhood integration in Norway – differences between city and country: better neighbourhoods in the country]},
      journal = {Samfunnsspeilet},
      publisher = {Statistics Norway},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {23},
      number = {1},
      pages = {63-68},
      url = {http://www.ssb.no/ssp/utg/200901/ssp.pdf}
    }
    
    Lodewijckx, E. & Deboosere, P. Households and families: Stability and fast developments go hand in hand. 2011 GGP Belgium papers series
    Vol. 6, pp. 22 
    article  
    BibTeX:
    @article{Lodewijckx2011,
      author = {Lodewijckx, E. and Deboosere, P.},
      title = {Households and families: Stability and fast developments go hand in hand.},
      journal = {GGP Belgium papers series},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {6},
      pages = {22}
    }
    
    Lucifora, C. & Meurs, D. Social risks, familiy values and demand for welfare 2011 AIEL,  conference URL 
    Abstract: Family values and family ties have been shown to be associated to important
    economic decisions both in labour and credit markets. Less attention has been given to
    social risks and how these are pooled within the family. This paper investigates the links
    between social risks, family values and the demand for welfare using data from the
    2005 French "Generation and Gender Survey" (GGS). We measure demand for welfare,
    as opposed to within family help, with respect to both financial support and provision of
    care services. We define the relevance of family relationship using individuals' self
    assessed measures of family values (such as, duties, responsibilities and reciprocal
    financial support), both within the couple and between parents and children, and
    construct various indicators for family ties. We find a positive association between both
    traditional values within the couple and intergenerational family links with the pooling
    of social risks and services provided within the household. We show that there is
    substantial heterogeneity across different groups with respect to the demand for welfare
    assistance. We investigate causality using long term cultural determinants of selected
    ethnic or religious groups as instruments for family values. Results show that demand
    for welfare is mainly affected by the intergenerational dimension of family values,
    while the effect of values within couple is no longer statistically significant.
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Lucifora2011,
      author = {Lucifora, C. and Meurs, D.},
      title = {Social risks, familiy values and demand for welfare},
      booktitle = {AIEL,},
      year = {2011},
      url = {http://www.aiel.it/bacheca/milano/papers/lucifora_meurs.pdf}
    }
    
    Lucifora, C. & Meurs, D. The role of the family and economic outcomes 2009
    Vol. Giornate di Studio sulla PopolazioneGiornate di Studio sulla Popolazione 2009 
    conference English  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Lucifora2009,
      author = {Lucifora, C. and Meurs, D.},
      title = {The role of the family and economic outcomes},
      booktitle = {Giornate di Studio sulla Popolazione 2009},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {Giornate di Studio sulla Popolazione}
    }
    
    Lugo, L. e. a. Mapping the global Muslim Population. A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World’s Muslim Population 2009   techreport English URL  Muslims in France
    Abstract: The report offers the most up-to-date and fully sourced estimates of the size and distribution of the worldwide Muslim population, including sectarian identity.
    Previously published estimates of the size of the global Muslim population have ranged widely, from 1 billion to 1.8 billion. But these commonly quoted estimates often have appeared without citations to specific sources or explanations of how the figures were generated.

    The Pew Forum report is based on the best available data for 232 countries and territories. Pew Forum researchers, in consultation with nearly 50 demographers and social scientists at universities and research centers around the world, acquired and analyzed about 1,500 sources, including census reports, demographic studies and general population surveys, to arrive at these figures – the largest project of its kind to date.

    These findings on the world Muslim population lay the foundation for a forthcoming study by the Pew Forum, scheduled to be released in 2010, that will estimate growth rates among Muslim populations worldwide and project Muslim populations into the future. The Pew Forum plans to launch a similar study of global Christianity in 2010 as well. The Pew Forum also plans to conduct in-depth public opinion surveys on the intersection of religion and public life around the world, starting with a 19-country survey of sub-Saharan Africa scheduled to be released later this year. These forthcoming studies are part of a larger effort - the Global Religious Futures Project, jointly funded by The Pew Charitable Trusts and the John Templeton Foundation - that aims to increase people’s understanding of religion around the world.

    BibTeX:
    @techreport{Lugo2009,
      author = {Lugo, L. et al.},
      title = {Mapping the global Muslim Population. A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World’s Muslim Population},
      year = {2009},
      url = {http://pewforum.org/newassets/images/reports/Muslimpopulation/Muslimpopulation.pdf}
    }
    
    Lyons-Amos, M. & Mikolai, J. Coping with complex individual histories: Comparing life course methods with an application to partnership transitions in Norway. 2013 XXVII IUSSP International Population Conference  conference URL 
    Abstract: As variation in the pattern of family life courses has increased over the past 50 years, the techniques available to analyse life course data have also expanded. While event history analysis is commonly applied, this is not always suitable, and more holistic approaches such as sequence analysis have been proposed as alternatives. As research tends to be interested in explaining more complexity in the family life course, it is necessary to extend our methodological toolkit by increasing the complexity of event history models (multistate event history models and simultaneous event history models) or applying other promising methods, such as sequence analysis and latent class growth models. The aim of this paper is to compare and contrast simultaneous event history models, multistate models, sequence analysis, and latent class growth curve models to studying the family life course. The advantages and weaknesses of each of these methods are highlighted by applying them to the same empirical problem. Using data from the first wave of the Norwegian Generations and Gender Survey from 2007/2008 for women in birth cohorts 1945-1954, 1955-1964, and 1965-1974, we model changes in partnership status across the life course, with education as the primary covariate of interest.
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Lyons-Amos2013,
      author = {Lyons-Amos, M. and Mikolai, J.},
      title = {Coping with complex individual histories: Comparing life course methods with an application to partnership transitions in Norway.},
      booktitle = {XXVII IUSSP International Population Conference},
      year = {2013},
      url = {http://www.iussp.org/sites/default/files/event_call_for_papers/IUSSP_Mikolai_Lyons-Amos.pdf}
    }
    
    Lyons-Amos, M. & Perelli-Harris, B. Variation in the intersection between partnership and fertility: A comparison across 3 cohorts in 16 countries 2013 Changing families and fertility choices  conference URL 
    Abstract: The intersection between partnership forms and fertility is increasingly complicated in the United States and European countries. This is due to increasing variety in partnership forms, diversity in fertility and changes in the way that these two processes interact. For example, in countries such as Norway, non-marital cohabitation, birth postponement and births to stable but non-marital partnerships are important, while in Italy, birth is largely restricted to marital relationships, which are universal albeit postponed. This paper uses Latent Class Growth models to evaluate the relationship between partnership and fertility and how this varies across the United States and 15 European countries. These models optimise a number of typical behaviours, and we examine how these are distributed across both birth cohort and national setting, to evaluate not only variations in behaviour, but also differences in how relationships have changed during the 20th century.
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Lyons-Amos,
      author = {Lyons-Amos, Mark and Perelli-Harris, Brienna},
      title = {Variation in the intersection between partnership and fertility: A comparison across 3 cohorts in 16 countries},
      booktitle = {Changing families and fertility choices},
      year = {2013},
      url = {http://www.iussp.org/sites/default/files/event_call_for_papers/IUSSP_lyons_amos_perelli_harris.pdf}
    }
    
    Lyons-Amos, M. & Perelli-Harris, B. The Heterogeneity of Relationship Patterns: An Examination of 15 Countries using Latent Class Growth Models 2013 ESRC Centre for Population Change Working Paper
    Vol. 37, pp. 1-29 
    article URL  Partnership; cohabitation; marriage; Europe; the United States; Latent class growthmodels.
    Abstract: Studies on Europe and the U.S. indicate that marriage has been postponed, cohabitation has increased, and unions are more likely to dissolve. However, no study has been able to capture all of these dimensions simultaneously. Here we use latent class growth models to trace the complexity of union formation in the United States and 14 countries in Europe. We examine how union status can change between the ages of 15-45 for women born 1945-74.
    After determining the optimal number of latent classes, we calculate the probability of falling into each class by country and cohort. This shows the heterogeneity of union patterns across countries and over time. In all countries, changes in relationship patterns have been driven by the postponement of marriage, while premarital cohabitation and separation have varied
    more by region. Cohabitation has emerged as its own class but is not yet identical to marriage.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Lyons-Amos2013a,
      author = {Lyons-Amos, M. and Perelli-Harris, B.},
      title = {The Heterogeneity of Relationship Patterns: An Examination of 15 Countries using Latent Class Growth Models},
      journal = {ESRC Centre for Population Change Working Paper},
      year = {2013},
      volume = {37},
      pages = {1-29},
      url = {http://www.cpc.ac.uk/publications/2013_WP37_The_Heterogeneity_of_Relationship_Patterns_Perelli-Harris_et_al.pdf}
    }
    
    Løwe, T. Boforhold og tilfredshet med boligen: Eldre mest fornøyd med hvordan de bor [Housing conditions and satisfaction with housing: Elderly most satisfied with how they live] 2009 Samfunnsspeilet
    Vol. 23(1), pp. 79-83 
    article Norwegian URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Loewe2009,
      author = {Løwe, T.},
      title = {Boforhold og tilfredshet med boligen: Eldre mest fornøyd med hvordan de bor [Housing conditions and satisfaction with housing: Elderly most satisfied with how they live]},
      journal = {Samfunnsspeilet},
      publisher = {Statistics Norway},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {23},
      number = {1},
      pages = {79-83},
      url = {http://www.ssb.no/ssp/utg/200901/ssp.pdf}
    }
    
    Macura, M. The Generations and Gender Programme: A Study of the Dynamics of Families and Family Relationships 2000 , pp. 11  book English  
    BibTeX:
    @book{Macura2000,
      author = {Macura, M.},
      title = {The Generations and Gender Programme: A Study of the Dynamics of Families and Family Relationships},
      publisher = {UNECE},
      year = {2000},
      pages = {11}
    }
    
    Mainguené, A. Couple, famille, parentalité, travail des femmes 2011 INSEE Première
    Vol. 1339(1339), pp. 4 
    article French URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Mainguene2011,
      author = {Mainguené, A.},
      title = {Couple, famille, parentalité, travail des femmes},
      journal = {INSEE Première},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {1339},
      number = {1339},
      pages = {4},
      note = {Data from Erfi},
      url = {http://www.insee.fr/fr/themes/document.asp?ref_id=ip1339}
    }
    
    Makay, Z. Politiques familiales, activité professionnelle et fécondité en Hongrie et en France - Différences de mentalités et de comportements. 2012 School: Université Paris Ouest – Nanterre La Défense, École doctorale Économie Organisations Société  phdthesis URL 
    Abstract: Pour résumer, ce travail apportera des éléments pour mieux comprendre dans un contexte de fécondité basse comment 1) les politiques familiales influencent l’activité professionnelle des femmes, et plus largement la conciliation entre famille et travail en France et en Hongrie et 2), comment s’articule le lien entre activité professionnelle des femmes et fécondité en prenant en compte le contexte social et économique des deux pays. Comment peut-il en fin de compte qu’on retrouve des niveaux de fécondité si différents dans deux pays ‘familialistes’ dans le sens où le budget accordé pour aider les familles est très importante et où les questions familiales sont une préoccupation étatique de longue date.
    BibTeX:
    @phdthesis{Makay2012,
      author = {Makay, Z.},
      title = {Politiques familiales, activité professionnelle et fécondité en Hongrie et en France - Différences de mentalités et de comportements.},
      school = {Université Paris Ouest – Nanterre La Défense, École doctorale Économie Organisations Société},
      year = {2012},
      url = {http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/docs/00/74/85/16/PDF/Makay_Zsuzsanna_These_2012.pdf}
    }
    
    Makay, Z. The first cohabiting union and the timing of first births. A comparison between France and Hungary 2008 European Population Conference 2008  conference English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Makay2008,
      author = {Makay, Z.},
      title = {The first cohabiting union and the timing of first births. A comparison between France and Hungary},
      booktitle = {European Population Conference 2008},
      publisher = {European Association for Population Studies},
      year = {2008},
      url = {http://epc2008.princeton.edu/papers/80834}
    }
    
    Makay, Z. La naissance du premier enfant après la fin des études. Une comparaison entre la France et la Hongrie 2007 Colloque International de Jeunes Chercheurs en Démographie "Populations d’ici et d’ailleurs. Regards croisés"  conference French  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Makay2007,
      author = {Makay, Z.},
      title = {La naissance du premier enfant après la fin des études. Une comparaison entre la France et la Hongrie},
      booktitle = {Colloque International de Jeunes Chercheurs en Démographie "Populations d’ici et d’ailleurs. Regards croisés"},
      year = {2007}
    }
    
    Maleva, T.M. & Sinyavskaya, O. Parents and Children, Men and Women in Family and Society, Issue 1 2007   book English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @book{Maleva2007,
      author = {Maleva, T. M. and Sinyavskaya, O.},
      title = {Parents and Children, Men and Women in Family and Society, Issue 1},
      publisher = {Independent institute of social politics},
      year = {2007},
      note = {Russian Federation},
      url = {http://www.socpol.ru/eng/research_projects/proj12.shtml}
    }
    
    Martin, V. & Zabel, C. Division of household labor by parenthood status in France and Germany 2010 European Population Conference 2010  conference English URL 
    Abstract: In this study, we investigate couples’ division of household labor and childcare tasks in
    France, eastern Germany, and western Germany. We examine whether differences between
    France and the two German regions in the division of housework already exist among couples
    who are as of yet childless, or if such differences emerge only upon entry into parenthood,
    and to what extent they depend on the age of the youngest child. We study to what extent
    differing divisions of housework can be explained by differences in maternal employment,
    relative income, gender values, and marital status, and whether there is convergence in
    housework allocation as children grow older and differences in maternal employment rates
    grow smaller. We employ data from the French and the German Generations and Gender
    Survey (GGS) and carry out our analyses using ordered logistic regression models. We find
    evidence that important differences in the division of household labor between France, eastern
    and western Germany emerge only upon entry into parenthood, and that the division of
    housework develops in different directions with the age of the youngest child in each of the
    countries or regions.
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Martin2010,
      author = {Martin, V. and Zabel, Cordula},
      title = {Division of household labor by parenthood status in France and Germany},
      booktitle = {European Population Conference 2010},
      publisher = {European Association for Population Studies},
      year = {2010},
      url = {http://epc2010.princeton.edu/papers/100650}
    }
    
    Maslauskaite, A. The Developmental Trends of Cohabitation in Lithuanian Society 2012 Institute for Social Research(1), pp. 102-120  article URL 
    Abstract: Cohabitation as a first partnership is considered the key indicator of the ‘modern’ family and is associated with such demographic features of ‘modern’ family as postponement of marriage, decline in fertility, increase in non-marital childbearing and increase in divorce rates. The emergence of the contemporary cohabitations and the structural and cultural forces underlying this process are conceptualized in the theory of the second demographic transition (van de Kaa 1988; 2004). There is a large body of scientific evidence on the onset and trends in the development of cohabitations in the countries of North America, North, South and West Europe. The research proves the diversity of the developmental trends of cohabitations across and within the individual countries of these regions. There have been several attempts to summarize these developments and to produce a theoretical scheme that would capture the developmental stages of cohabitation (Prinz 1995; Rindfuss, Van denHeuvel 1999; Casper, Bianchi, 2002; Heuvelin, Timberlike, 2004; Kiernan 2004). One of the recent attempts belongs to Sobotka and Toulemon (Sobotka, Toulemon 2008). These authors distinguish three main stages that describe the development of cohabitation in Europe: diffusion, permanency and cohabitation as a family arrangement (Sobotka, Toulemon 2008: 99).
    BibTeX:
    @article{Maslauskaite2012,
      author = {Ausra Maslauskaite},
      title = {The Developmental Trends of Cohabitation in Lithuanian Society},
      journal = {Institute for Social Research},
      year = {2012},
      number = {1},
      pages = {102-120},
      url = {http://paa2011.princeton.edu/papers/110815}
    }
    
    Maslauskaite, A. Contacts between adult children and their parents in Lithuania: the effects of familial, individual and structural factors. 2011 Filosofija. Sociologija
    Vol. 4, pp. 348-364 
    article URL 
    Abstract: The paper focuses on the frequency of intergenerational face-to-face contacts between parents and their adult children in Lithuania, and how they are affected by the parental family history events, the child’s life course events, individual and structural level factors. The main empirical findings prove that parental divorce negatively affects the father–child contacts and has no effect at all on the mother–child contacts. Moreover, the effect of divorce is more negative on father–daughter contacts, and this contradicts the findings from other countries. Contrary to what has been expected, the child’s life course events, individual and structural level factors define the intergenerational contacts to a very limited extent. Proximity stands out as the most stable defining factor of contacts in all types of child–parent dyads.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Maslauskaite2011,
      author = {Maslauskaite, A.},
      title = {Contacts between adult children and their parents in Lithuania: the effects of familial, individual and structural factors.},
      journal = {Filosofija. Sociologija},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {4},
      pages = {348-364},
      url = {http://www.lmaleidykla.lt/publ/0235-7186/2011/4/348-364.pdf}
    }
    
    Maslauskaite, A. & Baublyte Gyventojy studijos: Skyryby visuomene. Ištuoky raida, veiksniai ir pasekmes (Population research: Divorce Society. Determinants, Trends and Consequences of Divorce) 2012 (4)  techreport  
    BibTeX:
    @techreport{Maslauskaite2012a,
      author = {Maslauskaite, A. and Baublyte},
      title = {Gyventojy studijos: Skyryby visuomene. Ištuoky raida, veiksniai ir pasekmes (Population research: Divorce Society. Determinants, Trends and Consequences of Divorce)},
      year = {2012},
      number = {4}
    }
    
    Matysiak, A., M.M. Rodzicielstwo w kohabitacji 2012   techreport URL 
    BibTeX:
    @techreport{Matysiak2012,
      author = {Matysiak, A., Mynarska, M.},
      title = {Rodzicielstwo w kohabitacji},
      year = {2012},
      url = {http://www.knd.pan.pl/images/stories/MatysiakMynarska_abstrakt_16-10.pdf}
    }
    
    Matysiak, A. & Vignoli, D. Diverse Effects of Women’s Employment on Fertility: Insights From Italy and Poland 2013 Eur J Population
    Vol. N/A, pp. N/A 
    article DOI URL  Women’s employment, Fertility, Role specialization, Italy, Poland, Event-history analysis
    Abstract: In this paper, we look into how country-specific factors shape the interrelationship
    between childbearing and women’s labor supply. To this end, we compare
    Italy and Poland, two low-fertility countries where the country-specific obstacles to
    work and family reconciliation are similarly strong but which differ in the history of
    women’s labor supply and the extent to which couples’material aspirations are satisfied
    by men’s earnings. Our findings show that women’s employment clearly conflicts with
    childbearing in Italy, while in Polandwomen tend to combine the two activities, despite
    the similar difficulties they face. These results challenged the standard microeconomic
    explanations and point to the importance of other country-specific factors, apart from
    conditions for work and family reconciliation, in shaping women’s employment and
    fertility decisions, such as economic incentives or culturally rooted behavioral patterns.
    Overall, our study provides thus foundations for explaining the variation in the relationship
    between women’s employment and fertility in an enlarged Europe.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Matysiak2013,
      author = {Matysiak, Anna and Vignoli, Daniele},
      title = {Diverse Effects of Women’s Employment on Fertility: Insights From Italy and Poland},
      journal = {Eur J Population},
      year = {2013},
      volume = {N/A},
      pages = {N/A},
      url = {http://rd.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007%2Fs10680-013-9287-4.pdf},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10680-013-9287-4}
    }
    
    Mazuy, M. & Debest, C. Infécondité volontaire: nouvelles données, nouvelles approches 2011 séminaire de recherche de l'Idup,  conference URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Mauzy2011,
      author = {Mazuy, M. and Debest, C.},
      title = {Infécondité volontaire: nouvelles données, nouvelles approches},
      booktitle = {séminaire de recherche de l'Idup,},
      year = {2011},
      url = {http://epi.univ-paris1.fr/1316766640174/0/fiche___actualite/&RH=epi-226-MM0002v1&RF=epi-226-MM0002v1}
    }
    
    Mazuy, M. & Debest, C. Remaining childless in France: being outside social norms 2010 European Population Conference 2010  conference English URL  reproductive norms, France
    Abstract: Childlessness, especially voluntary childlessness, is low in France. Using data from the French version of the Generations and Gender Survey (GGS), this paper will focus on French reproductive norms. Among new generations the idea to have no child is supposed to be growing, but regarding to several indicators, this doesn’t seem to be so much verified, neither in the reproductive behaviors nor in representations: 12% of women remain childless, around 95% of men and women declare they want at least one child, and around 10% of men and women declare it’s not necessary to have children to be “satisfied” in life. After describing the background of childlessness, we analyze the characteristics of people who support this point of view, which is a minority position, regarding to social norms. Do they belong to specific socio economic status? Do they have other specific attitudes or behaviours? Do they personally have children or not? We will pay special attention to gender differences, comparing opinions and behaviours of men and women regarding to voluntary childlessness.
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Mazuy2010,
      author = {Mazuy, M. and Debest, C.},
      title = {Remaining childless in France: being outside social norms},
      booktitle = {European Population Conference 2010},
      publisher = {European Association for Population Studies},
      year = {2010},
      url = {http://epc2010.princeton.edu/download.aspx?submissionId=100528}
    }
    
    Mazuy, M. & la Rochebrochard, E. Fertility Difficulties : A Widespread Feeling, Especially among Women. Results from the French Generations and Gender Survey 2008 Annual Meeting of Population Association of America 2008  conference English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Mazuy2008,
      author = {Mazuy, M. and la Rochebrochard, E.},
      title = {Fertility Difficulties : A Widespread Feeling, Especially among Women. Results from the French Generations and Gender Survey},
      booktitle = {Annual Meeting of Population Association of America 2008},
      year = {2008},
      url = {http://paa2008.princeton.edu/download.aspx?submissionId=81038}
    }
    
    McKay, S. Shared parenting: Longitudinal and comparative perspectives 2012 AHRC Research Network  conference URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{McKay2012,
      author = {McKay, Stephen},
      title = {Shared parenting: Longitudinal and comparative perspectives},
      booktitle = {AHRC Research Network},
      year = {2012},
      url = {http://www.birmingham.ac.uk/Documents/college-mds/haps/projects/MESH/AHRC-Meetings/Meeting3/StephenMcKay.pdf}
    }
    
    Mencarini, L., Meroni, E.C. & Pronzato, C. Leaving mum alone? The effect of divorce on leaving home decisions 2010 European Population Conference 2010  conference English URL  divorce, parental home, young adults
    Abstract: There is a growing literature considering the relationship between parental divorce and children’s life-course patterns. However, there is no general consensus on whether a parental separation accelerates or postpones the family formation of their children. The aim of this paper is to add to this literature by analyzing the effect of divorce on the timing of leaving the parental home of young adults (i.e. the children of the divorced parents). The analysis touches on several important issues, many of which are related to self selection. Apart from providing descriptive findings using the recent Gender and Generations Survey (GGS), we assess the extent to which the associations are masked by selection effects. The first selection effect concerns the fact that children of divorced parents may have different background characteristics (for example, poorer family background) that make them in any case leave the parental home at a different rate? Two key questions arises in this setting: First, do children of divorced parents develop different characteristics that also make them more “unstable” in the marriage and labour market, which in turn make them leave the parental home a different rate? Secondly: do children of divorced people leave parental home at a different rate because the mother (with whom the children normally stay with following a divorce) would be alone at home in case they leave?
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Mencarini2010a,
      author = {Mencarini, L and Meroni, E. C. and Pronzato, C.},
      title = {Leaving mum alone? The effect of divorce on leaving home decisions},
      booktitle = {European Population Conference 2010},
      publisher = {European Association for Population Studies},
      year = {2010},
      url = {http://epc2010.princeton.edu/abstractViewer.aspx?submissionId=100769}
    }
    
    Merz, E. Zorgen voor je dierbaren. Oudere-kindrelaties gedurende de levensloop. 2010 Demos, bulletin over bevolking en samenleving
    Vol. 26(1), pp. 3-5 
    article URL 
    Abstract: De eerste relaties die mensen ontwikkelen zijn die tussen ouder en kind.Het zijn ook vaak de belangrijkste relaties.Ze geven steun en veiligheid in de jeugd maar ook op latere leeftijd.De kwaliteit en balans in hulpuitwisseling van deze relaties kan echter per persoon verschillen en gedurende het leven veranderen, hetgeen gevolgen heeft voor de ontwikkeling,de gezondheid en het welbevinden van kinderen, adolescenten en volwassenen.Met behulp van gegevens uit de Netherlands Kinship Panel Study (NKPS) zijn kenmerken en veranderingen van ouder-kindrelaties gedurende de levensloop en de associatie met welbevinden onderzocht.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Merz2010,
      author = {Merz, E.M.},
      title = {Zorgen voor je dierbaren. Oudere-kindrelaties gedurende de levensloop.},
      journal = {Demos, bulletin over bevolking en samenleving},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {26(1)},
      pages = {3-5},
      url = {http://www.nidi.knaw.nl/Content/NIDI/demos/2010/demos-26-03-merz.pdf}
    }
    
    Merz, E. Intergenerationele solidariteit: verschillen tussen migrantengroepen en generaties 2010 Tijdschrift over ouder worden en samenleving
    Vol. 12(3), pp. 31-34 
    article  
    BibTeX:
    @article{Merz2010a,
      author = {Merz, E.},
      title = {Intergenerationele solidariteit: verschillen tussen migrantengroepen en generaties},
      journal = {Tijdschrift over ouder worden en samenleving},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {12(3)},
      pages = {31-34}
    }
    
    Merz, E.-M. Caring for your loved ones? An attachment perspective on solidarity between generations 2008 School: VU University Amsterdam  phdthesis English URL 
    Abstract: Perspectives grounded in the affective domain are needed inaddition to structural views on intergenerational solidarity, and itsassociations with wellbeing and health. This research project isaimed at linking family solidarity issues to a tried and tested modelof intergenerational relationships, namely attachment theory. Thistheory suggests to look at: direction and existence of attachment,quality of attachment, and penetration of the relationship. The firstaim of the study is to integrate current empirical evidence on theassociation between family solidarity or support on the one hand andwellbeing and health on the other hand in a meta-analysis. Theresults will be used as a benchmark for the outcomes of the proposedstudy. The second aim of the study is to apply the model to chartingdiversity and consistency across birth cohorts and cultural groupswithin the NKPS survey. The third aim is to examine associationsbetween indivual and group differences on the three attachmentdimensions with wellbeing and health, paying particular attention tothe moderating effects of each dimension on the associations betweenthe other dimensions and outcomes.
    BibTeX:
    @phdthesis{Merz2008,
      author = {Merz, E.-M.},
      title = {Caring for your loved ones? An attachment perspective on solidarity between generations},
      school = {VU University Amsterdam},
      year = {2008},
      url = {http://www.narcis.nl/research/RecordID/OND1305458/Language/en}
    }
    
    Mewes, J. Ungleiche Netzwerke - Vernetzte Ungleichheit 2010   book  
    BibTeX:
    @book{Mewes2010,
      author = {Mewes, J.},
      title = {Ungleiche Netzwerke - Vernetzte Ungleichheit},
      publisher = {VS Verlag fur Sozialwissenschaften},
      year = {2010}
    }
    
    Micheel, F. & Naderi, R. Subjektive Einschätzung der ökonomischen Lage älterer Türkinnen und Türken im Zusammenhang mit ihrer sozialen Einbindung [Subjective assessment of the economic situation of older Turks in connection with their social inclusion ] 2009 Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungswissenschaft
    Vol. 34(1-2), pp. 165–198 
    article German DOI URL  Einkommenssituation – Türkische Migranten – soziale Einbettung // ncome situation – Turkish migrants – social embedding
    Abstract: This article aims to investigate the subjective income situation of older Turkish migrants living in Germany (aged from 55 to 79) in connection with their social inclusion and in comparison to their German peers with no migration background. The background is the finding that the income situation of Turks, measured by net equivalent income, is much worse than that of German respondents. On the other hand, there is a group among Turkish respondents which should not be neglected which states that it gets by well on the available household income. What factors may explain this inconsistency between the objective situation and the subjective assessment? Are social networks able to compensate for shortcomings in the income situation, or can more cumulative effects be expected? The concept of social capital was used as a theoretical pattern to explain this phenomenon. The following three influencing factors as to the subjective perception of the income situation can be presumed, and at the same time are placed on the test-bed as hypotheses: (1) Embedding in family networks; (2) The emotional expression of social embedding; and (3) General trust in people. The data basis is formed by the first wave of the Generations and Gender Survey (GGS). Use is made of the main questionnaire of roughly 10,000 German-speaking individuals collected in a representative fashion in 2005, as well as of the additional survey from 2006 of roughly 4,000 Turkish nationals in Germany. Multivariate analyses show two unmistakeable results: Firstly, the amount of income not surprisingly plays a major role in the subjective evaluation of the financial household situation. Secondly, the subjective assessment of social embedding demonstrates a significant effect on the assessment of the income situation. The central result is that social networks are more important for older Turks in terms of compensation for economic disadvantages than for older Germans.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Micheel2009,
      author = {Micheel, F. and Naderi, R.},
      title = {Subjektive Einschätzung der ökonomischen Lage älterer Türkinnen und Türken im Zusammenhang mit ihrer sozialen Einbindung [Subjective assessment of the economic situation of older Turks in connection with their social inclusion ]},
      journal = {Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungswissenschaft},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {34},
      number = {1-2},
      pages = {165–198},
      url = {http://www.springerlink.com/content/y32108x412rn7653/},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12523-010-0037-y}
    }
    
