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Introduction

Millennium Development Goal  7: Ensure environmental sustainability

Target 1: Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes and reverse the loss of environmental resources

Rio Declaration on Environment and Development  (1992)

Principle 4: In order to achieve sustainable development, environmental protection shall constitute an integral part of the development process and cannot be considered in isolation from it.

The Kyiv (SEA) Protocol, now in force (see which countries are Party to the Protocol; see press release on entry into force), requires its Parties to evaluate the environmental consequences of their official draft plans and programmes.

Strategic environmental assessment (SEA) is undertaken much earlier in the decision-making process than project environmental impact assessment (EIA), and it is therefore seen as a key tool for sustainable development. The Protocol also provides for extensive public participation in government decision-making in numerous development sectors.

The Protocol was adopted by an Extraordinary meeting of the Parties to the Espoo Convention, held on 21 May 2003 during the Ministerial 'Environment for Europe' Conference (Kyiv). Read more about the history of the Protocol »

The Meeting of the Signatories has been the decision-making body under the Protocol pending its entry into force.

The text of the Protocol

Authentic texts

ENG

FRA

RUS

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Texts

ENG

FRE

RUS

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Other formal translations by the United Nations

ARA

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SPA

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Informal translation by Spain

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SPA

 

Informal translation by the European Commission

Danish

Dutch

Finnish

Greek

 

Italian

Portuguese

Swedish

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Informal translation by Armenia

Armenian

 

 

 

Informal translation by Germany, Austria, Switzerland and Liechtenstein

German

 

 

 

Informal translation by Sweden

Swedish

 

 

 

Some useful resources

Document Title

ENG

RUS

Summary of provisions

HTML

HTML

Pamphlet on applying the Protocol

PDF

PDF

Introductory presentation

PDF

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Workshop on public participation in strategic decision-making, Sofia, 3-4 December 2007

HTML

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Press release for the end of negotiations

HTML

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Reports of the drafting meetings (Ad Hoc Working Group)

HTML

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© United Nations Economic Commissions for Europe – 2013