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Case law related to the Convention

Through paragraph 16 (a) (ii) of decision III/3 and paras. 5 and 13 (a) of decision IV/2 , the Meeting of the Parties requested the Task Force on Access to Justice to provide a platform for sharing information, experiences and good practices related to access to justice by supporting a portal for the exchange of jurisprudence concerning the Aarhus Convention for use by judges, legal professionals, academics and other stakeholders.

Parties to the Convention and other stakeholders are kindly invited to submit the following information about cases that make reference to the Aarhus Convention and its principles: case summaries (in English) of judgments and decisions from the courts and other bodies,  the decisions of which have precedence in the legal system, concerning “Aarhus issues” (i.e. either by reference to the Aarhus Convention itself, or to domestic legislation implementing the Convention or dealing with the principles of the Convention). Also, cases involving a country from relevant judicial bodies at the regional level, such as the European Court of Justice (EU) and the European Court of Human Rights.

A template (ENG and RUS) and an example (ENG and RUS) have been prepared to facilitate submission of relevant cases. Please send the submissions to the Aarhus Convention secretariat (public.participation[at]unece.org).

The jurisprudence has been included in the Aarhus Clearingshouse for Environmental Democracy.

A

Country

Court

 Case

Summary

Issue

Armenia

General Jurisdiction Court of First Instance of Syunik Region

22 residents of the Kapan city v. Armenian Sewerage Compan
24 March 2011

ENG

Access to justice
(art 9 para 3)

Armenia

Cassation Court

Teghout mine case
30 October 2009 and
1 April 2011

ENG

NGOs standing (art 2, paras 4 and 5, art 9, paras 2 and 3)

Armenia

Constitutional Court

Decision of the Constitutional Court of Armenia N906
9 July 2010

ENG

NGOs standing (art 2, paras 4 and 5, art 9, paras 2 and 3)

Armenia

Administrative Court of Armenia

Dolphynarium case
10 April 2012

ENG

NGOs standing (art 2, paras 4 and 5, art 9, paras 2 and 3)

B

Country

Court

Case

Summary

Issue

Belgium

Constitutional Court

d'Arripe c.s. v Valloon Region (fr, nl, de)
14 September 2006

ENG

Public participation, access to justice, plans and programmes (art. 7)

Belgium

Constitutional Court

Inter-Environment Wallonie v Walloon Region (fr, nl, de)
14 September 2006

ENG

Public participation, plans and programmes (art. 7)

Belgium

Constitutional Court

Lenaerts c.s v 's Heerenbosch (fr, nl, de)
26 April 2007

ENG

Access to justice (art. 9, para. 3)

Belgium

Council of State

ENG

Access to environmental information (art. 4, paras. 1, 3, 4 and 6)

Belgium

Council of State

ENG

NGO standing (art. 2, para. 5, and art. 9, para. 5)

Belgium

Council of State

Boxus and W. Roua
27 March 2009

ENG

Public participation, access to justice and projects (art. 2, para. 2, and art. 9, para. 2)

Belgium

Constitutional Court

Solvay c.s. v. Walloon Region (fr, nl, de
22 November 2012

ENG

Public participation, access to justice and projects (art. 2, para. 2, art. 3, para. 9, art. 6, para. 9, and art 9, paras. 2-4)

Belgium

Council of State

IMMO Dominique
18 December 2012

ENG

Access to justice and environmental permitting (art. 2, para. 2, art. 3, para. 9, art. 6, para. 8, and art. 9, para. 2 and 4)

Belgium

Supreme court

PP and PSLV v. Gewestelijk Stedenbouwkundig Inspecteur and M vzw
11 June 2013

ENG

Standing of environmental NGO in a criminal case (art. 2, para. 4, art. 3, para. 4, and art. 9, para. 3)

Belgium

Constitutional Court

Lauwers c.s., vzw Ademloos c.s., G. Bergmans c.s. and M. Van Damme v. Flemish Government 23 January 2014

ENG

Definition of "public" and "public concerned" (Art. 2 para. 4, art. 2 para. 5) and access to justice (art. 9 paras 2 to 4)

F

Country

Court

Case

Summary

Issue

France

Conseil d'Etat

Conseil d'Etat No266668
Association des habitans du Littoral du Morbihan 
7 August 2007

ENG

Access to environmental information (art 4)

G

Country

Court

Case

Summary

Issue

Germany

Oberwaltungsgericht Schleswig

ENG

Access to justice (art 9 paras 2 and 5)