    Micheel, F. & Naderi, R. Überlegungen zur ökonomischen Situation älterer Türkinnen und Türken in Deutschland – Zahlen aus dem Generations and Gender Survey 2007 Bevölkerungsforschung Aktuell. Mitteilungen aus dem Bundesinstitut für Bevölkerungsforschung
    Vol. 28(2), pp. 29-33 
    article German URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Micheel2007,
      author = {Micheel, F. and Naderi, R.},
      title = {Überlegungen zur ökonomischen Situation älterer Türkinnen und Türken in Deutschland – Zahlen aus dem Generations and Gender Survey},
      journal = {Bevölkerungsforschung Aktuell. Mitteilungen aus dem Bundesinstitut für Bevölkerungsforschung},
      year = {2007},
      volume = {28},
      number = {2},
      pages = {29-33},
      url = {http://www.bib-demographie.de/cln_099/nn_979674/SharedDocs/Publikationen/DE/Download/Bevoelkerungsforschung__Aktuell/Heft2__2007.html}
    }
    
    Mikolai, J. With or without you: partnership context of first conceptions and births in Hungary 2013 Centre for Population Change Working Papers(30)  techreport URL 
    Abstract: Using notions from the Second Demographic Transition theory and the Pattern of Disadvantage argument, I study how women’s risk of a first conception within different union types (single, cohabitation, marriage) is influenced by education in Hungary and whether this influence has changed over time. Additionally, I examine the transition to marriage among women who experienced a non-marital conception. Using the first wave of the Hungarian Generations and Gender Survey from 2004, I conduct discrete time survival analyses and logistic regression. I find a positive educational gradient for single and marital conceptions while this gradient is negative for cohabiting conceptions. Highly educated women are less likely to experience a conception when single or cohabiting than when married compared to their medium educated counterparts. Furthermore, the impact of education on the risk of a single and marital conception has changed over time. Following the transition in 1990, a positive gradient of education on the risk of a single conception emerged whereas for marital conceptions the effect of education is negative. No consistent patterns are found for cohabiting conceptions. Additionally, medium educated women and those who experienced a conception while being single are more likely to marry between the conception and birth than their lower educated counterparts and those who experienced a cohabiting conception. Furthermore, highly educated women who experience a single conception are 1.4 times as likely to marry before the birth of the first child as their counterparts with medium education
    BibTeX:
    @techreport{Mikolai2013,
      author = {Mikolai, Julia},
      title = {With or without you: partnership context of first conceptions and births in Hungary},
      journal = {Centre for Population Change Working Papers},
      year = {2013},
      number = {30},
      url = {http://www.cpc.ac.uk/publications/2013_WP30_With_or_Without_You_Mikolai.pdf}
    }
    
    Milewski, N. Erwerbsbeteiligung und Einstellungen zur Familie von türkischen Migrantinnen im Generationenvergleich 2013 Zeitschrift für Familienforschung
    Vol. 25(1), pp. 53 
    article URL  Erwerbsbeteiligung, türkische Migrantinnen, erste und zweite Migrantengeneration, intergenerationale Transmission, Generations and Gender Survey Deutschland.
    Abstract: Die Arbeitsmarktbeteiligung von Frauen mit türkischem Migrationshintergrund in Deutschland ist geringer als die anderer Migrantengruppen und als die von Frauen ohne Migrationshintergrund. Diese Studie untersucht mit Daten des Generations and Gender Survey (2005/2006), inwiefern sich Frauen der ersten und zweiten Migrantengenerationen hinsichtlich ihrer Erwerbsbeteiligung unterscheiden und welche Faktoren dafür ursächlich sind. In Einklang mit der Humankapitaltheorie lässt sich für die zweite Generation eine stark gesteigerte Erwerbsbeteiligung feststellen: Während in der ersten Generation nur etwa 34 Prozent der Frauen einer Beschäftigung nachgehen, beteiligen sich rund 63 Prozent in der zweiten Generation am Arbeitsmarkt. Besondere Berücksichtigung erfährt der Sozialkapitalansatz bzw. Aspekte intergenerationaler Transmission und Solidarität. Demnach übt – neben Bildung und Familienstand ? eine Erwerbstätigkeit der Mutter einen Einfluss auf die Erwerbsbeteiligung der Tochter aus, und stärker egalitäre Genderrolleneinstellungen begünstigen eine Erwerbstätigkeit.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Milewski2013,
      author = {Milewski, Nadia},
      title = {Erwerbsbeteiligung und Einstellungen zur Familie von türkischen Migrantinnen im Generationenvergleich},
      journal = {Zeitschrift für Familienforschung},
      year = {2013},
      volume = {25},
      number = {1},
      pages = {53},
      url = {http://www.budrich-journals.de/index.php/zff/issue/current}
    }
    
    Monostori, J. A korai nyugdíjazás jelensége és annak társadalmi meghatározottsága 2007 Demográfia
    Vol. 50, pp. 220-251 
    article Hungarian URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Monostori2007,
      author = {Monostori, Judit},
      title = {A korai nyugdíjazás jelensége és annak társadalmi meghatározottsága},
      journal = {Demográfia},
      year = {2007},
      volume = {50},
      pages = {220-251},
      note = {2001–2004 on the basis of the HCSO Demographic Research Institute’s panel-survey (“Turning Points of the Life-Course”).},
      url = {http://www.demografia.hu/letoltes/kiadvanyok/Demografia/2007_2-3/Monostori4.pdf}
    }
    
    Moor, N. & Komter, A. The impact of family structure and disruption on intergenerational emotional exchange in Eastern Europe 2012 European Journal of Ageing
    Vol. 9(2), pp. 155-167 
    article URL 
    Abstract: Demographic trends across Europe involve a decrease in fertility and mortality rates, and an increase in divorce and stepfamily formation. Life courses and living arrangements have become less standardized and the structure of families has changed. In this article, we examine to what extent contemporary family structure and composition resulting from demographic changes affect emotional exchange between children and their parents, both from adult child to parent and from parent to child. Because the general level of well-being has been shown to be lower in Eastern Europe, thereby potentially affecting emotional exchange within families, we focus our research on Eastern Europe. We use the "conservation of resources theory" to derive hypotheses on how family structure may affect intergenerational emotional exchange. Family ties are assumed to be important resources of affection that people want to obtain and retain throughout their lives. Data from the Generations and Gender Survey (GGS) are used to test our hypotheses. In general, our data offer more support for the idea that families are resilient than for the often heard assumption that families are in decline as a consequence of the changed family structure and composition.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Moor2012,
      author = {Nienke Moor and Aafke Komter},
      title = {The impact of family structure and disruption on intergenerational emotional exchange in Eastern Europe},
      journal = {European Journal of Ageing},
      year = {2012},
      volume = {9(2)},
      pages = {155-167},
      url = {http://arno.uvt.nl/show.cgi?fid=121419}
    }
    
    Moor, N. & Komter, A. Family ties and depression across the life course: An Overview 2012 Demographic Research
    Vol. 27(8), pp. 201-232 
    article URL 
    Abstract: BACKGROUND - Family ties in Europe are affected by demographic trends associated with parenting and partnering, such as a decline in fertility, an increase in childlessness, postponement of parenthood and of partnership formation, the rise of "new" relationship forms and divorce rates. It is unclear how the contemporary family structure and composition are associated with people's mental wellbeing.
    OBJECTIVE - This article examines how ties with parents, siblings, a partner and children are associated with depressive mood of men and women in seven Eastern and Western European countries.
    METHODS - To test our hypotheses we made use of data from the Generations and Gender Surveys. We performed logistic regression analyses to study the associations between people's family ties and depressive mood.
    RESULTS - Our research findings show that family ties can diminish people's depressive feelings. Although we find some gender differences in these associations, we do not find support for the argument that family ties are more important for the mental wellbeing of women than of men. Moreover, our findings support the hierarchical model of family relations in which new ties with partner and children in adulthood gain precedence over the original primary ties with parents and siblings. Finally, we find that the association between family ties and depressive mood is quite similar in Eastern and Western Europe, but being married or having a partner more strongly reduces depressive feelings in Eastern than in Western Europe.
    CONCLUSIONS - Although longitudinal data were not available to us, our research results do provide some indications about how demographic changes, for instance, those affecting family size -- the number of children or siblings -- might be associated with mental wellbeing. Our findings also suggest that the demographic trend of increasing partnership dissolution may have larger consequences for people’s mental wellbeing in Eastern than in Western Europe.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Moor2012a,
      author = {Nienke Moor and Aafke Komter},
      title = {Family ties and depression across the life course: An Overview},
      journal = {Demographic Research},
      year = {2012},
      volume = {27(8)},
      pages = {201-232},
      url = {http://www.demographic-research.org/volumes/vol27/8/27-8.pdf}
    }
    
    Muhling, T. & Schreyer, J. Beziehungsverläufe in West-und Ostdeutschland–Stabilität und Übergänge 2012 Staatsinstitut fur Familienforschung an der Universität Bamberg  techreport URL 
    BibTeX:
    @techreport{Muhling2012,
      author = {Tanja Muhling and Jessica Schreyer},
      title = {Beziehungsverläufe in West-und Ostdeutschland–Stabilität und Übergänge},
      journal = {Staatsinstitut fur Familienforschung an der Universität Bamberg},
      year = {2012},
      url = {http://www.ifb.bayern.de/imperia/md/content/stmas/ifb/materialien/mat_2012_4.pdf}
    }
    
    Muresan, C. Parteneriate de viata 2009 Studiul Generatii si Gen. Raport valul I 2007, pp. 51-74  techreport Romanian URL 
    BibTeX:
    @techreport{Muresan2009f,
      author = {Muresan, C.},
      title = {Parteneriate de viata},
      booktitle = {Studiul Generatii si Gen. Raport valul I 2007},
      year = {2009},
      pages = {51-74},
      url = {ftp://ftp.unfpa.ro/unfpa/Raport_GGS.pdf}
    }
    
    Muresan, C. Pqrinrii, copiii si casa parinteasca 2009 Studiul Generatii si Gen. Raport valul I 2007, pp. 27-50  techreport Romanian URL 
    BibTeX:
    @techreport{Muresan2009g,
      author = {Muresan, C.},
      title = {Pqrinrii, copiii si casa parinteasca},
      booktitle = {Studiul Generatii si Gen. Raport valul I 2007},
      year = {2009},
      pages = {27-50},
      url = {ftp://ftp.unfpa.ro/unfpa/Raport_GGS.pdf}
    }
    
    Muresan, C. Family change in Romania. A life-course approach 2012 , pp. 273  book  
    BibTeX:
    @book{Muresan2012,
      author = {Muresan, Cornelia},
      title = {Family change in Romania. A life-course approach},
      publisher = {Presa Universitara Clujeana},
      year = {2012},
      pages = {273}
    }
    
    Muresan, C. La solidarité familiale entre ideaux et realité. La Roumanie contemporaine 2010 XVIe Colloque international de l’ AIDELF sur "Relations Intergenerationnelles enjeux demographiques"  conference French  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Muresan2010a,
      author = {Muresan, C.},
      title = {La solidarité familiale entre ideaux et realité. La Roumanie contemporaine},
      booktitle = {XVIe Colloque international de l’ AIDELF sur "Relations Intergenerationnelles enjeux demographiques"},
      year = {2010}
    }
    
    Muresan, C. Completing Education and Becoming a Mother in Romania 2010 Austrian Academy of Sciences VID annual conference on "From Intentions to Behavior: Reproductive Decision-Making in a Macro-Micro Perspective"  conference English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Muresan2010b,
      author = {Muresan, C.},
      title = {Completing Education and Becoming a Mother in Romania},
      booktitle = {Austrian Academy of Sciences VID annual conference on "From Intentions to Behavior: Reproductive Decision-Making in a Macro-Micro Perspective"},
      year = {2010},
      url = {http://www.oeaw.ac.at/vid/in2b/download/S06.03_Muresan.pdf}
    }
    
    Muresan, C. Becoming a Mother in Romania: Exploring the Effect of Education 2009 XXVI IUSSP International Population Conference  conference English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Muresan2009,
      author = {Muresan, C.},
      title = {Becoming a Mother in Romania: Exploring the Effect of Education},
      booktitle = {XXVI IUSSP International Population Conference},
      year = {2009},
      url = {http://iussp2009.princeton.edu/papers/91706}
    }
    
    Muresan, C. Cohabitation, an alternative for marriage in contemporary Romania 2009 International Conference on “Families in Europe between the 19th and 21th Centuries. From the Traditional Model to Contemporary PACS”  conference English  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Muresan2009a,
      author = {Muresan, C.},
      title = {Cohabitation, an alternative for marriage in contemporary Romania},
      booktitle = {International Conference on “Families in Europe between the 19th and 21th Centuries. From the Traditional Model to Contemporary PACS”},
      year = {2009},
      note = {Romania}
    }
    
    Muresan, C. Parteneriate de viata 2009 Studiul Generatii si Gen. Raport valul I 2007, pp. 51-74  incollection Romanian URL 
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Muresan2009b,
      author = {Muresan, C.},
      title = {Parteneriate de viata},
      booktitle = {Studiul Generatii si Gen. Raport valul I 2007},
      publisher = {UNFPA, MPIDR, INS},
      year = {2009},
      pages = {51-74},
      url = {ftp://ftp.unfpa.ro/unfpa/Raport_GGS.pdf}
    }
    
    Muresan, C. Parintii, copiii si casa parinteasca 2009 Studiul Generatii si Gen. Raport valul I 2007, pp. 27-50  incollection Romanian URL 
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Muresan2009c,
      author = {Muresan, C.},
      title = {Parintii, copiii si casa parinteasca},
      booktitle = {Studiul Generatii si Gen. Raport valul I 2007},
      publisher = {UNFPA, MPIDR, INS},
      year = {2009},
      pages = {27-50},
      url = {ftp://ftp.unfpa.ro/unfpa/Raport_GGS.pdf}
    }
    
    Muresan, C. Educational attainment and second birth in Romania 2008 European Population Conference 2008  conference English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Muresan2008,
      author = {Muresan, C.},
      title = {Educational attainment and second birth in Romania},
      booktitle = {European Population Conference 2008},
      publisher = {European Association for Population Studies},
      year = {2008},
      url = {http://epc2008.princeton.edu/download.aspx?submissionId=80035}
    }
    
    Muresan, C. Children and parents experience in Romania: a life-table description 2008 Romanian Journal of Population Studies
    Vol. II(2), pp. 5-23 
    article English URL  children’s perspective, parental disruption, step-childhood, out of-wedlock childbearing, marital childbearing, Generations and Gender Survey, Romania
    Abstract: This study presents a life-table description of events related to the experience of children and of parents as they changed during the last two decencies, 1985-2005, in Romania. We consider the perspectives of men as well as of women and of couples as well as of children. The data we used stems from the Generations and Gender Survey carried out in Romania in 2005. We document for family behavioral changes that have accompanied the political and socio-economic transformation following the fall of the communist regime. We found that parenthood is still experienced very soon after entry into first marriage, and even slightly sooner when the first union starts as a cohabitation. However shotgun marriages, i.e. pregnancy followed by wedding, remain at the same level during the whole period. From children’s perspective the changes are related to a growing number and proportion born to cohabiting couples. Lone motherhood remains relatively rare. In post-socialist Romania fewer children experience parental disruptions than in the period of communist rule, and fewer children born to a lone mother experience a step father.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Muresan2008a,
      author = {Muresan, C.},
      title = {Children and parents experience in Romania: a life-table description},
      journal = {Romanian Journal of Population Studies},
      year = {2008},
      volume = {II},
      number = {2},
      pages = {5-23},
      url = {http://www.ceeol.com/aspx/issuedetails.aspx?issueid=e421017e-eee1-479f-a92b-96ff84e8f47c&articleId=629c6a11-530f-468f-bad4-fbd186a500b2}
    }
    
    Muresan, C. Cohabitation, an alternative for marriage in contemporary Romania: a life-table description 2008 Demografia
    Vol. 51(5), pp. 36-65 
    article English URL 
    Review: The abundance of data collected in Romania by the Generations and Gender
    Survey in 2005 provides the first occasion for a closer look at family-related
    behavioural changes in this country. Besides marriage, birth, divorce, and similar
    data collected in vital statistics, now we can look at entry into, exit from,
    and childbirth within alternative (to marriage) forms of union such as cohabitation.
    All these family events are interesting to study in the emerging development
    of the Second Demographic Transition in Romania (Mure?an 2007a). The
    present life table analysis may be a valuable starting point for a deeper investigation
    of family dynamic determinants. So far, due to the lack of adequate data,
    no such analysis could be made for Romania.
    As for methodology, the life table approach adapted by Andersson and
    Philipov (2002) is followed which was used on FFS data for 15 countries. Their
    study seems to have become a standard description technique for the more recent
    GGS data since the work for Bulgaria and Russia was published (Philipov
    and Jasilioniene 2007). We have also carried out all series of standard life tables
    for Romania (Mure?an 2007b)2, a work which inspired the present one.
    Our study is divided into six parts. Following this introduction the next parts
    deals with the data and methods used in this analysis. The next section looks at
    first union formation, with the aim to compare developments in cohabitations
    with those in marriages established directly. The next section is dedicated to
    first unions started as consensual unions, it studies the duration of cohabitation
    and the transformation of cohabitation from childlessness to parenthood or
    separation. Then the analysis applies the same framework to first marriages. In
    this part first, we study the duration of marriage, and then we focus on the transition
    to first birth or divorce. A summary section concludes the paper.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Muresan2008b,
      author = {Muresan, C.},
      title = {Cohabitation, an alternative for marriage in contemporary Romania: a life-table description},
      journal = {Demografia},
      year = {2008},
      volume = {51},
      number = {5},
      pages = {36-65},
      note = {Hungary},
      url = {http://www.demografia.hu/letoltes/kiadvanyok/Dem_angol/2008/Muresan.pdf}
    }
    
    Muresan, C. Educational Attainment and Second Birth in Romania 2007 Workshop on "Multilevel Event History Analysis in Family and Fertility Research”  conference English  
    Abstract: This study investigates the effect of educational attainment and educational enrolment
    on the risks of second birth in Romania, using data from the Generations and Gender
    Survey of 2005. Looking at the 1950-2005 period, we found a persistently negative effect
    of education on second birth, i.e., women with a relatively high level of education have
    lower risks of birth. Being in education significantly reduces the risk of second birth
    compared to women with no educational qualification. The risk is not lower, however,
    when we compare women who are still enrolled in education with individuals who have a
    high level of education. The strong negative effect of age at first birth observed when we
    do not control for personality weakens once we control for unobserved heterogeneity. We
    also show the extent to which changes in the socio-political regime, in family policies,
    and in the educational system affect the impact of education on second births.
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Muresan2007,
      author = {Muresan, C.},
      title = {Educational Attainment and Second Birth in Romania},
      booktitle = {Workshop on "Multilevel Event History Analysis in Family and Fertility Research”},
      year = {2007},
      note = {Germany}
    }
    
    Muresan, C. Family dynamics in pre- and post-transition Romania: a life-table description 2007 MPIDR Working Paper
    Vol. 018, pp. 70 
    article English URL  family dynamics, Romania
    Abstract: This study presents a life-table description of a wide range of events concerning family formation and fertility in Romania, by contrasting two different periods in Romanian history: a period of authoritarian regime and centrally planned economy (1980-1989) and a period of democratic political regime and market-oriented economy (1996-2005). A large number of single- and multi-decrement life tables deals with leaving home, separating from the parental family, forming first union, direct marriage, cohabitation, childbearing in the context of cohabitation or marriage, separation and divorce, and parenting (first birth and second birth). Perspectives of men and women, as well those of couples and children, are considered. The main data source we used here is Generations and Gender Survey carried out in Romania in 2005. Our life-table analysis confirms the early stage of the Second Demographic Transition in Romania. However, in European context it still remains a society highly valuing marriage and childbearing, despite the evidence in family behaviour changes which have accompanied political and socioeconomical transformations after the fall of communist regime.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Muresan2007a,
      author = {Muresan, Cornelia},
      title = {Family dynamics in pre- and post-transition Romania: a life-table description},
      journal = {MPIDR Working Paper},
      year = {2007},
      volume = {018},
      pages = {70},
      note = {Germany},
      url = {http://www.demogr.mpg.de/papers/working/wp-2007-018.pdf}
    }
    
    Muresan, C. Educational attainment and second births in Romania 2007 MPIDR Working Paper
    Vol. 028, pp. 1-46 
    article English URL  education of women, fertility, Romania
    Abstract: This study investigates the effect of educational attainment and educational enrolment on the risks of second birth in Romania, using data from the Generations and Gender Survey of 2005. Looking at the 1950-2005 period, we found a persistently negative effect of education on second birth, i.e., women with a relatively high level of education have lower risks of birth. Being in education significantly reduces the risk of second birth compared to women with no educational qualification. The risk is not lower, however, when we compare women who are still enrolled in education with individuals who have a high level of education. The strong negative effect of age at first birth observed when we do not control for personality weakens once we control for unobserved heterogeneity. We also show the extent to which changes in the socio-political regime, in family policies, and in the educational system affect the impact of education on second births.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Muresan2007b,
      author = {Muresan, Cornelia},
      title = {Educational attainment and second births in Romania},
      journal = {MPIDR Working Paper},
      year = {2007},
      volume = {028},
      pages = {1-46},
      note = {Germany},
      url = {http://www.demogr.mpg.de/papers/working/wp-2007-028.pdf}
    }
    
    Muresan, C. & M., H.J. The negative educational gradients in Romanian fertility 2010 Demographic Research
    Vol. 22(4), pp. 95-114 
    article English DOI URL  educational attainment, fertility, relative risks, Romania, unobserved heterogeneity
    Abstract: In Western countries, rates of second and third births typically increase with educational attainment, a feature that usually disappears if unobserved heterogeneity is brought into the event-history analysis. By contrast, in a country like Romania, second and third birth rates have been found to decline when moving across groups with increasing education, and the decline becomes greater if unobserved heterogeneity is added to the analysis. The present paper demonstrates this pattern, and shows that, because this feature is retained in the presence of control variables, such as age at first birth and period effects, the selectivity is not produced by a failure to account for the control variables.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Muresan2010,
      author = {Muresan, C. and Hoem J. M.},
      title = {The negative educational gradients in Romanian fertility},
      journal = {Demographic Research},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {22},
      number = {4},
      pages = {95-114},
      url = {http://www.demographic-research.org/volumes/vol22/4/22-4.pdf},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.4054/DemRes.2010.22.4}
    }
    
    Murinkó, L. Az elso párkapcsolat szerepe a szüloi házból való elköltözésben [The Role of First Partnership in Leaving the Parental Home] 2010 Állandó párbeszédben: A szegedi muhely tisztelgése Utasi Ágnesnek, pp. 145-165  incollection URL 
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Murinko2010a,
      author = {Murinkó, L.},
      title = {Az elso párkapcsolat szerepe a szüloi házból való elköltözésben [The Role of First Partnership in Leaving the Parental Home]},
      booktitle = {Állandó párbeszédben: A szegedi muhely tisztelgése Utasi Ágnesnek},
      publisher = {Belvedere Meridionale- DARTKE},
      year = {2010},
      pages = {145-165},
      url = {http://www.demografia.hu/index.php/munkatarsak/102}
    }
    
    Mussino, E. & Raalte, A.V. Fertility of Migrants: A comparative study between Italy and Russia 2008 MPIDR Working Paper
    Vol. 026, pp. 1-23 
    article English URL  Event History Analysis, Fertility, Immigrants, Italy, Russia.
    Abstract: This paper contributes to the analysis of fertility differentials between migrants and the native-born by examining the transition to first child using event history analysis. We looked for a tool that could link anthropological investigation with the representativeness of a statistical study. The meeting point is anthropological demography that permits the merging of different methods and approaches. We use event history as quantitative translation of the life course approach. The data examined are the first-wave Italian Families and Social Subjects Survey conducted in 2003 and the first-wave Russian Gender and Generations Survey conducted in 2004. The datasets are examined separately and the results are contrasted. An immigrant is or this study defined as a person born outside of the country at interest. The objective of the study is twofold: First we seek to determine whether differences exist in the decision and timing of childbearing between native and foreign-born women in Italy and in Russia. Second we aim to compare the experiences of immigrants in the two countries, to determine whether there may be any commonalities inherent to the immigrant populations, despite moving into widely different contexts. This leads us to the following two conclusions: First, the similarities in the risk profiles of our immigrants into vastly different country contexts is more suggestive of immigrants being a distinct group rather than assimilating or conforming to the native fertility patterns. Second, our results do not seem to confirm the presence of either disruption or family formation being key events associated with migration.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Mussino2008,
      author = {Eleonora Mussino and Alyson Van Raalte},
      title = {Fertility of Migrants: A comparative study between Italy and Russia},
      journal = {MPIDR Working Paper},
      year = {2008},
      volume = {026},
      pages = {1-23},
      url = {http://www.demogr.mpg.de/papers/working/wp-2008-026.pdf}
    }
    
    Muszynska, M. Migration and union dissolution in Russia 2006 Interdependencies in the life course: family dynamics, childbearing, and spatial mobility  conference English  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Muszynska2006a,
      author = {Muszynska, M.},
      title = {Migration and union dissolution in Russia},
      booktitle = {Interdependencies in the life course: family dynamics, childbearing, and spatial mobility},
      year = {2006},
      note = {Germany}
    }
    
    Muszynska, M. Women's economic independence and union dissolution in Russia 2006 European Population Conference 2006  conference English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Muszynska2006b,
      author = {Muszynska, M.},
      title = {Women's economic independence and union dissolution in Russia},
      booktitle = {European Population Conference 2006},
      publisher = {European Association for Population Studies},
      year = {2006},
      note = {Germany},
      url = {http://epc2006.princeton.edu/abstracts/60482}
    }
    
    Muszynska, M. Woman’s employment and union disruption in a changing socio-economic context: the case of Russia 2006 MPIDR Working Paper
    Vol. 27, pp. 28 
    article English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Muszynska2006c,
      author = {Muszynska, M.},
      title = {Woman’s employment and union disruption in a changing socio-economic context: the case of Russia},
      journal = {MPIDR Working Paper},
      year = {2006},
      volume = {27},
      pages = {28},
      note = {Germany},
      url = {http://www.demogr.mpg.de/papers/working/wp-2006-027.pdf}
    }
    
    Muszynska, M. & Kulu, H. Migration and union dissolution in a changing socio-economic context: the case of Russia 2006 MPIDR Working Paper
    Vol. 32, pp. 21 
    article English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Muszynska2006,
      author = {Muszynska, M. and Kulu, H.},
      title = {Migration and union dissolution in a changing socio-economic context: the case of Russia},
      journal = {MPIDR Working Paper},
      year = {2006},
      volume = {32},
      pages = {21},
      note = {Germany},
      url = {http://www.demogr.mpg.de/papers/working/wp-2006-032.pdf}
    }
    
    Myers, G.C. & Légaré, J. The Behaviour and status of older persons 2000 Generations and Gender Programme: Exploring future research and data collection options, pp. 105-124  incollection English  
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Myers2000,
      author = {Myers, G. C. and Légaré, J.},
      title = {The Behaviour and status of older persons},
      booktitle = {Generations and Gender Programme: Exploring future research and data collection options},
      publisher = {United Nations},
      year = {2000},
      pages = {105-124}
    }
    
    Mynarska, M., Matysiak, A., Rybinska, A., Tocchioni, V. & Vignoli, D. Diverse Paths into Childlessness over the Life Course 2013 Population Association of America 2013 Annual Meeting  conference URL 
    Abstract: Childlessness is rarely an outcome of a single decision or can be attributed to one particular reason. Remaining childless should rather be seen as a process, influenced by continuously changing context and by many choices that individual makes in various life spheres over the life course. Previous studies focused on the effect of accumulated experience of life events on a probability to have no children. Such an approach does not allow for capturing a whole variety of different roads to childlessness that are postulated in the literature. Our paper aims at filling this gap by applying an exploratory approach of sequence analysis. We employ it on Polish and Italian data to reconstruct the major life course trajectories of childless women and to reveal the complexity of life paths leading to childlessness.
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Mynarska2013,
      author = {Mynarska, M. and Matysiak, A. and Rybinska, A. and Tocchioni, V. and Vignoli, D.},
      title = {Diverse Paths into Childlessness over the Life Course},
      booktitle = {Population Association of America 2013 Annual Meeting},
      year = {2013},
      url = {http://paa2013.princeton.edu/papers/130695}
    }
    
