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Hungary

Actions:

1) National Remediation Program of Contaminated Sites

The Hungarian National Remediation Program, as a part of the National Environmental Program, aims to survey and inventory historically contaminated sites caused by past environmental damages, and also to collect and publicize related information for decision makers, authorities, stakeholders and the public. The Program coordinates all projects aiming to eliminate or reduce the harmful effects of the identified contaminated sites that fall under the liability of the state.

2) National Program for the Protection of Drinking Water Sources

The aims of the national drinking water source protection program in Hungary are: the protection of vulnerable drinking water sources from contamination originating from human activities; the preservation of the natural good quality of water sources that will be used for drinking water supply in the future; to introduce and enforce the delimitations of water protection zones around water abstraction facilities; and the implementation of a monitoring system.

3) Introducing non-structural and more sustainable measures in the Hungarian flood risk management

In line with the EU Floods directive and with the aim of decreasing flood risk, Hungary will elaborate new building and technical regulations for flood plains. The aim of the new regulations is to increase flood safety and decrease the number of inundations by laying down stricter rules for placing buildings and structures in river beds and flood plains.

4) Managament and utilisation plan supporting ecological baseline studies along the River Danube in the Gemenc and Béda-Karapancsa Region (2006-2011)

For this action, water quality parameters were studied in the function of spatial and temporal changes together with their effect on the community structure and diversity of zooplankton. In addition, water quality changes during floods were studied with the “flood-pulse” concept approach. Studies were also conducted on fish and marine plants in the region.

5) Upgrading bilateral transboundary water agreements

The aim of this goal is to continue upgrading historical bilateral transboundary water agreements with neighbouring countries (Serbia, Slovakia). Bilateral agreements on transboundary water cooperation are in place in Hungary with each of its seven neighbouring countries, but most of the agreements are in need of upgrading in order to take into account developments in international water and environmental law (e.g. UN ECE Water Convention, Danube Protection Convention, EU WFD, etc.) and other related requirements.

6) Monitoring of wetland habitats and their communities

This action will support monitoring activities operating in the frame of the Hungarian Biodiversity Monitoring System (HBMS). The mission of the HBMS is the long-term surveillance of the status and trends of biological diversity in Hungary. This project is the second of eleven projects. Within each project, appropriate components (such as habitats, communities, and populations of species) have been carefully selected to achieve a set of objectives, and detailed standard protocols have been prepared for each component.

Progress reports:

2013: 

Actions 1, 2, 4, and 5 were reported as "In Progress", while Action 6 was listed as "Completed" and Action 3 was not reported on. Regarding Action 2, 1740 public water sources in Hungary had been recorded as of the time of reporting, and 44% of Hungary's public drinking water supply sources had been secured by the delineation of protection zones. Bilateral transboundary water agreements are in the process of being negotiated with both Serbia and Slovakia (Action 5), and a total of 31 fish communities had been surveyed in 2011 and 2012 as part of Action 6.

Additional information on Hungary's progress in these six actions can be found in the indiviual progress reports for each action, the links to which are at the bottom of this page.

2016:

To be submitted.

Challenges and lessons learned: 

There were many challenges listed in Hungary's progress reports for each action, including: a need for wider political support and social concensus and willing; a need for increased financing and long-term budgets; and the need to create project timelines that reflect the complex time requirements of administrative proceedures and permissions. Via these six actions, Hungary was also able to discover that the Danube-Drava National Park does not currently meet all of the domestic and international legal rules and standards for areas classified as national parks, and the country is now in the process of remedying this.

Links for Hungary:

Download the full text of Hungary's actions as part of AWA: ENG

Download Hungary's 2013 AWA progress report:

Action 1) ENG       Action 2) ENG        Action 4) ENG       Action 5) ENG       Action 6) ENG

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