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The Working Group on Integrated Water Resources Management and the Working Group on Monitoring and Assessment are the two main subsidiary bodies established by the Meeting of the Parties.
The focus of the work of the Working Group on Monitoring and Assessment is to assist Parties bordering the same transboundary waters in establishing and implementing joint programmes for monitoring the conditions of transboundary waters, including floods and ice drifts, as well as transboundary impacts. Furthermore, the Working Group on Monitoring and Assessment has a leading role in the preparation of periodic assessments of the status of transboundary waters and international lakes in the UNECE region, which allows for measuring progress in the implementation of the Convention. The Working Group also seeks to promote the exchange of data on environmental conditions of transboundary waters; to encourage Parties to inform each other about any critical situation that may have a transboundary impact and to make available to the public the results of water and effluent sampling, together with the results of the verification of compliance with water-quality objectives and permit conditions.
The need to consider monitoring and assessment in the broader context of integrated water resources management calls for close collaboration between the two Working Groups through cooperation on a number of joint activities.
Unless otherwise decided by the Meeting of the Parties, the Bureau or the Working Groups themselves, the Working Groups hold one ordinary meeting per year. Annual meetings of the Working Groups constitute an efficient mechanism for governing, coordination and fostering implementation of the Convention. These meetings provide a forum for sharing knowledge and successful experiences among Parties, non-Parties and stakeholders, with a view to supporting and carrying out, inter alia, bilateral and multilateral activities, pilot projects and capacity-building activities.