In the Outcome document of the 2005 World Summit (A/RES/60/1), the world leaders reaffirmed their commitment to build on ongoing reforms and called for improved alignment of policy formulation and operational activities, as well as for better coordination and stronger system-wide coherence. Subsequently, the High-level Panel on United Nations System-wide Coherence in the areas of development, humanitarian assistance and the environment submitted its report, Delivering as One (A/61/583), which recommended to overcome the fragmentation of the United Nations system and bring together the system’s numerous assets to deliver as one at all levels in the pursuit of one set of goals.
In 2008, the General Assembly adopted the resolution on system-wide coherence (A/RES/62/277) that has demonstrated the broad support of the UN membership to the process and decided that “the continuing and deepening intergovernmental work of the General Assembly on system-wide coherence will focus exclusively and in an integrated manner on ‘Delivering as One’ at country and regional levels, harmonization of business practices, funding, governance, and gender equality and the empowerment of women”.
Pursuant to the Delivering as One initiative, and recalling the outcomes of the major UN conferences and summits in the economic, social and related fields including the 2005 World Summit, the resolution on the Quadranial Comprehensive Policy Review of Operational Activities for Development of the UN system (A/RES/67/227) adopted by the General Assembly in January 2013 highlighted the importance attached by member States to strengthened system-wide coherence as a vehicle for improving the relevance, efficiency and effectiveness of the United Nations development system. In this resolution, member States reaffirmed the role of regional dimension of development and noted the contribution of the UN regional commissions to achieving the internationally agreed development goals. Recognizing the comparative advantage of the United Nations development system at the regional level, member States urged the regional commissions and other United Nations organisations to intensify their support of country-level development initiatives, in alignment with the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) and in close coordination with the United Nations resident coordinators and country teams. The resolution also reaffirmed the increased importance of South-South cooperation and called upon the organizations of the United Nations system, including the regional commissions, to establish and/or improve mechanisms to promote knowledge-sharing on successful development experiences and best practices through South-South cooperation.
The UNECE’s Technical Cooperation Strategy, adopted in 2007 as a result of its reform stated that “the UNECE will increase its involvement in national level planning mechanisms, such as the Common Country Assessment (CCA), the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF), and the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper in order to encourage the incorporation of transboundary policy issues into these mechanisms”.Pursuant to the Strategy and in response to GA resolutions on UN system wide coherence, the UNECE has been actively involved in the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) process in all countries with economies in transition since 2008. In addition, it participates in the One UN pilot programme in Albania and Montenegro (a self-starter). At the regional level, UNECE contributes to the work of the United Nations Development Group (UNDG) (formerly Regional Directors Team or RDT) for Europe and CIS. The main objective of the UNDG is to provide coherent technical support to Resident Coordinators and the UN Country teams for the achievement of country-level results.At the global level, UNECE has been contributing to the work of the Inter-Agency Cluster on Trade and Productive Capacity established in 2008 by the Chief Executives Board (CEB) for coordination of UN trade and development operational work. It has also been contributing to the work of UN-Energy, an interagency mechanism established in 2004 for promoting UN system-wide coherence in energy-related operational work.