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Capacity for Water Cooperation Project
 BACKGROUND

Transboundary water resources play a significant role in Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA). A great number of major water basins that were previously national within the former Soviet Union are now transboundary. Managing these waters in a sustainable way requires effective transboundary cooperation. Significant experience was gained in the region in recent years in different river basins. However, contacts between the experts involved are limited, and their experience and knowledge are not efficiently shared and used.

Since its adoption, the UNECE Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes has offered a framework for cooperation on transboundary waters providing support to countries in many areas. In November 2003, the Parties at their third meeting decided to focus their work on EECCA, where the challenge of water resources management is acute. A specific item was included in the work plan 2004-2006 on "Integrated management of transboundary waters in Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia" aiming to develop activities supporting integrated river basin management and water protection in the region. The project "Capacity for Water Cooperation (CWC) in Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia" is developed under this work plan item.

The project will be a contribution to the Environmental Strategy for countries of Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia as well as to the Strategic Partnership on Water for Sustainable Development (EECCA component of the EU Water Initiative). The project is developed and implemented by the UNECE secretariat together with a number of national and international partners (e.g. Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, Finnish Environment Institute, Global Environment Facility (GEF), International Waters Learning Exchange and Resource Network (IW:LEARN)).

 OBJECTIVE

The CWC project is intended to strengthen the capacity of transboundary water management in EECCA. The objective is to create a framework for cross-fertilization and exchange of experience between river basins and countries on regulatory, institutional, methodological and other aspects of integrated management of transboundary waters, and, at the same time, bring in valuable experience from other parts of the UNECE region. CWC also aims to establish a network of EECCA experts involved in transboundary water management who are used to cooperating and sharing knowledge.

 PROJECT OUTLINE

The CWC project will provide multidisciplinary training to experts from EECCA over three years. The target group involves transboundary waters managers, representatives of established joint bodies, experts, researchers and academics with a role in transboundary water management, and representatives of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) from the 12 EECCA countries. Participants will be selected among candidates proposed by the main national authorities involved in transboundary water management in the 12 EECCA countries. They will provide expert studies, undertake analyses, prepare country reports and propose future action on different topics related to the themes of the workshops, and, if needed, be involved in the workshops' preparation and organization.

The training will be developed around a series of workshops, to be generally held in different EECCA countries. Each workshop will be built around two modules. The first module (in general one day) will focus on a specific transboundary river basin, related to the workshop's location, and will review the progress achieved and the existing problems in the river basin. If possible, visits to the joint commission or technical excursions to the basin will be organized. The second module (in general two days) will focus on one of the following aspects of transboundary water management:

By the end of the project, the main aspects of transboundary water cooperation will thus be covered and an overview of the existing state of cooperation in the region, common problems and solutions, available best practices and lessons learned will be available.

 OUTPUT

The project will document important principles, successful approaches and case studies in EECCA. After each workshop, a publication in English and Russian will be produced with conclusions and selected material from the workshop.

It is also expected that the CWC project will encourage participants to take their cooperation further and develop follow-up proposals.

The results and recommendations from the project will be reviewed at the fourth meeting of the Parties in 2006 to guide the future work under the Convention.

 ACTIVITIES

The first workshop of the series on the legal basis for cooperation was held on 22-24 November 2004 in Kiev (Ukraine). The workshop was funded by the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, and arranged in cooperation with the Ukrainian Ministry for Environmental Protection, the State Water Management Committee of Ukraine and the UNDP/GEF Dnieper Basin Environment Programme.

The second workshop was on access to and exchange of information, and public participation. It was held on 8-10 June 2005 in St. Petersburg (Russian Federation). It was prepared in cooperation with the Center for Transboundary Cooperation – St.Petersburg and the Global Environment Facility (GEF) International Waters Learning Exchange and Resource Network (IW:LEARN). IW:LEARN, the World Bank Institute and the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency funded the workshop.

The third workshop on joint monitoring and assessment of shared water basins, including early warning and alarm systems, was held in Tbilisi (Georgia) from 31 October to 2 November 2005. The workshop was funded by Finland and prepared by the
Finnish Environment Institute and the Water Convention's secretariat, in cooperation with the Ministry of Environment of Georgia and the
Regional Environmental Centre for the Caucasus.

The UNEP Global Programme of Action has been contacted and invited to co-organize the workshop on shared river basins and the relation to regional seas to be held in 2005 if funding can be secured. Possible locations are Baku (Azerbaijan), Odessa (Ukraine), Kaliningrad (Russian Federation) or Istanbul (Turkey).

For the other workshops on the work of river basin commissions, on integrated water resources management and river basin management planning, including the EU Water Framework Directive and on the application of the Water and Health Protocol, the UNECE secretariat has identified possible sponsors, locations and co-organizers although funding has not yet been secured.

Enquiries about the CWC project can be addressed to:
Mr. Bo Libert
Tel: +41 22 917 2396
Fax: +41 22 917 0107
E-mail: bo.libert@unece.org
or
Ms. Francesca Bernardini
Tel: +41 22 917 2463
Fax: +41 22 917 0107
E-mail: francesca.bernardini@unece.org.


© United Nations Economic Commissions for Europe – 2013