Germany

Bundesverwaltungsgericht

Darmstadt case, BVerwG 7 C 21.12

ENG

Access to justice (art 9 para 3) and Definitions art 2, para 5

I

Country

Court

Case

Summary

Issue

Italy

Consiglio di Stato

Codacons v Ministry of the Environment

18 December 2007

ENG

Public participation (art 6, 7 and 8), access to justice (art 9)

Italy

Consiglio di Stato

Horiba di Bombini G. e C. s.n.c. v Comitato Regionale Pugliese di Legambiente
14 April 2006

ENG

Standing (art 2 para 5), access to justice (art 9)

Italy

Corte Suprema di Cassazione

Verdi Ambiente e Società ONLUS v Tribunale di Foggia
14 November 2006

ENG

NGO standing (art 2 para 5), access to justice (art 9)

Italy

Consiglio di Stato

Italia Nostra, Legambiente, WWF v Presidenza del Consiglio dei ministri et al.
22 July 2005

ENG

Access to information (art 4 and 5), public participation (art 6)

Italy

Consiglio di Stato

Regione Veneto v Legambiente of Verona et al
17 July 2004

ENG

Standing (art 2 para 5), public participation (art 6), access to justice (art 9)

Italy

Consiglio di Stato

National Organisation of Nuclear Physics v Engineers Association
7 September 2004

ENG

Access to information (art 4 and 5), public participation (art 6)

Italy

Consiglio di Stato

Region of Lombardia; ’La Rinascente’ v Legambiente
16 December 2003

ENG

NGO standing (art 2 para 5), plans programs and policies (art 7), access to justice (art 9)

Italy

Consiglio di Stato

Landesverband für Heimatpflege in Südtirol v Provincia di Bolzano; Comune di Monguelfo
9 October 2002

ENG

Standing (art 2 para 5), access to justice (art 9)

Italy

Consiglio di Stato

CODACONS Nazionale e CODACONS Centro Marche v Comune di Potenza Picena et al
11 July 2001

ENG

Standing (art 2 para 5), access to justice (art 9)

L

Country

Court

 Case

Summary

Issue

Latvia

Constitutional Court

Case 2008-03-03 on compliance of Regulation No 67 of the Riga City Council with the Spatial Planning Law and art 115 of the Constitution
24 September 2008

ENG

Access to environmental information, access to justice, public participation (art 2, art 4, art 6, art 7, art 9)

Latvia

Constitutional Court

Case 2008-38-03 on compliance of Regulations No 8 and No19 of the Municipality of Jurmala with art 115 of the Constitution
6 July 2009

ENG

Public participation, access to environmental information (art 4,
art 7, art 9 para 2)

Latvia

Constitutional Court

On Compliance of the Binding Regulation No. 67 of 19 December 2006 of the Riga City Council "Regulations of Use and Building of the Territory in Maskava Street 264 (Cadastre No. 01000780413) and Maskava Street without Number" with Item 1 of Section 3 of the Spatial Planning Law, Item 4 of the First Part of Section 37 of the Protection Zone Law and art. 115 of the Satversme (Constitution) of the Republic of Latvia

ENG

Access to environmental information, access to justice, public participation (art 2, art 4, art 6, art 7, art 9)

Latvia

Constitutional Court

On compliance of the Cabinet of Ministers 8 August 2001 Decree No. 401 "On the Location of the Hazardous Waste Incineration Facility in Olaine" with art. 111 and 115 of the Satversme, art. 5 and 6 (Items 1-3) of the Waste Management Law, art. 3 and 11 of the Law "On the Environmental Impact Assessment", art. 14 and 17 (the First Part) of the Law on Pollution as well as art. 11 of the Law ‘On Environmental Protection’

ENG

Access to environmental information, access to justice, public participation (art 3 para 2, art 4, art 6 (annex I para 5) art 9)

Latvia

Supreme Court

Political party "Jaunais Laiks" and Association of Protection of the City of Jurmala v. Jurmala City Council (SKA-325/2010)

ENG

 

Access to Justice (Article 9)

Latvia

Supreme Court

Council of the City of Ventspils v. State Environmental Service’s Regional Environmental Board of the city of Ventspils  (SKA – 424/2012).

