The Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses
and International Lakes (Water Convention) was adopted in 1992 and
entered into force in 1996. It brings together almost all countries sharing
transboundary waters in the pan-European region, and is expected to
achieve broader participation with its global opening to all United Nations
The Water Convention serves as a mechanism to strengthen international
cooperation and national measures for the ecologically sound management
and protection of transboundary surface waters and groundwaters.
Furthermore, it provides an intergovernmental platform for the day-to-day
development and advancement of transboundary cooperation.
The present Guide to Implementing the Water Convention constitutes a
commentary to the Convention’s provisions, providing explanations of
the legal, procedural, administrative, technical and practical aspects of
the Convention’s requirements for appropriate implementation. It aims
to strengthen the understanding of the Convention among current and
future Parties, international partners, non governmental organizations and