    Na, E.-Y. & Duckitt, J. Value Consensus and Diversity between Generations and Gender 2003 Social Indicators Research
    Vol. 62-63(1-3), pp. 411-435 
    article English DOI URL 
    Abstract: A sample of 366 Koreans (200 younger and 166 older people) was surveyed in May 2001 to investigate consensus and diversity between generations and genders in basic values. Because prior research had indicated that rating abstract value items could produce misleading findings, concrete belief and behavioral practice items were used from which four value dimensions were extracted using principal components analysis. These were: Openness to change, Conformity and Benevolence, Exclusiveness and Self-direction, and Relationship-focused Security. Value consensus between generations and genders was found only for the Conformity and Benevolence factor, while the other three factors revealed value diversity with significant interactions between gender and generational groups. The interactions typically involved traditional gender differences in the older generation either disappearing (Openness to change, Exclusiveness and Self-direction) or being reversed (Relationship-focused security) in the younger generation. In addition, irrespective of gender, younger participants were higher in openness to change than older ones, though the difference was considerably greater for females. Discussion focused on possible reasons for these effects and their possible social implications.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Na2003,
      author = {Na, E.-Y. and Duckitt, J.},
      title = {Value Consensus and Diversity between Generations and Gender},
      journal = {Social Indicators Research},
      year = {2003},
      volume = {62-63},
      number = {1-3},
      pages = {411-435},
      url = {http://www.springerlink.com/content/ht01876237535320/},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1022665705561}
    }
    
    Naderi, R. Unter welchen Bedingungen bekommen Eltern weitere Kinder? Ein Vergleich zwischen Deutschen und Türken unter besonderer Berücksichtigung ökonomischer Abwägungen 2013 Zeitschrift für Familienforschung
    Vol. 25(1), pp. 75-95 
    article URL  family expansion, income, intergenerational relationships, Turkish migrants
    Abstract: The article examines the question of how the selfreported financial situation has an effect on the actual birth of additional children in regard to generational support and migration background. The hypotheses to be tested are based on economic theories and research on the importance of economic uncertainty for fertility. Based on multivariate analyses of the two waves of the German Generations and Gender Survey, neither the individual financial situation, nor the relations between generations can be detected as effects on family expansion. The results show, however, that Turkish citizens differ in their migration experience in comparison to those who have immigrated in childhood or were born in Germany in terms of the explanatory factors. Factors like age of the woman, number and age of children are crucial in all groups under study.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Naderi2013,
      author = {Naderi, Robert},
      title = {Unter welchen Bedingungen bekommen Eltern weitere Kinder? Ein Vergleich zwischen Deutschen und Türken unter besonderer Berücksichtigung ökonomischer Abwägungen},
      journal = {Zeitschrift für Familienforschung},
      year = {2013},
      volume = {25},
      number = {1},
      pages = {75-95},
      url = {http://www.budrich-journals.de/index.php/zff/article/view/12415}
    }
    
    Naderi, R. Ehen und nichteheliche Lebensgemeinschaften im Lebensverlauf von Deutschen und türkischen Staatsbürgern in Deutschland [Marriages and Non-Marital Cohabitation in the Biographies of Germans and of Turkish Nationals in Germany] 2008 Zeitschrift fur Bevolkerungswissenschaft
    Vol. 33(3-4), pp. 433-448 
    article German DOI URL  Marriage, cohabitation, migration background / Ehe, nichteheliche Lebensgemeinschaft, Lebensverlauf
    Abstract: The article aims to present the results of a comparative analysis of cohabitation biographies (marital, non-marital and pre-marital cohabitation) between Germans without a migration background and Turkish nationals in Germany. To this end, the data of the Generations and Gender Surveys (GGS) from 2005 and 2006 (for Turkish citizens) are used. The results show a fundamentally different lifestyle of Turks in comparison to Germans, in particular within the younger age groups: Turks more seldom have more than one cohabitation, and have shorter pre-marital phases. Non-marital cohabitation is for Turks more seldom an alternative to marriage. All in all, a major change takes place among Germans from older to younger cohorts as to their experience of nonmarital cohabitation, the latter having become the norm among the latter in the course of a biography. This change is virtually unknown among Turks. The age and cohort, the level of education, religiosity and acceptance of non-marital cohabitation impact the experience of non-marital co-habitation.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Naderi2008,
      author = {Naderi, R.},
      title = {Ehen und nichteheliche Lebensgemeinschaften im Lebensverlauf von Deutschen und türkischen Staatsbürgern in Deutschland [Marriages and Non-Marital Cohabitation in the Biographies of Germans and of Turkish Nationals in Germany]},
      journal = {Zeitschrift fur Bevolkerungswissenschaft},
      year = {2008},
      volume = {33},
      number = {3-4},
      pages = {433-448},
      url = {http://www.springerlink.com/content/91565w737244p843/},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12523-009-0023-4}
    }
    
    Naderi, R., Dorbritz, J. & Ruckdeschel, K. Der Generations and Gender Survey in Deutschland – Zielsetzung, Verortung, Einschränkungen und Potenziale [The Generations and Gender Survey in Germany: goals, placing, restrictions and potentials] 2009 Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungswissenschaft
    Vol. 34(1-2), pp. 5–30 
    article German DOI URL  Befragung – Daten – GGS // questionnaire – data – GGS
    BibTeX:
    @article{Naderi2009a,
      author = {Naderi, R. and Dorbritz, J. and Ruckdeschel, K.},
      title = {Der Generations and Gender Survey in Deutschland – Zielsetzung, Verortung, Einschränkungen und Potenziale [The Generations and Gender Survey in Germany: goals, placing, restrictions and potentials]},
      journal = {Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungswissenschaft},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {34},
      number = {1-2},
      pages = {5–30},
      url = {http://www.springerlink.com/content/1g241302910m8003/},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12523-010-0031-4}
    }
    
    Naderi, R. & Ruckdeschel, K. Fertilität von Männern 2009 Bevölkerungsforschung Aktuell. Mitteilungen aus dem Bundesinstitut für Bevölkerungsforschung
    Vol. 30(4), pp. 2-9 
    article German URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Naderi2009,
      author = {Naderi, R. and Ruckdeschel, K.},
      title = {Fertilität von Männern},
      journal = {Bevölkerungsforschung Aktuell. Mitteilungen aus dem Bundesinstitut für Bevölkerungsforschung},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {30},
      number = {4},
      pages = {2-9},
      url = {http://www.bib-demografie.de/SharedDocs/Publikationen/DE/Download/Bevoelkerungsforschung_Aktuell/bev_aktuell_0409.pdf?__blob=publicationFile&v=3}
    }
    
    Nauck & Tabuchi Vienna Yearbook of Population Research 2012 Vienna Yearbook of Population Research
    Vol. 10, pp. 49-76 
    inbook DOI URL 
    Abstract: Two prominent theses on social change concur with regard to the on-going development of family systems in the process of general social change: the model of the “second demographic transition”, suggested by the demographers van de Kaa and Lesthaeghe; and the model of “family change”, proposed by the cross-cultural psychologist Ka??tç?ba??. This paper presents an empirical test based on an analysis of family change in Japan, a collectivistic, yet modernised society; and in Germany, a society characterised by ‘Western’ individualism. Our empirical test is based on 12 cumulated, representative surveys from these two societies, which together cover the family formation processes of 49,983 women born between 1915 and 1985. For both Germany and Japan, we examine the influence of educational inequality on family formation, and explore how it has changed over a period of 60 years, by means of multivariate Cox regression analyses. The two models emphasise different aspects of the change in the family formation process: although the changes point in the direction predicted by the second demographic transition model, the differences between the two societies have remained stable or have even widened, in line with the family change model.
    BibTeX:
    @inbook{Nauck2012,
      author = {Nauck and Tabuchi},
      title = {Vienna Yearbook of Population Research},
      journal = {Vienna Yearbook of Population Research},
      year = {2012},
      volume = {10},
      pages = {49-76},
      url = {http://epub.oeaw.ac.at/0xc1aa500d_0x002d689c.pdf},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1553/populationyearbook2012s049}
    }
    
    Neels, K. Economic context and fertility outcomes: exploring educational differentials in postponement and recuperation of first births in Belgium, France and the Netherlands 2010 European Population Conference 2010  conference English URL  economic recession, unemployment, first birth hazards
    Abstract: The global economic recession that recently emerged, has fuelled interest in short-term and long-term effects of economic context on family formation and raises questions on how social policies mediate such effects. This paper investigates the effect of economic recession and unemployment on age-specific first birth hazards in three countries characterized by different family policies and varying fertility levels. The analysis focuses on recession induced period-disturbances of birth hazards at younger ages and on recuperation mechanisms where births postponed due to adverse period circumstances are recuperated later in life. Because economic context and variations in labor market conditions are likely to differentially affect socio-economic groups, the analysis is stratified by level of education. Stratification by education further allows to control effectively for the expansion of educational attainment among recent birth cohorts and its confounding effect on timing of fertility. Using retrospective data from the Belgian census as well as data from the Generations & Gender Survey for France and the Netherlands, socio-economic differentials in family formation and fertility are reconstructed between 1970 and 2005. This period is characterized by considerable variation in economic conditions and profound changes in labor market conditions. For Belgium, results suggest that particularly higher educated women have benefitted from policies aimed at de-familialization of care responsibilities introduced since the early 1970s, similar to policies in France and the Scandinavian countries. For lower educated women, however, birth hazards at younger ages are more strongly affected by varying economic conditions. The paper compares socio-economic fertility differentials in Belgium to trends emerging for France and the Netherlands and discusses the results in the light of comparative work on family policies in OECD Countries.
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Neels2010,
      author = {Neels, K.},
      title = {Economic context and fertility outcomes: exploring educational differentials in postponement and recuperation of first births in Belgium, France and the Netherlands},
      booktitle = {European Population Conference 2010},
      publisher = {European Association for Population Studies},
      year = {2010},
      url = {http://epc2010.princeton.edu/abstractViewer.aspx?submissionId=100076}
    }
    
    Neels, K. amd Theunynk, Z. Arbeidsparticipatie van laaggeschoolde vrouwen nà ouderschap. 2012 GGP Belgium Policy Brief
    Vol. 2, pp. 6 
    techreport URL 
    BibTeX:
    @techreport{Neels2012,
      author = {Neels, K. amd Theunynk, Z.},
      title = {Arbeidsparticipatie van laaggeschoolde vrouwen nà ouderschap.},
      journal = {GGP Belgium Policy Brief},
      year = {2012},
      volume = {2},
      pages = {6},
      url = {http://www.ggps.be/doc/PB_2_NL.pdf}
    }
    
    Neels, K. & Theunynk, Z. The educational gradient and the gender differential of parental employment in Norway, France, Belgium, Austria, West-Germany, Estonia, Romania, Bulgaria, Hungary and Georgia. 2012 European Population Conference  conference URL 
    Abstract: Maternal employment is the outcome of a cost-benefit calculation involving a variety of factors. In line with Coale’s preconditions for behavioural innovation, we group these factors under the heading ‘readiness’ (maternal employment is economically advantageous), ‘willingness’ (maternal employment is acceptable at both the societal and individual level) and ‘ability’ (welfare state provisions that support maternal employment are available and accessible). Using data from the Generations and Gender Surveys, this paper documents the educational gradient and the gender differential of parental employment in Norway, France, Belgium, Austria, West-Germany, Estonia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania and Georgia. The results indicate that the level of maternal employment is elevated in Norway, with a limited educational gradient. In Belgium and France and even more so in Estonia, Bulgaria, Hungary and Romania, the educational gradient of labour force participation is very pronounced, particularly among mothers. Austria and West-Germany show low levels of maternal employment, regardless of education. The between-country differences in maternal employment are subsequently set off against differential attitudes concerning parental employment and differential uptake of family policies in the countries considered.
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Neels2012a,
      author = {Neels, K. and Theunynk, Z.},
      title = {The educational gradient and the gender differential of parental employment in Norway, France, Belgium, Austria, West-Germany, Estonia, Romania, Bulgaria, Hungary and Georgia.},
      booktitle = {European Population Conference},
      year = {2012},
      url = {http://epc2012.princeton.edu/papers/120362}
    }
    
    Neels, K., Winter, De, T. & Vermant, G. The quality of demographic data in GGS Wave 1 2011 First User Conference of the GGP 'Demographic and Social Challenges in an aging Europe  conference URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Neels2011a,
      author = {Neels, Karel and Winter, De, Tom and Vermant, Greten},
      title = {The quality of demographic data in GGS Wave 1},
      booktitle = {First User Conference of the GGP 'Demographic and Social Challenges in an aging Europe},
      year = {2011},
      url = {http://ir.anet.ua.ac.be/irua/handle/10067/932780151162165141}
    }
    
    Neels, K. & Wood, J. Economic context, social policy and fertility outcomes: a longitudinal analysis of socio-economic fertility differentials in Europe between 1970 and 2000 2011 First user Conference of the GGP "Demographic and Social challenges in an ageing Europe"  conference  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Neels2011b,
      author = {Neels, K. and Wood, J.},
      title = {Economic context, social policy and fertility outcomes: a longitudinal analysis of socio-economic fertility differentials in Europe between 1970 and 2000},
      booktitle = {First user Conference of the GGP "Demographic and Social challenges in an ageing Europe"},
      year = {2011}
    }
    
    Nešporová, O. Muži na rodicovské dovolené – posun genderových rolí? [Men on Parental Leave – a Shift of Gender Roles?] 2007 Relationships, languages, bodies  conference  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Nesporova2007a,
      author = {Nešporová, O.},
      title = {Muži na rodicovské dovolené – posun genderových rolí? [Men on Parental Leave – a Shift of Gender Roles?]},
      booktitle = {Relationships, languages, bodies},
      publisher = {Faculty od Humanities, Charles University},
      year = {2007}
    }
    
    Nešporová, O. Samostatné bydlení mladých - mezinárodní komparace (Bulharsko, Cesko a Nizozemsko) [Independent living arrangements for the young - international comparison (Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, the Netherlands)]. 2011 Fórum sociální politiky [Social Policy Forum]
    Vol. 5, pp. 2-7 
    article URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Nesporova2011,
      author = {Nešporová, O.},
      title = {Samostatné bydlení mladých - mezinárodní komparace (Bulharsko, Cesko a Nizozemsko) [Independent living arrangements for the young - international comparison (Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, the Netherlands)].},
      journal = {Fórum sociální politiky [Social Policy Forum]},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {5},
      pages = {2-7},
      url = {Samostatné bydlení mladých - mezinárodní komparace (Bulharsko, Cesko a Nizozemsko)}
    }
    
    Nešporová, O. Jak náboženství ovlivnuje rodinný život? : Rozdíly v chování a postojích k rodine mezi ceskými verícími a neverícími. [How religion affects family life? Differences in behavior and attitudes on families among Czech believers and non-believers.]. 2010 Lidé mesta /Urban People
    Vol. 12, pp. 61-88 
    article URL 
    Abstract: Religion forms society in a significant way and provides the basic norms
    of social behaviour. Even if in present-day Czech society almost two-thirds of the
    population does not belong to any religious denomination, one cannot deny that
    this society still relates to Christian norms and values. This can be distinctly
    observed in the family sphere, which is made up of a monogamous marriage and
    has usually still has a patriarchal structure. Attitudes on families and familial
    behaviour have, however, changed in this secular society. The article observes, on
    the basis of data from Generations and Gender Survey (2005), how significant
    the differences between Roman Catholics and non-believers are today in the
    sphere of familial behaviour and shared norms. Doing so, it takes into account the
    influence of age, comparing the reproductive and post-reproductive age categories.
    It is shown that the differences are not very marked, and are more significant on
    the level of attitudes, where Roman Catholics defend a more conservative view of
    family structures, as well as they value marriage and family ties more. However,
    these beliefs are in contrast with their actual behaviour; which, in comparison to
    the behaviour of non-believers differs to a lesser degree. Observations suggest that
    Catholics do not live in relationships without marriage as often, they marry at
    a younger age, have children earlier and do not divorce as often. But differences
    in familial behaviour are rather subtle, more visible in younger generations in
    comparison to older ones. As for the Czech family, then, actual behaviour changes
    more quickly than the declared attitudes, which are still quite conservative.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Nesporova2010,
      author = {Nešporová, O.},
      title = {Jak náboženství ovlivnuje rodinný život? : Rozdíly v chování a postojích k rodine mezi ceskými verícími a neverícími. [How religion affects family life? Differences in behavior and attitudes on families among Czech believers and non-believers.].},
      journal = {Lidé mesta /Urban People},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {12},
      pages = {61-88},
      url = {http://praha.vupsv.cz/cgi-webisnt/fu.wis?dbn%5Et4000=epccicso&gizmo%5Et4001=aw-1250&prefix%5Et4002=AU=&pft%5Et4003=*@depccicso.pfg&letdisp%5Et4006=BEG&jump%5Et4501=generic&db%5Et4700=gen&lang%5Et4902=CZ&name%5Et4903=EPCCICSO&ctl%5Et4921=GA&thead1%5Et4922=CLASS=tabulka1%20BORDER=1%20CELLSPACING=1%20CELLPADDING=5&thead2%5Et4923=ALIGN=CENTER%20VALIGN=TOP&battr%5Et4930=BGCOLOR=white&tfattr%5Et4932=class=intro&metaex%5Et4940=LINK%20href=/webisnt/custom/cicsoepc/styl.css%20type=text/css%20rel=StyleSheet&TYPE%5Et4901=G&h1=1&search=P=MANZELSTVI}
    }
    
    Nešporová, O. Obcanský sektor jako doplnek rodinné péce o seniory [Civil Sector as a Complement of Family Care for the Elderly] 2008 Když seniori potrebují pomoci. Solidární pomoc a péce o staré lidi v rodin?. [When Seniors need Assistance. Sympathetic Help and Care of the Elderly in a Family].  conference  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Nesporova2008,
      author = {Nešporová, O.},
      title = {Obcanský sektor jako doplnek rodinné péce o seniory [Civil Sector as a Complement of Family Care for the Elderly]},
      booktitle = {Když seniori potrebují pomoci. Solidární pomoc a péce o staré lidi v rodin?. [When Seniors need Assistance. Sympathetic Help and Care of the Elderly in a Family].},
      year = {2008}
    }
    
    Nešporová, O. Menící se rodicovství v kontextu podmínek na trhu práce [Changing Parenthood in the Context of Labour Market Conditions] 2007 Fórum sociální politiky [Social Policy Forum]
    Vol. 1, pp. 13-17 
    article URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Nesporova2007,
      author = {Nešporová, O.},
      title = {Menící se rodicovství v kontextu podmínek na trhu práce [Changing Parenthood in the Context of Labour Market Conditions]},
      journal = {Fórum sociální politiky [Social Policy Forum]},
      year = {2007},
      volume = {1},
      pages = {13-17},
      url = {http://www.google.nl/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=2&ved=0CDMQFjAB&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.czech-ggs.cz%2Ffile%2F90%2Fnesporova_forum-socialni-politiky-2-2007.pdf&ei=EOHBULXfCITDhAfw0ICoDQ&usg=AFQjCNEasOxP-1IpyFPEh0m17suf0McDIQ}
    }
    
    Nešporová, O. Menící se rodicovství v kontextu podmínek na trhu práce [Changing Parenthood in the Context of Labour Market Conditions] 2006 Sociální reprodukce a integrace: ideály a meze [Social Reproduction and Integration: Ideals and Limits]  conference  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Nesporova2006,
      author = {Nešporová, O.},
      title = {Menící se rodicovství v kontextu podmínek na trhu práce [Changing Parenthood in the Context of Labour Market Conditions]},
      booktitle = {Sociální reprodukce a integrace: ideály a meze [Social Reproduction and Integration: Ideals and Limits]},
      year = {2006}
    }
    
    Neuwirth, N. & Wernhart, G. Zur Unsicherheit im generativen Verhalten
    Auswertungen des GGS – Welle 1
    2013 (80)  techreport URL 
    BibTeX:
    @techreport{Neuwirth2013,
      author = {Neuwirth, Norbert and Wernhart, Georg},
      title = {Zur Unsicherheit im generativen Verhalten
    Auswertungen des GGS – Welle 1}, year = {2013}, number = {80}, url = {http://www.oif.ac.at/fileadmin/OEIF/Working_Paper/wp_80_generatives_verhalten.pdf} }
    Neyer, G. Gender and generations dimensions in welfare-state policies 2003 MPIDR Working Paper
    Vol. 022, pp. 1-9 
    article English URL 
    Abstract: This note outlines welfare-state research that could possibly provide a framework for the collection of demographically relevant gender- and generationsensitive welfare-state data for the GGS contextual database. It has been prepared for the Gender-and-Generations Program and is the basis of further work of the Contextual Working Group of the Gender-and-Generations Program. First, this note summarizes results of demographic research that deals with the effects of public policies on demographic behavior. This is followed by a brief outline of what kind of data we need for (comparative) research of policy effects on demographic issues. Secondly, it gives a brief account of those conceptualizations of the welfare state that seem relevant for the purpose of our project. Thirdly, it presents a provisional and by no means complete list of some welfare-state-related measures that can be collected for a contextual database. This list serves as an example of what we need and how we should collect data in order to be able to incorporate features of welfare states and public policies in demographic analyses.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Neyer2003,
      author = {Neyer, G.},
      title = {Gender and generations dimensions in welfare-state policies},
      journal = {MPIDR Working Paper},
      year = {2003},
      volume = {022},
      pages = {1-9},
      url = {http://www.demogr.mpg.de/papers/working/wp-2003-022.pdf}
    }
    
    Neyer, G., Lappegard, T. & Vignoli, D. Gender Equality and Fertility: Which Equality Matters? N/A Eur J Population
    Vol. N/A, pp. 1-28 
    article DOI URL  Gender equality, Fertility, Childbearing, Intentions, Europe, Men
    Abstract: Does gender equality matter for fertility? Demographic findings on this
    issue are rather inconclusive. We argue that one reason for this is that the complexity
    of the concept of gender equality has received insufficient attention. Gender
    equality needs to be conceptualized in a manner that goes beyond perceiving it as
    mere ‘‘sameness of distribution’’. It needs to include notions of gender equity and
    thus to allow for distinguishing between gender difference and gender inequality.
    We sketch three dimensions of gender equality related to employment, financial
    resources, and family work, which incorporate this understanding: (1) the ability to
    maintain a household; (2) agency and the capability to choose; and (3) gender equity
    in household and care work. We explore their impact on childbearing intentions of
    women and men using the European Generations and Gender Surveys. Our results
    confirm the need for a more nuanced notion of gender equality in studies on the
    relationship between gender equality on fertility. They show that there is no uniform
    effect of gender equality on childbearing intentions, but that the impact varies by
    gender and by parity.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Neyer2013,
      author = {Neyer, Gerda and Lappegard, Trude and Vignoli, Daniele},
      title = {Gender Equality and Fertility: Which Equality Matters?},
      journal = {Eur J Population},
      year = {N/A},
      volume = {N/A},
      pages = {1--28},
      url = {http://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007%2Fs10680-013-9292-7.pdf},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10680-013-9292-7}
    }
    
    Neyer, G., Lappegård, T. & Vignoli, D. Gender Equality and Fertility: Which Equality Matters? 2011 DSUNIFI Working Papers
    Vol. 7, pp. 44 
    article English URL  gender, fertility, Bulgaria, Georgia, Hungary, Romania, Russia, Germany, France, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway
    Abstract: Does gender equality matter for fertility? Demographic findings to this question are rather inconclusive. We argue that gender equality is a complex issue that needs to be conceptualized in a way which includes gender equity and allows for gender differences but uncovers gender inequalities. We explore this approach by investigating the impact of four dimensions of gender equality on women´s and men´s childbearing intentions in Europe: the possibility to maintain a household, the capabilities to choose, the resources to have agency, and gender equity in household work and in care. We apply logistic regressions to data of the Generations and Gender Survey. Our results suggest that gender equality and fertility intentions are intertwined in a multi-faceted way, and that gender equality in the areas which we examine exert different impacts on women’s and men’s childbearing intentions. Our study also confirms that parenthood still constitutes a dividing line between more and less gender equality, and that this affects childbearing intentions of childless women and childless men differently than that of mothers and fathers. This necessitates an approach which allows identifying the essential gender inequalities in employment, in society, and in the family which matter for childbearing decisions.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Neyer2011,
      author = {Neyer, Gerda and Lappegård, Trude and Vignoli, Daniele},
      title = {Gender Equality and Fertility: Which Equality Matters?},
      journal = {DSUNIFI Working Papers},
      publisher = {Dipartimento di Statistica "Giuseppe Parenti"},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {7},
      pages = {44},
      url = {http://www.ds.unifi.it/ricerca/pubblicazioni/working_papers/2011/wp2011_07.pdf}
    }
    
    Neyer, G. & Rieck, D. Moving towards gender equality 2009 How Generations and Gender Shape Demographic Change: Towards policies based on better knowledge, pp. 139-154  incollection English  
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Neyer2009,
      author = {Neyer, G. and Rieck, D.},
      title = {Moving towards gender equality},
      booktitle = {How Generations and Gender Shape Demographic Change: Towards policies based on better knowledge},
      publisher = {United Nations},
      year = {2009},
      pages = {139-154}
    }
    
    Neyer, G.R., Lappegård, T., Vignoli, D. & Rieck, D. Gender equality and fertility: does context matter? 2010 European Population Conference 2010  conference English URL 
    Abstract: Demographic studies of the effect of gender equality on fertility render rather inconclusive and often contradictory results. Our paper starts with the proposition that this puzzling outcome may be brought about by several factors: First, gender equality comprises several dimensions and they are differently related to fertility. Second, the dimensions of gender equality play out differently at different parities. Third, gender equality and fertility are situated in place and time, and may thus be influenced by their context. To substantiate our position we study the impact of “public” and “private” gender dimensions on women´s and men´s intention to have a first and a subsequent child in countries with different gender-equity status: France, Germany, Norway, Italy, The Netherlands, Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania, and Russia. We apply multilevel logistic regressions to data of the first wave of the Generations and Gender Survey. Our first results show that there are substantial gender differences regarding the impact of gender-equality dimensions on the intentions to have a first child and on the intention to have a second and/or subsequent child, and that these results seem to be influenced by contextual factors.
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Neyer2010,
      author = {Neyer, G. R. and Lappegård, T. and Vignoli, D. and Rieck, D.},
      title = {Gender equality and fertility: does context matter?},
      booktitle = {European Population Conference 2010},
      publisher = {European Association for Population Studies},
      year = {2010},
      url = {http://epc2010.princeton.edu/abstractViewer.aspx?submissionId=100597}
    }
    
    Nishioka, H. & Hoshi, A. Causal Relationship between Husbands’ Work-Life Balance and Wives’ Desire to Bear Children 2009 Journal of Population Problem
    Vol. 65(3), pp. 58-72 
    article English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Nishioka2009,
      author = {Nishioka, H. and Hoshi, A.},
      title = {Causal Relationship between Husbands’ Work-Life Balance and Wives’ Desire to Bear Children},
      journal = {Journal of Population Problem},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {65},
      number = {3},
      pages = {58-72},
      url = {http://www.ipss.go.jp/publication/e/jinkomon/pdf/19116705_72.pdf}
    }
    
    Ogg, J. & Renaut, S. The influence of life course histories on labour market activity among older adults 2011 Communication IAGG  conference  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Ogg2011,
      author = {Ogg, J. and Renaut, S.},
      title = {The influence of life course histories on labour market activity among older adults},
      booktitle = {Communication IAGG},
      year = {2011}
    }
    
    Ogg, J. & Renaut, S. Le rapport à l'emploi des cohortes 1941-1956 (45-64 ans en 2005): l'effet des valeurs et des attitudes sur les conduites individuelles et les comportements de groupes 2008 Colloque “Démographie et Cultures”  conference French  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Ogg2008,
      author = {Ogg, J. and Renaut, S.},
      title = {Le rapport à l'emploi des cohortes 1941-1956 (45-64 ans en 2005): l'effet des valeurs et des attitudes sur les conduites individuelles et les comportements de groupes},
      booktitle = {Colloque “Démographie et Cultures”},
      year = {2008}
    }
    