ENG

Public participation in decisions on specific activities (Article 6) and Access to Justice (Article 9)

Latvia

Supreme Court

Association "Mezaparka attistibas biedriba" v. Council of the City of Riga for its non-compliance with a decision of State’s Inspection on Environmental Matters (SKA-2015/2011)

ENG

Access to Justice (Article 9)

Lithuania

Supreme Administrative Court

A. Ž. and others v. Ministry of Environment and its Vilnius Regional Protection Department
2 December 2011

ENG

Access to justice (art. 1, art. 2, para. 4 and art. 9, paras. 3 and 4)

Lithuania

Supreme Administrative Court

“Žvėryno bendruomenė” v. administration of Vilnius municipality
9 December 2010

ENG

Public Participation and Access to Justice (art. 6 and art. 9, paras. 2 and 3)

Lithuania

Supreme Court

District Chief Prosecutor v. “Bitė Lietuva”
21 December 2011

ENG

Public participation, plans and programmes(art. 7)

Lithuania

Supreme Administrative Court


Case re the Curonian Spit national park management plan
28 September 2012

ENG

Access to justice (art. 9)

Lithuania

Supreme Court

CSC “Saerimner”
16 January 2013

ENG

Access to justice (art. 9, paras. 2 and 3)

R

Country

Court

Case

Summary

Issue

Pepublic of Moldova

Curtea de Apel Chisinau

Case 3-2039/2008 (MD)
NGO "Eco-Tiras" v. Moldsilva
23 June 2008

ENG

Access to environmental information (art. 2, paras. 2-4, art. 3 and 4), access to justice (art. 9, para. 1)

S

Country

Court

Case

Summary

Key issue

Spain

Tribunal Supremo

ENG

NGO standing (art 2 para 5), access to justice (art 9)

Spain

Tribunal Superior de Justicia de Canarias

Port of Granadilla, (Decision on interim measures # 66/09)
15 June 2009

ENG

Injunction (art 9 paras. 3 and 4)

Sweden

Environmental Court of Appeal (Miljööverdomstolen)

Mettinge (Sweden); MÖD 2001:29
27 June 2001

ENG

Public concerned (neighbours) (art 2 and art 9 para 3)

Sweden

Environmental Court of Appeal (Mark- och miljööverdomstolen)

Uppsala Värme (Sweden); MÖD 2002:82
3 December 2002

ENG

Public concerned (art 2 para 5 and art 9 para 2)

Sweden

Environmental Court of Appeal (Mark- och miljööverdomstolen)

Ödeshög (Sweden); MÖD 2003:19
12 March 2003

ENG

Public concerned and omission by public authority (art 2 para 5 and art 9 para 3)

Sweden

Environmental Court of Appeal (Mark- och miljööverdomstolen)

Perstorp (Sweden); MÖD 2003:98, MÖD 2003:99
17 October 2003

ENG

Public concerned (art 2 para 5 and art 9)

Sweden

Environmental Court of Appeal (Mark- och miljööverdomstolen)

Gotland (Sweden); MÖD 2004:31
15 June 2004

ENG

Public concerned and omission by public authority (art 2 para 5 and art 9 para 3)

Sweden

Environmental Court of Appeal (Mark- och miljööverdomstolen)

Ragnsells (Sweden); MÖD 2011:46
12 December 2012

ENG

Public concerned and omission by public authority (art 2 para 5 and art 9 para 2)

Sweden

Supreme Court (Högsta domstolen)

Brännö Brygga, NJA 2004 s. 590
21 October 2004

ENG

Public concerned (neighbours) (art 2 para 5 and art 9)

Sweden

Supreme Administrative Court (Regeringsrätten)

Gabbens bergtäkt (Sweden); RÅ 1993 ref. 97
16 November 1993

ENG

Public concerned and the public interest (art 2 para 5 and art 9 paras 2 and 3)

Sweden

Supreme Administrative Court (Regeringsrätten)

Stora Billerud (Sweden); RÅ 1997 ref 38
16 June 1997

ENG

Standing for individuals (art 2 para 5 and art 9)

Sweden

Supreme Administrative Court (Regeringsrätten)

Great crested newt (Sweden); RÅ 2005 ref 44
8 February 2005

ENG

The public interest and the scope of environmental impact assessment (art 2 para 5 and art 9)

T

Country

Court

Case

Summary

Issue

Tajikistan

Hudjand Municipal Court

Case re access to information (2-583)
21 April 2011
 

ENG
RUS

Access to information (art 2, para. 3, and art. 4, para 4)

