Gothenburg Protocol

Guidance documents and other methodological materials for the implementation of the 1999 Protocol to Abate Acidification, Eutrophication and Ground-level Ozone (Gothenburg Protocol)

Document Title and Description

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Guidance document on control techniques for emissions of sulphur, NOx, VOC, and particulate matter (including PM10, PM2.5 and black carbon) from stationary sources
This guidance document provides options and techniques, along with their performance assessment for emission prevention and reduction of Sulphur, NOx, VOC and particulate matter (including PM10, PM2.5 and Black Carbon). The aim of this document is to provide the Parties to the Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution with guidance on identifying best abatement options, with particular reference to best available techniques (BAT) to enable them to meet the obligations of the Protocol to abate Acidification, Eutrophication, Ground Level Ozone and particulate matter (including PM10, PM2.5 and Black Carbon).

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Guidance document on economic instruments to reduce emissions of regional air pollutants
The provision of an economic incentive to pollute less can, in principle, bring about a full internalization of the health and environmental costs, leading to the optimal level of pollution control without requiring detailed specification of control measures. Emphasis in this guidance document is on the design, actual use in the ECE region and performance of four categories of economic instruments (tradable permits and quotas; emission and process taxes/charges; product charges and tax differentiation; subsidies and fiscal facilities) for the control of regional air pollution from emissions of sulphur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen oxide (NOx), ammonia (NH3), volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and fine particles.

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Guidance document on national nitrogen budgets
Nitrogen budgets (NBs) respond to the needs of policy makers and national experts to coordinate activities assessing potentially adverse nitrogen flows in and to the environment. National and international regulations require the collection of relevant information about such flows or about the resulting environmental state. The present document provides guidance to build NBs with a focus to the national scale (NNBs). The NNBs will support validation of environmental nitrogen flows (by way of identifying inconsistencies) and guide the identification of intervention points to regulate environmental nitrogen emissions or releases and to optimise N use.

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Guidance document for preventing and abating ammonia emissions from agricultural sources
The purpose of this document is to provide guidance to the Parties to the Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution in identifying ammonia (NH3) control measures for reducing emissions from agriculture, as indicated in Annex IX of the UNECE Gothenburg Protocol to Abate Acidification, Eutrophication and Ground-level Ozone (Gothenburg protocol). The document summarizes the current knowledge of NH3 emission abatement techniques and strategies; the scientific and technical background of the techniques and strategies; the economic cost of the techniques, in terms of euro per kg of NH3 abated and any limitation and constraint with respect to the applicability of techniques.

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Guidance document on health and environmental improvements using new knowledge, methods and data
This guidance document focuses on the adverse effects of air pollutant emissions in the base year 2005 and for the projected baseline emissions in 2020 under the amended Protocol to Abate Acidification, Eutrophication and Ground-level Ozone (Gothenburg Protocol). The document provides information on selected indicators for health and environment for countries within the geographical scope of EMEP. These indicators are chosen and assessed using the latest science of EMEP and the Working Group on Effects.

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