This activity includes the review of the current systems and the drafting of recommendations on how to strengthen the legal framework for SEA and EIA. As appropriate, assistance in drafting legislative amendments will also be offered. The revision of national regulatory and legislative frameworks with regard to transboundary EIA and SEA has proved to be an efficient tool for identifying weaknesses and potential improvements.
The activities will include:
- National legislative reviews of SEA and EIA, including recommendations describing necessary legislative, process and institutional improvements. Each review includes a period in-country examining legislation, procedures and practice and will build upon earlier reviews where still relevant, as well as the national implementation reports collected under the Espoo Convention. An international expert is assisted by a local counterpart expert (consultant), with review results being presented to government at a roundtable event or similar. Recommendations cover legislative, process and institutional improvements. The review is carried out as a joint activity between the government and the external legal expert; the commitment of the national authorities is therefore key for a successful project and they should play a significant and active role in the review.
- Legal drafting for SEA/EIA legislation, including draft amendments to legislation and regulations, together with support for, and a strategy to promote, approval of such amendments. Drafting is supported in part by general guidance on enhancing consistency between the Convention and environmental assessment within the framework of State ecological expertise.
- Sub-regional overview. The results of the previous and new national legislative reviews will be combined, providing a valuable tool for the partner countries in understanding the different approaches taken across the sub-region.
Republic of Moldova
Legislative review on SEA
Legislative review on EIA in a transboundary context
Legal drafting on SEA
Legal drafting on EIA in a transboundary context