    Pailhé, A. Work-family balance and childbearing intentions in France, Germany and the Russian Federation 2009 How Generations and Gender Shape Demographic Change. Towards policies based on better knowledge, pp. 57-82  incollection English  
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Pailhe2009i,
      author = {Pailhé, A.},
      title = {Work-family balance and childbearing intentions in France, Germany and the Russian Federation},
      booktitle = {How Generations and Gender Shape Demographic Change. Towards policies based on better knowledge},
      publisher = {United Nations},
      year = {2009},
      pages = {57-82}
    }
    
    Pailhé, A. Work-family balance and childbearing intentions in France, Germany and Russia 2009 XXVI IUSSP International population Conference 2009  conference English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Pailhe2009c,
      author = {Pailhé, A.},
      title = {Work-family balance and childbearing intentions in France, Germany and Russia},
      booktitle = {XXVI IUSSP International population Conference 2009},
      year = {2009},
      url = {http://iussp2009.princeton.edu/download.aspx?submissionId=90811}
    }
    
    Pailhé, A. & Sinyavskaya, O. Le travail des femmes en France et en Russie : l’effet des enfants et des valeurs de genre 2009 Revue d’études comparatives Est-Ouest
    Vol. 40(3-4), pp. 273-314 
    article French DOI URL 
    Abstract: How do children and gender attitudes affect women’s labor force participation in Russia and France, two countries with different welfare states and different conceptions of gender roles? The determinants of women’s participation in the labor force are compared by using data from the flrst wave of the Generations and Gender Surveys conducted in both countries. In Russia, the age of the youngest child is the key factor explaining the decrease in women’s labor force participation rate. In France, the effect of having children is multidimensional; and gender values, unlike in Russia, have a major impact. The broader range of possibilities for Frenchwomen (work full- or part-time, or not at all) accounts for the greater variety in their labor patterns.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Pailhe2009a,
      author = {Pailhé, A. and Sinyavskaya, O.},
      title = {Le travail des femmes en France et en Russie : l’effet des enfants et des valeurs de genre},
      journal = {Revue d’études comparatives Est-Ouest},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {40},
      number = {3-4},
      pages = {273-314},
      url = {http://www.necplus.eu/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=2427056&previous=true&jid=REC&volumeId=40&issueId=3-4},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.4074/S033805990900309X}
    }
    
    Pailhé, A. & Sinyavskaya, O. Position relative des conjoints dans l’emploi et valeurs de genre. Une comparaison entre la France et la Russie 2009 Revue d’études comparatives Est-Ouest
    Vol. special issue 
    article French  
    BibTeX:
    @article{Pailhe2009g,
      author = {Pailhé, A. and Sinyavskaya, O.},
      title = {Position relative des conjoints dans l’emploi et valeurs de genre. Une comparaison entre la France et la Russie},
      journal = {Revue d’études comparatives Est-Ouest},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {special issue}
    }
    
    Pailhé, A. & Sinyavskaya, O. Labor force participation of men and women and gender relations in the framework of women-friendly policies in France and Russia 2008 UNECE Conference How Generations and Gender Shape Demographic Change. Towards policies based on better knowledge 2008  conference English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Pailhe2008,
      author = {Pailhé, A. and Sinyavskaya, O.},
      title = {Labor force participation of men and women and gender relations in the framework of women-friendly policies in France and Russia},
      booktitle = {UNECE Conference How Generations and Gender Shape Demographic Change. Towards policies based on better knowledge 2008},
      year = {2008},
      url = {http://www.docstoc.com/docs/46007372/Labor-force-participation-of-men-and-women-and-gender}
    }
    
    Pailhé, A. & Sinyavskaya, O. Labor force participation of men and women and gender relations in France and Russia 2008 Séminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 5 2008  conference English  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Pailhe2008a,
      author = {Pailhé, A. and Sinyavskaya, O.},
      title = {Labor force participation of men and women and gender relations in France and Russia},
      booktitle = {Séminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 5 2008},
      year = {2008}
    }
    
    Pailhé, A. & Sinyavskaya, O. Position relative des conjoints dans l’emploi et valeurs de genre. Une comparaison entre la France et la Russie 2007 Séminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 4 2007  conference English  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Pailhe2007,
      author = {Pailhé, A. and Sinyavskaya, O.},
      title = {Position relative des conjoints dans l’emploi et valeurs de genre. Une comparaison entre la France et la Russie},
      booktitle = {Séminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 4 2007},
      year = {2007}
    }
    
    Pailhé, A. & Sinyavskaya, O. Relative labor market statuses and employment positions of co-resident men and women in Russia and France 2007 Séminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 3 2007  conference English  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Pailhe2007a,
      author = {Pailhé, A. and Sinyavskaya, O.},
      title = {Relative labor market statuses and employment positions of co-resident men and women in Russia and France},
      booktitle = {Séminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 3 2007},
      year = {2007}
    }
    
    Pailhé, A. & Solaz, A. L’effet du calendrier du départ du domicile parental sur la répartition des tâches au sein du couple 2010 IATUR 2010  conference French  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Pailhe2010,
      author = {Pailhé, A. and Solaz, A.},
      title = {L’effet du calendrier du départ du domicile parental sur la répartition des tâches au sein du couple},
      booktitle = {IATUR 2010},
      year = {2010}
    }
    
    Pailhé, A. & Spéder, Z. Family policy and the child penalty in pay: a comparison between France and Hungary 2009 XXVI IUSSP International Population Conference 2009  conference English URL 
    Abstract: This paper measures the consequences of childbearing on female and male income. We discuss the role of individual determinants, such as education level and career breaks, employment determinants, such as job characteristics, and institutional settings, such as family policies, labour market and gender norms. The comparative setting between Hungary and France is a way to test whether distinct policies and cultural factors may explain female employment behaviour across countries. Those countries have clearly different welfare regimes and gender norms. The first and second wave of the Hungarian GGS, the first wave of French GGS data, and the French survey “Families and Employers” are used. Once controlled for the jobs’ characteristics and selection into employment, there is a penalty attached to time out of the labour market, which more affects women. We don’t find any direct negative impact of children on French women’s current hourly wage, once controlled for career breaks.
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Pailhe2009,
      author = {Pailhé, A. and Spéder, Z.},
      title = {Family policy and the child penalty in pay: a comparison between France and Hungary},
      booktitle = {XXVI IUSSP International Population Conference 2009},
      year = {2009},
      url = {http://iussp2009.princeton.edu/download.aspx?submissionId=90943}
    }
    
    Paloncyová, J. Vztah profesní dráhy a založení rodiny z hlediska generací žen. [Relation between work and family course with respect to different women generations]. 2011 Fórum sociální politiky [Social Policy Forum]
    Vol. 5, pp. 2-8 
    article URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Paloncyova2011,
      author = {Paloncyová, J.},
      title = {Vztah profesní dráhy a založení rodiny z hlediska generací žen. [Relation between work and family course with respect to different women generations].},
      journal = {Fórum sociální politiky [Social Policy Forum]},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {5},
      pages = {2-8},
      url = {http://www.google.nl/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=3&ved=0CDsQFjAC&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.czech-ggs.cz%2Ffile%2F77%2Fpaloncyova_forum-socialni-politiky-5-2011.pdf&ei=p-HBULe4HsamhAfEs4HgAg&usg=AFQjCNGXC2k9EoeV1wVfI1sbkFn86ccnOQ}
    }
    
    Paloncyová, J. & Svobodová, K. Výsledky výzkum? VÚPSV v oblasti pé?e o d?ti p?edškolního v?ku. [The research results of RILSA in caring for children of preschool age]. 2011 Konference k projektu Šance rodin? i zam?stnání: Alternativní formy pé?e o d?ti [Conference of the Project Chance of family and employment: The alternative forms of childcare]  conference  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Paloncyova2011a,
      author = {Paloncyová, J. and Svobodová, K.},
      title = {Výsledky výzkum? VÚPSV v oblasti pé?e o d?ti p?edškolního v?ku. [The research results of RILSA in caring for children of preschool age].},
      booktitle = {Konference k projektu Šance rodin? i zam?stnání: Alternativní formy pé?e o d?ti [Conference of the Project Chance of family and employment: The alternative forms of childcare]},
      year = {2011}
    }
    
    Passet & Gil Der zunehmende Einfluss der Bildung auf den Zeitpunkt der Erstgeburt in Deutschland, Frankreich und der Schweiz im Kohortenvergleich 2013 Bevölkerungsforschung Aktuell 33
    Vol. 3, pp. 2-7 
    article URL 
    Abstract: Sowohl Deutschland als auch Frankreich haben am „Generations and Gender Program“ teilgenommen. Für beide Länder werden die Befragungsdaten der ersten Welle des Generations and Gender Survey aus dem Jahr 2005 verwendet, welche retrospektive Informationen über biologische Kinder enthält.
    Abstract:
    Nicht nur in Deutschland, sondern in ganz Europa gab es seit der Mitte des letzten Jahrhunderts eine deutliche Bildungsexpansion. Sowohl Männer als auch Frauen verbringen heute einen Großteil ihres jungen Erwachsenenlebens im Ausbildungssystem. In Frankreich besuchten Mädchen im Jahr 1995 im Durchschnitt 15,7 Jahre die Schule, in Deutschland sind es 15,1 und in der Schweiz 13,5 Jahre (Gustafsson 2006:6f). Parallel dazu ist auch das Alter bei der ersten Geburt in den drei Ländern gestiegen. In der Schweiz liegt es im Jahr 2008 mit durchschnittlich 29,6 Jahren deutlich am höchsten, gefolgt von Deutschland mit 28,5 und Frankreich mit 27,8 Jahren (VID 2010).
    BibTeX:
    @article{Passet2013,
      author = {Passet and Gil},
      title = {Der zunehmende Einfluss der Bildung auf den Zeitpunkt der Erstgeburt in Deutschland, Frankreich und der Schweiz im Kohortenvergleich},
      journal = {Bevölkerungsforschung Aktuell 33},
      year = {2013},
      volume = {3},
      pages = {2-7},
      url = {http://www.bib-demografie.de/SharedDocs/Publikationen/DE/Download/Bevoelkerungsforschung_Aktuell/bev_aktuell_0312.pdf?__blob=publicationFile&v=3}
    }
    
    Pasteels, I., De Winter, T., Lauwereys, G. & Neels, K. Wave 1 Interview analysis. 2011 GGP Belgium papers series
    Vol. 4, pp. 38 
    article URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Pasteels2011,
      author = {Pasteels, I. and De Winter, T. and Lauwereys, G. and Neels, K.},
      title = {Wave 1 Interview analysis.},
      journal = {GGP Belgium papers series},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {4},
      pages = {38},
      url = {http://www.ggps.be/doc/GGP_Belgium_Paper_Series_4.pdf}
    }
    
    Pasteels, I. & Neels, K. Union dissolution in the Second Demographic Transition? A longitudinal analysis of educational differentials in France, Germany, the Netherlands and Belgium 2010 European Population Conference 2010  conference English URL  education, union dissolution, France, Germany, Netherlands, Belgium
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Pasteels2010,
      author = {Pasteels, I. and Neels, K.},
      title = {Union dissolution in the Second Demographic Transition? A longitudinal analysis of educational differentials in France, Germany, the Netherlands and Belgium},
      booktitle = {European Population Conference 2010},
      publisher = {European Association for Population Studies},
      year = {2010},
      url = {http://epc2010.princeton.edu/abstractViewer.aspx?submissionId=100818}
    }
    
    Perelli-Harris, B. How similar are cohabiting and married parents? Second conception risks by union type in the United States and across Europe 2013 ESRC Centre for Population Change Working Paper
    Vol. 35, pp. 1-29 
    article URL  Cohabitation; fertility; marriage; international; childbearing; unions
    BibTeX:
    @article{Perelli-Harris2013,
      author = {Perelli-Harris, B.},
      title = {How similar are cohabiting and married parents? Second conception risks by union type in the United States and across Europe},
      journal = {ESRC Centre for Population Change Working Paper},
      year = {2013},
      volume = {35},
      pages = {1-29},
      url = {http://www.cpc.ac.uk/publications/2013_WP35_How_Similar_Are_Cohabiting_and_Married_Parents_Perelli-Harris.pdf}
    }
    
    Perelli-Harris, B. & Gerber, T.P. Nonmarital Childbearing in Russia: Second Demographic Transition or Pattern of Disadvantage? 2011 Demography
    Vol. 48(1), pp. 317-342 
    article English DOI URL  Nonmarital childbearing – Cohabitation – Fertility – Single mothers – Russia
    Abstract: Using retrospective union, birth, and education histories that span 1980–2003, this study investigates nonmarital childbearing in contemporary Russia. We employ a combination of methods to decompose fertility rates by union status and analyze the processes that lead to a nonmarital birth. We find that the increase in the percentage of nonmarital births was driven mainly by the growing proportion of women who cohabit before conception, not changing fertility behavior of cohabitors or changes in union behavior after conception. The relationship between education and nonmarital childbearing has remained stable: the least-educated women have the highest birth rates within cohabitation and as single mothers, primarily because of their lower probability of legitimating a nonmarital conception. These findings suggest that nonmarital childbearing Russia has more in common with the pattern of disadvantage in the United States than with the second demographic transition. We also find several aspects of nonmarital childbearing that neither of these perspectives anticipates.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Perelli-Harris2011a,
      author = {Perelli-Harris, B. and Gerber, T. P.},
      title = {Nonmarital Childbearing in Russia: Second Demographic Transition or Pattern of Disadvantage?},
      journal = {Demography},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {48},
      number = {1},
      pages = {317-342},
      note = {First published online},
      url = {http://www.springerlink.com/content/85k14212j045t552/},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-010-0001-4}
    }
    
    Perelli-Harris, B., Kreyenfeld, M., Sigle-Rushton, W., Lappegard, T., Jasilioniene, A., Di Giulio, P., Keizer, R., Berghammer, C. & Köppen, K. The increase in fertility in cohabitation across Europe: examining the intersection between union status and childbearing 2009 MPIDR Working paper
    Vol. 021, pp. 42 
    article English URL  cohabitation, family formation, Europe
    Abstract: Over the past several decades, childbearing within cohabitation has increased throughout Europe. This changing behavior may indicate that cohabitation is becoming an “alternative to marriage;” however, pregnancy and birth may also prompt changes in union status. Using union and fertility histories from 11 countries, we employ life-tables to analyze the intersection between union status and childbearing. With data extending back to the 1970s, we investigate how this relationship has changed over time. We examine whether cohabiting unions with children are more likely to be converted to marriage or dissolve and examine union transitions for women who were single at conception or birth. We find that patterns of union status and childbearing develop along different trajectories depending on the country. Despite widespread claims that marriage is disappearing in Europe, our findings suggest that marriage still remains the predominant institution for raising a family.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Perelli-Harris2009c,
      author = {Perelli-Harris, B. and Kreyenfeld, M. and Sigle-Rushton, W. and Lappegard, T. and Jasilioniene, A. and Di Giulio, P. and Keizer, R. and Berghammer, C. and Köppen, K.},
      title = {The increase in fertility in cohabitation across Europe: examining the intersection between union status and childbearing},
      journal = {MPIDR Working paper},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {021},
      pages = {42},
      note = {Germany},
      url = {http://www.demogr.mpg.de/papers/working/wp-2009-021.pdf}
    }
    
    Perelli-Harris, B. & Neels, K. Revisiting the Second Demographic transition across Europe and the United States: examining patterns of new family behaviors by education 2012 European Population Conference  conference URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Perelli-Harris2012,
      author = {Perelli-Harris, B. and Neels, K.},
      title = {Revisiting the Second Demographic transition across Europe and the United States: examining patterns of new family behaviors by education},
      booktitle = {European Population Conference},
      year = {2012},
      url = {http://epc2012.princeton.edu/papers/120800}
    }
    
    Perelli-Harris, B., Sigle-Rushton, W., Kreyenfeld, M., Lappegard, T., Berghammer, C. & Keizer, R. The educational gradient of nonmarital childbearing in Europe: emergence of a pattern of disadvantage? 2010 MPIDR Working Paper
    Vol. 004, pp. 1-43 
    article English URL 
    Abstract: Nearly every European country has experienced some increase in nonmarital childbearing, largely due to increasing births within cohabitation. Relatively few studies in Europe, however, investigate the educational gradient of childbearing within cohabitation or how it changed over time. Using retrospective union and fertility histories, we employ competing risk hazard models to examine the educational gradient of childbearing in cohabitation in 8 countries across Europe. In all countries studied, birth risks within cohabitation demonstrated a negative educational gradient. When directly comparing cohabiting fertility with marital fertility, the negative educational gradient persists in all countries except Italy, although differences were not significant in Austria, France, and Germany. These findings suggest that childbearing within cohabitation largely follows a Pattern of Disadvantage. We argue that the Pattern of Disadvantage developed due to: 1) feminist and social movements that liberalized attitudes towards nonmarital childbearing, and 2) globalization and economic uncertainty that led to job insecurity and relationship instability. This explanation provides an alternative to the Second Demographic Transition theory, for which we find little evidence.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Perelli-Harris2010,
      author = {Perelli-Harris, B. and Sigle-Rushton, W. and Kreyenfeld, M. and Lappegard, T. and Berghammer, C. and Keizer, R.},
      title = {The educational gradient of nonmarital childbearing in Europe: emergence of a pattern of disadvantage?},
      journal = {MPIDR Working Paper},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {004},
      pages = {1-43},
      url = {http://www.demogr.mpg.de/papers/working/wp-2010-004.pdf}
    }
    
    Perelli-Harris, B., Sigle-Rushton, W., Kreyenfeld, M., Lappegard, T., Keizer, R. & Berghammer, C. The educational gradient of childbearing within cohabitation in Europe 2011 Population and Development Review
    Vol. 36(4), pp. 775-801 
    article English DOI URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Perelli-Harris2011,
      author = {Perelli-Harris, B. and Sigle-Rushton, W. and Kreyenfeld, M. and Lappegard, T. and Keizer, R. and Berghammer, C.},
      title = {The educational gradient of childbearing within cohabitation in Europe},
      journal = {Population and Development Review},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {36},
      number = {4},
      pages = {775-801},
      note = {first published online, December 2010},
      url = {http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1728-4457.2010.00357.x/pdf},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1728-4457.2010.00357.x}
    }
    
    Perelli-Harris, B., Sigle-Rushton, W. & Lappegård, T. Augmentation des naissances hors mariage à travers l’Europe : convergence ou divergence en termes de niveau d'éducation? 2009 XXVI IUSSP International Population Conference 2009  conference French URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Perelli-Harris2009a,
      author = {Perelli-Harris, B. and Sigle-Rushton, W. and Lappegård, T.},
      title = {Augmentation des naissances hors mariage à travers l’Europe : convergence ou divergence en termes de niveau d'éducation?},
      booktitle = {XXVI IUSSP International Population Conference 2009},
      year = {2009},
      url = {http://iussp2009.princeton.edu/download.aspx?submissionId=92374}
    }
    
    Perelli-Harris, B., Sigle-Rushton, W., Lappegård, T., Jasilioniene, A., Di Giulio, P., Keizer, R., Koeppen, K. & Kostova, D. Does childbearing change the meaning of cohabitation? Examining non-marital childbearing across Europe 2009 Annual Meeting of Population Association of America 2009  conference English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Perelli-Harris2009,
      author = {Perelli-Harris, B. and Sigle-Rushton, W. and Lappegård, T. and Jasilioniene, A. and Di Giulio, P. and Keizer, R. and Koeppen, K. and Kostova, D.},
      title = {Does childbearing change the meaning of cohabitation? Examining non-marital childbearing across Europe},
      booktitle = {Annual Meeting of Population Association of America 2009},
      year = {2009},
      url = {http://paa2009.princeton.edu/download.aspx?submissionId=91011}
    }
    
    Perelli-Harris, B., Sigle-Rushton, W., Lappegard, T., Jasilioniene, A., DiGuilio, P., Keizer, R., Koeppen, K., Berghammer, C. & Kreyenfeld, M. Examining nonmarital childbearing in Europe: How does union context differ across countries? 2009 MPIDR Working Paper
    Vol. 021, pp. 1-42 
    article English URL 
    Abstract: This study analyzes the dramatic increase in nonmarital childbearing in Europe, an increase which occurred primarily within cohabitation. Using data from 10 countries, we present descriptive trends in nonmarital childbearing from 1970 to the early 2000s. In addition, we analyze union context at conception, birth, and one year after birth. This allows for the classification of different patterns of family formation into five broad categories. We also investigate how the relationship between fertility and union status changed over time and developed along different trajectories. Our research shows that despite widespread claims that marriage is disappearing in Europe, it still remains the preferred institution for raising children.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Perelli-Harris2009b,
      author = {Perelli-Harris, B. and Sigle-Rushton, W. and Lappegard, T. and Jasilioniene, A. and DiGuilio, P. and Keizer, R. and Koeppen, K. and Berghammer, C. and Kreyenfeld, M.},
      title = {Examining nonmarital childbearing in Europe: How does union context differ across countries?},
      journal = {MPIDR Working Paper},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {021},
      pages = {1-42},
      url = {http://www.demogr.mpg.de/papers/working/wp-2009-021.pdf}
    }
    
    Peytcheva, I. Building an early career in post-socialistic countries (Comparative analysis between Bulgaria and Romania) 2013 School: Sofia University "St. Kliment Ohridski  mastersthesis  
    BibTeX:
    @mastersthesis{Peytcheva2013,
      author = {Peytcheva, Iva},
      title = {Building an early career in post-socialistic countries (Comparative analysis between Bulgaria and Romania)},
      school = {Sofia University "St. Kliment Ohridski},
      year = {2013}
    }
    
    Philipov, D. & Bernardi, L. Concepts and Operationalisation of Reproductive Decisions. Implementation in Austria, Germany and Switzerland 2011 Comparative Population Studies
    Vol. 36(2-3), pp. 495-530 
    article URL 
    Abstract: Recently the difference between actual and hypothetical fertility (fertility gap) has served as an indication to enforce family policies with the purpose to increase births. This paper examines the relevance of hypothetical fertility measured with fertility ideals and intentions, to the estimation of the gap. Based on a literature review we discuss the meaning of these concepts and their operationalisation with empirical observations in three German-speaking countries (Austria, Germany, and Switzerland). Although the concept of societal ideal fertility is ambiguous it can be useful for understanding reproductive decisions when measured scrupulously. Operationalisation of short-term and long-term fertility intentions is discussed, along with their realisation. Analyses of intentions should rest on a theoretical background, such as the Miller-Pasta framework and the socio-psychological theory of planned behaviour. The latter is implemented in Austria and Germany using GGS data. The paper concludes that the fertility gap can be misleading both because the indicator of actual fertility as well as indicators of intended fertility can be imprecise. Useful policy-relevant information can be received by a specific form of the gap, when realisation of individual short-term intentions is considered.

    Die Diskrepanz zwischen tatsächlicher und hypothetischer Fertilität (im Englischen auch unter dem Begriff Fertility Gap gebräuchlich) wurde in jüngerer Zeit zum Anlass für familienpolitische Maßnahmen genommen, um eine höhere Geburtenhäufigkeit zu erzielen. Dieser Beitrag untersucht die Relevanz einer anhand von Fertilitätsidealen und -absichten gemessenen hypothetischen Fertilität, mit der die Schätzung des Fertility Gap angestrebt wird. Ausgehend von einem Überblick der relevanten Literatur untersuchen wir die Bedeutung dieser Konzepte und deren Operationalisierung anhand empirischer Beobachtungen in drei Vergleichsländern: Österreich, Deutschland und der Schweiz. Wenngleich der Begriff des gesellschaftlichen Ideals der Fertilität mehrdeutig ist, kann er bei sorgfältiger Messung Aussagekraft in Bezug auf Reproduktionsentscheidungen bieten. Die Operationalisierung kurzfristiger und langfristiger Fertilitätsabsichten wird ebenso erörtert wie deren Realisierung. Analysen von Absichten sollten auf einem theoretischen Fundament gründen, etwa dem Miller-Pasta-Rahmen oder der sozialpsychologischen Theorie des geplanten Verhaltens. Letztere findet in Österreich und in Deutschland auf Grundlage von GGS-Daten Anwendung. Der Beitrag kommt zu dem Schluss, dass anhand des Fertility Gap mitunter falsche Schlüsse gezogen werden können, da sowohl der Indikator der tatsächlichen Fertilität als auch die Indikatoren der beabsichtigten Fertilität unpräzise sein können. Aufschlussreiche politisch relevante Informationen können aus einer spezifi schen Form der Diskrepanz abgeleitet werden, wenn die Realisierung der individuellen kurzfristigen Absichten des Einzelnen betrachtet wird.

    BibTeX:
    @article{Philipov2011,
      author = {Philipov, D. and Bernardi, L.},
      title = {Concepts and Operationalisation of Reproductive Decisions. Implementation in Austria, Germany and Switzerland},
      journal = {Comparative Population Studies},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {36},
      number = {2-3},
      pages = {495-530},
      note = {available in english and german},
      url = {http://www.comparativepopulationstudies.de/index.php/CPoS/article/view/78/70 (English) http://d-nb.info/1026696992/34 (German)}
    }
    
    Philipov, D. & Jasilioniene, A. Union formation and fertility in Bulgaria and Russia: A life table description of recent trends 2008 Demographic Research
    Vol. 19(62), pp. 2057-2114 
    article English DOI URL  Bulgaria, fertility, life tables, Russia, union formation
    Abstract: The paper provides an extensive descriptive analysis and comparison of recent trends in union formation and fertility in Bulgaria and Russia. The analysis is based on data from the Generation and Gender Surveys (GGS) carried out in 2004. We generate a large number of single- and multi-decrement life tables describing various life course events: leaving home and separation from the parental family, entry into union, first and second childbirth, divorce. Life tables are constructed for real cohorts as well as for synthetic cohorts. We study four real cohorts, born in 1940-44, 1950-54, 1960-64 and 1970-74. Synthetic-cohort life tables are constructed for three periods of time, referring to the pre-transitional demographic situation (1985-1989), the beginning of the transition (1990-1994) and recent demographic developments (1999-2003). We study also Roma and Turkish ethnic groups in Bulgaria. The life tables deliver detailed information that is otherwise unavailable. Our tentative findings indicate that societal transformation had a stronger impact on family-related behavior in the Bulgarian population than in the population of Russia. There is evidence that in some aspects Bulgaria is lagging behind other former socialist and Western European countries where the second demographic transition is more advanced. Evidence also suggests that Russia is lagging behind Bulgaria. However, certain specific features distinctive to Russia, such as the low level of childlessness, a drastic drop in second and subsequent births, and very high divorce rates even compared to Western European countries (it is a long-standing, not just recent trend), lead us to think that Russia may have a model of change particular to the country.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Philipov2008,
      author = {Philipov, D. and Jasilioniene, A.},
      title = {Union formation and fertility in Bulgaria and Russia: A life table description of recent trends},
      journal = {Demographic Research},
      year = {2008},
      volume = {19},
      number = {62},
      pages = {2057-2114},
      url = {http://www.demographic-research.org/volumes/vol19/62/19-62.pdf},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.4054/DemRes.2008.19.62}
    }
    
    Philipov, D., Spéder, Z. & Billari, F. Soon, later or ever? The impact of anomie and social capital on fertility intentions in Bulgaria (2002) and Hungary (2001) 2006 Population Studies
    Vol. 60, pp. 289-308 
    article English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Philipov2006,
      author = {Philipov, D. and Spéder, Z. and Billari, F.},
      title = {Soon, later or ever? The impact of anomie and social capital on fertility intentions in Bulgaria (2002) and Hungary (2001)},
      journal = {Population Studies},
      year = {2006},
      volume = {60},
      pages = {289-308},
      note = {Data
    We use data from recent surveys in Bulgaria and Hungary. The survey in Bulgaria was carried out in 2002 with the purpose of studying family formation and childbearing. The sample comprised 10,003 men and women aged 18-34. For the present analysis we use the sub-sample of women aged 18-34 who have one child or none. The survey in Hungary was carried out in 2001 to study family formation, childbearing, and preparation for retirement. The total sample comprised around 15,000 men and women aged 18-75, and again we use the subsample of women aged 18-34 who have one child or none. We focus on intended births of first and second order only. As mentioned in the introduction, fertility at these orders is nearly complete by age 35 in both countries. Respondents who declared themselves not to be fecund are not included in the analysis. The sizes of the sub-samples after cleaning are given in the Appendix. Although the two surveys were thematically similar they were organized independently. As a result some of the variables we use are not as comparable as we would have preferred, though comparable enough for the purpose of investigating whether the findings could be replicated.}, url = {http://www.oeaw.ac.at/vid/download/WP2005_8.pdf} }
    Ploux-Chillès, A. L'entrée en parentalité : déterminants, choix du congé et conséquences pour l'emploi 2011 Dossier d’étude
    Vol. 149, pp. 1-110 
    article URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Ploux-Chilles2011,
      author = {Ploux-Chillès, A.},
      title = {L'entrée en parentalité : déterminants, choix du congé et conséquences pour l'emploi},
      journal = {Dossier d’étude},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {149},
      pages = {1-110},
      url = {http://www.caf.fr/sites/default/files/cnaf/Documents/Dser/dossier_etudes/dossier_149_-_2eme_prix_cnaf_2011.pdf}
    }
    
