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Development of the Renewable Energy Sector in the Russian Federation and in CIS Countries: Prospects for Interregional Cooperation

Background Information
The Russian Federation and the countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) are endowed with very significant renewable energy resources.  Although the contribution of solar, tide, wind, geothermal, hydro and bio-fuels is less than 5 per cent of total primary energy consumption, they have a big, diverse and unrealised potential that may result in important benefits for their environment, energy security and economy.  An integrated electric power system throughout all CIS countries makes it easy to transfer power across the region, including remote areas and locations.

Despite this potential, deployment of renewable energy technologies is hindered by inter alia, lack of political, legislative and regulatory support, energy prices that do not reflect the costs of production, low electric power and heat tariffs, lack of information for decision makers, and preference for centralized energy supplies that all contribute to an inadequate investment climate for renewable energy technologies.

However, interregional cooperation facilitated by the UNECE contributes greatly to overcoming these obstacles since many opportunities and constraints for the future development of renewable energy sources are common among the CIS member states.

General Information

  • Project Period:  2008-2011
  • Executing Agency:  United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
  • Budget available: $150,000
  • Financing Party: The Russian Federation 

Participating Countries

  • Armenia
  • Azerbaijan
  • Belarus
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Moldova
  • Tajikistan
  • The Russian Federation
  • Ukraine
  • Uzbekistan

Objective
The project aimed to promote and support interregional cooperation in order to overcome energy policy, regulatory, institutional and financial barriers to the development of renewable energy resources in the Russian Federation and CIS countries.

Activity

Timeframe

Establishing a network of National and Regional Experts responsible for promoting renewable energy technologies in the Russian Federation and interested CIS countries 

2008

Analysis of the energy policy, regulatory, institutional and financial barriers hindering the development of renewable energy sources in participating countries (Reports by the National Experts)

2008-2009

Identification and comparison of measures adopted in participating countries to overcome barriers to the deployment of renewable energy technologies (Reports by the National Experts)

2008-2009

Preparation of a strategy to promote enhanced investment climate for renewable energy technologies for dissemination to the national/regional authorities in participating countries

2009-2010

Final National Reports and Draft Strategy were presented during the First International Workshop held on July 22-23, 2010 in Minsk, Belarus

2010

Final National Reports and Strategy were presented during the Second International Workshop held on November 23-24, 2010 in Geneva, Switzerland during the ECE Energy Week and annual Committee on Sustainable Energy

2010

Preparation of Summary on Reports from the National Experts on the development of renewable energy in the Russian Federation and CIS countries

2011

Key Findings from the Strategy to Promote Enhanced Investment Climate for Renewable Energy Technologies:

  • National strategies and policies in place
  • Existing policies enforced
  • Political regulatory support
  • Renewable energy market formation
  • Economic incentives in place
  • Public Private Partnerships to support renewable energy development
  • Mitigation of subsidies for conventional sources
  • Guaranteed power grid access
  • Institutional and human capacity building on renewable energy development
  • Regional cooperation in renewable energy development

The strategic global task is to double the overall potential for renewable energy sources in the common energy balance of CIS countries in the nearest 10 years. 

Stage of Development
Project successfully implemented in December 2011

Project Accomplishments
Project accomplishments include an increased capacity of national and regional experts to identify and adopt measures to overcome barriers to the development of renewable energy resources as well as an enhanced investment climate for deployment of renewable energy technologies in the Russian Federation and CIS countries.

Adam Sek
Tel:  +41 (0)22 917 2687
E-mail: Adam.Sek@unece.org 

Yana Trofimova
Tel:  +41 (0)22 917 1409
E-mail: Yana.Trofimova@unece.org


© United Nations Economic Commissions for Europe – 2013