Environmental threats do not respect national borders. Governments have realized that to avert this danger they must notify and consult each other on all major projects under consideration that might have adverse environmental impact across borders. The Espoo Convention is a key step to bringing together all stakeholders to prevent environmental damage before it occurs. The Convention entered into force in 1997.
It was complemented by the Protocol on Strategic Environmental Assessment (Kyiv, 2003)
The SEA Protocol augments the Espoo Convention by ensuring that individual Parties integrate environmental assessment into their plans and programmes at the earliest stages – so helping to lay the groundwork for sustainable development. The Protocol also provides for extensive public participation in the governmental decision-making process. The Protocol entered into force on 11 July 2010. More »
Watch a short introduction to the Protocol on Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA). The video presents the SEA process set out in the Protocol, together with its benefits and potential as a tool for greening economies.
Top News: Latvia becomes the 28th Party to the Protocol on SEA; further to Latvia's ratification on 21 March, the Protocol will enter into force for Latvia on 21 June 2016.
In March 2016, Serbia and Latvia ratified the two amendments to the Espoo Convention; and the Republic of Moldova accepted the first amendment to the Convention.
The Protocol on SEA entered into force for Ukraine on 1 March 2016. Ukraine ratified the Protocol on 2 December 2015.