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2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030

2015 saw the adoption of two major global frameworks: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030.

summary postcards on the Convention and2030 Agenda for Sustainable DevelopmentSendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030

With the 17 Sustainable Development Goals of the 2030 Agenda, countries will, over the next fifteen years, mobilize efforts to end all forms of poverty, fight inequalities and tackle climate change, while ensuring that no one is left behind. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) call for action by all countries to promote prosperity while protecting the planet. They recognize that ending poverty must go hand-in-hand with strategies that build economic growth and address a range of social needs including education, health, social protection and job opportunities, while tackling climate change and environmental protection. The Goals emphasize the integration of the social, economic and environmental dimensions for supporting sustainable development in both developing and developed countries.

The Sendai Framework is a 15-year, voluntary, non-binding agreement that recognizes that the State has the primary role to reduce disaster risk, but that responsibility should be shared with other stakeholders including local government, the private sector and other stakeholders. It aims for the substantial reduction of disaster risk and losses in lives, livelihoods and health and in the economic, physical, social, cultural and environmental assets of people, businesses, communities and countries. The Sendai Framework sets out specific targets and priorities for action with a strong emphasis on disaster risk management, the reduction of disaster risk, the prevention of new risk and on reducing existing risk and strengthening resilience. The Sendai Framework covers, for the first time, technological disasters.

The UNECE Industrial Accidents Convention can help its Parties in their attainment of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development as well as in the achievement of the priorities for action set out in the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030, as a number of the SDGs and the Sendai targets are directly relevant or can be associated to the prevention, preparedness and response to industrial and chemical accidents.

The main links between the Convention and the SDGs are:

Avoiding deaths and illnesses from hazardous chemicals by reducing the risk of technological disasters releasing chemical substances.Strengthening resilience to climate-related hazards and natural disasters by promoting adequate siting, land-use policies and emergency plans.
Preventing accidental water pollution from industrial accidents.

Providing a framework to prevent accidental release of chemicals, thus contributing to their environmentally sound management.

Promoting safe management of industrial installations to make them sustainable.Ensuring participatory decision-making by involving the public in discussions related to the prevention of, preparedness for and response to industrial accidents.

 

Encouraging integrated policies to achieve resilience to disasters, in line with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030.

There are also important linkages between the Sendai Framework priorities for action and concrete activities of the Industrial Accidents Convention, in particular:

1. Understanding disaster risk

The Convention stresses the importance of identifying potentially hazardous activities to be able to target actions for prevention, preparedness and response. It sets out preventive measures to be carried out by national authorities and operators, including legislative and institutional measures. The Convention also deals with the siting of hazardous installations as part of land-use planning policies and measures to minimize risks to the population and the environment.

2. Strengthening disaster risk governance to manage disaster risk

The Convention provides a framework for Parties to set up their legal and institutional frameworks at local, national and regional levels to address the prevention of, preparedness for and response to industrial accidents. It focuses on technological disaster risk reduction arising from hazardous activities which can cause a transboundary effect in case of accident. The Convention can thus be regarded as a mechanism for regional and subregional cooperation, as it addresses common and transboundary disaster risk reduction amongst neighbouring and other potentially affected countries, and supports capacity development.

3. Investing in disaster risk reduction for resilience

The Convention promotes the prevention of technological disaster risks through institutional, legislative and practical measures adopted by authorities and operators. The Convention obliges its Parties to adopt legislation for disaster risk reduction, requiring operators to ensure and demonstrate the safe performance of their activities. The Convention also promotes coherence across sectors by stipulating cooperation among national authorities in charge of industrial accident prevention.

4. Enhancing disaster preparedness for effective response and to “Build Back Better” in recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction

The Convention promotes the organization of transboundary exercises to train relevant authorities and the population on preparedness and response. More specifically, in line with the Sendai Framework, the Convention contains obligations to:

(a)    Prepare, review and periodically update disaster preparedness and contingency policies, plans and programmes, ensuring the participation of all sectors and stakeholders, in particular when preparing on- and off-site contingency plans as required by the Convention

(b)    Promote regular disaster preparedness, response and recovery exercises

(c)    Develop and strengthen, as appropriate, coordinated regional approaches and operational mechanisms to prepare for and ensure rapid and effective disaster response, for example, through the use of the UNECE Industrial Accident Notification System to request and render mutual assistance in a cross-border context.

If you wish to learn more on linkages between the work of the Industrial Accidents Convention and the above global frameworks, see the information (include webcast) on the Joint United UNECE/OECD Seminar - Fostering implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030 for industrial accidents prevention, preparedness and response. The seminar was held in the framework of the ninth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention and discussed how the work of UNECE and OECD on industrial and chemical accidents prevention, preparedness and response can contribute to achieving the sustainable development agenda.