UNUnited Nations Economic Commission for Europe
Espoo (EIA) Convention logo
Welcome
  Calendar of meetings     Site index
 UNECE > Programmes > Environment > impact assessment > SEA Protocol
 
eng | fre | rus 

Protocol on Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA)

   

Protocol on Strategic Environmental Assessment (Kyiv, 2003)

 
Plans and programmes requiring strategic environmental assessment will include energy plans. Photo © Dave

The Kyiv (SEA) Protocol, now in force (see which countries are Party to the Protocol external link; see press release on entry into force), requires its Parties to evaluate the environmental consequences of their official draft plans and programmes.

Strategic environmental assessment (SEA) is undertaken much earlier in the decision-making process than project environmental impact assessment (EIA), and it is therefore seen as a key tool for sustainable development. The Protocol also provides for extensive public participation in government decision-making in numerous development sectors.

 

The Protocol was adopted by an Extraordinary meeting of the Parties to the Espoo Convention, held on 21 May 2003 during the Ministerial 'Environment for Europe' Conference (Kyiv). Read more about the history of the Protocol »

The Meeting of the Signatories has been the decision-making body under the Protocol pending its entry into force.

 

The text of the Protocol:

Authentic texts

PDF
ENG FRA RUS -

Texts

web ENG FRE RUS -

Other formal translations by the United Nations

PDF
ARA - SPA -

Informal translation by Spain

PDF
- - SPA  

Informal translation by the European Commission

PDF Danish Dutch Finnish Greek
  PDF Italian Portuguese Swedish -

Informal translation by Armenia

PDF Armenian      

Informal translation by Germany, Austria, Switzerland and Liechtenstein

PDF German      

Informal translation by Sweden

PDF Swedish      
 

Some useful resources

Summary of provisions

web
ENG RUS

Pamphlet on applying the Protocol

PDF
ENG RUS

Introductory presentation

PDF
ENG -

Workshop on public participation in strategic decision-making, Sofia, 3-4 December 2007

web
ENG -

Press release for the end of negotiations

web
ENG -

Reports of the drafting meetings (Ad Hoc Working Group)

web
ENG -
 

Millennium Development Goal external link 7: Ensure environmental sustainability

Target 1: Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes and reverse the loss of environmental resources

Rio Declaration on Environment and Development external link (1992)

Principle 4: In order to achieve sustainable development, environmental protection shall constitute an integral part of the development process and cannot be considered in isolation from it.