    Pollet, T.V. amd Nettle, D. Birth order and adult family relationships: Firstborns have better sibling relationships than laterborns. 2009 Journal of Social and Personal Relationships
    Vol. 26, pp. 1029-1046 
    article URL 
    Abstract: Although middleborn college students commonly report worse family relationships than other birth orders, it is unknown whether this effect persists into adulthood. Therefore, we investigated the effect of birth order on self-reported family and friend relationships among a large sample of Dutch adults (n = 794). Middleborns did not differ from other birth orders in relationships with their father, mother, sibling or close friend. Middleborns do not prefer a friend over their father, mother or sibling more than other birth orders. Evidence for a “neglected middleborn effect” appeared only in a within-family design for siblings. Firstborns were more likely to report very good sibling relationships and preferred a sibling over a friend. The results are discussed in terms of kin competition and inclusive fitness.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Pollet2009,
      author = {Pollet, T.V. amd Nettle, D.},
      title = {Birth order and adult family relationships: Firstborns have better sibling relationships than laterborns.},
      journal = {Journal of Social and Personal Relationships},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {26},
      pages = {1029-1046},
      url = {http://spr.sagepub.com/content/26/8/1029.short?rss=1&ssource=mfr}
    }
    
    Pongrácz, T. & Molnár, E.S. Birth out of Wedlock 2003 Demográfia English Edition
    Vol. 46, pp. 104-121 
    article English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Pongracz2003b,
      author = {Pongrácz, T. and Molnár, E. S.},
      title = {Birth out of Wedlock},
      journal = {Demográfia English Edition},
      year = {2003},
      volume = {46},
      pages = {104-121},
      url = {http://demografia.hu/letoltes/kiadvanyok/Dem_angol/2003/Pongracz-S.Molnar.pdf}
    }
    
    Pongrácz, T. & Spéder, Z. Élettársi kapcsolat és házasság - hasonlóságok és különbségek az ezredfordulón [Cohabitation and marriage - similarities and differences in the new millennium] 2003 Szociológiai Szemle
    Vol. 4, pp. 55 - 75 
    article Hungarian URL  cohabitation; marriage; Hungary
    BibTeX:
    @article{Pongracz2003,
      author = {Pongrácz, T. and Spéder, Z.},
      title = {Élettársi kapcsolat és házasság - hasonlóságok és különbségek az ezredfordulón [Cohabitation and marriage - similarities and differences in the new millennium]},
      journal = {Szociológiai Szemle},
      year = {2003},
      volume = {4},
      pages = {55 - 75},
      url = {http://www.mtapti.hu/mszt/20034/004.pdf}
    }
    
    Pongrácz, T. & Spéder, Z. Marriage and Cohabitation – Facts and opinions compared 2003 Demográfia English Edition
    Vol. 46, pp. 54-74 
    article English  
    BibTeX:
    @article{Pongracz2003a,
      author = {Pongrácz, T. and Spéder, Z.},
      title = {Marriage and Cohabitation – Facts and opinions compared},
      journal = {Demográfia English Edition},
      year = {2003},
      volume = {46},
      pages = {54-74}
    }
    
    Potarca, Mills & Lesnard Family Formation Trajectories in Romania, the Russian Federation and France: Towards the Second Demographic Transition? 2013 European Journal of Population
    Vol. 29, pp. 69-101 
    article DOI URL  Partnerships and fertility trajectories, Young adulthood, Sequence analysis, Cross-national comparison
    Abstract: This study examines family formation trajectories as a manifestation of the second demographic transition (SDT) in three countries, comparing and contrasting two post-socialist countries (Romania and the Russian Federation) with France as benchmark country advanced in the SDT. By examining combines partnership and fertility sequences and transcending the mainly descriptive nature of trajectory-based studies, the current study expands our knowledge by including key explanatory factors, such as cohort, country, and educational level. Pooled data from the Gender and Generations Survey (N = 30,197) is used to engage in sequence, optimal matching (OM), cluster and multinomial logistic regression analysis. Post-Communist cohorts are significantly more likely to engage in long-term cohabitation, childbearing within cohabitation or lone parenthood. Educational level operates differently across countries, with the highly educated in Romania and the Russian Federation less likely to follow certain de-standardized paths. Non-marital cohabitation with children is associated with lower education in all countries. Strong differences emerge between the shape and stages of the SDT in Romania and Russia, with Russians having a higher probability to experience childbearing within cohabitation, opposed to Romanians who follow childless marriage patterns or adopt postponement and singlehood. The three countries differ in their advancement in the SDT and factors shaping partnering and childbearing choices. We conclude that although the SDT remains a useful construct, it needs to be supplemented with more nuanced contextual accounts of socio-economic conditions.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Potarca2013,
      author = {Potarca and Mills and Lesnard},
      title = {Family Formation Trajectories in Romania, the Russian Federation and France: Towards the Second Demographic Transition?},
      journal = {European Journal of Population},
      year = {2013},
      volume = {29},
      pages = {69-101},
      url = {http://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10680-012-9279-9?LI=true#page-1},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10680-012-9279-9}
    }
    
    Prioux, F. Non-marital cohabitation in France 2009
    Vol. Giornate di Studio sulla PopolazioneGiornate di Studio sulla Popolazione 2009 
    conference English  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Prioux2009,
      author = {Prioux, F.},
      title = {Non-marital cohabitation in France},
      booktitle = {Giornate di Studio sulla Popolazione 2009},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {Giornate di Studio sulla Popolazione}
    }
    
    Prioux, F. Les couples non mariés en 2005 : quelles différences avec les couples mariés? 2009 Politiques sociales et familiales
    Vol. 96, pp. 87-95 
    article French URL  Conjugalité, Cohabitation, Mariage
    BibTeX:
    @article{Prioux2009a,
      author = {Prioux, F.},
      title = {Les couples non mariés en 2005 : quelles différences avec les couples mariés?},
      journal = {Politiques sociales et familiales},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {96},
      pages = {87-95},
      url = {http://www.caf.fr/sites/default/files/cnaf/Documents/Dser/PSF/096/PSF96-FPrioux.pdf}
    }
    
    Prioux, F., Popova, D. & Breton, D. Situation familiale des enfants et risques de séparation des parents en Russie et en France: quelles différences? 2008 Séminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 5  conference French  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Prioux2008,
      author = {Prioux, F. and Popova, D. and Breton, D.},
      title = {Situation familiale des enfants et risques de séparation des parents en Russie et en France: quelles différences?},
      booktitle = {Séminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 5},
      year = {2008}
    }
    
    Prioux, F. & Regnier-Loilier, A. Civil and religious marriage in France: why do opinions and practices diverge across cohorts? 2012 Population Association of America, communication  conference URL 
    Abstract: The frequency of marriage has declined sharply in France, and the proportion of Catholic church weddings is decreasing likewise. But there is a large discrepancy between the marriage statistics of successive cohorts and the opinions on marriage expressed by these same cohorts recorded in 2005 (first wave of the French GGS survey). For example, the proportion of persons who consider that marriage is not an outdated institution is practically stable, whatever the age or cohort. In this study, we use regression techniques to show that, apart from religious practice, opinions on marriage depend on past conjugal history (whether or not respondents have previous experience of marriage or separation). We then link changes of opinion among respondents who participated in the first two survey waves to the family events that occurred between 2005 and 2008 to show that opinions about marriage are liable to change in response to life experiences.
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Prioux2012,
      author = {Prioux, F. and Regnier-Loilier, A.},
      title = {Civil and religious marriage in France: why do opinions and practices diverge across cohorts?},
      booktitle = {Population Association of America, communication},
      year = {2012},
      url = {http://paa2012.princeton.edu/abstracts/120700}
    }
    
    Prioux, F. & Regnier-Loilier, A. Mariage civil, mariage religieux: pratiques et opinions au fil des générations 2011 Journée Pole Sud "Rites, rituels: de l'util à l'objet de recherche"  conference  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Prioux2011,
      author = {Prioux, F. and Regnier-Loilier, A.},
      title = {Mariage civil, mariage religieux: pratiques et opinions au fil des générations},
      booktitle = {Journée Pole Sud "Rites, rituels: de l'util à l'objet de recherche"},
      year = {2011}
    }
    
    Prioux & Régnier-Loilier Les opinions sur le mariage reflètent-elles l’évolution des comportements? 2012 Recherches familiales
    Vol. 9, pp. 33-47 
    article URL 
    Abstract: En nous fondant sur des données quantitatives (enquête Études des relations familiales et intergénérationnelles, 2005), nous comparons les opinions favorables au mariage en général et à sa célébration religieuse à l’évolution des pratiques dans les mêmes générations, pour vérifier si le déclin des pratiques s’accompagne d’un déclin des opinions favorables à ces rites. Au-delà du lien entre l’attachement à la religion et la célébration du mariage, nous nous intéressons ensuite à caractériser les personnes favorables au mariage civil et religieux. Enfin, l’opinion sur le mariage étant susceptible de varier au fil des expériences de vie, nous mettons en relation le changement d’opinion des personnes ayant répondu aux deux premières vagues de l’enquête (2005 et 2008) avec les événements familiaux vécus dans l’intervalle.
    BibTeX:
    @article{PRIOUX2012,
      author = {Prioux, and Régnier-Loilier},
      title = {Les opinions sur le mariage reflètent-elles l’évolution des comportements?},
      journal = {Recherches familiales},
      year = {2012},
      volume = {9},
      pages = {33-47},
      url = {http://www.cairn.info/revue-recherches-familiales-2012--page-33.htm}
    }
    
    Prokofieva, L. Questions sur la typologie des familles et des ménages en Russie et en France 2007 Séminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 4 2007  conference French  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Prokofieva2007a,
      author = {Prokofieva, L.},
      title = {Questions sur la typologie des familles et des ménages en Russie et en France},
      booktitle = {Séminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 4 2007},
      year = {2007}
    }
    
    Prokofieva, L. & Lefèvre, C. Opinions sur la place respective du système de protection sociale et de la responsabilité de la famille en France et en Russie 2006 Seminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 1 2006  conference French  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Prokofieva2006a,
      author = {Prokofieva, L. and Lefèvre, C.},
      title = {Opinions sur la place respective du système de protection sociale et de la responsabilité de la famille en France et en Russie},
      booktitle = {Seminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 1 2006},
      year = {2006}
    }
    
    Puur, A., R.L.M.A.S.V. Varying educational difference in divorce risks in Eastern Europe: evidence from the GGS countries 2012 European Population Conference  conference URL 
    Abstract: From the 1960s divorce rates have risen dramatically in all countries of Europe and doubled or tripled in most of them. Countries of Eastern Europe have belonged to trendsetters in this „divorce revolution“, top-ranking rates of union dissolution have been manifest in the region ever since the 1960s and early 1970s. Against that background, however, there are relatively few studies that have addressed the trends and differentials in divorce in the countries of Eastern Europe in comparative perspective. In the present analysis, we investigate the educational gradient in divorce in seven countries of the region: Bulgaria, East-Germany, Estonia, Hungary, Lithuania, Romania and Russia. We hypothesise that educational gradient in divorce varies across countries of the region. Following the ideas of W.J.Goode, we assumed the educational gradient to be more positive in the countries that are less advanced in the Second Demographic Transition (SDT), and less positive or neutral in countries in which the features of the SDT are more pronounced. The data for the study come from national surveys carried out in the framework of the Generations and Gender Programme. To examine the relationship between divorce and education, the proportional hazard event history models were fitted. Consistent with the expectation, we report noticeable variation in divorce risks between the countries included in the analysis. In general, the results lend support to our hypothesis that countries which have progressed farther in the Second Demographic Transition tend to exhibit reduced contrast in divorce risks between population groups with high and low educational attainment.
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Puur2012b,
      author = {Puur, A., Rahnu, L., Maslauskaite, A., Stank?niené, V.},
      title = {Varying educational difference in divorce risks in Eastern Europe: evidence from the GGS countries},
      booktitle = {European Population Conference},
      year = {2012},
      url = {http://epc2012.princeton.edu/papers/121027}
    }
    
    Puur, A., S.L. Family constellations in Europe: evidence from the GGS 2010 European Population Conference  conference URL 
    Abstract: The present study, conducted in the framework of FP7 Multilinks project, aims to
    contribute to research on family constellations by analyzing the data from the Generations and
    Gender Survey (GGS) for seven countries of Europe that were available to the authors in the
    early 2009 (Bulgaria, Estonia, France, Georgia, Germany, Hungary, and Russia). In analysing
    the family constellations, the study proceeds from the “egocentric” perspective. This implies
    that the survey informant serves for a reference point, and the descending (children,
    grandchildren and great-grandchildren) and ascending family generations (parents and
    grandparents) are analysed from his/her position. At the first step, prevalence rates are
    calculated and analysed for each type of kin covered by the survey, indicating the proportion
    of individuals with specific types of kin available. At the second step, the evidence concerning
    the number of family generations above and below the reference individual is combined to
    highlight the overall profile of generational structure in which individuals are embedded.
    In addressing the mentioned issues, the study seeks to map the similarities and
    dissimilarities in kin availability across the countries and regions of Europe. Further, it aims to
    cast light on the role of the existing patterns in mortality, fertility and nuptiality in producing
    these similarities and dissimilarities, and the ways how the differences in kin availability
    combine into specific patterns of family constellations.
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Puur2010a,
      author = {Puur, A., Sakkeus, L.},
      title = {Family constellations in Europe: evidence from the GGS},
      booktitle = {European Population Conference},
      year = {2010},
      url = {http://epc2010.princeton.edu/papers/100553}
    }
    
    Puur, A., S.L.P.A. Intergenerational family constellations: differentials across sub-populations in the GGS countries 2011 First User Conference of the Generations and Gender Programme  conference URL 
    Abstract: Research investigating the demographic foundations of family change has drawn attention
    to the multiple ways in which changes in mortality, fertility and nuptiality have produced
    major shifts in intergenerational family structures. According to a widely accepted portayal
    of family change during the transition to the modern demographic regime, declines in
    mortality and fertility have resulted in the verticalisation of family structures, in which more
    generations are alive but with fewer members in each generation.
    Drawing on the data from the first wave of the GGS, this paper is intended to complement
    the aforementioned body of research by providing an analysis of the variation in
    intergenerational family constellations across subgroups of national populations in the GGS
    countries. More specifically, we plan to address the following research questions: how many
    generations, in ascending and descending directions, surround individuals in the sub-groups
    of modern populations, defined by gender, educational attainment, type of settlement and
    majority-minority status? How common are vertically extended lineages that consist of
    three, four or even five family generations in these sub-groups? How many people are
    deprived of family, lacking inter- and/or intragenerational ties?
    For all independent variables, the observed patterns are linked to the variation in the
    underlying demographic processes. In doing so, we wish to ascertain whether the traditional
    social and demographic forerunners (highly educated, urban dwellers) are more advanced
    with respect to the verticalisation of family structures.
    The analysis employs descriptive and multivariate methods (logistic regression).
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Puur2011,
      author = {Puur, A., Sakkeus,L., Põldma, A.},
      title = {Intergenerational family constellations: differentials across sub-populations in the GGS countries},
      booktitle = {First User Conference of the Generations and Gender Programme},
      year = {2011},
      url = {http://www.demografia.hu/letoltes/ggp/A2_3.pdf}
    }
    
    Puur, A., Altmets, K., Saava, A., Uusküla, A. & Sakkeus, L. Non-fatal injuries resulting in activity limitations in Estonia—risk factors and association with the incidence of chronic conditions and quality of life: a retrospective study among the population aged 20–79 2013 BMJ Open
    Vol. 3(7), pp. 1-7 
    article DOI URL 
    Abstract: Objectives
    Evidence about the health and quality-of-life outcomes of injuries is obtained mainly from follow-up studies of surviving trauma patients; population-based studies are rarer, in particular for countries in Eastern Europe. This study examines the incidence, prevalence and social variation in non-fatal injuries resulting in activity limitations and outcomes of injuries in Estonia.

    Design
    A retrospective population-based study.

    Setting Estonia.

    Participants
    7855 respondents of the face-to-face interviews of the second round of the Estonian Family and Fertility Survey conducted between 2004 and 2005 based on the nationally representative probability sample (n=11?192) of the resident population of Estonia aged 20–79.

    Primary and secondary outcome measures
    The cumulative incidence and prevalence of injuries leading to activity limitations was estimated. Survival models were applied to analyse variations in the injury risk across sociodemographic groups. The association between injuries and the development of chronic conditions and quality of life was examined using survival and logistic regression models.

    Results
    10% (95% CI 9.4 to 10.7) of the population aged 20–79 had experienced injuries leading to activity limitations; the prevalence of activity limitations due to injuries was 4.4% (95% CI 3.9% to 4.9%). Significant differences in injury risk were associated with gender, education, employment, marital status and nativity. Limiting injury was associated with a doubling of the likelihood of having chronic conditions (adjusted HR 1.97, 95% CI 1.58 to 2.46). Injury exhibited a statistically significant negative association with most quality-of-life measures. Although reduced, these effects persisted after recovery from activity limitations.

    Conclusions
    Substantial variation in injury risk across population groups suggests potential for prevention. Men and workers in manual occupations constitute major target groups for injury prevention in Estonia. The association of injury with the development of chronic conditions and reduced quality of life warrants further investigation.

    BibTeX:
    @article{Puur2013,
      author = {Puur, A. and Altmets, K. and Saava, A. and Uusküla, A. and Sakkeus, L.},
      title = {Non-fatal injuries resulting in activity limitations in Estonia—risk factors and association with the incidence of chronic conditions and quality of life: a retrospective study among the population aged 20–79},
      journal = {BMJ Open},
      year = {2013},
      volume = {3},
      number = {7},
      pages = {1-7},
      url = {http://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/3/7/e002695.full},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2013-002695}
    }
    
    Puur, A. & Klesment, M. Signs of a Stable or Provisional Recovery in Fertility. Reflections on Developments in Estonia 2012 Demografiá English Edition
    Vol. 54(5), pp. 31–55 
    article URL 
    Abstract: Over the past decade, demographers have observed a recovery of fertility rates in most low and lowest-low fertility countries, unfortunately interrupted by the economic recession. In this article we examine trends in fertility in Estonia since the beginning of the 1990s. Estonia merits attention in the context of Eastern Europe because of its relatively strong recovery of fertility rates during the 2000s. Analysis draws on data from vital and survey statistics and employs descriptive methods. To estimate
    the impact of postponement on period fertility rates, the adjustment method developed by Bongaarts and Feeney is applied. The dynamics of tempo-adjusted measures challenges a popular view which contrasts low fertility characteristic of the post-socialist period with high fertility characteristic of the socialist period. In Estonia such a contrast can be observed only in the 1980s and 1990s when looking at tempo-adjusted fertility measures. With regard to cohort fertility, women born in 1970 will have an average of just over 1.85 children. In comparative perspective, strong recuperation of second (and third) births differentiates Estonia from countries exhibiting a weaker recovery of fertility rates. The authors conclude that the relatively strong recovery of fertility rates in Estonia in the 2000s is a result of a combination of factors, including family policies that reduced the opportunity costs of parenthood, economic growth that secured high levels of employment for the population and plausibly some elements of demographic path dependence.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Puur2012a,
      author = {Puur, A. and Klesment, M.},
      title = {Signs of a Stable or Provisional Recovery in Fertility. Reflections on Developments in Estonia},
      journal = {Demografiá English Edition},
      year = {2012},
      volume = {54},
      number = {5},
      pages = {31–55},
      url = {http://www.demografia.hu/letoltes/kiadvanyok/Dem_angol/2011/Puur-Klesment.pdf}
    }
    
    Puur, A., Põldma, A. & Sakkeus, L. Estonian family and fertility survey, 2nd round. Standard tabulations. Foreign-origin population. 2009 RU Series C
    Vol. 27 
    book English  
    BibTeX:
    @book{Puur2009b,
      author = {Puur, A. and Põldma, A. and Sakkeus, L.},
      title = {Estonian family and fertility survey, 2nd round. Standard tabulations. Foreign-origin population.},
      journal = {RU Series C},
      publisher = {Eesti Korgkoolidevaheline Demouuringute Keskus},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {27}
    }
    
    Puur, A., Põldma, A. & Sakkeus, L. Change and continuity in partnership and childbearing patterns: early evidence from the Estonian GGS. 2009 The Baltic countries: Population, Family and Family Policy, pp. 127-152  incollection English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Puur2009g,
      author = {Puur, A. and Põldma, A. and Sakkeus, L.},
      title = {Change and continuity in partnership and childbearing patterns: early evidence from the Estonian GGS.},
      booktitle = {The Baltic countries: Population, Family and Family Policy},
      publisher = {Institute for Social Research},
      year = {2009},
      pages = {127-152},
      url = {http://www.demografija.lt/users/www/uploaded/mografijos/turiniai/baltic_countries_turinys.pdf}
    }
    
    Puur, A., Rahnu, L., Maslauskaite, A., Stankuniene, V. & Zakharov, S. Transformation of Partnership Formation in Eastern Europe: The Legacy of the Past Demographic Divide 2012 Journal of Comparative Family Studies
    Vol. 43(3) 
    article URL 
    Abstract: Since the late 1960s, demographic development in Europe has been shaped by profound transformations in nuptiality and fertility. The break with preceding patterns was so radical that two decades later, Ron Lesthaeghe and Dirk Van de Kaa (1986) introduced the concept of a Second Demographic Transition (SDT), which has gradually evolved into an overarching theoretical framework for the description and analysis of contemporary demographic change. Among the developments at the core of the SDT, the formation of partnerships outside marriage, the associated rise in non-marital childbearing to unprecedented levels, and the postponement of marriage are indeed some of the most salient transformations. The shift from marriage to cohabitation has far-reaching implications for the demographic structure of the population as well as for the institution of the family, social reproduction, and family relations. Unlike marriage, cohabitation is generally characterised by a lower degree of commitment, fewer entitlements, and a higher risk of disruption (Mills 2000; Prinz 1995; Wu 2000). In several countries, the postponement of marriage seems to have been compensated by an earlier and more frequent entry into cohabitation (Nazio 2008; Schoenmakers and Lodewijckx 1999). Because of the multiple effects on individuals' lives, the spread of non-marital cohabitation is a topic of considerable interest and policy relevance.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Puur2012,
      author = {Puur, A. and Rahnu, L. and Maslauskaite, A. and Stankuniene, V. and Zakharov, S.},
      title = {Transformation of Partnership Formation in Eastern Europe: The Legacy of the Past Demographic Divide},
      journal = {Journal of Comparative Family Studies},
      year = {2012},
      volume = {43},
      number = {3},
      url = {http://www.questia.com/library/1G1-294523467/transformation-of-partnership-formation-in-eastern}
    }
    
    Puur, A. & Sakkeus, L. Family constellations in Europe: evidence from the GGS 2010 European Population Conference 2010  conference English URL  kinship, generation, family structure, life course
    Abstract: Research on the demographic foundations of family change has drawn attention to multiple ways of how the developments in mortality, fertility and related processes produce major shifts in the family structures. The present study, conducted in the framework of FP7 Multilinks project, aims to complement research on the topic by analyzing the data from the Generations and Gender Survey for seven countries of Europe. In the study, the evidence concerning availability of kin above (parents and grandparents) and below (children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren) the reference generation is combined to highlight the patterns of family structure in which individuals are embedded at various stages of the life course. The results cast light on the ways how the existing diversity in demographic regimes comes together into specific patterns of intergenerational structures across Europe. The analysis reveals that the patterning of these structures is not always straightforward. The variation in generational distance set by the timing of childbearing, and differential advances in longevity produce combinations that may leave the countries with highly contrasting demographic history with a closely similar vertical “depth” of the family constellation. The results also indicate a possibility that under certain demographic scenarios, the secular trends towards vertical extension of the family constellation may become to a halt or even reverse temporarily.
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Puur2010c,
      author = {Puur, A. and Sakkeus, L.},
      title = {Family constellations in Europe: evidence from the GGS},
      booktitle = {European Population Conference 2010},
      publisher = {European Association for Population Studies},
      year = {2010},
      url = {http://epc2010.princeton.edu/download.aspx?submissionId=100553}
    }
    
    Puur, A. & Sakkeus, L. Family constellations in Europe: differentials across population groups 2009 Multilinks project meeting  conference English  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Puur2009d,
      author = {Puur, A. and Sakkeus, L.},
      title = {Family constellations in Europe: differentials across population groups},
      booktitle = {Multilinks project meeting},
      year = {2009}
    }
    
    Puur, A. & Sakkeus, L. Family constellations in Europe: evidence from the GGS analysis. 2009 Paper presented to Multilinks project meeting.  conference English  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Puur2009e,
      author = {Puur, A. and Sakkeus, L.},
      title = {Family constellations in Europe: evidence from the GGS analysis.},
      booktitle = {Paper presented to Multilinks project meeting.},
      year = {2009}
    }
    
    Puur, A., Sakkeus, L., Põldma, A. & Herm, A. Intergenerational family constellations in contemporary Europe: Evidence from the Generations and Gender Survey 2011 Demographic Research
    Vol. 25, pp. 135-172 
    article English DOI URL  comparative studies, Europe, intergenerational family constellations, kin networks
    Abstract: Demographic research has drawn attention to the multiple ways in which changes in mortality and childbearing have produced major shifts in intergenerational family structures. The aim of this article is to contribute to this body of research by analysing the data from the Generations and Gender Surveys for nine European countries. In the study, data pertaining to the availability of ascending (parents and grandparents) and descending kin (children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren) of the respondent are combined to shed light on the family structures in which indviduals are embedded at various stages of their lives. The findings provide new insights into the ways in which the past and present diversity of demographic regimes comes together into specific patterns of intergenerational family constellations across Europe. This convergence may yield family constellations of very similar “height” in countries with sharply contrasting demographic histories. The results also indicate that certain demographic scenarios may halt or temporarily reverse the trend towards the further vertical extension of family constellations.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Puur2011a,
      author = {Puur, Allan and Sakkeus, Luule and Põldma, Asta and Herm, Anne},
      title = {Intergenerational family constellations in contemporary Europe: Evidence from the Generations and Gender Survey},
      journal = {Demographic Research},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {25},
      pages = {135-172},
      note = {Special issue on Intergenerational family ties in Europe: Multiple linkages between individuals, families and social contexts, edited by P. A. Dykstra},
      url = {http://www.demographic-research.org/volumes/vol25/4/25-4.pdf},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.4054/DemRes.2011.25.4}
    }
    
    Puur, A., Sakkeus, L., Schenk, N., Põldma, A. & Dykstra, P. New insights on kin availability, using the Generations & Gender Surveys. 2010 Fourth European Policy Brief for the FP-7 funded project “How demographic changes shape intergenerational solidarity, well-being, and social integration: A multilinks framework”.(4), pp. 10  techreport English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @techreport{Puur2010,
      author = {Puur, A. and Sakkeus, L. and Schenk, N. and Põldma, A. and Dykstra, P.A.},
      title = {New insights on kin availability, using the Generations & Gender Surveys.},
      journal = {Fourth European Policy Brief for the FP-7 funded project “How demographic changes shape intergenerational solidarity, well-being, and social integration: A multilinks framework”.},
      year = {2010},
      number = {4},
      pages = {10},
      url = {http://www.multilinks-project.eu/uploads/papers/0000/0029/Fourth_Policy_brief_Multilinks.pdf}
    }
    
    Puur, A., Sakkeus, L., Schenk, N., Põldma, A. & Dykstra, P. New insights on kin availability, using the Generations and Gender Surveys. 2010 Fourth European Policy Brief for the FP-7 funded project “How demographic changes shape intergenerational solidarity, well-being, and social integration: A multilinks framework”.  techreport English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @techreport{Puur2010b,
      author = {Puur, A. and Sakkeus, L. and Schenk, N. and Põldma, A. and Dykstra, P.A.},
      title = {New insights on kin availability, using the Generations and Gender Surveys.},
      journal = {Fourth European Policy Brief for the FP-7 funded project “How demographic changes shape intergenerational solidarity, well-being, and social integration: A multilinks framework”.},
      year = {2010},
      url = {http://www.multilinks-project.eu/uploads/papers/0000/0029/Fourth_Policy_brief_Multilinks.pdf}
    }
    