U

Country

Court

Case

Summary

Issue

United Kingdom

Court of Appeal

ENG

Prohibitive costs (art 9 para 4)

United Kingdom

High Court

ENG

Public participation (art 6), costs and remedies (art 9 para 4)

United Kingdom

Court of Appeal

ENG

Prohibitive costs (art 9 para 4)

United Kingdom

Court of Appeal

ENG

Prohibitive costs (art 9 para 4)

United Kingdom

Court of Appeal

ENG

Prohibitive costs (art 9 para 4)

United Kingdom

Court of Appeal

ENG

Prohibitive costs (art 9 para 4)

United Kingdom

Court of Appeal

ENG

Prohibitive costs (art 9 para 4)

United Kingdom

High Court and Court of Appeal

ENG

Prohibitive costs (art 9 para 4)

United Kingdom

High Court

R (on the application of McCaw) v City of Westminster Magistrate’s Court [2008] (judgment not available)

ENG

Prohibitive costs (art 9 para 4)

United Kingdom

Court of Appeal

Compton v Wiltshire Primary Care Trust
1 July 2008

ENG

Costs (art 9 para 4)

United Kingdom

Court of Session

Opinion of Lady Dorrian in the Petition of Marco McGinty and Another for Judicial Review
20 January 2010

ENG

Costs (art 9 para 4)

Ukraine

Kyiv Adm Court of Appeal

NGOs v.  Ministry of Education and Science
30 June 2010

ENG
RUS

Ommission by a public authority (art. 3, para. 3, and art. 9)

EU

Court

Case

Summary

Issue

European Union

Court of First Instance

Case T-264/04 (EN)
WWF European Policy Program v Council
25 April 2007

ENG

Access to information (art. 2, para 3)

European Union

Court of First Instance,  Court of Justice

Case T-91/07 (EN) and C-355/08 P (EN)
WWF-UK Ltd v Council of the European Union

ENG

NGO standing before the Court of First Instance and the Court of Justice (art. 2, para. 5, and art. 9, para. 3)

European Union

Court of Justice

Case C-427/07 (EN)
Commission of the European Communities v Ireland
16 July 2009

ENG

Public and public concerned (art 2, paras. 4 and 5), public participation (art. 6, para. 1 (b)), access to justice (art. 9, paras. 2, 4 and 5)

European Union

Court of Justice

Case C-263/08 (EN / SV)
DLV v Stockholms kommun
(Reference for a preliminary ruling from the Högsta domstolen -Sweden)
15 October 2009

ENG

Access to justice (art. 9, para. 2), public participation (art. 6, para 1(a), public concerned (art 2, paras. 4 and 5), NGO standing (art. 2, para. 5, and art. 9, para. 2)

European Union

Court of Justice

Case C-115/09 (EN / DE)
Trianel
(Reference for a preliminary ruling: l’Oberverwaltungsgericht für das Land Nordrhein-Westfalen - Germany)
12 May 2011

ENG

Access to justice (art. 9 paras. 2-4), NGO standing (art. 2, para.5; art. 9, para. 2), public participation (art. 6)

European Union

Court of Justice

Case C-240/09 (EN / SK)
LZ VLK v Ministry of Environment of Slovakia
(Reference for a preliminary ruling: Najvyšší súd Slovenskej republiky - Slovakia)
8 March 2011

ENG

Public participation (art 3, para. 1; art. 6, para 1), access to justice (art. 9, para. 3)

European Union

Court of Justice

Case C-260/11 (EN)
Edwards/Pallikaropoulos
(Reference for a preliminary ruling:
Edwards/Pallikaropoulos v Environment Agency)
11 April 2011

ENG

Prohibitive costs (art. 9, para. 4)

European Union

Court of Justice

Case C-416/10 (EN/SL)
Križan and Others v Slovenská inšpekcia
(Reference for a preliminary ruling: Najvyšší súd - Slovenia)
15 January 2013

ENG

Effective remedies (art. 2, paras. 3 and 5; Art. 4, paras. 1, 3(d) and (e); Art. 6; Art. 9, paras. 1, 2 and 4)

European Union

Court of Justice

Case C-72/12 (EN), Gemeinde Altrip and others v. Land Rheinland-Pfalz (European Union), 

ENG

Disclaimer: The presence of summaries submitted by national focal points and other stakeholders on this web site does not imply endorsement of their content by the UNECE.


© United Nations Economic Commissions for Europe – 2013