The EMEP Strategy 2000-2009
Cooperative Programme for Monitoring and Evaluation of the Long-range
Transmission of Air Pollutants in Europe (EMEP) will continue
to be the main science-based and policy-driven instrument for
international cooperation in atmospheric monitoring and modelling,
emission inventories and projections, and integrated assessment
to help solve transboundary air pollution problems. To this
end it seeks to develop:
EMEP establishes sound scientific evidence and provides
guidance to underpin, develop and evaluate environmental
EMEP fosters international partnership to find solutions
to environmental problems
EMEP encourages the open use of intellectual resources and
EMEP is transparent and shares information and expertise
with research programmes, expert institutions, national
and international organizations, and environmental agreements;
EMEP is organized to integrate information on emissions,
environmental quality, effects and abatement options, and
to provide the basis for solutions.
to the Convention on Long‑range Transboundary Air Pollution aim
to reverse freshwater and soil acidification, forest dieback, eutrophication,
exposure to excess ozone, the degradation of cultural monuments and historic
buildings, and the accumulation of heavy metals and persistent organic
pollutants in the soil, water, vegetation and other living organisms.
The Convention has established a unique network of scientific cooperation,
which was initiated by EMEP and has evolved over the years in cooperation
with the Working Group on Effects and other bodies under the Convention.
monitoring network, the quality control system, the emission data and
the modelling work have demonstrated the transboundary nature of air pollution
problems and made it possible to quantify the source-receptor relationships
between countries and regions and convincingly communicate the results
to policy makers and to the public. Integrated assessment modelling has
made it possible to calculate the most cost‑effective ways to reduce
emissions across Europe.
are still several air pollution problems affecting human health and causing
ecosystem damage for which both national and transboundary emissions are
particulate matter and human health;
recovery of acidified soils and ecosystems;
and human health, vegetation and ecosystems;
dioxide and human health;
organic pollutants, heavy metals and human health and ecotoxicological
air quality and human health.
the adoption of the 1998 Protocols on Heavy Metals and Persistent Organic
Pollutants and the 1999 Gothenburg Protocol to Abate Acidification, Eutrophication
and Ground-level Ozone, the Convention and its subsidiary bodies, including
EMEP, are at an important turning point. The priorities for the
Convention now are:
The review and extension of existing protocols; and
The implementation of, and compliance with, existing agreements.
implementation of the protocols requires a dedicated system for measuring
success. Success has to be measured by properly integrating monitoring,
modelling and emissions assessments. Tools need to be developed and applied
to assess and verify that implementation is achieved and that further
measures will be cost-effective. At the same time exploratory work must
continue on new substances that may be harmful to health and ecosystems.
tasks of EMEP focus on five subjects:
Persistent organic pollutants;
Fine particulate matter.
support in these five areas requires the systematic collection, analysis
and reporting of information from monitoring networks, from emission inventories,
from modelling studies, and on various abatement measures, as well as
the integrated assessment of this information. In order to find
new options for reducing emissions cost-effectively, structural measures
in energy, transport and agriculture need to be more closely examined
and incorporated into the assessment.
via its technical centres and in cooperation with the Working Group on
Strategies and Review, the Working Group on Effects and the Convention's
other subsidiary bodies, is well placed to carry out these activities.
relies on participating countries to meet its objectives and responsibilities.
EMEP should identify and take advantage of opportunities for strengthening
its partnerships with national and international research programmes and
develop mechanisms to incorporate these programmes into its work-plan
to improve the scientific quality of its work. While the centralized
activities at the EMEP centres providing Europe-wide analysis of transboundary
air pollution should be maintained, partnerships between the EMEP centres
and national and international research and monitoring activities should
policy development in the European Community (EC), including its proposed
enlargement, is an additional important driving force for further scientific
work within EMEP. The EC has a legislative system of its own, but
both the EC itself and its member countries are Parties to the Convention.
This opens possibilities for cooperation in order to maximize the benefits,
and minimize the costs, of monitoring and research. The opportunities
for technical integration of activities coordinated by the European Commission
and those of the Convention should, therefore, be exploited as far as
climate-change policies driven by the Kyoto process aimed at reducing
greenhouse-gas emissions, and international agreements to reduce emissions
from, for example, international shipping and aviation constitute a further
impetus that should receive appropriate attention in EMEP activities.
best serve the Convention, EMEP should pay more attention to the regional
differences in environmental problems across Europe. In the Mediterranean
the focus is more on mesoscale meteorological cycles, ozone and fine particle
formation, while in northern Europe long-range transport is important.
In the Alps and in other mountainous regions the local topography is a
major factor in pollution distribution.
is also becoming increasingly clear that some environmental problems in
Europe need to be considered on a hemispheric or global scale. The work
of EMEP should embrace developments in North America and elsewhere.
As global emissions increase, transport between the continents, and even
globally, is raising European levels of the pollutants controlled by the
protocols to the Convention. In future EMEP will need to address
these issues and interact with the appropriate international research
increasing significance in environmental policy development are the interests
and concerns of individual citizens, local authorities, industry, non-governmental
organizations, expert institutions and other bodies. This means that there
will be a need for greater openness and transparency in the work of EMEP.
The dissemination of information within EMEP and from EMEP should be transparent,
two-way and easily accessible to everybody.
work of EMEP will continue to be dependent on support for the EMEP centres,
especially through effective implementation of the Protocol on Long-term
Financing of EMEP. In addition, the Parties should be urged to implement
the EMEP monitoring programme fully so that uncertainties in present observations,
model estimates and emission inventories can be resolved.