    Rahnu, L. Timing of cohabitation among native and foreign-origin women in Estonia 2010 European Population Conference 2010  conference English URL  cohabitation, first union, Estonia
    Abstract: The pattern of family formation has drastically changed in European countries since the 1960s. While the character of this change, such as the emergence and spread of cohabiting unions or the rising age at first marriage is to a large extent similar between countries, then the timing of changes is diverse. This paper addresses the emergence of cohabitation as a form of entering into first union in Estonia over the period of 1960-2004. The data is derived from Estonian Gender and Generations Survey 2004-2005, only female population is analysed. The sample includes 3543 native women and 1473 women of foreign-origin who have moved to the country during the post-war period mainly from Russian Federation and its hinterland. This proportion corresponds to the overall share of native and foreign-origin population in Estonian society, where post-war migrants and their decedents are forming around one third of the total population. Entering into first union is treated as a process with two possible transitions - the transition from the state of single and never partnered into direct marriage or the transition into cohabiting union. The general trend is that the standardised marriage rate falls while the intensity of forming cohabiting unions becomes a dominant form of entering into first union. Among native population in Estonia the shift from direct marriage to cohabitation took place already at the first half of 1970s, and followed a trajectory close to Scandinavian countries. Thus the emergence of cohabitation cannot be connected with political and economical change in the 1990s. Among the population of foreign origin the same shift was experienced 20 years later - quite similarly to the trend reported in case of Russia. This finding suggests that the influence of the country of origin on demographic patterns of immigrant population is maintained over generations.
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Rahnu2010a,
      author = {Rahnu, L.},
      title = {Timing of cohabitation among native and foreign-origin women in Estonia},
      booktitle = {European Population Conference 2010},
      publisher = {European Association for Population Studies},
      year = {2010},
      url = {http://epc2010.princeton.edu/abstractViewer.aspx?submissionId=100669}
    }
    
    Rahnu, L. Patterns of first-union formation in Estonia: Timing of cohabitation among native and foreign-origin women 2009 QMSS Immigration and population dynamics seminar  conference English URL 
    Abstract: This paper presents results of the study about the patterns of first union formation in Estonia over the period of 1960-2004, among native (n=3543) and foreign-origin (n=1473) female population. The data from Estonian GGS 2004-2005 is used. Two competing processes are observed and analysed jointly - first, the transition into direct marriage and second, the transition into cohabitation. The general trend is that the standardised marriage rate falls while the intensity of forming cohabiting unions becomes a dominant form of entering into a first union. The analysis reveals that foreign-origin population experiences timing of this change 20 years later than native population. At the same time the behaviour of foreign-origin population in Estonia is in synchrony with Russia, which is a country of origin for most of those post war immigrants. The ability to distinguish population groups with different demographic behaviour is highly relevant, particularly in the country like Estonia, where the share of foreign-origin population is one third of total population. The study also poses a question about possible integration. The impact of place of birth, citizenship and language skills on partnership behaviour of immigrants was tested. Adding place of birth into proportional hazard model revealed the impact of migration experience on intensity of union formation - those who moved formed both types of unions with lower intensity. In case of other integration variables no statistically significant influence was detected. This suggests that the influence of the country of origin on demographic patterns of immigrant population is maintained over generations.
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Rahnu2009a,
      author = {Rahnu, L.},
      title = {Patterns of first-union formation in Estonia: Timing of cohabitation among native and foreign-origin women},
      booktitle = {QMSS Immigration and population dynamics seminar},
      year = {2009},
      url = {http://www.ccsr.ac.uk/qmss/seminars/2009-06-03/documents/PaperRahnu.pdf}
    }
    
    Rahnu, L., Puur, A., Stanküniené, V., Zakharov, S. & Maslauskaite, A. Changing mode of first union formation in the countries of Eastern Europe: the significance of less and more distant demographic divides 2011 First User Conference of the Generations and Gender Programme  conference URL 
    Abstract: The Gender and Generation Surveys from seven East European countries – Bulgaria, Estonia, Lithuania, Georgia, Hungary, Romania, and Russia – are used to analyze the change in the patterns of first union formation since the 1960s. The experience of the latter countries is compared to four West European countries over the same period (Austria, Germany, France and Norway). These two groupings of countries represent the opposite sides of the divide that split Europe from the aftermath of the WWII till the turn of the 1990s. On the other hand, the same countries are traversed by a more distant demographic cleavage – the Hajnal line – which reflects the spread of nuptiality patterns that persisted in Europe until the mid-20th century. To investigate the implications of these two partly overlapping divides, we use intensity regression to model cohabitation and marriage as competing risks at the entry into first union, and further, the rate of converting consensual unions into marriage. We aim to ascertain the calendar periods in which cohabitation has become a dominant pathway towards first union formation, and note that there is up to thirty years’ difference among the countries for that shift to occur. From a complementary angle, we seek to identify birth cohorts which have accomplished the corresponding shift in partnership patterns in various countries. Finally, we discuss whether cohabitation appears a West European phenomenon that started to diffuse to other countries following the transformation of their political and economic systems, or rather, does its spread echo a more distant demographic divide.
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Rahnu2011,
      author = {Rahnu, L. and Puur, A. and Stanküniené, V. and Zakharov, S. and Maslauskaite, A.},
      title = {Changing mode of first union formation in the countries of Eastern Europe: the significance of less and more distant demographic divides},
      booktitle = {First User Conference of the Generations and Gender Programme},
      year = {2011},
      url = {http://www.demografia.hu/letoltes/ggp/B6_2.pdf}
    }
    
    Rapp, I. & Klein, T. Empty nest und die Stabilität der Elternbeziehung. Gibt es einen empty nest-Effekt auf das Trennungsrisiko?
    Gefälligkeitsübersetzung: Empty nest and the stability of the parental relationship. Is there an empty nest effect on the separation risk?
    2010 Potenziale intergenerationaler Beziehungen: Chancen und Herausforderungen für die Gestaltung des demografischen Wandels, pp. 235-248  incollection German URL 
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Rapp2010a,
      author = {Rapp, I. and Klein, T.},
      title = {Empty nest und die Stabilität der Elternbeziehung. Gibt es einen empty nest-Effekt auf das Trennungsrisiko? 
    Gefälligkeitsübersetzung: Empty nest and the stability of the parental relationship. Is there an empty nest effect on the separation risk?}, booktitle = {Potenziale intergenerationaler Beziehungen: Chancen und Herausforderungen für die Gestaltung des demografischen Wandels}, publisher = {Ergon Verlag}, year = {2010}, pages = {235-248}, url = {http://www.fachportal-paedagogik.de/fis_bildung/suche/fis_set.html?FId=927229} }
    Ratikainen, J. & Slagsvold, B. Arbeidsdeling i hjemmet – et psykologisk perspektiv med data fra LOGG/NorLAG [Division of household labour – a psychological perspective] 2010 NOVA Working Paper, pp. 37  article Norwegian URL 
    Abstract: I dette arbeidsnotatet er temaet deling av husarbeid mellom partnere og noen mulige psykologiske årsaker til og konsekvenser av det. Nærmere bestemt ser vi på sammenhenger mellom det å dele husarbeid mellom partnere og tilfredshet med parforholdet. Videre ser vi på sammenhenger mellom trekk ved personligheten og kjønnsrolleorientering på den ene siden og deling av husarbeid mellom partnere på den andre. Deling av husarbeid og likestilling i hjemmet har vært tema i mange publikasjoner, og da ofte relatert til sosioøkonomiske variabler og til effekter av sosialpolitiske tiltak. Mulige psykologiske forhold som kan virke inn på arbeidsdeling og likestilling har i liten grad vært studert. Selv om individuelle psykologiske forhold i begrenset grad er direkte påvirkbare, er det mulig at også disse kan bidra til en bedre forståelse av arbeidsdeling mellom partnere. Notatet bygger på data hentet inn gjennom den store LOGG studien gjennomført i 2007-2008 hvor Statistisk sentralbyrå og NOVA er samarbeidspartnere. LOGG har hatt finansiell støtte fra Forskningsrådet og flere departementer, deriblant Barne- og likestillingsdepartementet. Informasjoner som er innhentet i LOGG består dels av spørsmål som inngår i den store internasjonale studien Generations and Gender Study – GGS, og dels av spørsmål som inngår i den store norske studien Livsløp, Aldring og Generasjon – NorLAG. Fra NorLAG har man i LOGG blant annet hentet et nokså omfattende sett av psykologiske batterier og skalaer. Noen av disse anvendes i analyser i dette notatet. For en nærmere beskrivelse av LOGG studien og dens utforming og utvalg se SSB notat (Lappegård & Slagsvold 2008) eller Samfunnsspeilet nr. 1 2009 (Brunborg m.fl 2009).

    Notatet er skrevet innen rammen av vel to månedsverk, med planer om videre bearbeiding for publisering i tidsskrift.

    BibTeX:
    @article{Ratikainen2010a,
      author = {Ratikainen, J. and Slagsvold, B.},
      title = {Arbeidsdeling i hjemmet – et psykologisk perspektiv med data fra LOGG/NorLAG [Division of household labour – a psychological perspective]},
      journal = {NOVA Working Paper},
      publisher = {NOVA: Norsk institutt for forskning om oppvekst, velferd og aldring [Norwegian Institute for Research on Childhood, Welfare and Ageing]},
      year = {2010},
      pages = {37},
      url = {http://norlag.nova.no/asset/4039/1/4039_1.pdf}
    }
    
    Rault, W. The French specificity of the Civil Solidarity Pact 2009
    Vol. Giornate di Studio sulla PopolazioneGiornate di Studio sulla Popolazione 2009 
    conference English  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Rault2009g,
      author = {Rault, W.},
      title = {The French specificity of the Civil Solidarity Pact},
      booktitle = {Giornate di Studio sulla Popolazione 2009},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {Giornate di Studio sulla Popolazione}
    }
    
    Rault, W. Entre mariage et union libre ? Les représentations et valeurs associées au choix du pacte civil de solidarité (PACS) 2008 Communication au colloque "Les transformations de la conjugalité. Configurations et parcours, session "Rituels et modes de légalisation" - Chapitre 2, pp. 22–35  conference URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Rault2008,
      author = {Rault, W.},
      title = {Entre mariage et union libre ? Les représentations et valeurs associées au choix du pacte civil de solidarité (PACS)},
      booktitle = {Communication au colloque "Les transformations de la conjugalité. Configurations et parcours, session "Rituels et modes de légalisation" - Chapitre 2},
      year = {2008},
      pages = {22–35},
      url = {http://www.ined.fr/fichier/t_telechargement/54462/telechargement_fichier_fr_dossier_127_._transformations_de_la_conjugalite_rault.pdf}
    }
    
    Rault, W. & Letrait, M. La diversité des formes d’union et l’ordre sexué 2009
    Vol. Portraits de famillesPhotos de famille. Premiers résultats de l’enquête, pp. 59-85 
    incollection French  
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Rault2009e,
      author = {Rault, W. and Letrait, M.},
      title = {La diversité des formes d’union et l’ordre sexué},
      booktitle = {Photos de famille. Premiers résultats de l’enquête},
      publisher = {Ined, Paris},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {Portraits de familles},
      pages = {59-85}
    }
    
    Rault, W. & Letrait, M. Formes d'union différentes, profils distinct? Une comparaison des pacsé.e.s en couple de sexe différent et des marié.e.s 2010 Sociologie
    Vol. 3, pp. 319-336 
    article URL 
    Abstract: If the ministry of Justice publishes a few figures about the Civil Solidarity Pact (pacs), it does not provide elements about the social characteristics of a civil union that was elaborated as much different as possible than marriage. Two national surveys can be used to compensate for this lack of data: the French version of the international « Generations and Gender Survey » [ined-insee, 2005] and the survey on the Context of sexuality in France [inserm-ined, 2006].
    These sources show how the pacs is socially distributed in the population and detail the partners’ main characteristics. Because of a rather specific social distribution, the pacs comes across as a distinctive form of union. There are differences in terms of values between pacs partners and people who chose marriage during the first six years of the pacs implementation: the former are on average less religious than the latter. Married people’s attitudes also reveal a greater attachment to gender roles than those of people having signed a pacs.
    But this specificity might decline as the number of pacs increases. The « Étude des relations familiales et intergénérationnelles » also provides figures about the people who have the intention of concluding a pacs in the three next years. For all the social characteristics, the difference between the two groups is clearly decreasing. Even the difference remains in terms of values.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Rault2010,
      author = {Rault, W. and Letrait, M.},
      title = {Formes d'union différentes, profils distinct? Une comparaison des pacsé.e.s en couple de sexe différent et des marié.e.s},
      journal = {Sociologie},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {3},
      pages = {319-336},
      url = {http://www.cairn.info/revue-sociologie-2010-3-p-319.htm}
    }
    
    Rault, W. & Letrait, M. Pratiques et symboliques d’une nouvelle forme d’union. Le pacte civil de solidarité 2009 Colloque Les transformations de la conjugalités. Configurations et parcours, session « Rituels et formes de légalisation  conference French  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Rault2009d,
      author = {Rault, W. and Letrait, M.},
      title = {Pratiques et symboliques d’une nouvelle forme d’union. Le pacte civil de solidarité},
      booktitle = {Colloque Les transformations de la conjugalités. Configurations et parcours, session « Rituels et formes de légalisation},
      year = {2009},
      note = {Université Paris – Descartes}
    }
    
    Rault, W. & Letrait, M. Choix du pacte civil de solidarité et rapport à la religion 2009 Politiques sociales et familiales
    Vol. 96, pp. 41-54 
    article French URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Rault2009f,
      author = {Rault, W. and Letrait, M.},
      title = {Choix du pacte civil de solidarité et rapport à la religion},
      journal = {Politiques sociales et familiales},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {96},
      pages = {41-54},
      url = {http://www.caf.fr/sites/default/files/cnaf/Documents/Dser/PSF/096/PSF96-WRault%20et%20MLetrait.pdf}
    }
    
