|Millennium Development Goal |
7: Ensure environmental sustainability
|Rio Declaration on Environment and Development (1992) |
Principle 4: In order to achieve sustainable development, environmental protection shall constitute an integral part of the development process and cannot be considered in isolation from it.
The Kyiv (SEA) Protocol, now in force (see which countries are Party to the Protocol; see press release on entry into force), requires its Parties to evaluate the environmental consequences of their official draft plans and programmes.
Strategic environmental assessment (SEA) is undertaken much earlier in the decision-making process than project environmental impact assessment (EIA), and it is therefore seen as a key tool for sustainable development. The Protocol also provides for extensive public participation in government decision-making in numerous development sectors.
The Protocol was adopted by an Extraordinary meeting of the Parties to the Espoo Convention, held on 21 May 2003 during the Ministerial 'Environment for Europe' Conference (Kyiv). Read more about the history of the Protocol »
The Meeting of the Signatories has been the decision-making body under the Protocol pending its entry into force.
Watch a short introduction to the Protocol on Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) in English , in Russian or in Ukrainian. The video presents the SEA process set out in the Protocol, together with its benefits and potential as a tool for greening economies.
The text of the Protocol
Other formal translations by the United Nations
Informal translation by Spain
Informal translation by the European Commission
Informal translation by Armenia
Informal translation by Germany, Austria, Switzerland and Liechtenstein
Informal translation by Sweden
Some useful resources
Summary of provisions
Pamphlet on applying the Protocol
Workshop on public participation in strategic decision-making, Sofia, 3-4 December 2007
Press release for the end of negotiations
Reports of the drafting meetings (Ad Hoc Working Group)