    Rault, W. & Letrait, M. La diversité des formes d'union et "l'ordre des sexes 2008 colloque de l'Association Internationale des Sociologues de Langue Française  conference French  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Rault2008a,
      author = {Rault, W. and Letrait, M.},
      title = {La diversité des formes d'union et "l'ordre des sexes},
      booktitle = {colloque de l'Association Internationale des Sociologues de Langue Française},
      year = {2008}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier La pratique contraceptive en France. Prévalence, méthodes utilisées et implications 2011 (2)La contraception Prévalence, prevention et enjeux de societe, pp. 41-63  incollection URL 
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{REGNIER-LOILIER2011,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier},
      title = {La pratique contraceptive en France. Prévalence, méthodes utilisées et implications},
      booktitle = {La contraception Prévalence, prevention et enjeux de societe},
      publisher = {Presses de l’Université du Québec},
      year = {2011},
      number = {2},
      pages = {41-63},
      url = {http://librairie.immateriel.fr/fr/read_book/9782760529427/chap002}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier L'étude des relations familiales et intergénérationnelles. Du projet international à l'enquête française. 2009 Portraits de familles, pp. 31-56  incollection French  
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Regnier-Loilier2009z,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier},
      title = {L'étude des relations familiales et intergénérationnelles. Du projet international à l'enquête française.},
      booktitle = {Portraits de familles},
      publisher = {Ined, Paris},
      year = {2009},
      pages = {31-56}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. Les contacts avec la famille 2008 Femmes et Hommes. Regards sur la parité, pp. 102-103  incollection French  
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Regnier-Loilier2008h,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A.},
      title = {Les contacts avec la famille},
      booktitle = {Femmes et Hommes. Regards sur la parité},
      publisher = {INSEE},
      year = {2008},
      pages = {102-103}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. Etudier et avoir des enfants en France 2011 Les mondes étudiants. Enquête conditions de vie 2010, pp. 61-71  incollection  
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Regnier-Loilier2011c,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A.},
      title = {Etudier et avoir des enfants en France},
      booktitle = {Les mondes étudiants. Enquête conditions de vie 2010},
      publisher = {Coll. Etudes et recherche, La documentation},
      year = {2011},
      pages = {61-71}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. Portraits de familles. L’Étude des relations familiales et intergénérationnelles 2009 , pp. 543  book French URL 
    BibTeX:
    @book{Regnier-Loilier2009u,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A.},
      title = {Portraits de familles. L’Étude des relations familiales et intergénérationnelles},
      publisher = {Ined, Paris},
      year = {2009},
      pages = {543},
      url = {http://books.google.nl/books?id=jkyosf8mJMQC&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. When fathers lose touch with their children after a separation 2013 Population & Societies
    Vol. 500, pp. 1-4 
    article URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Regnier-Loilier2013,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, Arnaud},
      title = {When fathers lose touch with their children after a separation},
      journal = {Population & Societies},
      year = {2013},
      volume = {500},
      pages = {1-4},
      url = {http://www.ined.fr/fichier/t_publication/1644/publi_pdf2_population_societies_2013_500_fathers_children.pdf}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. Intentions de fécondité et réalisation en France et en Italie 2012 Séminaire de l'école doctorale de l'Idup, Paris 1, 22 March  conference  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Regnier-Loilier2012,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A.},
      title = {Intentions de fécondité et réalisation en France et en Italie},
      booktitle = {Séminaire de l'école doctorale de l'Idup, Paris 1, 22 March},
      year = {2012}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. Influence de la fratrie sur les relations entre enfants adultes et parents 2012 Politiques sociales et familiales
    Vol. 108, pp. 116-123 
    article URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Regnier-Loilier2012a,
      author = {Arnaud Régnier-Loilier},
      title = {Influence de la fratrie sur les relations entre enfants adultes et parents},
      journal = {Politiques sociales et familiales},
      year = {2012},
      volume = {108},
      pages = {116-123},
      url = {http://www.caf.fr/sites/default/files/cnaf/Documents/Dser/PSF/108/psf108-2-aregnier-loilier.pdf}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. La religion dans les enquetes démographiques et comportements familiaux 2012 Séminaire "Dictionnaire dynamique des faits religieux", Ehess, 7 March  conference  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{regnier-Loilier2012b,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A.},
      title = {La religion dans les enquetes démographiques et comportements familiaux},
      booktitle = {Séminaire "Dictionnaire dynamique des faits religieux", Ehess, 7 March},
      year = {2012}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. Composition sexuée de la fratrie et fréquence des rencontres avec les parents, Informations sociales 2012 Destins croisés des fratries
    Vol. 73, pp. 128-135 
    article URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Regnier-Loilier2012b,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A.},
      title = {Composition sexuée de la fratrie et fréquence des rencontres avec les parents, Informations sociales},
      journal = {Destins croisés des fratries},
      year = {2012},
      volume = {73},
      pages = {128-135},
      url = {http://www.cairn.info/resultats_recherche.php?searchTerm=Composition+sexu%C3%A9e+de+la+fratrie+et+fr%C3%A9quence+des+rencontres+avec+les+parents}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. Présentation de l'enquête Étude des relations familiales et intergénérationnelles 2012 Séminaire de l'école doctorale de l'Idup. paris 1 , 22 March  conference  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Regnier-Loilier2012c,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A.},
      title = {Présentation de l'enquête Étude des relations familiales et intergénérationnelles},
      booktitle = {Séminaire de l'école doctorale de l'Idup. paris 1 , 22 March},
      year = {2012}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. Taille de la fratrie d’origine, nombre souhaité d’enfants et descendance finale, Informations sociales 2012 Destins croisés des fratries
    Vol. 73, pp. 70-73 
    article URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Regnier-Loilier2012d,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A.},
      title = {Taille de la fratrie d’origine, nombre souhaité d’enfants et descendance finale, Informations sociales},
      journal = {Destins croisés des fratries},
      year = {2012},
      volume = {73},
      pages = {70-73},
      url = {http://www.cairn.info/load_pdf.php?ID_ARTICLE=INSO_173_0070}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. Conditions préalables à l’arrivée du premier enfant en France 2012 Devenir parent(s)  conference URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Regnier-Loilier2012e,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A.},
      title = {Conditions préalables à l’arrivée du premier enfant en France},
      booktitle = {Devenir parent(s)},
      year = {2012},
      url = {http://www.u-picardie.fr/labo/curapp/IMG/pdf/Prog_DevenirParents-2.pdf}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. Problème de cohérence d’une vague à l’autre de l’enquête longitudinale Érfi-GGS. L’exemple du nombre d’enfants 2012 (Session 9 Panel)colloque Sondages 2012  conference URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Regnier-Loilier2012g,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A.},
      title = {Problème de cohérence d’une vague à l’autre de l’enquête longitudinale Érfi-GGS. L’exemple du nombre d’enfants},
      booktitle = {colloque Sondages 2012},
      year = {2012},
      number = {Session 9 Panel},
      url = {http://sondages2012.ensai.fr/wp-content/uploads/2011/01/INCOHNBENF_MISE-EN-LIGNE-Mode-de-compatibilit%C3%A9.pdf}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. Pratiques et méthodes de sondage 2011 , pp. 254-258  inbook  
    BibTeX:
    @inbook{Regnier-Loilier2011,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A.},
      title = {Pratiques et méthodes de sondage},
      year = {2011},
      pages = {254-258}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. Fertility intentions and obstacles to their realization in France and in Italy 2011 Population-E
    Vol. 66 (2), pp. 361-390 
    article URL 
    Abstract: To understand fertility behaviours in countries where effective methods of birth control are widely available, they must be analysed in terms of intentions and realization. In particular, what are the factors – economic, social or cultural – that lead couples to have more or fewer children than initially planned? Using comparable longitudinal data from the Generations and Gender Surveys (GGS), Arnaud RÉGNIER-LOILIER and Daniele VIGNOLI compare fertility intentions and realization in France and in Italy, two countries where couples start out with similar wishes (at least two children in the majority of cases), but where the fi nal outcomes are very different. They show that after controlling for age and number of children, socioeconomic factors play a key role in the decision to postpone or forego childbearing plans, although they operate in different ways in the two countries.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Regnier-Loilier2011a,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A.},
      title = {Fertility intentions and obstacles to their realization in France and in Italy},
      journal = {Population-E},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {66 (2)},
      pages = {361-390},
      url = {http://www.ined.fr/fichier/t_publication/1558/publi_pdf2_07_pope1102_regnier.pdf}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. Do survey respondents give the same answers when the partner/spouse is present? 2011 GGS: first user conference  conference  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Regnier-Loilier2011b,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A.},
      title = {Do survey respondents give the same answers when the partner/spouse is present?},
      booktitle = {GGS: first user conference},
      year = {2011}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. Attrition entre les deux premières vagues de l’Étude des relations familiales et intergénérationnelles 2010 Colloque de méthodologie statistique  conference French  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Regnier-Loilier2010d,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A.},
      title = {Attrition entre les deux premières vagues de l’Étude des relations familiales et intergénérationnelles},
      booktitle = {Colloque de méthodologie statistique},
      year = {2010}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. La planification des naissances dans l’année : une réalité peu visible en France 2010 Population
    Vol. 65(1), pp. 191-206 
    article French DOI URL 
    Abstract: Intentional timing by couples was one of the explanations put forward for the spring birth peak observed in France in the 1970s and 1980s. At first sight, recent changes in seasonality, characterized by a shift in the mode and a reduction in amplitude, appear to challenge this hypothesis. However, data from two recent surveys, which included specific questions on this topic, as well as from the registry of births, show that a non-negligible proportion of couples deliberately discontinue birth control in order to have a child at a particular time of the year. Their decision seems to be driven mainly by the attraction of the summer months and by job-related concerns. When the seasonal birth rates are broken down according to the woman’s occupation, we find distinctive patterns for three categories: «farmers», «self-employed: business, trade and crafts» and, above all, “primary-school teachers”. The majority of the latter give birth in spring – far fewer have children in July and August – so that their maternity leave will run into the long summer holidays.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Regnier-Loilier2010e,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A.},
      title = {La planification des naissances dans l’année : une réalité peu visible en France},
      journal = {Population},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {65},
      number = {1},
      pages = {191-206},
      url = {http://www.cairn.info/revue-population-2010-1-page-191.htm},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3917/popu.1001.0191}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. Sample attrition between the French GGS waves 1 and 2 2010 Wirkshop "Panel Maintenance", la Haye  conference  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Regnier-Loilier2010f,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A.},
      title = {Sample attrition between the French GGS waves 1 and 2},
      booktitle = {Wirkshop "Panel Maintenance", la Haye},
      year = {2010}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. Le déséquilibre persiste toujours au sein du couple 2010 Tribune dans l’Humanité  periodical French URL 
    BibTeX:
    @periodical{Regnier-Loilier2010i,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A.},
      title = {Le déséquilibre persiste toujours au sein du couple},
      journal = {Tribune dans l’Humanité},
      year = {2010},
      url = {http://www.humanite.fr/node/12038}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. Où en est le mythe du "nouveau père" 2010 Problèmes politiques et sociaux
    Vol. 968(968), pp. 64 
    article French  
    BibTeX:
    @article{Regnier-Loilier2010p,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A.},
      title = {Où en est le mythe du "nouveau père"},
      journal = {Problèmes politiques et sociaux},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {968},
      number = {968},
      pages = {64},
      note = {Femmes-hommes. Des inégalités à l’égalité?}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. Présentation, questionnaire et documentation de l'Etude des relations familiales et intergénérationnelles (ERFI-GGS 2) 2010 INED Document de travail
    Vol. 165, pp. 212 
    article  
    BibTeX:
    @article{Regnier-Loililer2010c,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A.},
      title = {Présentation, questionnaire et documentation de l'Etude des relations familiales et intergénérationnelles (ERFI-GGS 2)},
      journal = {INED Document de travail},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {165},
      pages = {212},
      note = {INED Working Paper}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. Does the birth of a child change the division of household tasks between partners? 2009 Population & Societies
    Vol. 461(461), pp. 4 
    article English URL 
    Abstract: It is well known that household tasks are unequally shared between men and women. Women often do most of the housework, although a trend towards greater equality is perceptible among the younger generations. Do men contribute more to household tasks after a baby is born? Or does the gender gap grow even wider? Arnaud Régnier-Loilier addresses this question using data from the ERFI survey (Étude des relations familiales et intergénérationnelles, the French version of the international Generations and Gender Survey).
    BibTeX:
    @article{Regnier-Loilier2009p,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A.},
      title = {Does the birth of a child change the division of household tasks between partners?},
      journal = {Population & Societies},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {461},
      number = {461},
      pages = {4},
      url = {http://www.ined.fr/fichier/t_publication/1486/publi_pdf2_pesa461.pdf}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. Introduction 2009 Portraits de familles, pp. 17-29  incollection French  
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Regnier-Loilier2009q,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A.},
      title = {Introduction},
      booktitle = {Portraits de familles},
      publisher = {Ined, Paris},
      year = {2009},
      pages = {17-29}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. Do survey respondents give the same answers when the partner/spouse is present? 2009 Methods of Evaluating the Quality of Data Collection in Surveys  conference English  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Regnier-Loilier2009r,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A.},
      title = {Do survey respondents give the same answers when the partner/spouse is present?},
      booktitle = {Methods of Evaluating the Quality of Data Collection in Surveys},
      year = {2009}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. Non da soli, non in coppia. Uno studio del Living Apart together in Francia 2009
    Vol. Giornate di Studio sulla PopolazioneGiornate di Studio sulla Popolazione 2009 
    conference Italian  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Regnier-Loilier2009s,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A.},
      title = {Non da soli, non in coppia. Uno studio del Living Apart together in Francia},
      booktitle = {Giornate di Studio sulla Popolazione 2009},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {Giornate di Studio sulla Popolazione}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. Mise en scène de la vie quotidienne : répond-on de la même manière en présence de son conjoint? 2009 Journées de méthodologie statistique de l’INSEE 2009  conference French URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Regnier-Loilier2009t,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A.},
      title = {Mise en scène de la vie quotidienne : répond-on de la même manière en présence de son conjoint?},
      booktitle = {Journées de méthodologie statistique de l’INSEE 2009},
      year = {2009},
      url = {http://jms.insee.fr/files/documents/2009/87_2-JMS2009_S12-1_REGNIER-LOILIER-ACTE.PDF}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. L’Étude des relations familiales et intergénérationnelles. Du projet international à l’enquête française 2009 Portraits de familles. L’Étude des relations familiales et intergénérationnelles, pp. 31-56  incollection French  
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Regnier-Loilier2009v,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A.},
      title = {L’Étude des relations familiales et intergénérationnelles. Du projet international à l’enquête française},
      booktitle = {Portraits de familles. L’Étude des relations familiales et intergénérationnelles},
      publisher = {Grandes Enquêtes},
      year = {2009},
      pages = {31-56}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. L’arrivée d’un enfant modifie-t-elle la répartition des tâches domestiques au sein du couple? 2009 Population et Sociétés
    Vol. 461(461), pp. 4 
    article French URL 
    Abstract: Les tâches ménagères sont, on le sait, inégalement réparties dans le couple. Les femmes en assument souvent la plus grande partie, même si des évolutions sont perceptibles pour les jeunes générations. Les hommes participent-ils davantage au travail domestique lorsque survient une naissance ? Ou observe-t-on une accentuation du déséquilibre des rôles ? Arnaud Régnier-Loilier répond à la question grâce à l’enquête Étude des relations familiales et intergénérationnelles (Erfi).
    BibTeX:
    @article{Regnier-Loilier2009w,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A.},
      title = {L’arrivée d’un enfant modifie-t-elle la répartition des tâches domestiques au sein du couple?},
      journal = {Population et Sociétés},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {461},
      number = {461},
      pages = {4},
      url = {http://www.ined.fr/fichier/t_publication/1486/publi_pdf1_popetsoc_461.pdf}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. La déperdition dans les enquêtes longitudinales: l’exemple de l’enquête "Étude des relations familiales et intergénérationnelles" 2009 Courrier des statistiques
    Vol. 128, pp. 55-61 
    article French URL 
    Abstract: L’Ined et l’Insee ont réalisé à l’automne 2005 la première vague de l’enquête Érfi (Étude des relations familiales et intergénérationnelles). Les mêmes personnes ont été réinterrogées trois ans après, à l’automne 2008 et une dernière vague est prévue fin 2011. Comme toute enquête répétée dans le temps, l’échantillon initial d’environ 10 000 personnes a subi une érosion relativement importante et seules 6 500 personnes ont répondu au second questionnaire, soit un taux d’attrition de 35 %. Pour prévenir au mieux ce phénomène, une attention particulière doit être portée au suivi de l’échantillon, notamment par le biais d’une gestion rigoureuse des « fiches-adresses » et la recherche systématique d’une « personne-relais ».
    BibTeX:
    @article{Regnier-Loilier2009x,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A.},
      title = {La déperdition dans les enquêtes longitudinales: l’exemple de l’enquête "Étude des relations familiales et intergénérationnelles"},
      journal = {Courrier des statistiques},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {128},
      pages = {55-61},
      url = {http://www.insee.fr/fr/ffc/docs_ffc/cs128j.pdf}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. Conditions de passation et biais occasionnés par la présence d'un tiers sur les réponses obtenues à l'enquête Érfi 2007 Economie et Statistique
    Vol. 407(1), pp. 27-49 
    article French URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Regnier-Loilier2007b,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A.},
      title = {Conditions de passation et biais occasionnés par la présence d'un tiers sur les réponses obtenues à l'enquête Érfi},
      journal = {Economie et Statistique},
      year = {2007},
      volume = {407},
      number = {1},
      pages = {27-49},
      url = {http://www.insee.fr/fr/ffc/docs_ffc/es407b.pdf}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. À quelle fréquence voit-on ses parents? 2006 Population & Sociétés
    Vol. 467, pp. 1-4 
    article French URL 
    Abstract: Quitter ses parents n’est pas rompre avec eux. En France, 43 % des enfants voient leur père ou leur mère
    chaque semaine. Du « retour » de l’étudiant à la visite de l’adulte indépendant, choix et contraintes
    rythment les rencontres. Grâce au volet français d’une enquête internationale sur les relations familiales,
    Arnaud Régnier-Loilier a pu calculer à quelle fréquence on voit ses parents, et les variations selon que
    l’on est un homme ou une femme, cadre ou ouvrier, enfant unique ou non, etc.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Regnier-Loilier2006g,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A.},
      title = {À quelle fréquence voit-on ses parents?},
      journal = {Population & Sociétés},
      year = {2006},
      volume = {467},
      pages = {1-4},
      url = {http://www.ined.fr/fichier/t_publication/1211/publi_pdf1_pop_et_soc_francais_427.pdf}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. Présentation, questionnaire et documentation de l’Etude des relations familiales et intergénérationnelles (ERFI). Version française de l’enquête Generations and Gender Survey (GGS) 2006 INED Working Paper
    Vol. 133(133), pp. 232 
    article French URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Regnier-Loilier2006i,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A.},
      title = {Présentation, questionnaire et documentation de l’Etude des relations familiales et intergénérationnelles (ERFI). Version française de l’enquête Generations and Gender Survey (GGS)},
      journal = {INED Working Paper},
      year = {2006},
      volume = {133},
      number = {133},
      pages = {232},
      url = {http://www.ined.fr/fr/ressources_documentation/publications/documents_travail/bdd/publication/1026/}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. How often do adult children see their parents? 2006 Population et Sociétés
    Vol. 4(427), pp. 1-4 
    article English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Regnier-Loilier2006j,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A.},
      title = {How often do adult children see their parents?},
      journal = {Population et Sociétés},
      year = {2006},
      volume = {4},
      number = {427},
      pages = {1-4},
      url = {http://www.ined.fr/fichier/t_publication/1211/publi_pdf2_pop.and.soc.english.427.pdf}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. Influence des caractéristiques d’emploi sur le souhait d’avoir un troisième enfant en France 2006 Colloque International de l’AIDELF  conference French URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Regnier-Loilier2006k,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A.},
      title = {Influence des caractéristiques d’emploi sur le souhait d’avoir un troisième enfant en France},
      booktitle = {Colloque International de l’AIDELF},
      year = {2006},
      url = {http://www.erudit.org/livre/aidelf/2006/001413co.pdf}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. Comparaison des taux d’activité masculin et féminin. Inégalité ou valorisation différenciée du travail? 2006 Colloque international Travail-emploi-formation: quelle égalité entre les hommes et les femmes?  conference French  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Regnier-Loilier2006l,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A.},
      title = {Comparaison des taux d’activité masculin et féminin. Inégalité ou valorisation différenciée du travail?},
      booktitle = {Colloque international Travail-emploi-formation: quelle égalité entre les hommes et les femmes?},
      year = {2006}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. How often do adult children see their parents? 2006 Séminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 2  conference English  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Regnier-Loilier2006m,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A.},
      title = {How often do adult children see their parents?},
      booktitle = {Séminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 2},
      year = {2006}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. Synthèse sur les propositions d'exploitation de l'enquête française 2006 Seminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 1  conference French  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Regnier-Loilier2006n,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A.},
      title = {Synthèse sur les propositions d'exploitation de l'enquête française},
      booktitle = {Seminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 1},
      year = {2006}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A., G.N. La déperdition au fil des trois vagues de l’enquête longitudinale Érfi-GGS 2012 (session 9 Panel)Sondages  conference URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Regnier-Loilier2012h,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A., Guisse, N.},
      title = {La déperdition au fil des trois vagues de l’enquête longitudinale Érfi-GGS},
      booktitle = {Sondages},
      year = {2012},
      number = {session 9 Panel},
      url = {http://sondages2012.ensai.fr/wp-content/uploads/2011/01/ATTRITION_MISE-EN-LIGNE-Mode-de-compatibilit%C3%A9.pdf}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A., V.D. Fertility dynamics in France and Italy. Who are the couples that do not give birth to the intended child? 2012 Meeting of the GGP Network of National Focal Points, UNECE International Working Group  conference  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Regnier-Loilier2012f,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A., Vignoli, D.},
      title = {Fertility dynamics in France and Italy. Who are the couples that do not give birth to the intended child?},
      booktitle = {Meeting of the GGP Network of National Focal Points, UNECE International Working Group},
      year = {2012}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. & Badurashvili, I. Analyse comparée des relations entre parents et enfants aux diverses étapes du cycle de vie en Géorgie et en France 2007 Séminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 4  conference French  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Regnier-Loilier2007d,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A. and Badurashvili, I.},
      title = {Analyse comparée des relations entre parents et enfants aux diverses étapes du cycle de vie en Géorgie et en France},
      booktitle = {Séminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 4},
      year = {2007}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A., Badurashvili, I. & Tsiklauri, S. Situations familiales, calendrier de décohabitation et relations intergénérationnelles en Géorgie et en France 2009 Revue d’études comparatives Est-Ouest
    Vol. 40(3-4), pp. 99-132 
    article French DOI URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Regnier-Loilier2009an,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A. and Badurashvili, I. and Tsiklauri, S.},
      title = {Situations familiales, calendrier de décohabitation et relations intergénérationnelles en Géorgie et en France},
      journal = {Revue d’études comparatives Est-Ouest},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {40},
      number = {3-4},
      pages = {99-132},
      url = {http://www.necplus.eu/action/displayAbstract?aid=2426984},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.4074/S0338059909003040}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A., Badurashvili, I. & Tsiklauri, S. Family situations, the timing of the move from the parents’ home and intergenerational relations in Georgia and France 2009 Revue d’études comparatives Est-Ouest
    Vol. 40(3-4), pp. 99-132 
    article English  
    BibTeX:
    @article{Regnier-Loilier2009ao,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A. and Badurashvili, I. and Tsiklauri, S.},
      title = {Family situations, the timing of the move from the parents’ home and intergenerational relations in Georgia and France},
      journal = {Revue d’études comparatives Est-Ouest},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {40},
      number = {3-4},
      pages = {99-132}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. & Beaujouan, E. Les relations amoureuses stables sans cohabitation. Qui sont ces personnes qui ne vivent pas avec leur conjoint? 2006 Congrès de l’AISLF  conference French  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Regnier-Loilier2006h,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier,A. and Beaujouan, E.},
      title = {Les relations amoureuses stables sans cohabitation. Qui sont ces personnes qui ne vivent pas avec leur conjoint?},
      booktitle = {Congrès de l’AISLF},
      year = {2006}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A., Beaujouan, E. & Villeneuve-Gokalp, C. Neither single, nor in a couple. A study of living apart together in France 2009 Demographic Research
    Vol. 21(4), pp. 75-108 
    article English DOI URL 
    Abstract: Among living arrangements, living apart together relationships arouse curiosity on the part of sociologists, demographers and even the media. From a scientific point of view, how have noncohabiting relationships evolved in recent decades? How can we recognise these relationships, and who are the populations concerned? The present study provides an overall view into noncohabiting relationships in France, shedding light on the characteristics of both the individuals concerned and their relationships. There has been no recent increase in the prevalence of this living arrangement. It competes with cohabiting relationships both among students and among people with cohabiting children. Four main groups of living apart relationships are described: “Young adults,” “Out of a family”, “Single parents”, and “Seniors.” The reasons for living apart as well as future intentions vary considerably across these groups.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Regnier-Loilier2009am,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A. and Beaujouan, E. and Villeneuve-Gokalp, C.},
      title = {Neither single, nor in a couple. A study of living apart together in France},
      journal = {Demographic Research},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {21},
      number = {4},
      pages = {75-108},
      url = {http://www.demographic-research.org/Volumes/Vol21/4/21-4.pdf},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.4054/DemRes.2009.21.4}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A., Beaujouan, E. & Villeneuve-Gokalp, C. Ni seuls, ni en couple. Les relations amoureuses stables non cohabitantes 2009 Portraits de familles. L’Étude des relations familiales et intergénérationnelles, pp. 87-112  incollection French  
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Regnier-Loilier2009l,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A. and Beaujouan, E. and Villeneuve-Gokalp, C.},
      title = {Ni seuls, ni en couple. Les relations amoureuses stables non cohabitantes},
      booktitle = {Portraits de familles. L’Étude des relations familiales et intergénérationnelles},
      publisher = {Grandes Enquêtes},
      year = {2009},
      pages = {87-112}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. & Guisse, N. Mise en scène de la vie quotidienne. Dit-on les mêmes choses en présence de son conjoint ? 2009 Portraits de familles, pp. 195-218  incollection French  
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Regnier-Loilier2009al,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A. and Guisse, N.},
      title = {Mise en scène de la vie quotidienne. Dit-on les mêmes choses en présence de son conjoint ?},
      booktitle = {Portraits de familles},
      publisher = {Ined, Paris},
      year = {2009},
      pages = {195-218}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. & Hiron, C. Évolution de la répartition des tâches domestiques après l’arrivée d’un enfant 2010 Politiques sociales et familiales
    Vol. 99, pp. 5-26 
    article French URL  Répartition des tâches domestiques, Parentalité, Inégalités hommes-femmes
    BibTeX:
    @article{Regnier-Loilier2010l,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A. and Hiron, C.},
      title = {Évolution de la répartition des tâches domestiques après l’arrivée d’un enfant},
      journal = {Politiques sociales et familiales},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {99},
      pages = {5-26},
      url = {http://www.caf.fr/sites/default/files/cnaf/Documents/Dser/PSF/099/PSF99-1-ArnaudRegnier-Loilier-CHiron.pdf}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. & Hiron, C. Évolution de l’organisation domestique après la naissance d’un enfant 2009 Les transformations de la conjugalité : configuration et parcours  conference French  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Regnier-Loilier2009ak,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A. and Hiron, C.},
      title = {Évolution de l’organisation domestique après la naissance d’un enfant},
      booktitle = {Les transformations de la conjugalité : configuration et parcours},
      year = {2009}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. & Légaré, J. Generations and Gender Programme: présentation et perspectives 2010 Santé, Société et Solidarité
    Vol. 9(2), pp. 129-135 
    article URL 
    Abstract: The Generations and Gender Programme (GGP) was launched in 2000 by the Population Activities Unit of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE). Centred on family-building and relationships between generations and between genders, the project involves two main components: establishing a three-wave longitudinal survey of approximately 10 000 women and men aged 18 to 79 (Generations and Gender Surveys – GGS) and collecting contextual data in each of the participating countries. This article provides details about this project, reports on its progress and suggests a few potential analytical perspectives.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Regnier-Loilier2010,
      author = {Arnaud Régnier-Loilier and Jacques Légaré},
      title = {Generations and Gender Programme: présentation et perspectives},
      journal = {Santé, Société et Solidarité},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {9(2)},
      pages = {129-135},
      url = {http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/article/oss_1634-8176_2010_num_9_2_1424}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. & Lincot, L. Dictionnaire des codes. Seconde vague de l’enquête Érfi 2009 INED Working Paper, pp. 463  article French  
    BibTeX:
    @article{Regnier-Loilier2009aj,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A. and Lincot, L.},
      title = {Dictionnaire des codes. Seconde vague de l’enquête Érfi},
      journal = {INED Working Paper},
      year = {2009},
      pages = {463}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. & Prioux, F. Comportements familiaux et pratique religieuse en France 2009 Portraits de familles, pp. 397-423  incollection French  
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Regnier-Loilier2009ai,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A. and Prioux, F.},
      title = {Comportements familiaux et pratique religieuse en France},
      booktitle = {Portraits de familles},
      publisher = {Ined, Paris},
      year = {2009},
      pages = {397-423}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. & Prioux, F. Influence de la pratique religieuse sur les comportements familiaux en France au fil des générations 2008 Colloque de l’AIDELF « Démographie et Culture »  conference French  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Regnier-Loilier2008i,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A. and Prioux, F.},
      title = {Influence de la pratique religieuse sur les comportements familiaux en France au fil des générations},
      booktitle = {Colloque de l’AIDELF « Démographie et Culture »},
      year = {2008}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. & Prioux, F. Does religious practice influence fertility behaviour in France? 2008 Annual Meeting of Population Association of America 2008  conference English URL 
    Abstract: No recent study of the relationship between fertility and religion has been carried out in France, in the absence of an adequate source of data. In 2005, for the first time, a specific question on religious affiliation or origin was included in the GGS survey, with a question on frequency of religious practice. In this study we present a portrait of religious France, construct a cohort-specific “relative” indicator of religious practice, and compare four sub-groups in terms of their fertility behaviour from one cohort to the next: completed fertility, childlessness and timing of the first birth. Regular religious practice continues to be associated with high completed fertility, and more recently a relationship has emerged between religious practice and both couple childlessness and first birth timing.
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Regnier-Loilier2008j,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A. and Prioux, F.},
      title = {Does religious practice influence fertility behaviour in France?},
      booktitle = {Annual Meeting of Population Association of America 2008},
      year = {2008},
      url = {http://paa2008.princeton.edu/papers/80981}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. & Prioux, F. Does religious practice affect fertility in France? 2008 European Population Conference 2008  conference English URL 
    Abstract: No recent study of the relationship between fertility and religion has been carried out in France, in the absence of an adequate source of data. In 2005, for the first time, a specific question on religious affiliation or origin was included in the GGS survey, with a question on frequency of religious practice. In this study we present a portrait of religious France, construct a cohort-specific “relative” indicator of religious practice, and compare four sub-groups in terms of their fertility behaviour from one cohort to the next: completed fertility, childlessness and timing of the first birth. Regular religious practice continues to be associated with high completed fertility, and more recently a relationship has emerged between religious practice and both couple childlessness and first birth timing.
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Regnier-Loilier2008k,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A. and Prioux, F.},
      title = {Does religious practice affect fertility in France?},
      booktitle = {European Population Conference 2008},
      publisher = {European Association for Population Studies},
      year = {2008},
      url = {http://epc2008.princeton.edu/abstracts/80340}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. & Prioux, F. La pratique religieuse influence-t-elle les comportements familiaux? 2008 Population et Sociétés
    Vol. 447, pp. 1-4 
    article French URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Regnier-Loilier2008l,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A. and Prioux, F.},
      title = {La pratique religieuse influence-t-elle les comportements familiaux?},
      journal = {Population et Sociétés},
      year = {2008},
      volume = {447},
      pages = {1-4},
      url = {http://www.ined.fr/fichier/t_publication/1366/publi_pdf1_447.pdf}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. & Prioux, F. Does religious practice influence family behaviours? 2008 Population et Sociétés
    Vol. 447(447), pp. 1-4 
    article English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Regnier-Loilier2008m,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A. and Prioux, F.},
      title = {Does religious practice influence family behaviours?},
      journal = {Population et Sociétés},
      year = {2008},
      volume = {447},
      number = {447},
      pages = {1-4},
      url = {http://www.ined.fr/fichier/t_publication/1366/publi_pdf2_pesa447.pdf}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A., Prokofieva, L., Korchagina, I. & Valetas, M.-F. Parents, enfants et beaux-enfants après un divorce, en France, en Russie et en Géorgie – Des relations différentes selon le sexe? 2009 Revue d’études comparatives Est-Ouest
    Vol. numéro special 
    article French  
    BibTeX:
    @article{Regnier-Loilier2009ah,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A. and Prokofieva, L. and Korchagina, I. and Valetas, M.-F.},
      title = {Parents, enfants et beaux-enfants après un divorce, en France, en Russie et en Géorgie – Des relations différentes selon le sexe?},
      journal = {Revue d’études comparatives Est-Ouest},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {numéro special}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A., Prokofieva, L., Valetas, M.-F. & Korchagina, I. Parents, enfants et beaux-enfants après un divorce, en France et en Russie – Des relations différentes selon le sexe? 2007 Séminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 4  conference French  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Regnier-Loilier2007c,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A. and Prokofieva, L. and Valetas, M.-F. and Korchagina, I.},
      title = {Parents, enfants et beaux-enfants après un divorce, en France et en Russie – Des relations différentes selon le sexe?},
      booktitle = {Séminaire de travail du projet ECODEF/CI 4},
      year = {2007}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A., Saboni, L. & Valdes, B. Presentation and Modifications to the Generations and Gender Survey Questionnaire in France (Wave 2) [L’Étude des relations familiales et intergénérationnelles (Érfi)] 2011 INED Working Paper
    Vol. 173, pp. 133 
    article URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{REGNIER-LOILIER,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A. and Saboni, L. and Valdes, B.},
      title = {Presentation and Modifications to the Generations and Gender Survey Questionnaire in France (Wave 2) [L’Étude des relations familiales et intergénérationnelles (Érfi)]},
      journal = {INED Working Paper},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {173},
      pages = {133},
      url = {http://www.ggp-i.org/index.php?option=com_docman&task=doc_download&gid=101&Itemid=}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A., Valetas, M.-F., Korchagina, I., Prokofieva, L., Baublyte, M. & Stankuniene, V. Les enfants après la séparation des parents en France, en Russie et en Lituanie : des relations différentes avec la mère et avec le père? 2009 Revue d’études comparatives Est-Ouest
    Vol. 3-4(40), pp. 63-98 
    article French URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Regnier-Loilier2009ag,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A. and Valetas, M.-F. and Korchagina, I. and Prokofieva, L. and Baublyte, M. and Stankuniene, V.},
      title = {Les enfants après la séparation des parents en France, en Russie et en Lituanie : des relations différentes avec la mère et avec le père?},
      journal = {Revue d’études comparatives Est-Ouest},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {3-4},
      number = {40},
      pages = {63-98},
      url = {http://www.necplus.eu/download.php?file=%2FREC%2FREC40_3-4%2FS0338059909003039a.pdf&code=33bfbe11570911eb8a9e7b504bdd5319}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. & Vignoli, D. Intentions de fécondité et obstacles à leur réalisation en France et en Italie 2011 Population
    Vol. 66(2), pp. 401-431 
    article DOI URL 
    Abstract: Dans les pays où les couples peuvent contrôler efficacement leurs naissances, la compréhension des comportements de fécondité nécessite l’analyse des intentions et de leur réalisation. En particulier, quels sont les facteurs (économiques, sociaux, culturels) conduisant à une révision (à la hausse ou à la baisse) du projet initial de fécondité ? Utilisant des données longitudinales et comparables issues des enquêtes GGS (Generations and Gender Surveys), Arnaud Régnier-Loilier et Daniele Vignoli procèdent à une confrontation des projets de fécondité et de leur réalisation en France et en Italie, deux pays où les intentions des couples sont assez proches (au moins 2 enfants pour une majorité d’entre eux) mais où leur concrétisation diffère ensuite sensiblement. Ils montrent qu’en dehors de l’âge et du nombre d’enfants, les facteurs socioéconomiques jouent un rôle important sur l’ajournement comme sur le renoncement au projet initial mais selon des modalités différentes dans les deux pays.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Regnier-Loilier2011e,
      author = {Arnaud Régnier-Loilier and Daniele Vignoli},
      title = {Intentions de fécondité et obstacles à leur réalisation en France et en Italie},
      journal = {Population},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {66},
      number = {2},
      pages = {401-431},
      url = {http://www.cairn.info/revue-population-2011-2-page-401.htm},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3917/popu.1102.0401}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. & Vignoli, D. Fertility dynamics in France and Italy. Who are the couple that do not give birth to the intended childcare 2010 PAA  conference English URL 
    Abstract: France and Italy lie at the two extremes as regards fertility levels in Europe. Although previous findings showed that desired fertility is very similar in France and Italy, an examination of intentions to have a child in the following three years points to a country-specific difference. Namely, in France reproductive intentions are higher than in Italy for all parities. Moreover, since the actual fertility levels are so different, there could be some sorts of constraints that limit fertility more strongly in Italy than in France. Taking advantage of the first two rounds of the French and Italian Gender and Generation Surveys, in this paper we aim at highlighting the profiles of those couples who do not realize their intended fertility projects in the two countries considered. This line of reasoning may provide important input to policy makers wishing to lift the constraints to fertility realization.
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Regnier-Loilier2010k,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A. and Vignoli, D.},
      title = {Fertility dynamics in France and Italy. Who are the couple that do not give birth to the intended childcare},
      booktitle = {PAA},
      year = {2010},
      url = {http://eprints.unifi.it/archive/00002194/01/wp2010_07.pdf}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. & Vignoli, D. Désirs, intentions de fécondité et réalisation en France et en Italie : similitudes et différences 2009 The gap between desired and achieved fertility, XXVIe congrès international d’étude de la population de l’UIESP  conference French URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Regnier-Loilier2009a,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A. and Vignoli, D.},
      title = {Désirs, intentions de fécondité et réalisation en France et en Italie : similitudes et différences},
      booktitle = {The gap between desired and achieved fertility, XXVIe congrès international d’étude de la population de l’UIESP},
      year = {2009},
      url = {http://iussp2009.princeton.edu/papers/92545}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. & Vignoli, D. Figli unico o famiglia numerosa : chi si allonta dalla norma dei due figli? Un confronto tra i desideri di fecondità in Francia e Italia 2009
    Vol. Giornate di Studio sulla PopolazioneGiornate di Studio sulla Popolazione 2009 
    conference Italian URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Regnier-Loilier2009ae,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A. and Vignoli, D.},
      title = {Figli unico o famiglia numerosa : chi si allonta dalla norma dei due figli? Un confronto tra i desideri di fecondità in Francia e Italia},
      booktitle = {Giornate di Studio sulla Popolazione 2009},
      publisher = {Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore - Diritto allo studio},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {Giornate di Studio sulla Popolazione},
      url = {http://www.iuav.it/Ateneo1/docenti/architettu/docenti-a-/Andreina-Z/materiali-/POPOLAZION/IL-CENSIMENTO-2011-Giornata-di-studio-sulla-popolazione-pdf.pdf}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. & Vignoli, D. Enfant unique ou famille nombreuse: qui s’écarte de la norme des deux enfants? Comparaison des souhaits de fécondité en France et en Italie 2009 Revue des sciences sociales
    Vol. 41, pp. 16-29 
    article French  
    Abstract: L’Italie et la France représentent aujourd’hui deux extrêmes opposés en termes de fécondité : l’Italie compte à peine plus de 1,3 enfant par femme alors que la France détient le record en Europe avec en moyenne 2 enfants par femme. La confrontation des calendriers de fécondité à partir de données quantitatives (enquêtes GGS) montre cependant que l’évolution est récente : elle se caractérise par un retard de l’entrée en parentalité et,à terme, par une proportion croissante d’Italiennes restant sans enfant. Pour autant, ces changements ne semblent pas s’être accompagnés d’un moindre désir d’enfants en Italie : la norme de la famille à deux enfants reste dominante dans les deux pays. En outre, les caractéristiques des femmes qui s’éloignent de cette « norme » (en ne désirant qu’un seul enfant ou, au contraire, en souhaitant constituer une famille nombreuse) sont très proches. L’explication des écarts de fécondité entre les deux pays ne tient donc pas à des modèles de fécondité désirée différents mais à d’autres facteurs.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Regnier-Loilier2009af,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A. and Vignoli, D.},
      title = {Enfant unique ou famille nombreuse: qui s’écarte de la norme des deux enfants? Comparaison des souhaits de fécondité en France et en Italie},
      journal = {Revue des sciences sociales},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {41},
      pages = {16-29}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. & Vignoli, D. Chi desidera molti o pochi figli? Francia e Italia a confronto 2009 Intenzioni di fecondità tra speranza e realtà  conference Italian  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Regnier-Loilier2009b,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A. and Vignoli, D.},
      title = {Chi desidera molti o pochi figli? Francia e Italia a confronto},
      booktitle = {Intenzioni di fecondità tra speranza e realtà},
      year = {2009}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. & Vignoli, D. Desires, fertility intentions and their outcomes in France and Italy: similarities and differences 2009 XXVI IUSSP International population Conference 2009  conference English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Regnier-Loilier2009c,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A. and Vignoli, D.},
      title = {Desires, fertility intentions and their outcomes in France and Italy: similarities and differences},
      booktitle = {XXVI IUSSP International population Conference 2009},
      year = {2009},
      url = {http://iussp2009.princeton.edu/download.aspx?submissionId=92545}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A., Villeneuve-Gokalp, C. & Beaujouan, E. Neither single, nor in a couple: A study of living apart together in France 2008 Annual Meeting of Population Association of America 2008  conference English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Regnier-Loilier2008,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A. and Villeneuve-Gokalp, C. and Beaujouan, E.},
      title = {Neither single, nor in a couple: A study of living apart together in France},
      booktitle = {Annual Meeting of Population Association of America 2008},
      year = {2008},
      url = {http://paa2008.princeton.edu/download.aspx?submissionId=80563}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loilier, A. & Vivas, E. Les déterminants de la fréquence des rencontres entre parents et enfants 2009 Portraits de familles, pp. 427-451  incollection French  
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Regnier-Loilier2009,
      author = {Régnier-Loilier, A. and Vivas, E.},
      title = {Les déterminants de la fréquence des rencontres entre parents et enfants},
      booktitle = {Portraits de familles},
      publisher = {Ined, Paris},
      year = {2009},
      pages = {427-451}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loiliergnier-Loilier, A., Saboni, L. & Valdes, B. Presentation and modifications to the GGS questionnaire in France(wave2) 2011 INED Documents de travail
    Vol. 173, pp. 146 
    article URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{ReGNIER-lLoilier2011f,
      author = {Régnier-Loiliergnier-Loilier, A. and Saboni, L. and Valdes, B.},
      title = {Presentation and modifications to the GGS questionnaire in France(wave2)},
      journal = {INED Documents de travail},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {173},
      pages = {146},
      url = {http://www.ined.fr/fr/publications/documents_travail/bdd/publication/1557/}
    }
    
    Régnier-Loiliergnier-Loilier, A. & Vignoli, D. Fertility intentions and constraints to realizations: France and Italy compared. 2011 GGS: First user conference  conference  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Regnier-Loilier2011d,
      author = {Régnier-Loiliergnier-Loilier, A. and Vignoli, D.},
      title = {Fertility intentions and constraints to realizations: France and Italy compared.},
      booktitle = {GGS: First user conference},
      year = {2011}
    }
    
    Reich, N. Parents between Work and Family: New Empirical Evidence from Industrialised Countries 2013 School: Universität Hamburg  phdthesis URL 
    Abstract: This dissertation addresses the topical issue of parents’ reconciliation between work and family life from an economist’s perspective. The main objective of this dissertation is to contribute to the empirical economic literature on the relationships between family policy, parents’ childcare and paid work, and fertility in Germany as well as other industrialised countries. Within this broad definition, first and foremost, new insights on the fathers’ role are provided, since their role aside from having been seen as a source of financial security has long been neglected in economic research. Much more research has been conducted regarding the work-family nexus of women. Nevertheless, this dissertation adds empirical evidence by looking specifically at the relationship between the women’s work sector and fertility in Germany, assuming that workplace characteristics are crucial factors for the reconciliation of work and family life that can be influenced by employers as well as by policy makers.
    The topic is motivated by demographic (population) and labour market changes. The demographic change that many industrialised countries have been experiencing in the last decades is marked by below replacement fertility rate and increasing life expectancy. To be more precise, among Western European1countries, the average total fertility rate was 2.8 in 1960 and 1.7 in 2009 (Council of Europe 2005; Eurostat 2012a). Average life expectancy at birth has increased from 74.3 years in 1980 to 80.7 years in 2009 (Eurostat 2012b).3Disregarding migration, these developments lead to a shrinking and ageing population. This, in turn, implies challenges for the economy, pension systems and hence welfare, especially for countries like Germany, where the improvement of living standards is based on the assumption of a young and growing population (Weil 1999; Rindfuss et al. 2003; Bloom et al. 2009). Therefore, it is crucial to identify the driving forces behind these population changes.

    Economists have contributed to explaining historical population changes (e.g., Kremer 1993; Galor and Weil 2000; Hansen and Prescott 2002) as well as contemporary changes in fertility. Gary Becker’s (1965, 1981) seminal work gave rise to the New Home Economics, marking the beginning of family economics, in which households are viewed not only as consumption but also as production units. Topics regarding fertility and the of paid and unpaid work within a family had formerly mainly been dealt with in sociology. In short, according to Becker (1981),childrearing imposes direct costs as well as opportunity costs on a parent. While direct costs can be described as costs of food and clothing for the child, opportunity costs describe the loss of human capital and income by doing childcare instead of market work. Since women, until recently, were endowed with clearly less marketable resources (human capital) in comparison to their husbands, and since they are more suitable as caregivers due to their “biological advantage” (Becker 1981:21), the wife’s specialisation in childcare and household chores and her husband’s specialisation in market work optimised the family’s joint utility. Since women’s investments in human capital and hence their potential wages have risen during the last decades, childrearing has become more costly for them. Meanwhile, the increased rate of return of education changes the relative importance of ‘child quantity’ (number of children) and ‘child quality’ (education), strengthening the role of the latter. Despite the fact that children are seen as ‘normal goods’, whose demands rise with income growth, the outlined changes led to fewer but better educated children. In other words, the New Home Economics explanation for the drop in fertility rates that occurred between the 1960s and 1980s in the industrialised countries is the women’s rising human capital and the increasing importance of children’s education. From1950 to 2000, as well as cross-sectional in the 1970s and 1980s, a negative correlation between female employment rate and total fertility rate was indeed observed across OECD countries and Western European countries. Since the 1990s, however, these parameters are positively correlated in the cross-section of countries (see Figure 1.1) (Apps and Rees 2004; Brewster and Rindfuss 2000; Del Boca 2002; Adserà 2005; Reich 2010; OECD 2012). In 2009, for example, less than 60% of women in Greece and Italy participated in the labour market, and fertility rates amounted to 1.52 and 1.41 in these countries. In contrast, more than 80% of Icelandic women were working, and had an average of 2.23 children. Germany had a medium female employment rate of 70.4%, and a comparatively low fertility rate of 1.36 children per woman.

    BibTeX:
    @phdthesis{Reich2013,
      author = {Reich, Nora},
      title = {Parents between Work and Family: New Empirical Evidence from Industrialised Countries},
      school = {Universität Hamburg},
      year = {2013},
      url = {http://ediss.sub.uni-hamburg.de/volltexte/2013/6038/pdf/Dissertation.pdf}
    }
    
    Renaut, S. & Ogg, J. Parcours de vie et situation professionnelle en seconde partie de carrière 2009 Portraits de familles, pp. 341-363  incollection French  
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Renaut2009a,
      author = {Renaut, S. and Ogg, J.},
      title = {Parcours de vie et situation professionnelle en seconde partie de carrière},
      booktitle = {Portraits de familles},
      publisher = {Ined, Paris},
      year = {2009},
      pages = {341-363}
    }
    
    Renaut, S. & Ogg, J. Enfants du baby-boom et parents vieillissants : des valeurs et des attitudes contingentes au parcours de vie 2008 Gérontologie et Société
    Vol. 127, pp. 129-158 
    article French URL 
    Abstract: The evolution of values and attitudes concerning intergenerational relationships is an important preoccupation in ageing societies. At a time when children of the post-war baby boom are in the second part of their professional career or reaching retirement, their parents are facing old age. Social norms and family behaviour formed during childhood and adulthood have important consequences for intergenerational relationships later in life. These patterns are demonstrated using French data from the 2005 Generations and Gender Survey relating to the birth cohorts of 1941 to 1960. The values and attitudes of these cohorts relate to diverse norms and behaviours. At the same time, personal and family life course patterns, together with economic influences, are more influential than cohort membership in forming values and attitudes and the types of relationships between adult children and their elderly parents.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Renaut2008,
      author = {Renaut, S. and Ogg, J.},
      title = {Enfants du baby-boom et parents vieillissants : des valeurs et des attitudes contingentes au parcours de vie},
      journal = {Gérontologie et Société},
      year = {2008},
      volume = {127},
      pages = {129-158},
      url = {http://www.cairn.info/revue-gerontologie-et-societe-2008-4-p-129.htm}
    }
    
    Rieck, D. The influences of social and economic conditions on fertility intentions of Russian men 2006 European Population Conference 2006  conference English URL 
    Abstract: Since the beginning of the political and economic transition in Russia, significant changes in demographic behavior have been observed. A dramatic decline of the Total Fertility Rate (TFR), a decrease in the numbers of marriages, and an increase of cohabitations and extra marital births are the main aspects of the change in family formation behavior. After 1990, many Russian households experienced substantial economic hardships and uncertainties. It is argued that the economic downturn has become one of the major factors responsible for the significant decline of Russian TFR. The focus of this study is the analysis of childbirth intentions of Russian men. Men’s intentions to have children differ from those of women in many ways. Usually men must bear the financial burden of the family and thus have a different economic perspective.

    We use the Russian Generations and Gender Survey (GGS) which was conducted in 2004. It contains information about demographic indicators, the economic situation as well as family planning intentions. To analyze the data we apply a logistic regression. One of our main findings is an enormous difference between the influences on men’s intentions to have a first or a subsequent child. Whereas economic factors have only little impact on the desire to have a first child, they are the decisive factors for the decision to have a second or subsequent child. For men with at least one child we show that the objective economic situation, as well as its subjective perception, has a strong positive influence on the intention to have another child. For childless respondents we do not find such an effect. We assume that for the transition to the first child, economic circumstances play a smaller role than do emotional, mental, or normative factors

    BibTeX:
    @conference{Rieck2006b,
      author = {Rieck, Dorothea},
      title = {The influences of social and economic conditions on fertility intentions of Russian men},
      booktitle = {European Population Conference 2006},
      publisher = {European Association for Population Studies},
      year = {2006},
      note = {Germany},
      url = {http://epc2006.princeton.edu/download.aspx?submissionId=60160}
    }
    
    Rieck, D. Transition to second birth – the case of Russia 2006 MPIDR Working Paper
    Vol. 36, pp. 28 
    article English URL 
    Abstract: This study examines the determinants of second births in Russia before and during the economic and political transition. Using data from the Generations and Gender Survey and apply the method of hazard regression, we find a strong period effect: whereas the second birth risk increased in the 1980s, it decreased significantly after 1992. This effect remains even after controlling for individual characteristics. We argue that the dramatic increase in economic and social uncertainties after the collapse of the communist system in Russia is responsible for the fertility reduction.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Rieck2006c,
      author = {Rieck, Dorothea},
      title = {Transition to second birth – the case of Russia},
      journal = {MPIDR Working Paper},
      year = {2006},
      volume = {36},
      pages = {28},
      note = {Germany},
      url = {http://www.demogr.mpg.de/papers/working/wp-2006-036.pdf}
    }
    
    Rieck, D. Der Einfluss gesellschaftlicher und ökonomischer Rahmenbedingungen auf den Kinderwunsch russischer Männer [The influences of social and economic conditions on fertility intentions of Russian men] 2005 School: Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research  mastersthesis German URL  Russian Federation, fertility
    Abstract: Since the beginning of the political and economic transition of the late 1980s and early 1990s, significant changes in the demographic behavior have been observed in Central and Eastern Europe. In addition to a dramatic decline of the Total Fertility Rate, the decrease in the numbers of marriages and the increase of cohabitations and extra marital births are the main aspects of the change in family formation behavior in Russia. Before the political and economic transition, individual’s life-courses were structured by social and economic policies that guaranteed a modest level of living to everybody. After 1991, under the conditions of an emerging market economy, many Russian households experienced substantial economic hardships and uncertainties. The economic downturn had become one of the major factors responsible for the significant and rapid decline of Russian Total Fertility Rate. While the Total Fertility Rate decreased rapidly after the end of the 1990s, the Completed Fertility Rate has remained nearly constant. A reason for this development could be the postponement of births. The main research question in this context is to find out which factors influence the intentions to have a or a subsequent child in the next three years. The special focus of our study is to analyze the fertility intentions of Russian men. In the past, fertility behavior of men was rarely studied. But the intentions of men to have children differ from those of women in many ways. Men mostly bear the major burden of the financial security of the family and have a different perspective of the economic situation. Referring to the theories of family formation, mainly to the economic theories, we analyze, how the economic situation influences the intentions concerning family formation. We use the Russian Generations and Gender Survey (GGS) which was conducted in 2004. It contains information about demographic indicators, the economic situation and also information about family planning intentions. To analyze the data we applied a logistical regression. One of the main results is an enormous difference between the influences on the intentions to have a first or a subsequent child. Whereas the desire to have a first child is far less influenced by economic factors, these are the decisive factors for the decision to have a second, third or subsequent child. We assume that in the case of childless men emotional, mental and normative factors influence the intentions to have a child much more than economic circumstances. For men with at least one child we show that the objective economic situation as well as its subjective perception have a strong influence on the intention to have another child in the next three years. Both, the household net income and the subjective appraisal of the economic circumstances have a strong positive influence on the intention to have another child. For respondents who have no children we did not find such an effect.
    BibTeX:
    @mastersthesis{Rieck2005b,
      author = {Rieck, Dorothea},
      title = {Der Einfluss gesellschaftlicher und ökonomischer Rahmenbedingungen auf den Kinderwunsch russischer Männer [The influences of social and economic conditions on fertility intentions of Russian men]},
      school = {Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research},
      year = {2005},
      url = {http://www.demogr.mpg.de/en/projects_publications/publications_1904/monographs/der_einfluss_gesellschaftlicher_und_oekonomischer_rahmenbedingungen_auf_den_kinderwunsch_2040.htm}
    }
    
    Rieck, D. The influences of social and economic conditions on fertility intentions of Russian men 2005 Workshop on Generations and Gender Survey: a source for novel analyses of demographic behavior  conference English  
    Abstract: Since the beginning of the political and economic transition in Russia, significant changes in demographic behavior have been observed. A dramatic decline of the Total Fertility Rate (TFR), a decrease in the numbers of marriages, and an increase of cohabitations and extra marital births are the main aspects of the change in family formation behavior. After 1990, many Russian households experienced substantial economic hardships and uncertainties. It is argued that the economic downturn has become one of the major factors responsible for the significant decline of Russian TFR. The focus of this study is the analysis of childbirth intentions of Russian men. Men’s intentions to have children differ from those of women in many ways. Usually men must bear the financial burden of the family and thus have a different economic perspective.

    We use the Russian Generations and Gender Survey (GGS) which was conducted in 2004. It contains information about demographic indicators, the economic situation as well as family planning intentions. To analyze the data we apply a logistic regression. One of our main findings is an enormous difference between the influences on men’s intentions to have a first or a subsequent child. Whereas economic factors have only little impact on the desire to have a first child, they are the decisive factors for the decision to have a second or subsequent child. For men with at least one child we show that the objective economic situation, as well as its subjective perception, has a strong positive influence on the intention to have another child. For childless respondents we do not find such an effect. We assume that for the transition to the first child, economic circumstances play a smaller role than do emotional, mental, or normative factors

    BibTeX:
    @conference{Rieck2005c,
      author = {Rieck, Dorothea},
      title = {The influences of social and economic conditions on fertility intentions of Russian men},
      booktitle = {Workshop on Generations and Gender Survey: a source for novel analyses of demographic behavior},
      year = {2005}
    }
    
    Rijken, A.J. Aard familierelaties tijdens jeugd beïnvloedt krijgen van kinderen 2010 Demos, bulletin over bevolking en samenleving
    Vol. 26(5), pp. 12-13 
    article URL 
    Abstract: Uit veel studies is gebleken dat het ouderlijk gezin invloed heeft op het krijgen van kinderen.Mensen die
    opgroeien in een gezin met veel broers en zussen krijgen zelf meer kinderen dan mensen die opgroeien in
    een klein gezin.En mensen van wie de ouders relatief oud waren toen ze werden geboren krijgen zelf ook op
    latere leeftijd kinderen.Onderzoek op basis van gegevens van de Netherlands Kinship Panel Study (NKPS)
    laat evenwel zien dat ook de relaties binnen het gezin en in breder familieverband tijdens de jeugd invloed
    hebben op de leeftijd waarop mensen hun eerste kind krijgen en op het aantal kinderen dat ze krijgen.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Rijken2010,
      author = {Rijken, A. J.},
      title = {Aard familierelaties tijdens jeugd beïnvloedt krijgen van kinderen},
      journal = {Demos, bulletin over bevolking en samenleving},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {26(5)},
      pages = {12-13},
      url = {http://www.nidi.knaw.nl/Content/NIDI/demos/2010/demos-26-03-rijken.pdf}
    }
    
    Rijken, A.J. Happy families–high fertility? Childbearing choices in the context of family and partner relationships 2009 School: Utrecht University  phdthesis English URL 
    BibTeX:
    @phdthesis{Rijken2009a,
      author = {Rijken, A. J.},
      title = {Happy families–high fertility? Childbearing choices in the context of family and partner relationships},
      school = {Utrecht University},
      year = {2009},
      url = {http://igitur-archive.library.uu.nl/dissertations/2009-0929-200117/rijken.pdf}
    }
    
    Rijken, A.J. & Knijn, T. Couples' decision-making on having a first child: comparing pathways to early and late parenthood 2009 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America  conference URL 
    Abstract: Starting from theories on reflexive individualization in modern societies, with a focus on deliberate life choices, long-term planning and negotiating partnerships, we investigate the nature of couples' decision-making processes on having a first child. We use semi-structured interviews with 33 couples, selected from the Netherlands Kinship Panel Study and compared couples who entered parenthood at a relatively young age with those who did at a relatively old age. We expected more explicit decision-making among postponers and differences in motives and arguments between the two groups. Our qualitative analyses show that the decision-making preceding first childbirth is often implicit, even among postponers. Disagreement between partners does not necessarily lead to discussion. Factors that are known to result in postponement of childbearing, like higher education, do not always play a conscious role in people’s decision-making.
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Rijken2001,
      author = {Rijken, A. J. and Knijn, T.},
      title = {Couples' decision-making on having a first child: comparing pathways to early and late parenthood},
      booktitle = {Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America},
      year = {2009},
      url = {http://paa2009.princeton.edu/abstracts/90491}
    }
    
    Rijken, A.J. & Thomson, E. His and her realtionship quality: effects on childbearing. 2009 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America  conference URL 
    Abstract: This study examines the influence of partner relationship quality on childbearing. We are innovative in using relationship quality reports from both partners, drawing on the first and second wave of the Netherlands Kinship Panel Study. This enables us to investigate what happens when partners have disagreeing perceptions of the relationship. A second focus is on the direction of the effect of relationship quality on fertility. We pose a new hypothesis, predicting that medium level relationship quality results in the highest rates of childbearing. Our results indicate that only women's perceptions of relationship quality influence the likelihood of a first birth, whereas women's and men's perceptions affect second births. We do not find unique effects of disagreeing perceptions of relationship quality; each partner’s perceptions have an independent effect. Women with medium levels of relationship quality are most likely to have a(nother) child, whereas the effect of man’s relationship quality is positive.
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Rijken2009,
      author = {Rijken, A. J. and Thomson, E.},
      title = {His and her realtionship quality: effects on childbearing.},
      booktitle = {Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America},
      year = {2009},
      url = {http://paa2009.princeton.edu/papers/91148}
    }
    
    Rizzi, E.L. & Kertzer, D.I. Intergenerational downward ties and fertility intentions in Italy 2010 European Population Conference 2010  conference English URL  intergenerational, Italy, fertility
    Abstract: “Familism” can be identified with the people’s attitude to consider their own utility and family utility as being one and the same thing. Familistic practices and attitudes - which concern downward (toward children) and upward (toward the old) intergenerational ties - has been associated to Italian couples’ reproductive behavior. However, results differ at the macro and the micro level. This paper will focus on intergenerational downward ties in Italy and their effect, at the individual level, on fertility intentions. The controversial term “familism” will be, firstly, defined in connection with other expressions like “strong family”, “stem-family” and “too much family”. Intergenerational downward ties and the related practices, specified as part of the broader frame of familism, will be, then, operationalize. Finally, intergenerational downward practices will be considered in connection with Italian couples’ reproductive intentions in a multivariate analysis. We will analyze data from the “Generations and Gender” survey for Italy. Our dependent variable is the couple intention to have a child (or another child) in the next three years. Intergenerational downward ties will refer to grandparents’ informal childcare, monetary transfers toward children, and satisfaction with relationship with parents. Grandparents’ attitude toward another grandchild – as perceived by interviewer - is also taken into account. We will control for variables that can affect grandparent’s involvement and fertility intentions, as the life stage of grandparents and grandchildren, along with classical control variables (partners’ education, partners’ working status, region of residence). According to preliminary analyses, geographical proximity of mother-in-law seems to have a negative effect on woman’s intentions to have a second and a third child. The hypothesis of an intergeneration downward normative pressure to limit fertility is considered.
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Rizzi2010a,
      author = {Rizzi, E. L. and Kertzer, D. I.},
      title = {Intergenerational downward ties and fertility intentions in Italy},
      booktitle = {European Population Conference 2010},
      publisher = {European Association for Population Studies},
      year = {2010},
      url = {http://epc2010.princeton.edu/abstractViewer.aspx?submissionId=100917}
    }
    
    Roloff, J. Determinanten von Generationentransfers: Die Perspektive erwachsener Kinder auf die Unterstützung ihrer Eltern 2010 Potenziale intergenerationaler Beziehungen: Chancen und Herausforderungen für die Gestaltung des demografischen Wandels, pp. 65-93  incollection German URL 
    BibTeX:
    @incollection{Roloff2010c,
      author = {Roloff, Juliane},
      title = {Determinanten von Generationentransfers: Die Perspektive erwachsener Kinder auf die Unterstützung ihrer Eltern},
      booktitle = {Potenziale intergenerationaler Beziehungen: Chancen und Herausforderungen für die Gestaltung des demografischen Wandels},
      publisher = {Ergon Verl.},
      year = {2010},
      pages = {65-93},
      edition = {Ergon Verlag},
      url = {http://www.gesis.org/sowiport/search/id/iz-solis-90551758}
    }
    
    Roloff, J. Informelle und materielle Hilfe-/Unterstützungsleistungen – Wer sind die Akteure? 2010 Bevölkerungsforschung Aktuell. Mitteilungen aus dem Bundesinstitut für Bevölkerungsforschung
    Vol. 31(6), pp. 12–18 
    article German URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Roloff2010b,
      author = {Roloff, Juliane},
      title = {Informelle und materielle Hilfe-/Unterstützungsleistungen – Wer sind die Akteure?},
      journal = {Bevölkerungsforschung Aktuell. Mitteilungen aus dem Bundesinstitut für Bevölkerungsforschung},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {31},
      number = {6},
      pages = {12–18},
      url = {http://www.bib-demografie.de/nn_750528/SharedDocs/Publikationen/DE/Download/Bevoelkerungsforschung__Aktuell/bev__aktuell__0610,templateId=raw,property=publicationFile.pdf/bev_aktuell_0610.pdf}
    }
    
    Roloff, J. Pflege ist weiblich – Geschlechterdifferenzierte Betrachtung des Pflegebedarfs und Pflegepotenzials 2009 Bevölkerungsforschung Aktuell. Mitteilungen aus dem Bundesinstitut für Bevölkerungsforschung
    Vol. 30, pp. 6-10 
    article German URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Roloff2009a,
      author = {Roloff, Juliane},
      title = {Pflege ist weiblich – Geschlechterdifferenzierte Betrachtung des Pflegebedarfs und Pflegepotenzials},
      journal = {Bevölkerungsforschung Aktuell. Mitteilungen aus dem Bundesinstitut für Bevölkerungsforschung},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {30},
      pages = {6-10},
      url = {http://www.bib-demografie.de/nn_750528/SharedDocs/Publikationen/DE/Download/Bevoelkerungsforschung__Aktuell/bev__aktuell__0309,templateId=raw,property=publicationFile.pdf/bev_aktuell_0309.pdf}
    }
    
    Ruckdeschel, K. Les intentions de fécondité et l'infécondité en Allemagne 2011 Informations sociales
    Vol. 163(1-2), pp. 42–48 
    article French URL  Germany
    Abstract: L’Allemagne, qui affiche l’un des indices de fécondité les plus faibles au monde, a peu de chances de renverser la tendance dans les années à venir, au vu de résultats d’enquêtes menées sur le désir d’enfant. Si le modèle majoritairement souhaité est celui d’une famille avec deux enfants, en deuxième position vient, à l’Est, le choix d’un enfant unique et, à l’Ouest, celui de n’en vouloir aucun.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Ruckdeschel2011a,
      author = {Ruckdeschel, K.},
      title = {Les intentions de fécondité et l'infécondité en Allemagne},
      journal = {Informations sociales},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {163},
      number = {1-2},
      pages = {42–48},
      note = {L'Allemagne à l'épreuve des réformes},
      url = {http://www.cairn.info/load_pdf.php?ID_ARTICLE=INSO_163_0042}
    }
    
    Ruckdeschel, K. Rabenmutter contra Mère Poule: Kinderwunsch und Mutterbild im deutsch-französischen Vergleich [Uncaring mothers vs. mother hen: Desired fertility and perceptions of motherhood in a German-French comparison] 2009 Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungswissenschaft
    Vol. 34(1-2), pp. 105–134 
    article German DOI URL  Vergleich Deutschland Frankreich – Kinderwunsch – Rollenbilder – Müttererwerbstätigkeit – Familienpolitik // Comparison between Germany and France – desired fertility – role models – working mothers – family policy
    Abstract: There are marked differences between France and Germany in terms of the fertility level which are traced back to different family policy frameworks and to differences in the normative expectations as to the role of woman and mother. The influence exerted by these structural and cultural differences on desired fertility in both countries is examined with data from the German and French Generations and Gender Survey of 2005, Western and Eastern Germany being analysed separately. The results show that differences in attitudes between Western Germany and France are less pronounced than those between Western and Eastern Germany. When it comes to childless persons, cultural factors exert a significant influence on desired fertility; above all affirmation of the traditional housewife role has a positive impact in both countries, whilst there are indications that a negative attitude towards working mothers has a negative impact in Western Germany. The impact with parents tends to stem from structural factors, i.e. the actual earning constellation. A dual-earner partnership has a positive influence on fathers’ desired fertility in France, whilst its influence onWestern German mothers is negative.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Ruckdeschel2009a,
      author = {Ruckdeschel, K.},
      title = {Rabenmutter contra Mère Poule: Kinderwunsch und Mutterbild im deutsch-französischen Vergleich [Uncaring mothers vs. mother hen: Desired fertility and perceptions of motherhood in a German-French comparison]},
      journal = {Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungswissenschaft},
      year = {2009},
      volume = {34},
      number = {1-2},
      pages = {105–134},
      url = {http://www.springerlink.com/content/f4623567wgn8v2h2/},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12523-010-0035-0}
    }
    
    Ruckdeschel, K. Nachdenken über den Kinderwünsch 2007 Bevölkerungsforschung Aktuell. Mitteilungen aus dem Bundesinstitut für Bevölkerungsforschung
    Vol. 1, pp. 13-16 
    article German URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Ruckdeschel2007a,
      author = {Ruckdeschel, K.},
      title = {Nachdenken über den Kinderwünsch},
      journal = {Bevölkerungsforschung Aktuell. Mitteilungen aus dem Bundesinstitut für Bevölkerungsforschung},
      year = {2007},
      volume = {1},
      pages = {13-16},
      url = {http://www.bib-demografie.de/SharedDocs/Publikationen/DE/Download/Bevoelkerungsforschung_Aktuell/Heft1_2007.pdf?__blob=publicationFile&v=3}
    }
    
    Ruckdeschel, K. & Ette, A. Großeltern oder Kinderkrippe? Zur Bedeutung intergenerationaler Unterstützung bei der Kinderbetreuung im europäischen Vergleich 2010 Bevölkerungsforschung Aktuell. Mitteilungen aus dem Bundesinstitut für Bevölkerungsforschung
    Vol. 31(4), pp. 4-7 
    article German URL 
    BibTeX:
    @article{Ruckdeschel2010,
      author = {Ruckdeschel, K. and Ette, A.},
      title = {Großeltern oder Kinderkrippe? Zur Bedeutung intergenerationaler Unterstützung bei der Kinderbetreuung im europäischen Vergleich},
      journal = {Bevölkerungsforschung Aktuell. Mitteilungen aus dem Bundesinstitut für Bevölkerungsforschung},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {31},
      number = {4},
      pages = {4-7},
      url = {http://www.bib-demografie.de/nn_750528/SharedDocs/Publikationen/DE/Download/Bevoelkerungsforschung__Aktuell/bev__aktuell__0410,templateId=raw,property=publicationFile.pdf/bev_aktuell_0410.pdf}
    }
    
    Ruckdeschel, K., Ette, A., Hullen, G. & Leven, I. Generations and Gender Survey. Dokumentation der ersten Welle der Hauptbefragung in Deutschland 2006 Materialien zur Bevölkerungswissenschaft, Bundesinstitut für Bevölkerungsforschung
    Vol. 121a(121a), pp. 1-265 
    techreport German URL 
    BibTeX:
    @techreport{Ruckdeschel2006a,
      author = {Ruckdeschel, K. and Ette, A. and Hullen, G. and Leven, I.},
      title = {Generations and Gender Survey. Dokumentation der ersten Welle der Hauptbefragung in Deutschland},
      journal = {Materialien zur Bevölkerungswissenschaft, Bundesinstitut für Bevölkerungsforschung},
      year = {2006},
      volume = {121a},
      number = {121a},
      pages = {1-265},
      url = {http://www.bib-demographie.de/cln_099/nn_979622/SharedDocs/Publikationen/DE/Download/Materialienbaende/121a.html}
    }
    
    Russel, K. Emotional distress and childlessness in Estonia: a comparison of men and women 2011 School: Stockholm University, Department of Sociology,  mastersthesis URL 
    BibTeX:
    @mastersthesis{Russel,
      author = {Russel, K},
      title = {Emotional distress and childlessness in Estonia: a comparison of men and women},
      school = {Stockholm University, Department of Sociology,},
      year = {2011},
      url = {http://su.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2:469433}
    }
    
    Rychtaríková, J. Health in the Czech Republic by GGS survey 2008
    Vol. “ Living longer but Healthier lives”Europe Blanche XXVI 
    conference  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Rychtarikova2008b,
      author = {Rychtaríková, J.},
      title = {Health in the Czech Republic by GGS survey},
      booktitle = {Europe Blanche XXVI},
      year = {2008},
      volume = {“ Living longer but Healthier lives”}
    }
    
    Rychtaríková, J. Children in the Czech Republic in terms of generation, education, region, and size of mother’s municipality 2005
    Vol. Family and Parenthood at the Beginning of 21st Century. Changes in Family Patterns, Partnership and Parenthood in Contemporary Society as a Challenge for Political PracticeFamily and Parenthood at the Beginning of 21st Century 
    conference  
    BibTeX:
    @conference{Rychtarikova2005a,
      author = {Rychtaríková, J.},
      title = {Children in the Czech Republic in terms of generation, education, region, and size of mother’s municipality},
      booktitle = {Family and Parenthood at the Beginning of 21st Century},
      year = {2005},